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Aliases for EXOSC2 Gene

Aliases for EXOSC2 Gene

  • Exosome Component 2 2 3 4 5
  • Ribosomal RNA-Processing Protein 4 3 4
  • RRP4 3 4
  • Homolog Of Yeast RRP4 (Ribosomal RNA Processing 4), 3 5 Exoribonuclease (RRP4) 3
  • Homolog Of Yeast RRP4 (Ribosomal RNA Processing 4), 3-5-Exoribonuclease 3
  • Homolog Of Yeast RRP4 (Ribosomal RNA Processing 4) 2
  • Exosome Complex Exonuclease RRP4 3
  • 3 5 Exoribonuclease (RRP4) 2
  • HRrp4p 3
  • Rrp4p 3
  • P7 3

External Ids for EXOSC2 Gene

Previous GeneCards Identifiers for EXOSC2 Gene

  • GC09P128846
  • GC09P130598
  • GC09P132558
  • GC09P133569
  • GC09P103055

Summaries for EXOSC2 Gene

GeneCards Summary for EXOSC2 Gene

EXOSC2 (Exosome Component 2) is a Protein Coding gene. Among its related pathways are Gene Expression and Transport to the Golgi and subsequent modification. GO annotations related to this gene include RNA binding and exoribonuclease activity.

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for EXOSC2 Gene

  • Non-catalytic component of the RNA exosome complex which has 3->5 exoribonuclease activity and participates in a multitude of cellular RNA processing and degradation events. In the nucleus, the RNA exosome complex is involved in proper maturation of stable RNA species such as rRNA, snRNA and snoRNA, in the elimination of RNA processing by-products and non-coding pervasive transcripts, such as antisense RNA species and promoter-upstream transcripts (PROMPTs), and of mRNAs with processing defects, thereby limiting or excluding their export to the cytoplasm. The RNA exosome may be involved in Ig class switch recombination (CSR) and/or Ig variable region somatic hypermutation (SHM) by targeting AICDA deamination activity to transcribed dsDNA substrates. In the cytoplasm, the RNA exosome complex is involved in general mRNA turnover and specifically degrades inherently unstable mRNAs containing AU-rich elements (AREs) within their 3 untranslated regions, and in RNA surveillance pathways, preventing translation of aberrant mRNAs. It seems to be involved in degradation of histone mRNA. The catalytic inactive RNA exosome core complex of 9 subunits (Exo-9) is proposed to play a pivotal role in the binding and presentation of RNA for ribonucleolysis, and to serve as a scaffold for the association with catalytic subunits and accessory proteins or complexes. EXOSC2 as peripheral part of the Exo-9 complex stabilizes the hexameric ring of RNase PH-domain subunits through contacts with EXOSC4 and EXOSC7.

Gene Wiki entry for EXOSC2 Gene

No data available for Entrez Gene Summary , Tocris Summary , PharmGKB "VIP" Summary , fRNAdb sequence ontologies and piRNA Summary for EXOSC2 Gene

Genomics for EXOSC2 Gene

Regulatory Elements for EXOSC2 Gene

Promoters for EXOSC2 Gene
Ensembl Regulatory Elements (ENSRs) TSS Distance (bp) Size (bp) Binding Sites for Transcription Factors within promoters

ENSRs around EXOSC2 on UCSC Golden Path with GeneCards custom track

Genomic Location for EXOSC2 Gene

Chromosome:
9
Start:
130,693,721 bp from pter
End:
130,704,894 bp from pter
Size:
11,174 bases
Orientation:
Plus strand

Genomic View for EXOSC2 Gene

Genes around EXOSC2 on UCSC Golden Path with GeneCards custom track

Cytogenetic band:
EXOSC2 Gene in genomic location: bands according to Ensembl, locations according to GeneLoc (and/or Entrez Gene and/or Ensembl if different)
Genomic Location for EXOSC2 Gene
GeneLoc Logo Genomic Neighborhood Exon StructureGene Density

