Free for academic non-profit institutions. Other users need a Commercial license

Aliases for SLC7A11 Gene

Aliases for SLC7A11 Gene

  • Solute Carrier Family 7 Member 11 2 3 4 5
  • Solute Carrier Family 7 (Anionic Amino Acid Transporter Light Chain, Xc- System), Member 11 2 3
  • Calcium Channel Blocker Resistance Protein CCBR1 3 4
  • Amino Acid Transport System Xc- 3 4
  • XCT 3 4
  • Solute Carrier Family 7, (Cationic Amino Acid Transporter, Y+ System) Member 11 3
  • Cystine/Glutamate Transporter 3
  • CCBR1 3

External Ids for SLC7A11 Gene

Previous GeneCards Identifiers for SLC7A11 Gene

  • GC04M140018
  • GC04M139368
  • GC04M139551
  • GC04M139662
  • GC04M139669
  • GC04M139442
  • GC04M139304
  • GC04M139085
  • GC04M134820

Summaries for SLC7A11 Gene

Entrez Gene Summary for SLC7A11 Gene

  • This gene encodes a member of a heteromeric, sodium-independent, anionic amino acid transport system that is highly specific for cysteine and glutamate. In this system, designated Xc(-), the anionic form of cysteine is transported in exchange for glutamate. This protein has been identified as the predominant mediator of Kaposi sarcoma-associated herpesvirus fusion and entry permissiveness into cells. Also, increased expression of this gene in primary gliomas (compared to normal brain tissue) was associated with increased glutamate secretion via the XCT channels, resulting in neuronal cell death. [provided by RefSeq, Sep 2011]

GeneCards Summary for SLC7A11 Gene

SLC7A11 (Solute Carrier Family 7 Member 11) is a Protein Coding gene. Diseases associated with SLC7A11 include Kaposi Sarcoma and Dyscalculia. Among its related pathways are Transport of glucose and other sugars, bile salts and organic acids, metal ions and amine compounds and Amino acid transport across the plasma membrane. GO annotations related to this gene include amino acid transmembrane transporter activity and cystine:glutamate antiporter activity. An important paralog of this gene is SLC7A5.

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for SLC7A11 Gene

  • Sodium-independent, high-affinity exchange of anionic amino acids with high specificity for anionic form of cystine and glutamate.

Gene Wiki entry for SLC7A11 Gene

No data available for CIViC summary , Tocris Summary , PharmGKB "VIP" Summary , fRNAdb sequence ontologies and piRNA Summary for SLC7A11 Gene

Genomics for SLC7A11 Gene

Regulatory Elements for SLC7A11 Gene

Enhancers for SLC7A11 Gene
GeneHancer Identifier Enhancer Score Enhancer Sources Gene-Enhancer Score TSS distance (kb) Number of Genes Away Size (kb) Transcription Factor Binding Sites within enhancer Gene Targets for Enhancer
GH04G138405 1.4 FANTOM5 Ensembl ENCODE 42.3 -93.6 -93641 2.2 TBP PKNOX1 MXI1 WRNIP1 BACH1 MAX CEBPG FOSL1 ZNF121 CBX5 SLC7A11 LINC00498 GC04P138379
GH04G138234 1.8 FANTOM5 Ensembl ENCODE dbSUPER 25.9 +76.8 76769 3.6 ATF1 ARNT GATA2 FOS ZNF202 ZNF592 CREB3 MAFF SMARCA4 HMBOX1 SLC7A11 ENSG00000249091 LINC00616
GH04G138307 1.1 FANTOM5 ENCODE 23.5 +2.9 2914 4.8 CTCF TAF1 MAX RAD21 YY1 SMC3 PRDM10 FOS ETV6 TCF7L2 LINC00499 SLC7A11
GH04G138390 0.8 FANTOM5 21.2 -77.8 -77755 0.6 FOSL1 PKNOX1 JUND ATF3 JUN CEBPB TRIM24 FOS CEBPG NFE2 SLC7A11 GC04P138379 LINC00498
GH04G138395 0.6 FANTOM5 22.7 -78.3 -78274 0.3 FOSL1 ATF3 CEBPB CEBPG SLC7A11 GC04P138379 LINC00498
- Elite enhancer and/or Elite enhancer-gene association Download GeneHancer data dump

