Free for academic non-profit institutions. Other users need a Commercial license

Aliases for FARSA Gene

Aliases for FARSA Gene

  • Phenylalanyl-TRNA Synthetase Alpha Subunit 2 3 4 5
  • Phenylalanyl-TRNA Synthetase-Like, Alpha Subunit 2 3
  • Phenylalanine TRNA Ligase 1, Alpha, Cytoplasmic 2 3
  • EC 4 58
  • FARSLA 3 4
  • PheRS 3 4
  • FARSL 3 4
  • CML33 3 4
  • Phenylalanine-TRNA Synthetase-Like, Alpha Subunit 3
  • Phenylalanyl-TRNA Synthetase, Alpha Subunit 2
  • Phenylalanine-TRNA Synthetase Alpha-Subunit 3
  • Phenylalanine--TRNA Ligase Alpha Subunit 3
  • Phenylalanyl-TRNA Synthetase Alpha Chain 3
  • Phenylalanine--TRNA Ligase Alpha Chain 3
  • Phenylalanine-TRNA Synthetase-Like 2
  • PheHA 3
  • FRSA 3
  • FARS 4

External Ids for FARSA Gene

Previous HGNC Symbols for FARSA Gene


Previous GeneCards Identifiers for FARSA Gene

  • GC19M012895
  • GC19M013033
  • GC19M012605

Summaries for FARSA Gene

Entrez Gene Summary for FARSA Gene

  • Aminoacyl-tRNA synthetases are a class of enzymes that charge tRNAs with their cognate amino acids. This gene encodes a product which is similar to the catalytic subunit of prokaryotic and Saccharomyces cerevisiae phenylalanyl-tRNA synthetases (PheRS). This gene product has been shown to be expressed in a tumor-selective and cell cycle stage- and differentiation-dependent manner, the first member of the tRNA synthetase gene family shown to exhibit this type of regulated expression [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]

GeneCards Summary for FARSA Gene

FARSA (Phenylalanyl-TRNA Synthetase Alpha Subunit) is a Protein Coding gene. Diseases associated with FARSA include Sarcocystosis and Myiasis. Among its related pathways are tRNA Aminoacylation and Gene Expression. GO annotations related to this gene include poly(A) RNA binding and tRNA binding.

Gene Wiki entry for FARSA Gene

Additional gene information for FARSA Gene

No data available for CIViC summary , UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot , Tocris Summary , PharmGKB "VIP" Summary , fRNAdb sequence ontologies and piRNA Summary for FARSA Gene

Genomics for FARSA Gene

Regulatory Elements for FARSA Gene

Enhancers for FARSA Gene
GeneHancer Identifier Enhancer Score Enhancer Sources Gene-Enhancer Score TSS distance (kb) Number of Genes Away Size (kb) Transcription Factor Binding Sites within enhancer Gene Targets for Enhancer
GH19H013793 1.3 ENCODE dbSUPER 10.3 -861.8 -861811 5.5 HDGF PKNOX1 FOXA2 ARID4B SIN3A ZNF2 ZBTB7B YY1 ZNF143 ZNF207 LOC284454 DDX39A C19orf53 MRI1 MIR23A MIR27A MIR24-2 DCAF15 RFX1 FARSA
GH19H013115 1.8 FANTOM5 ENCODE dbSUPER 5.2 -184.9 -184899 7.7 HDGF FOXA2 PKNOX1 ARNT ARID4B SIN3A DMAP1 YBX1 ZNF2 YY1 ZNF791 ZNF136 ZNF442 MRI1 ZNF44 CCDC130 TRMT1 WDR83OS ZNF564 ZNF625
GH19H012932 1.4 ENCODE dbSUPER 0.7 +0.5 549 2.3 PKNOX1 ARID4B SIN3A DMAP1 ZNF2 YY1 ZNF766 CBX5 ZNF143 ZNF207 MTCO1P27 GCDH MIR181C ENSG00000267735 SYCE2 DNASE2 FARSA FARSA-AS1
GH19H012931 0.4 dbSUPER 0.7 +2.2 2197 0.6 POLR2A FARSA FARSA-AS1
- Elite enhancer and/or Elite enhancer-gene association Download GeneHancer data dump

