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Aliases for ABCD1 Gene

Aliases for ABCD1 Gene

  • ATP-Binding Cassette, Sub-Family D (ALD), Member 1 2 3
  • Adrenoleukodystrophy Protein 3 4
  • ALDP 3 4
  • ALD 3 4
  • ABC42 3
  • AMN 3

External Ids for ABCD1 Gene

Previous HGNC Symbols for ABCD1 Gene

  • ALD

Previous GeneCards Identifiers for ABCD1 Gene

  • GC0XP147127
  • GC0XP149445
  • GC0XP150576
  • GC0XP151458
  • GC0XP152511
  • GC0XP152643
  • GC0XP152990
  • GC0XP141647

Summaries for ABCD1 Gene

Entrez Gene Summary for ABCD1 Gene

  • The protein encoded by this gene is a member of the superfamily of ATP-binding cassette (ABC) transporters. ABC proteins transport various molecules across extra- and intra-cellular membranes. ABC genes are divided into seven distinct subfamilies (ABC1, MDR/TAP, MRP, ALD, OABP, GCN20, White). This protein is a member of the ALD subfamily, which is involved in peroxisomal import of fatty acids and/or fatty acyl-CoAs in the organelle. All known peroxisomal ABC transporters are half transporters which require a partner half transporter molecule to form a functional homodimeric or heterodimeric transporter. This peroxisomal membrane protein is likely involved in the peroxisomal transport or catabolism of very long chain fatty acids. Defects in this gene have been identified as the underlying cause of adrenoleukodystrophy, an X-chromosome recessively inherited demyelinating disorder of the nervous system. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]

GeneCards Summary for ABCD1 Gene

ABCD1 (ATP-Binding Cassette, Sub-Family D (ALD), Member 1) is a Protein Coding gene. Diseases associated with ABCD1 include adrenoleukodystrophy and adrenomyeloneuropathy. Among its related pathways are Infectious disease and Metabolism. GO annotations related to this gene include protein homodimerization activity and enzyme binding. An important paralog of this gene is ABCD3.

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for ABCD1 Gene

  • Probable transporter. The nucleotide-binding fold acts as an ATP-binding subunit with ATPase activity.

Gene Wiki entry for ABCD1 Gene

No data available for Tocris Summary , PharmGKB "VIP" Summary , fRNAdb sequence ontologies and piRNA Summary for ABCD1 Gene

Genomics for ABCD1 Gene

Regulatory Elements for ABCD1 Gene

Epigenetics Products

  • DNA Methylation CpG Assay Predesigned for Pyrosequencing in human,mouse,rat

Genomic Location for ABCD1 Gene

153,724,851 bp from pter
153,744,762 bp from pter
19,912 bases
Plus strand

Genomic View for ABCD1 Gene

UCSC Golden Path with GeneCards custom track
Cytogenetic band:
Genomic Location for ABCD1 Gene
GeneLoc Logo Genomic Neighborhood Exon StructureGene Density

RefSeq DNA sequence for ABCD1 Gene

Proteins for ABCD1 Gene

  • Protein details for ABCD1 Gene (UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot)

    Protein Symbol:
    Recommended name:
    ATP-binding cassette sub-family D member 1
    Protein Accession:
    Secondary Accessions:
    • Q6GTZ2

    Protein attributes for ABCD1 Gene

    745 amino acids
    Molecular mass:
    82937 Da
    Quaternary structure:
    • Can form homodimers and heterodimers with ABCD2/ALDR and ABCD3/PMP70. Dimerization is necessary to form an active transporter. Interacts with PEX19.

neXtProt entry for ABCD1 Gene

Proteomics data for ABCD1 Gene at MOPED

Post-translational modifications for ABCD1 Gene

Other Protein References for ABCD1 Gene

ENSEMBL proteins:
REFSEQ proteins:

Antibody Products

No data available for DME Specific Peptides for ABCD1 Gene

Domains & Families for ABCD1 Gene

Gene Families for ABCD1 Gene

Graphical View of Domain Structure for InterPro Entry



  • Contains 1 ABC transmembrane type-1 domain.
  • Belongs to the ABC transporter superfamily. ABCD family. Peroxisomal fatty acyl CoA transporter (TC 3.A.1.203) subfamily.
  • Contains 1 ABC transmembrane type-1 domain.
  • Contains 1 ABC transporter domain.
  • Belongs to the ABC transporter superfamily. ABCD family. Peroxisomal fatty acyl CoA transporter (TC 3.A.1.203) subfamily.
genes like me logo Genes that share domains with ABCD1: view

Function for ABCD1 Gene

Molecular function for ABCD1 Gene

GENATLAS Biochemistry:
ATP-binding cassette superfamily,subfamily D (ALD),member 1,peroxisomal membrane protein,enhancing the association of very long chain acyl-CoA synthethase with the peroxisome
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot Function:
Probable transporter. The nucleotide-binding fold acts as an ATP-binding subunit with ATPase activity.

Gene Ontology (GO) - Molecular Function for ABCD1 Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0005215 transporter activity NAS 8441467
GO:0005324 long-chain fatty acid transporter activity --
GO:0005325 peroxisomal fatty-acyl-CoA transporter activity TAS --
GO:0005515 protein binding IPI 10551832
GO:0005524 ATP binding IDA 11248239
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with ABCD1: view
genes like me logo Genes that share phenotypes with ABCD1: view

Animal Models for ABCD1 Gene

MGI Knock Outs for ABCD1:

Animal Model Products

miRNA for ABCD1 Gene

No data available for Enzyme Numbers (IUBMB) , Transcription Factor Targets and HOMER Transcription for ABCD1 Gene

Localization for ABCD1 Gene

Subcellular locations from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for ABCD1 Gene

Peroxisome membrane; Multi-pass membrane protein.

Subcellular locations from

Jensen Localization Image for ABCD1 Gene COMPARTMENTS Subcellular localization image for ABCD1 gene
Compartment Confidence
peroxisome 5
cytosol 4
mitochondrion 2

Gene Ontology (GO) - Cellular Components for ABCD1 Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0005737 cytoplasm IDA 17761426
GO:0005739 mitochondrion IEA --
GO:0005777 peroxisome IDA 9425230
GO:0005778 peroxisomal membrane TAS --
GO:0005779 integral component of peroxisomal membrane NAS 8441467
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with ABCD1: view

Pathways & Interactions for ABCD1 Gene

genes like me logo Genes that share pathways with ABCD1: view

Pathways by source for ABCD1 Gene

PCR Array Products

  • Pathway & Disease-focused RT² Profiler PCR Arrays

Gene Ontology (GO) - Biological Process for ABCD1 Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0006635 fatty acid beta-oxidation IGI 18757502
GO:0006810 transport --
GO:0007031 peroxisome organization NAS 8441467
GO:0015910 peroxisomal long-chain fatty acid import IGI 18757502
GO:0015919 peroxisomal membrane transport NAS 8441467
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with ABCD1: view

No data available for SIGNOR curated interactions for ABCD1 Gene

Drugs & Compounds for ABCD1 Gene

(12) Drugs for ABCD1 Gene - From: NovoSeek and ClinicalTrials

Name Status Disease Links Group Role Mechanism of Action Clinical Trials
Cholecalciferol Approved Nutra Fat-soluble secosteroids 755,762
Ergocalciferol Approved Nutra 885
Lovastatin Approved, Investigational Pharma Competitive, Inhibitor HMG-CoA reductase inhibitor 56
cholesterol Experimental Pharma Agonist 0
Forskolin Experimental Pharma 0