Enhancers around SLC7A11 on UCSC Golden Path with GeneCards custom track

Genomic Location for SLC7A11 Gene

138,164,094 bp from pter
138,312,660 bp from pter
148,567 bases
Minus strand

Genomic View for SLC7A11 Gene

Genes around SLC7A11 on UCSC Golden Path with GeneCards custom track

Cytogenetic band:
SLC7A11 Gene in genomic location: bands according to Ensembl, locations according to GeneLoc (and/or Entrez Gene and/or Ensembl if different)
Genomic Location for SLC7A11 Gene
GeneLoc Logo Genomic Neighborhood Exon StructureGene Density

RefSeq DNA sequence for SLC7A11 Gene

Proteins for SLC7A11 Gene

  • Protein details for SLC7A11 Gene (UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot)

    Protein Symbol:
    Recommended name:
    Cystine/glutamate transporter
    Protein Accession:
    Secondary Accessions:
    • A8K2U4

    Protein attributes for SLC7A11 Gene

    501 amino acids
    Molecular mass:
    55423 Da
    Quaternary structure:
    • Disulfide-linked heterodimer with the amino acid transport protein SLC3A2/4F2hc.

neXtProt entry for SLC7A11 Gene

Post-translational modifications for SLC7A11 Gene

  • Ubiquitination at isoforms=12
  • Glycosylation at Asn314
  • Modification sites at PhosphoSitePlus

Other Protein References for SLC7A11 Gene

ENSEMBL proteins:
REFSEQ proteins:

No data available for DME Specific Peptides for SLC7A11 Gene

Domains & Families for SLC7A11 Gene

Gene Families for SLC7A11 Gene

Protein Domains for SLC7A11 Gene

Suggested Antigen Peptide Sequences for SLC7A11 Gene

GenScript: Design optimal peptide antigens:

Graphical View of Domain Structure for InterPro Entry



  • Belongs to the amino acid-polyamine-organocation (APC) superfamily. L-type amino acid transporter (LAT) (TC 2.A.3.8) family.
  • Belongs to the amino acid-polyamine-organocation (APC) superfamily. L-type amino acid transporter (LAT) (TC 2.A.3.8) family.
genes like me logo Genes that share domains with SLC7A11: view

Function for SLC7A11 Gene

Molecular function for SLC7A11 Gene

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot Function:
Sodium-independent, high-affinity exchange of anionic amino acids with high specificity for anionic form of cystine and glutamate.

Gene Ontology (GO) - Molecular Function for SLC7A11 Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0005515 protein binding IPI 21397861
GO:0015171 amino acid transmembrane transporter activity IEA --
GO:0015327 cystine:glutamate antiporter activity TAS 10206947
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with SLC7A11: view
genes like me logo Genes that share phenotypes with SLC7A11: view

Animal Models for SLC7A11 Gene

MGI Knock Outs for SLC7A11:

Animal Model Products

miRNA for SLC7A11 Gene

miRTarBase miRNAs that target SLC7A11

No data available for Enzyme Numbers (IUBMB) , Human Phenotype Ontology , Transcription Factor Targets and HOMER Transcription for SLC7A11 Gene

Localization for SLC7A11 Gene

Subcellular locations from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for SLC7A11 Gene

Membrane; Multi-pass membrane protein.

Subcellular locations from

Extracellular space Cytosol Plasma membrane Cytoskeleton Lysosome Endosome Peroxisome ER Golgi Apparatus Nucleus Mitochondrion 0 1 2 3 4 5 Confidence
COMPARTMENTS Subcellular localization image for SLC7A11 gene
Compartment Confidence
plasma membrane 5
endoplasmic reticulum 3
extracellular 2
cytoskeleton 2
mitochondrion 2
nucleus 1

Gene Ontology (GO) - Cellular Components for SLC7A11 Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0005791 rough endoplasmic reticulum IEA --
GO:0005856 cytoskeleton IEA --
GO:0005886 plasma membrane TAS --
GO:0005887 integral component of plasma membrane IBA --
GO:0009986 cell surface IDA 25063885
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with SLC7A11: view