RefSeq DNA sequence for EXOSC2 Gene

Proteins for EXOSC2 Gene

  • Protein details for EXOSC2 Gene (UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot)

    Protein Symbol:
    Q13868-EXOS2_HUMAN
    Recommended name:
    Exosome complex component RRP4
    Protein Accession:
    Q13868
    Secondary Accessions:
    • A3KFL3
    • A3KFL4
    • B4DKK6
    • Q9NUY4

    Protein attributes for EXOSC2 Gene

    Size:
    293 amino acids
    Molecular mass:
    32789 Da
    Quaternary structure:
    • Component of the RNA exosome complex. Specifically part of the catalytically inactive RNA exosome core (Exo-9) complex which is believed to associate with catalytic subunits EXOSC10, and DIS3 or DIS3L in cytoplasmic- and nuclear-specific RNA exosome complex forms. Exo-9 is formed by a hexameric ring of RNase PH domain-containing subunits specifically containing the heterodimers EXOSC4-EXOSC9, EXOSC5-EXOSC8 and EXOSC6-EXOSC7, and peripheral S1 domain-containing components EXOSC1, EXOSC2 and EXOSC3 located on the top of the ring structure. Interacts with GTPBP1.
    SequenceCaution:
    • Sequence=AAB60392.1; Type=Erroneous gene model prediction; Evidence={ECO:0000305};

    Three dimensional structures from OCA and Proteopedia for EXOSC2 Gene

    Alternative splice isoforms for EXOSC2 Gene

    UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot:

neXtProt entry for EXOSC2 Gene

Proteomics data for EXOSC2 Gene at MOPED

Post-translational modifications for EXOSC2 Gene

  • Ubiquitination at Lys 24
  • Modification sites at PhosphoSitePlus

Other Protein References for EXOSC2 Gene

Antibody Products

No data available for DME Specific Peptides for EXOSC2 Gene

Domains & Families for EXOSC2 Gene

Gene Families for EXOSC2 Gene

Protein Domains for EXOSC2 Gene

Graphical View of Domain Structure for InterPro Entry

Q13868

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot:

EXOS2_HUMAN :
  • Contains 1 S1 motif domain.
  • Belongs to the RRP4 family.
Domain:
  • Contains 1 S1 motif domain.
Family:
  • Belongs to the RRP4 family.
genes like me logo Genes that share domains with EXOSC2: view

Function for EXOSC2 Gene

Molecular function for EXOSC2 Gene

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot Function:
Non-catalytic component of the RNA exosome complex which has 3->5 exoribonuclease activity and participates in a multitude of cellular RNA processing and degradation events. In the nucleus, the RNA exosome complex is involved in proper maturation of stable RNA species such as rRNA, snRNA and snoRNA, in the elimination of RNA processing by-products and non-coding pervasive transcripts, such as antisense RNA species and promoter-upstream transcripts (PROMPTs), and of mRNAs with processing defects, thereby limiting or excluding their export to the cytoplasm. The RNA exosome may be involved in Ig class switch recombination (CSR) and/or Ig variable region somatic hypermutation (SHM) by targeting AICDA deamination activity to transcribed dsDNA substrates. In the cytoplasm, the RNA exosome complex is involved in general mRNA turnover and specifically degrades inherently unstable mRNAs containing AU-rich elements (AREs) within their 3 untranslated regions, and in RNA surveillance pathways, preventing translation of aberrant mRNAs. It seems to be involved in degradation of histone mRNA. The catalytic inactive RNA exosome core complex of 9 subunits (Exo-9) is proposed to play a pivotal role in the binding and presentation of RNA for ribonucleolysis, and to serve as a scaffold for the association with catalytic subunits and accessory proteins or complexes. EXOSC2 as peripheral part of the Exo-9 complex stabilizes the hexameric ring of RNase PH-domain subunits through contacts with EXOSC4 and EXOSC7.
genes like me logo Genes that share phenotypes with EXOSC2: view

Animal Model Products

miRNA for EXOSC2 Gene

miRTarBase miRNAs that target EXOSC2

No data available for Enzyme Numbers (IUBMB) , Gene Ontology (GO) - Molecular Function , Human Phenotype Ontology , Animal Models , Transcription Factor Targets and HOMER Transcription for EXOSC2 Gene

Localization for EXOSC2 Gene

Subcellular locations from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for EXOSC2 Gene

Cytoplasm. Nucleus, nucleolus. Nucleus.