Enhancers around FARSA on UCSC Golden Path with GeneCards custom track

Promoters for FARSA Gene
Ensembl Regulatory Elements (ENSRs) TSS Distance (bp) Size (bp) Binding Sites for Transcription Factors within promoters
ENSR00000107331 537 1401 PKNOX1 ARID4B SIN3A DMAP1 ZNF2 YY1 ZNF766 CBX5 ZNF143 ZNF207

Genomic Locations for FARSA Gene

Genomic Locations for FARSA Gene
11,568 bases
Minus strand

Genomic View for FARSA Gene

Genes around FARSA on UCSC Golden Path with GeneCards custom track

Cytogenetic band:
FARSA Gene in genomic location: bands according to Ensembl, locations according to GeneLoc (and/or Entrez Gene and/or Ensembl if different)
Genomic Location for FARSA Gene
GeneLoc Logo Genomic Neighborhood Exon StructureGene Density

RefSeq DNA sequence for FARSA Gene

Proteins for FARSA Gene

  • Protein details for FARSA Gene (UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot)

    Protein Symbol:
    Recommended name:
    Phenylalanine--tRNA ligase alpha subunit
    Protein Accession:
    Secondary Accessions:
    • B4E363
    • Q9NSD8
    • Q9Y4W8

    Protein attributes for FARSA Gene

    508 amino acids
    Molecular mass:
    57564 Da
    Quaternary structure:
    • Heterotetramer; dimer of two heterodimers formed by FARSA and FARSB.
    • Sequence=AAB51175.1; Type=Erroneous gene model prediction; Evidence={ECO:0000305};

    Three dimensional structures from OCA and Proteopedia for FARSA Gene

    Alternative splice isoforms for FARSA Gene


neXtProt entry for FARSA Gene

Selected DME Specific Peptides for FARSA Gene


Post-translational modifications for FARSA Gene

  • Ubiquitination at isoforms=259, posLast=101101, isoforms=2106, isoforms=2150, isoforms=177, posLast=187187, posLast=208208, posLast=311311, isoforms=2315, isoforms=2406, isoforms=2468, and posLast=481481
  • Modification sites at PhosphoSitePlus

Other Protein References for FARSA Gene

Domains & Families for FARSA Gene

Gene Families for FARSA Gene

Human Protein Atlas (HPA):
  • Enzymes
  • Predicted intracellular proteins

Graphical View of Domain Structure for InterPro Entry



  • Belongs to the class-II aminoacyl-tRNA synthetase family. Phe-tRNA synthetase alpha subunit type 2 subfamily.
  • Belongs to the class-II aminoacyl-tRNA synthetase family. Phe-tRNA synthetase alpha subunit type 2 subfamily.
genes like me logo Genes that share domains with FARSA: view

Function for FARSA Gene

Molecular function for FARSA Gene

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot CatalyticActivity:
ATP + L-phenylalanine + tRNA(Phe) = AMP + diphosphate + L-phenylalanyl-tRNA(Phe).

Enzyme Numbers (IUBMB) for FARSA Gene

Phenotypes From GWAS Catalog for FARSA Gene

Gene Ontology (GO) - Molecular Function for FARSA Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0000049 tRNA binding IEA --
GO:0000166 nucleotide binding IEA --
GO:0003723 RNA binding IDA 22681889
GO:0004812 aminoacyl-tRNA ligase activity IEA --
GO:0004826 phenylalanine-tRNA ligase activity IEA,IDA 20223217
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with FARSA: view
genes like me logo Genes that share phenotypes with FARSA: view

Animal Models for FARSA Gene

MGI Knock Outs for FARSA:

Animal Model Products

CRISPR Products

Inhibitory RNA Products

No data available for Human Phenotype Ontology , Transcription Factor Targets and HOMER Transcription for FARSA Gene

Localization for FARSA Gene

Subcellular locations from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for FARSA Gene