Pathways & Interactions for SLC7A11 Gene

genes like me logo Genes that share pathways with SLC7A11: view

Pathways by source for SLC7A11 Gene

1 Cell Signaling Technology pathway for SLC7A11 Gene
2 BioSystems pathways for SLC7A11 Gene

Gene Ontology (GO) - Biological Process for SLC7A11 Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0006810 transport IEA --
GO:0006865 amino acid transport TAS --
GO:0006979 response to oxidative stress IEA --
GO:0007420 brain development IEA --
GO:0009636 response to toxic substance IDA 17575980
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with SLC7A11: view

No data available for SIGNOR curated interactions for SLC7A11 Gene

Drugs & Compounds for SLC7A11 Gene

(10) Drugs for SLC7A11 Gene - From: DrugBank, DGIdb, HMDB, and Novoseek

Name Status Disease Links Group Role Mechanism of Action Clinical Trials
Riluzole Approved, Investigational Pharma Activator, blocker, Target, inducer Sodium channel protein inhibitor 65
Sulfasalazine Approved Pharma Inhibition, Inhibitor, Target, inhibitor NF-κB activation inhibitor 60
L-Cystine Approved Nutra Target 0
Acetylcysteine Approved, Investigational Pharma Target, activator Antioxidant;mucolytic agent 330
Rosuvastatin Approved Pharma Competitive, Inhibitor, Transporter 0

(4) Additional Compounds for SLC7A11 Gene - From: Novoseek and HMDB

Name Synonyms Role CAS Number PubChem IDs PubMed IDs
  • Sodium
  • Sodium ion
genes like me logo Genes that share compounds with SLC7A11: view

Transcripts for SLC7A11 Gene

mRNA/cDNA for SLC7A11 Gene

Unigene Clusters for SLC7A11 Gene

Solute carrier family 7 (anionic amino acid transporter light chain, xc- system), member 11:
Representative Sequences:

Alternative Splicing Database (ASD) splice patterns (SP) for SLC7A11 Gene

ExUns: 1 ^ 2 ^ 3 ^ 4 ^ 5 ^ 6 ^ 7 ^ 8 ^ 9 ^ 10 ^ 11 ^ 12
SP2: - -

Relevant External Links for SLC7A11 Gene

GeneLoc Exon Structure for
ECgene alternative splicing isoforms for

Expression for SLC7A11 Gene

mRNA expression in normal human tissues from GTEx, Illumina, BioGPS, and CGAP SAGE for SLC7A11 Gene

mRNA expression in embryonic tissues and stem cells from LifeMap Discovery

mRNA differential expression in normal tissues according to GTEx for SLC7A11 Gene

This gene is overexpressed in Brain - Amygdala (x4.6), Brain - Nucleus accumbens (basal ganglia) (x4.2), and Brain - Caudate (basal ganglia) (x4.2).

Protein differential expression in normal tissues from HIPED for SLC7A11 Gene

This gene is overexpressed in Serum (24.1), Frontal cortex (21.7), Lung (11.9), and Heart (8.4).

Integrated Proteomics: protein expression in normal tissues and cell lines from ProteomicsDB, PaxDb, MaxQB, and MOPED for SLC7A11 Gene

Protein tissue co-expression partners for SLC7A11 Gene

NURSA nuclear receptor signaling pathways regulating expression of SLC7A11 Gene:


SOURCE GeneReport for Unigene cluster for SLC7A11 Gene:


Evidence on tissue expression from TISSUES for SLC7A11 Gene

  • Kidney(4.2)
  • Nervous system(4)
  • Stomach(2)
genes like me logo Genes that share expression patterns with SLC7A11: view

Primer Products

No data available for mRNA Expression by UniProt/SwissProt and Phenotype-based relationships between genes and organs from Gene ORGANizer for SLC7A11 Gene

Orthologs for SLC7A11 Gene

This gene was present in the common ancestor of animals and fungi.