(7) Additional Compounds for ABCD1 Gene - From: NovoSeek

Name Synonyms Role CAS Number PubChem IDs PubMed IDs
  • Adenosindiphosphorsaeure
  • Adenosine 5'-pyrophosphate
  • Adenosine diphosphate
  • Adenosine pyrophosphate
  • Adenosine-5'-diphosphate
Antagonist, Gating inhibitor 58-64-0
Fatty acid
lignoceric acid
genes like me logo Genes that share compounds with ABCD1: view

Transcripts for ABCD1 Gene

mRNA/cDNA for ABCD1 Gene

Unigene Clusters for ABCD1 Gene

ATP-binding cassette, sub-family D (ALD), member 1:
Representative Sequences:

Alternative Splicing Database (ASD) splice patterns (SP) for ABCD1 Gene

ExUns: 1a · 1b ^ 2a · 2b ^ 3 ^ 4 ^ 5 ^ 6 ^ 7 ^ 8 ^ 9 ^ 10a · 10b ^ 11 ^ 12 ^ 13 ^ 14a · 14b
SP1: - - -
SP3: -
SP4: - -

Relevant External Links for ABCD1 Gene

GeneLoc Exon Structure for
ECgene alternative splicing isoforms for

Expression for ABCD1 Gene

mRNA expression in normal human tissues for ABCD1 Gene

mRNA expression in embryonic tissues and stem cells from LifeMap Discovery

Protein differential expression in normal tissues from HIPED for ABCD1 Gene

This gene is overexpressed in Testis (22.2), Breast (20.3), and Adrenal (12.1).

Integrated Proteomics: protein expression in normal tissues and cell lines from ProteomicsDB, PaxDb, MOPED, and MaxQB for ABCD1 Gene

SOURCE GeneReport for Unigene cluster for ABCD1 Gene Hs.159546

genes like me logo Genes that share expression patterns with ABCD1: view

Protein tissue co-expression partners for ABCD1 Gene

- Elite partner

Primer Products

In Situ Assay Products

No data available for mRNA differential expression in normal tissues and mRNA Expression by UniProt/SwissProt for ABCD1 Gene

Orthologs for ABCD1 Gene

This gene was present in the common ancestor of animals and fungi.