Subcellular locations from

Extracellular space Cytosol Plasma membrane Cytoskeleton Lysosome Endosome Peroxisome ER Golgi Apparatus Nucleus Mitochondrion 0 1 2 3 4 5 Confidence
COMPARTMENTS Subcellular localization image for FARSA gene
Compartment Confidence
cytosol 5
nucleus 3
mitochondrion 1

Subcellular locations from the

Human Protein Atlas (HPA)

Gene Ontology (GO) - Cellular Components for FARSA Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0005737 cytoplasm IEA,TAS 9177188
GO:0005829 cytosol TAS --
GO:0009328 phenylalanine-tRNA ligase complex IDA 20223217
GO:0016020 membrane IDA 19946888
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with FARSA: view

Pathways & Interactions for FARSA Gene

genes like me logo Genes that share pathways with FARSA: view

Pathways by source for FARSA Gene

1 KEGG pathway for FARSA Gene

Gene Ontology (GO) - Biological Process for FARSA Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0006412 translation IEA --
GO:0006418 tRNA aminoacylation for protein translation TAS --
GO:0006432 phenylalanyl-tRNA aminoacylation IEA,IDA 20223217
GO:0043039 tRNA aminoacylation IEA --
GO:0051290 protein heterotetramerization IDA 20223217
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with FARSA: view

No data available for SIGNOR curated interactions for FARSA Gene

Drugs & Compounds for FARSA Gene

(4) Drugs for FARSA Gene - From: DrugBank and HMDB

Name Status Disease Links Group Role Mechanism of Action Clinical Trials
L-Phenylalanine Approved Nutra Target 0
Phosphoric acid Approved Pharma 0
Adenosine monophosphate Approved Nutra 0
ATP Nutra Agonist 0

(1) Additional Compounds for FARSA Gene - From: HMDB

Name Synonyms Role CAS Number PubChem IDs PubMed IDs
  • (4-)Diphosphoric acid ion
  • (P2O74-)Diphosphate
  • Diphosphate
  • Diphosphoric acid
  • PPi
genes like me logo Genes that share compounds with FARSA: view

Transcripts for FARSA Gene

Unigene Clusters for FARSA Gene

Phenylalanyl-tRNA synthetase, alpha subunit:
Representative Sequences:

CRISPR Products

Inhibitory RNA Products

Alternative Splicing Database (ASD) splice patterns (SP) for FARSA Gene

ExUns: 1a · 1b · 1c ^ 2 ^ 3 ^ 4a · 4b ^ 5 ^ 6a · 6b · 6c ^ 7 ^ 8 ^ 9 ^ 10 ^ 11 ^ 12 ^ 13
SP1: -

Relevant External Links for FARSA Gene

GeneLoc Exon Structure for
ECgene alternative splicing isoforms for

Expression for FARSA Gene

mRNA expression in normal human tissues from GTEx, Illumina, BioGPS, and CGAP SAGE for FARSA Gene

Protein differential expression in normal tissues from HIPED for FARSA Gene

This gene is overexpressed in Lymph node (7.7).

Integrated Proteomics: protein expression in normal tissues and cell lines from ProteomicsDB, PaxDb, MaxQB, and MOPED for FARSA Gene

Protein tissue co-expression partners for FARSA Gene

- Elite partner

NURSA nuclear receptor signaling pathways regulating expression of FARSA Gene:


SOURCE GeneReport for Unigene cluster for FARSA Gene:


Evidence on tissue expression from TISSUES for FARSA Gene

  • Lung(4.5)
  • Nervous system(4.5)
  • Blood(4.4)
  • Intestine(3)
  • Skin(2.9)
  • Liver(2.4)
  • Stomach(2)
genes like me logo Genes that share expression patterns with FARSA: view

No data available for mRNA differential expression in normal tissues , mRNA Expression by UniProt/SwissProt and Phenotype-based relationships between genes and organs from Gene ORGANizer for FARSA Gene

Orthologs for FARSA Gene

This gene was present in the common ancestor of eukaryotes.