Orthologs for SLC7A11 Gene

Organism Taxonomy Gene Similarity Type Details
(Pan troglodytes)
Mammalia SLC7A11 34 35
  • 99.73 (n)
(Canis familiaris)
Mammalia SLC7A11 34 35
  • 93.05 (n)
(Ornithorhynchus anatinus)
Mammalia SLC7A11 35
  • 91 (a)
(Bos Taurus)
Mammalia SLC7A11 34 35
  • 88.96 (n)
(Rattus norvegicus)
Mammalia Slc7a11 34
  • 87.93 (n)
(Mus musculus)
Mammalia Slc7a11 34 16 35
  • 87.33 (n)
(Monodelphis domestica)
Mammalia SLC7A11 35
  • 87 (a)
(Gallus gallus)
Aves SLC7A11 34 35
  • 80.25 (n)
(Anolis carolinensis)
Reptilia SLC7A11 35
  • 82 (a)
tropical clawed frog
(Silurana tropicalis)
Amphibia LOC100496726 34
  • 76.5 (n)
(Danio rerio)
Actinopterygii CU367845.1 35 35
  • 70 (a)
LOC100331203 34
  • 67.54 (n)
fruit fly
(Drosophila melanogaster)
Insecta JhI-21 36
  • 44 (a)
mnd 36
  • 44 (a)
CG6070 36
  • 42 (a)
(Caenorhabditis elegans)
Secernentea F27C8.1 36
  • 43 (a)
F52H2.2 36
  • 40 (a)
F07C3.7 36
  • 38 (a)
F54D12.3 36
  • 35 (a)
aat-8 35
  • 34 (a)
T11F9.4 36
  • 33 (a)
Y53H1C.1 36
  • 33 (a)
aat-7 35
  • 33 (a)
C55C2.5a 36
  • 32 (a)
C55C2.5b 36
  • 32 (a)
T13A10.10 36
  • 31 (a)
F28F9.4 36
  • 30 (a)
aat-4 35
  • 30 (a)
aat-6 35
  • 30 (a)
aat-9 35
  • 29 (a)
aat-5 35
  • 28 (a)
baker's yeast
(Saccharomyces cerevisiae)
Saccharomycetes MUP1 35
  • 20 (a)
MUP3 35
  • 19 (a)
sea squirt
(Ciona savignyi)
Ascidiacea CSA.198 35
  • 38 (a)
-- 35
  • 34 (a)
-- 35
  • 34 (a)
-- 35
  • 34 (a)
-- 35
  • 30 (a)
-- 35
  • 30 (a)
-- 35
  • 29 (a)
-- 35
  • 25 (a)
Species where no ortholog for SLC7A11 was found in the sources mined by GeneCards:
  • A. gosspyii yeast (Ashbya gossypii)
  • Actinobacteria (Mycobacterium tuberculosis)
  • African clawed frog (Xenopus laevis)
  • African malaria mosquito (Anopheles gambiae)
  • Alicante grape (Vitis vinifera)
  • alpha proteobacteria (Wolbachia pipientis)
  • amoeba (Dictyostelium discoideum)
  • Archea (Pyrococcus horikoshii)
  • barley (Hordeum vulgare)
  • beta proteobacteria (Neisseria meningitidis)
  • bread mold (Neurospora crassa)
  • Chromalveolata (Phytophthora infestans)
  • common water flea (Daphnia pulex)
  • corn (Zea mays)
  • E. coli (Escherichia coli)
  • filamentous fungi (Aspergillus nidulans)
  • Firmicute bacteria (Streptococcus pneumoniae)
  • fission yeast (Schizosaccharomyces pombe)
  • green algae (Chlamydomonas reinhardtii)
  • honey bee (Apis mellifera)
  • K. lactis yeast (Kluyveromyces lactis)
  • loblloly pine (Pinus taeda)
  • malaria parasite (Plasmodium falciparum)
  • medicago trunc (Medicago Truncatula)
  • moss (Physcomitrella patens)
  • orangutan (Pongo pygmaeus)
  • pig (Sus scrofa)
  • rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss)
  • rice (Oryza sativa)
  • rice blast fungus (Magnaporthe grisea)
  • schistosome parasite (Schistosoma mansoni)
  • sea anemone (Nematostella vectensis)
  • sea urchin (Strongylocentrotus purpuratus)
  • sorghum (Sorghum bicolor)
  • soybean (Glycine max)
  • stem rust fungus (Puccinia graminis)
  • sugarcane (Saccharum officinarum)
  • thale cress (Arabidopsis thaliana)
  • tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum)
  • toxoplasmosis (Toxoplasma gondii)
  • Trichoplax (Trichoplax adhaerens)
  • wheat (Triticum aestivum)