Subcellular locations from

COMPARTMENTS
Jensen Localization Image for EXOSC2 Gene COMPARTMENTS Subcellular localization image for EXOSC2 gene
Compartment Confidence
cytosol 5
nucleus 5
extracellular 2

Gene Ontology (GO) - Cellular Components for EXOSC2 Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0005737 cytoplasm IDA 17545563
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with EXOSC2: view

Pathways & Interactions for EXOSC2 Gene

genes like me logo Genes that share pathways with EXOSC2: view

Pathways by source for EXOSC2 Gene

Gene Ontology (GO) - Biological Process for EXOSC2 Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0006364 rRNA processing TAS --
GO:0043928 exonucleolytic nuclear-transcribed mRNA catabolic process involved in deadenylation-dependent decay TAS --
GO:0071034 CUT catabolic process IBA --
GO:0071038 nuclear polyadenylation-dependent tRNA catabolic process IBA --
GO:0071049 nuclear retention of pre-mRNA with aberrant 3-ends at the site of transcription IBA --
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with EXOSC2: view

No data available for SIGNOR curated interactions for EXOSC2 Gene

Drugs & Compounds for EXOSC2 Gene

No Compound Related Data Available

Transcripts for EXOSC2 Gene

Unigene Clusters for EXOSC2 Gene

Exosome component 2:
Representative Sequences:

Alternative Splicing Database (ASD) splice patterns (SP) for EXOSC2 Gene

ExUns: 1a · 1b ^ 2a · 2b ^ 3a · 3b · 3c ^ 4a · 4b · 4c ^ 5a · 5b · 5c ^ 6a · 6b ^ 7a · 7b · 7c ^ 8 ^ 9a · 9b · 9c
SP1: - - - - - - -
SP2: - - - - - - - - -
SP3: - - - - - - - - -
SP4: - - - - - - - - -
SP5: - - - -
SP6: - - - - - - - - - -
SP7: - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
SP8: -
SP9:
SP10:
SP11: -
SP12: - - - - - - -

Relevant External Links for EXOSC2 Gene

GeneLoc Exon Structure for
EXOSC2
ECgene alternative splicing isoforms for
EXOSC2

Expression for EXOSC2 Gene

mRNA expression in normal human tissues for EXOSC2 Gene

Protein differential expression in normal tissues from HIPED for EXOSC2 Gene

This gene is overexpressed in Pancreas (7.7) and Lymph node (7.2).

Integrated Proteomics: protein expression in normal tissues and cell lines from ProteomicsDB, PaxDb, MOPED, and MaxQB for EXOSC2 Gene



SOURCE GeneReport for Unigene cluster for EXOSC2 Gene Hs.654643

genes like me logo Genes that share expression patterns with EXOSC2: view

Protein tissue co-expression partners for EXOSC2 Gene

- Elite partner

Primer Products

In Situ Assay Products

No data available for mRNA expression in embryonic tissues and stem cells from LifeMap Discovery , mRNA differential expression in normal tissues and mRNA Expression by UniProt/SwissProt for EXOSC2 Gene

Orthologs for EXOSC2 Gene

This gene was present in the common ancestor of eukaryotes.