Orthologs for FARSA Gene

Organism Taxonomy Gene Similarity Type Details
(Pan troglodytes)
Mammalia FARSA 33 34
  • 99.67 (n)
(Ornithorhynchus anatinus)
Mammalia FARSA 34
  • 90 (a)
(Canis familiaris)
Mammalia FARSA 34 33
  • 89.96 (n)
(Bos Taurus)
Mammalia FARSA 34 33
  • 89.63 (n)
(Monodelphis domestica)
Mammalia FARSA 34
  • 86 (a)
(Mus musculus)
Mammalia Farsa 16 34 33
  • 85.83 (n)
(Rattus norvegicus)
Mammalia Farsa 33
  • 85.5 (n)
(Gallus gallus)
Aves FARSA 33 34
  • 75.95 (n)
(Anolis carolinensis)
Reptilia FARSA 34
  • 67 (a)
tropical clawed frog
(Silurana tropicalis)
Amphibia farsa 33
  • 72.08 (n)
Str.3839 33
African clawed frog
(Xenopus laevis)
Amphibia farsl-prov 33
(Danio rerio)
Actinopterygii farsa 34 33
  • 74.04 (n)
wufj21a11 33
rainbow trout
(Oncorhynchus mykiss)
Actinopterygii Omy.10382 33
fruit fly
(Drosophila melanogaster)
Insecta CG2263 33 34
  • 66.33 (n)
African malaria mosquito
(Anopheles gambiae)
Insecta AgaP_AGAP002653 33
  • 62.39 (n)
(Caenorhabditis elegans)
Secernentea fars-1 33 34
  • 58 (n)
A. gosspyii yeast
(Ashbya gossypii)
Saccharomycetes AGOS_AFR516W 33
  • 57.76 (n)
baker's yeast
(Saccharomyces cerevisiae)
Saccharomycetes FRS2 33 34 36
  • 52.04 (n)
K. lactis yeast
(Kluyveromyces lactis)
Saccharomycetes KLLA0F25234g 33
  • 51.63 (n)
thale cress
(Arabidopsis thaliana)
eudicotyledons AT4G39280 33
  • 56.3 (n)
(Glycine max)
eudicotyledons Gma.12602 33
(Oryza sativa)
Liliopsida Os10g0400800 33
  • 58.32 (n)
Os.3191 33
(Hordeum vulgare)
Liliopsida Hv.10634 33
(Triticum aestivum)
Liliopsida Ta.1529 33
(Zea mays)
Liliopsida Zm.5623 33
sea squirt
(Ciona savignyi)
Ascidiacea CSA.1858 34
  • 63 (a)
bread mold
(Neurospora crassa)
Ascomycetes NCU05095 33
  • 60.47 (n)
fission yeast
(Schizosaccharomyces pombe)
Schizosaccharomycetes frs2 33
  • 50.51 (n)
sea squirt
(Ciona intestinalis)
Ascidiacea Cin.11498 33
Species where no ortholog for FARSA was found in the sources mined by GeneCards:
  • Actinobacteria (Mycobacterium tuberculosis)
  • Alicante grape (Vitis vinifera)
  • alpha proteobacteria (Wolbachia pipientis)
  • amoeba (Dictyostelium discoideum)
  • Archea (Pyrococcus horikoshii)
  • beta proteobacteria (Neisseria meningitidis)
  • Chromalveolata (Phytophthora infestans)
  • common water flea (Daphnia pulex)
  • E. coli (Escherichia coli)
  • filamentous fungi (Aspergillus nidulans)
  • Firmicute bacteria (Streptococcus pneumoniae)
  • green algae (Chlamydomonas reinhardtii)
  • honey bee (Apis mellifera)
  • loblloly pine (Pinus taeda)
  • malaria parasite (Plasmodium falciparum)
  • medicago trunc (Medicago Truncatula)
  • moss (Physcomitrella patens)
  • orangutan (Pongo pygmaeus)
  • pig (Sus scrofa)
  • rice blast fungus (Magnaporthe grisea)
  • schistosome parasite (Schistosoma mansoni)
  • sea anemone (Nematostella vectensis)
  • sea urchin (Strongylocentrotus purpuratus)
  • sorghum (Sorghum bicolor)
  • stem rust fungus (Puccinia graminis)
  • sugarcane (Saccharum officinarum)
  • tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum)
  • toxoplasmosis (Toxoplasma gondii)
  • Trichoplax (Trichoplax adhaerens)