Evolution for SLC7A11 Gene

Gene Tree for SLC7A11 (if available)
Gene Tree for SLC7A11 (if available)

Paralogs for SLC7A11 Gene

Paralogs for SLC7A11 Gene

(9) SIMAP similar genes for SLC7A11 Gene using alignment to 3 proteins:

genes like me logo Genes that share paralogs with SLC7A11: view

Variants for SLC7A11 Gene

Sequence variations from dbSNP and Humsavar for SLC7A11 Gene

SNP ID Clin Chr 04 pos Sequence Context AA Info Type
rs1000002068 -- 138,168,985(+) TGTTT(A/T)AGCTT intron-variant, utr-variant-3-prime
rs1000008784 -- 138,206,680(+) TTCAG(C/T)CTTAT intron-variant
rs1000039819 -- 138,206,212(+) CACAC(A/C)ACTTG intron-variant
rs1000072668 -- 138,205,775(+) TATGT(A/C)AGTGT intron-variant
rs10001990 -- 138,237,737(+) tatat(A/T)ttttt intron-variant

Structural Variations from Database of Genomic Variants (DGV) for SLC7A11 Gene

Variant ID Type Subtype PubMed ID
esv2759286 CNV loss 17122850
nsv470081 CNV loss 18288195
nsv470082 CNV gain 18288195
nsv508317 CNV deletion 20534489
nsv526177 CNV loss 19592680
nsv818280 CNV gain 17921354
nsv822746 CNV loss 20364138
nsv830080 CNV gain 17160897

Variation tolerance for SLC7A11 Gene

Residual Variation Intolerance Score: 64.1% of all genes are more intolerant (likely to be disease-causing)
Gene Damage Index Score: 2.57; 44.68% of all genes are more intolerant (likely to be disease-causing)

Relevant External Links for SLC7A11 Gene

Human Gene Mutation Database (HGMD)
SNPedia medical, phenotypic, and genealogical associations of SNPs for

No data available for Polymorphic Variants from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for SLC7A11 Gene

Disorders for SLC7A11 Gene

MalaCards: The human disease database

(5) MalaCards diseases for SLC7A11 Gene - From: DISEASES and GeneCards

Disorder Aliases PubMed IDs
kaposi sarcoma
  • human herpesvirus 8
  • disorder of arithmetical skills
  • csnu
anemia of prematurity
- elite association - COSMIC cancer census association via MalaCards

Relevant External Links for SLC7A11

Genetic Association Database (GAD)
Human Genome Epidemiology (HuGE) Navigator
Atlas of Genetics and Cytogenetics in Oncology and Haematology:
genes like me logo Genes that share disorders with SLC7A11: view

No data available for UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot and Genatlas for SLC7A11 Gene

Publications for SLC7A11 Gene

  1. Expression of the activity of cystine/glutamate exchange transporter, system x(c)(-), by xCT and rBAT. (PMID: 12763038) Wang H. … Sato H. (Biochem. Biophys. Res. Commun. 2003) 2 3 22 64
  2. Structure, function, and regulation of human cystine/glutamate transporter in retinal pigment epithelial cells. (PMID: 11133847) Bridges C.C. … Ganapathy V. (Invest. Ophthalmol. Vis. Sci. 2001) 3 4 22 64
  3. Molecular cloning and expression of human xCT, the light chain of amino acid transport system xc-. (PMID: 11213471) Sato H. … Bannai S. (Antioxid. Redox Signal. 2000) 3 4 22 64
  4. Maternal genes and facial clefts in offspring: a comprehensive search for genetic associations in two population-based cleft studies from Scandinavia. (PMID: 20634891) Jugessur A. … Murray J.C. (PLoS ONE 2010) 3 46 64
  5. Pharmacogenomic approach reveals a role for the x(c)- cystine/glutamate antiporter in growth and celastrol resistance of glioma cell lines. (PMID: 20007406) Pham A.N. … Huang Y. (J. Pharmacol. Exp. Ther. 2010) 3 22 64

Products for SLC7A11 Gene

Sources for SLC7A11 Gene

Loading form....