Orthologs for EXOSC2 Gene

Organism Taxonomy Gene Similarity Type Details
chimpanzee
(Pan troglodytes)
Mammalia EXOSC2 36
  • 100 (a)
OneToOne
EXOSC2 35
  • 99.77 (n)
  • 100 (a)
cow
(Bos Taurus)
Mammalia EXOSC2 36
  • 86 (a)
OneToOne
EXOSC2 35
  • 91.7 (n)
  • 96.25 (a)
dog
(Canis familiaris)
Mammalia EXOSC2 35
  • 90.07 (n)
  • 96.23 (a)
EXOSC2 36
  • 86 (a)
OneToOne
mouse
(Mus musculus)
Mammalia Exosc2 16
Exosc2 35
  • 87.37 (n)
  • 93.86 (a)
Exosc2 36
  • 93 (a)
OneToOne
oppossum
(Monodelphis domestica)
Mammalia EXOSC2 36
  • 93 (a)
OneToOne
platypus
(Ornithorhynchus anatinus)
Mammalia EXOSC2 36
  • 85 (a)
OneToOne
rat
(Rattus norvegicus)
Mammalia Exosc2 35
  • 86.23 (n)
  • 94.88 (a)
chicken
(Gallus gallus)
Aves EXOSC2 35
  • 76.37 (n)
  • 85.62 (a)
EXOSC2 36
  • 85 (a)
OneToOne
lizard
(Anolis carolinensis)
Reptilia EXOSC2 36
  • 85 (a)
OneToOne
tropical clawed frog
(Silurana tropicalis)
Amphibia exosc2 35
  • 70.19 (n)
  • 79.52 (a)
Str.5017 35
rainbow trout
(Oncorhynchus mykiss)
Actinopterygii Omy.183 35
zebrafish
(Danio rerio)
Actinopterygii exosc2 35
  • 71.22 (n)
  • 78.5 (a)
wufa97b01 35
exosc2 36
  • 78 (a)
OneToOne
African malaria mosquito
(Anopheles gambiae)
Insecta AgaP_AGAP011211 35
  • 61.64 (n)
  • 63.77 (a)
fruit fly
(Drosophila melanogaster)
Insecta Rrp4 35
  • 62.99 (n)
  • 61.6 (a)
Rrp4 36
  • 55 (a)
OneToOne
worm
(Caenorhabditis elegans)
Secernentea exos-2 36
  • 40 (a)
OneToOne
exos-2 35
  • 49.75 (n)
  • 43.61 (a)
A. gosspyii yeast
(Ashbya gossypii)
Saccharomycetes AGOS_AAL034C 35
  • 51.24 (n)
  • 47.84 (a)
baker's yeast
(Saccharomyces cerevisiae)
Saccharomycetes RRP4 35
  • 51.03 (n)
  • 47.31 (a)
RRP4 36
  • 34 (a)
OneToOne
RRP4 38
K. lactis yeast
(Kluyveromyces lactis)
Saccharomycetes KLLA0E12739g 35
  • 52.16 (n)
  • 48.24 (a)
thale cress
(Arabidopsis thaliana)
eudicotyledons RRP4 35
  • 56.26 (n)
  • 52.6 (a)
rice
(Oryza sativa)
Liliopsida Os04g0520000 35
  • 52.1 (n)
  • 45.38 (a)
bread mold
(Neurospora crassa)
Ascomycetes NCU04009 35
  • 49.93 (n)
  • 46.61 (a)
fission yeast
(Schizosaccharomyces pombe)
Schizosaccharomycetes SPAC2F7.14c 35
  • 53.63 (n)
  • 48.71 (a)
sea squirt
(Ciona intestinalis)
Ascidiacea Cin.8392 35
sea squirt
(Ciona savignyi)
Ascidiacea -- 36
  • 63 (a)
OneToOne
Species with no ortholog for EXOSC2:
  • Actinobacteria (Mycobacterium tuberculosis)
  • African clawed frog (Xenopus laevis)
  • Alicante grape (Vitis vinifera)
  • alpha proteobacteria (Wolbachia pipientis)
  • amoeba (Dictyostelium discoideum)
  • Archea (Pyrococcus horikoshii)
  • barley (Hordeum vulgare)
  • beta proteobacteria (Neisseria meningitidis)
  • Chromalveolata (Phytophthora infestans)
  • common water flea (Daphnia pulex)
  • corn (Zea mays)
  • E. coli (Escherichia coli)
  • filamentous fungi (Aspergillus nidulans)
  • Firmicute bacteria (Streptococcus pneumoniae)
  • green algae (Chlamydomonas reinhardtii)
  • honey bee (Apis mellifera)
  • loblloly pine (Pinus taeda)
  • malaria parasite (Plasmodium falciparum)
  • medicago trunc (Medicago Truncatula)
  • moss (Physcomitrella patens)
  • orangutan (Pongo pygmaeus)
  • pig (Sus scrofa)
  • rice blast fungus (Magnaporthe grisea)
  • schistosome parasite (Schistosoma mansoni)
  • sea anemone (Nematostella vectensis)
  • sea urchin (Strongylocentrotus purpuratus)
  • sorghum (Sorghum bicolor)
  • soybean (Glycine max)
  • stem rust fungus (Puccinia graminis)
  • sugarcane (Saccharum officinarum)
  • tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum)
  • toxoplasmosis (Toxoplasma gondii)
  • Trichoplax (Trichoplax adhaerens)
  • wheat (Triticum aestivum)