Evolution for FARSA Gene

Gene Tree for FARSA (if available)
Gene Tree for FARSA (if available)

Paralogs for FARSA Gene

(1) SIMAP similar genes for FARSA Gene using alignment to 7 proteins:

genes like me logo Genes that share paralogs with FARSA: view

No data available for Paralogs for FARSA Gene

Variants for FARSA Gene

Sequence variations from dbSNP and Humsavar for FARSA Gene

SNP ID Clin Chr 19 pos Sequence Context AA Info Type
rs1000185743 -- 12,927,963(+) TTTGC(A/G)GCGAG intron-variant
rs1000288063 -- 12,934,041(+) CTGCC(C/T)TTCTG upstream-variant-2KB
rs1000614335 -- 12,931,303(+) CTGTC(A/G)CTCAG intron-variant
rs1000662199 -- 12,927,765(+) GGTGC(G/T)GTGGC intron-variant
rs1000687918 -- 12,931,514(+) ACTCC(A/G)CCTCC intron-variant

Structural Variations from Database of Genomic Variants (DGV) for FARSA Gene

Variant ID Type Subtype PubMed ID
nsv953977 CNV deletion 24416366
nsv833754 CNV loss 17160897
nsv1160589 CNV duplication 26073780

Variation tolerance for FARSA Gene

Residual Variation Intolerance Score: 24.2% of all genes are more intolerant (likely to be disease-causing)
Gene Damage Index Score: 2.69; 46.23% of all genes are more intolerant (likely to be disease-causing)

Relevant External Links for FARSA Gene

Human Gene Mutation Database (HGMD)
SNPedia medical, phenotypic, and genealogical associations of SNPs for

No data available for Polymorphic Variants from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for FARSA Gene

Disorders for FARSA Gene

MalaCards: The human disease database

(7) MalaCards diseases for FARSA Gene - From: HGMD and DISEASES

Disorder Aliases PubMed IDs
  • sarcosporidiosis
  • infestation by fly larvae
parasitic ectoparasitic infectious disease
  • ectoparasitism
  • infection by theileria
deafness, autosomal recessive 4, with enlarged vestibular aqueduct
  • enlarged vestibular aqueduct, digenic
- elite association - COSMIC cancer census association via MalaCards
Search FARSA in MalaCards View complete list of genes associated with diseases

Relevant External Links for FARSA

Atlas of Genetics and Cytogenetics in Oncology and Haematology:
genes like me logo Genes that share disorders with FARSA: view

No data available for UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot and Genatlas for FARSA Gene

Publications for FARSA Gene

  1. Expression of a gene encoding a tRNA synthetase-like protein is enhanced in tumorigenic human myeloid leukemia cells and is cell cycle stage- and differentiation-dependent. (PMID: 9177188) Sen S … White RA (Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 1997) 2 3 4 22 60
  2. Structure of human cytosolic phenylalanyl-tRNA synthetase: evidence for kingdom-specific design of the active sites and tRNA binding patterns. (PMID: 20223217) Finarov I … Safro MG (Structure (London, England : 1993) 2010) 3 4 60
  3. Complete sequencing and characterization of 21,243 full-length human cDNAs. (PMID: 14702039) Ota T … Sugano S (Nature genetics 2004) 3 4 60
  4. The DNA sequence and biology of human chromosome 19. (PMID: 15057824) Grimwood J … Lucas SM (Nature 2004) 3 4 60
  5. The status, quality, and expansion of the NIH full-length cDNA project: the Mammalian Gene Collection (MGC). (PMID: 15489334) Gerhard DS … MGC Project Team (Genome research 2004) 3 4 60

Products for FARSA Gene

Sources for FARSA Gene

Loading form....