Orthologs for ABCD1 Gene

Organism Taxonomy Gene Similarity Type Details
(Bos Taurus)
Mammalia ABCD1 35
  • 88.48 (n)
  • 91.53 (a)
ABCD1 36
  • 91 (a)
(Canis familiaris)
Mammalia ABCD1 35
  • 90.05 (n)
  • 93.01 (a)
ABCD1 36
  • 92 (a)
(Mus musculus)
Mammalia Abcd1 35
  • 86.61 (n)
  • 92.08 (a)
Abcd1 16
Abcd1 36
  • 92 (a)
(Pan troglodytes)
Mammalia ABCD1 35
  • 98.8 (n)
  • 98.75 (a)
(Rattus norvegicus)
Mammalia Abcd1 35
  • 86.48 (n)
  • 91.53 (a)
(Monodelphis domestica)
Mammalia ABCD1 36
  • 80 (a)
(Ornithorhynchus anatinus)
Mammalia ABCD1 36
  • 94 (a)
(Anolis carolinensis)
Reptilia ABCD1 36
  • 72 (a)
tropical clawed frog
(Silurana tropicalis)
Amphibia abcd1 35
  • 70.39 (n)
  • 77.23 (a)
(Danio rerio)
Actinopterygii abcd1 35
  • 67.36 (n)
  • 68.81 (a)
abcd1 36
  • 66 (a)
fruit fly
(Drosophila melanogaster)
Insecta CG2316 37
  • 53 (a)
CG2316 36
  • 47 (a)
(Caenorhabditis elegans)
Secernentea T02D1.5 37
  • 56 (a)
pmp-4 36
  • 51 (a)
baker's yeast
(Saccharomyces cerevisiae)
Saccharomycetes PXA1 36
  • 26 (a)
bread mold
(Neurospora crassa)
Ascomycetes NCU01751 35
  • 54.77 (n)
  • 46.32 (a)
sea squirt
(Ciona savignyi)
Ascidiacea -- 36
  • 59 (a)
Species with no ortholog for ABCD1:
  • A. gosspyii yeast (Ashbya gossypii)
  • Actinobacteria (Mycobacterium tuberculosis)
  • African clawed frog (Xenopus laevis)
  • African malaria mosquito (Anopheles gambiae)
  • Alicante grape (Vitis vinifera)
  • alpha proteobacteria (Wolbachia pipientis)
  • amoeba (Dictyostelium discoideum)
  • Archea (Pyrococcus horikoshii)
  • barley (Hordeum vulgare)
  • beta proteobacteria (Neisseria meningitidis)
  • chicken (Gallus gallus)
  • Chromalveolata (Phytophthora infestans)
  • common water flea (Daphnia pulex)
  • corn (Zea mays)
  • E. coli (Escherichia coli)
  • filamentous fungi (Aspergillus nidulans)
  • Firmicute bacteria (Streptococcus pneumoniae)
  • fission yeast (Schizosaccharomyces pombe)
  • green algae (Chlamydomonas reinhardtii)
  • honey bee (Apis mellifera)
  • K. lactis yeast (Kluyveromyces lactis)
  • loblloly pine (Pinus taeda)
  • malaria parasite (Plasmodium falciparum)
  • medicago trunc (Medicago Truncatula)
  • moss (Physcomitrella patens)
  • orangutan (Pongo pygmaeus)
  • pig (Sus scrofa)
  • rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss)
  • rice (Oryza sativa)
  • rice blast fungus (Magnaporthe grisea)
  • schistosome parasite (Schistosoma mansoni)
  • sea anemone (Nematostella vectensis)
  • sea urchin (Strongylocentrotus purpuratus)
  • sorghum (Sorghum bicolor)
  • soybean (Glycine max)
  • stem rust fungus (Puccinia graminis)
  • sugarcane (Saccharum officinarum)
  • thale cress (Arabidopsis thaliana)
  • tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum)
  • toxoplasmosis (Toxoplasma gondii)
  • Trichoplax (Trichoplax adhaerens)
  • wheat (Triticum aestivum)

Evolution for ABCD1 Gene

Gene Tree for ABCD1 (if available)
Gene Tree for ABCD1 (if available)

Paralogs for ABCD1 Gene

Paralogs for ABCD1 Gene

(5) SIMAP similar genes for ABCD1 Gene using alignment to 5 proteins: Pseudogenes for ABCD1 Gene

genes like me logo Genes that share paralogs with ABCD1: view

Variants for ABCD1 Gene

Sequence variations from dbSNP and Humsavar for ABCD1 Gene

SNP ID Clin Chr 0X pos Sequence Context AA Info Type MAF
rs5987138 -- 153,733,258(+) CATGG(C/T)GCAGC intron-variant
rs5987140 -- 153,734,801(+) AATTC(C/T)TCCTT intron-variant
rs6571291 -- 153,731,642(+) tcttt(C/T)ggttt intron-variant
rs6571292 -- 153,731,822(+) AATAG(A/G)AATTT intron-variant
rs6643643 -- 153,741,205(+) TGTCA(A/G)GAGGT intron-variant

Structural Variations from Database of Genomic Variants (DGV) for ABCD1 Gene

Variant ID Type Subtype PubMed ID
esv33199 CNV Gain+Loss 17666407
esv21656 CNV Gain+Loss 19812545

Variation tolerance for ABCD1 Gene

Residual Variation Intolerance Score: 24.7% of all genes are more intolerant (likely to be disease-causing)
Gene Damage Index Score: 0.77; 16.31% of all genes are more intolerant (likely to be disease-causing)