Evolution for EXOSC2 Gene

ENSEMBL:
Gene Tree for EXOSC2 (if available)
TreeFam:
Gene Tree for EXOSC2 (if available)

Paralogs for EXOSC2 Gene

No data available for Paralogs for EXOSC2 Gene

Variants for EXOSC2 Gene

Sequence variations from dbSNP and Humsavar for EXOSC2 Gene

SNP ID Clin Chr 09 pos Sequence Context AA Info Type
rs1139028 -- 130,704,366(+) ctcta(C/T)taaaa nc-transcript-variant, utr-variant-3-prime
rs1061967 -- 130,704,571(+) GGAAT(A/C)TGATT nc-transcript-variant, utr-variant-3-prime
rs2269337 -- 130,697,297(+) AGTCC(A/G)TGTTT intron-variant
rs3758305 -- 130,693,021(-) CGCTG(C/T)TCTAA upstream-variant-2KB
rs3758306 -- 130,692,012(-) GCACC(C/T)TTTTT upstream-variant-2KB

Structural Variations from Database of Genomic Variants (DGV) for EXOSC2 Gene

Variant ID Type Subtype PubMed ID
nsv831735 CNV Loss 17160897
nsv825122 CNV Gain 20364138

Variation tolerance for EXOSC2 Gene

Residual Variation Intolerance Score: 29% of all genes are more intolerant (likely to be disease-causing)
Gene Damage Index Score: 1.91; 35.55% of all genes are more intolerant (likely to be disease-causing)

Relevant External Links for EXOSC2 Gene

HapMap Linkage Disequilibrium report
EXOSC2

No data available for Polymorphic Variants from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for EXOSC2 Gene

Disorders for EXOSC2 Gene

Relevant External Links for EXOSC2

Genetic Association Database (GAD)
EXOSC2
Atlas of Genetics and Cytogenetics in Oncology and Haematology:
EXOSC2

No disorders were found for EXOSC2 Gene.

No data available for MalaCards , UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot and Genatlas for EXOSC2 Gene

Publications for EXOSC2 Gene

  1. The 3' end of yeast 5.8S rRNA is generated by an exonuclease processing mechanism. (PMID: 8600032) Mitchell P. … Tollervey D. (Genes Dev. 1996) 2 3 4 67
  2. The exosome: a conserved eukaryotic RNA processing complex containing multiple 3'-->5' exoribonucleases. (PMID: 9390555) Mitchell P. … Tollervey D. (Cell 1997) 3 23
  3. Sequence identification of 2,375 human brain genes. (PMID: 1538749) Adams M.D. … Venter J.C. (Nature 1992) 2 3
  4. The BioPlex Network: A Systematic Exploration of the Human Interactome. (PMID: 26186194) Huttlin E.L. … Gygi S.P. (Cell 2015) 3
  5. Panorama of ancient metazoan macromolecular complexes. (PMID: 26344197) Wan C. … Emili A. (Nature 2015) 3

Products for EXOSC2 Gene

Sources for EXOSC2 Gene

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