Relevant External Links for ABCD1 Gene

HapMap Linkage Disequilibrium report
Human Gene Mutation Database (HGMD)

No data available for Polymorphic Variants from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for ABCD1 Gene

Disorders for ABCD1 Gene

MalaCards: The human disease database

(12) MalaCards diseases for ABCD1 Gene - From: OMIM, ClinVar, GeneTests, Orphanet, Swiss-Prot, DISEASES, NovoSeek, and GeneCards

Disorder Aliases PubMed IDs
  • adrenomyeloneuropathy, adult
  • adrenoleukodystrophy
x-linked cerebral adrenoleukodystrophy
addison's disease
  • hypoadrenocorticism, familial
  • contiguous abcd1/dxs1375e deletion syndrome
- elite association
Search ABCD1 in MalaCards View complete list of genes associated with diseases


  • Adrenoleukodystrophy (ALD) [MIM:300100]: A peroxisomal metabolic disorder characterized by progressive multifocal demyelination of the central nervous system and by peripheral adrenal insufficiency (Addison disease). It results in mental deterioration, corticospinal tract dysfunction, and cortical blindness. Different clinical manifestations exist like: cerebral childhood ALD (CALD), adult cerebral ALD (ACALD), adrenomyeloneuropathy (AMN) and Addison disease only (ADO) phenotype. {ECO:0000269 PubMed:10369742, ECO:0000269 PubMed:10480364, ECO:0000269 PubMed:10737980, ECO:0000269 PubMed:10980539, ECO:0000269 PubMed:11438993, ECO:0000269 PubMed:11810273, ECO:0000269 PubMed:15643618, ECO:0000269 PubMed:21700483, ECO:0000269 PubMed:21889498, ECO:0000269 PubMed:7581394, ECO:0000269 PubMed:7717396, ECO:0000269 PubMed:7825602, ECO:0000269 PubMed:7849723, ECO:0000269 PubMed:7904210, ECO:0000269 PubMed:8040304, ECO:0000269 PubMed:8566952, ECO:0000269 PubMed:8651290, ECO:0000269 PubMed:9452087}. Note=The disease is caused by mutations affecting the gene represented in this entry.
  • Note=The promoter region of ABCD1 is deleted in the chromosome Xq28 deletion syndrome which involves ABCD1 and the neighboring gene BCAP31. {ECO:0000269 PubMed:11992258}.

Relevant External Links for ABCD1

Genetic Association Database (GAD)
Human Genome Epidemiology (HuGE) Navigator
Atlas of Genetics and Cytogenetics in Oncology and Haematology:
genes like me logo Genes that share disorders with ABCD1: view

No data available for Genatlas for ABCD1 Gene

Publications for ABCD1 Gene

  1. The role of ELOVL1 in very long-chain fatty acid homeostasis and X- linked adrenoleukodystrophy. (PMID: 20166112) Ofman R. … Kemp S. (EMBO Mol. Med. 2010) 23 67
  2. [A novel missense mutation resulting in X-linked adrenoleukodystrophy in female heterozygotes of a Chinese family]. (PMID: 20376793) Xie H.H. … Lan F.H. (Zhonghua Yi Xue Yi Chuan Xue Za Zhi 2010) 23 67
  3. Silencing of Abcd1 and Abcd2 genes sensitizes astrocytes for inflammation: implication for X-adrenoleukodystrophy. (PMID: 18723473) Singh J. … Singh I. (J. Lipid Res. 2009) 23 67
  4. Induction of the adrenoleukodystrophy-related gene (ABCD2) by thyromimetics. (PMID: 19406244) Genin E.C. … Savary S. (J. Steroid Biochem. Mol. Biol. 2009) 23 67
  5. Downregulation of ABCD1 in human renal cell carcinoma. (PMID: 19787628) Hour T.C. … Pu Y.S. (Int. J. Biol. Markers 2009) 23 67

Products for ABCD1 Gene

Sources for ABCD1 Gene

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