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Aliases for ETFDH Gene

Aliases for ETFDH Gene

  • Electron-Transferring-Flavoprotein Dehydrogenase 2 3 4
  • ETF-Ubiquinone Oxidoreductase 3 4
  • ETF Dehydrogenase 3 4
  • EC 4 63
  • ETF-QO 3 4
  • MADD 3 6
  • Electron Transfer Flavoprotein-Ubiquinone Oxidoreductase, Mitochondrial 3
  • ETFQO 3

External Ids for ETFDH Gene

Previous GeneCards Identifiers for ETFDH Gene

  • GC04P160443
  • GC04P160022
  • GC04P160171
  • GC04P160145
  • GC04P159951
  • GC04P159812
  • GC04P159593
  • GC04P155343

Summaries for ETFDH Gene

Entrez Gene Summary for ETFDH Gene

  • This gene encodes a component of the electron-transfer system in mitochondria and is essential for electron transfer from a number of mitochondrial flavin-containing dehydrogenases to the main respiratory chain. Mutations in this gene are associated with glutaric acidemia. Alternatively spliced transcript variants that encode distinct isoforms have been observed. [provided by RefSeq, Aug 2013]

GeneCards Summary for ETFDH Gene

ETFDH (Electron-Transferring-Flavoprotein Dehydrogenase) is a Protein Coding gene. Diseases associated with ETFDH include glutaric acidemia iic and multiple acyl-coa dehydrogenation deficiency, mild type. Among its related pathways are Metabolism and Apoptosis and survival Caspase cascade. GO annotations related to this gene include electron carrier activity and flavin adenine dinucleotide binding.

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for ETFDH Gene

  • Accepts electrons from ETF and reduces ubiquinone

Gene Wiki entry for ETFDH Gene

No data available for Tocris Summary , PharmGKB "VIP" Summary , fRNAdb sequence ontologies and piRNA Summary for ETFDH Gene

Genomics for ETFDH Gene

Regulatory Elements for ETFDH Gene

Epigenetics Products

  • DNA Methylation CpG Assay Predesigned for Pyrosequencing in human,mouse,rat

Genomic Location for ETFDH Gene

158,672,101 bp from pter
158,709,623 bp from pter
37,523 bases
Plus strand

Genomic View for ETFDH Gene

UCSC Golden Path with GeneCards custom track
Cytogenetic band:
Genomic Location for ETFDH Gene
GeneLoc Logo Genomic Neighborhood Exon StructureGene Density

RefSeq DNA sequence for ETFDH Gene

Proteins for ETFDH Gene

  • Protein details for ETFDH Gene (UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot)

    Protein Symbol:
    Recommended name:
    Electron transfer flavoprotein-ubiquinone oxidoreductase, mitochondrial
    Protein Accession:
    Secondary Accessions:
    • B4E3R9
    • J3KND9
    • Q7Z347

    Protein attributes for ETFDH Gene

    617 amino acids
    Molecular mass:
    68495 Da
    Name=FAD; Xref=ChEBI:CHEBI:57692;
    Name=[4Fe-4S] cluster; Xref=ChEBI:CHEBI:49883; Note=Binds 1 [4Fe-4S] cluster.;
    Quaternary structure:
    • Monomer
    • Sequence=CAD98030.1; Type=Miscellaneous discrepancy; Note=Aberrant splicing.; Evidence={ECO:0000305};

    Alternative splice isoforms for ETFDH Gene


neXtProt entry for ETFDH Gene

Proteomics data for ETFDH Gene at MOPED

Post-translational modifications for ETFDH Gene

  • Modification sites at PhosphoSitePlus
  • Modification sites at neXtProt

Other Protein References for ETFDH Gene

ENSEMBL proteins:
Reactome Protein details:
REFSEQ proteins:

Antibody Products

Domains for ETFDH Gene

Graphical View of Domain Structure for InterPro Entry



  • Contains 1 4Fe-4S ferredoxin-type domain.
  • Belongs to the ETF-QO/FixC family.
  • Contains 1 4Fe-4S ferredoxin-type domain.
  • Belongs to the ETF-QO/FixC family.
genes like me logo Genes that share domains with ETFDH: view

No data available for Gene Families for ETFDH Gene

Function for ETFDH Gene

Molecular function for ETFDH Gene

GENATLAS Biochemistry:
electron transfer flavoprotein-ubiquinone reductase,inner mitochondrial membrane,oxidative phosphorylation (OXPHOS)
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot CatalyticActivity:
Reduced electron-transferring flavoprotein + ubiquinone = electron-transferring flavoprotein + ubiquinol
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot Function:
Accepts electrons from ETF and reduces ubiquinone

Enzyme Numbers (IUBMB) for ETFDH Gene

Gene Ontology (GO) - Molecular Function for ETFDH Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0004174 electron-transferring-flavoprotein dehydrogenase activity IDA 12049629
GO:0009055 electron carrier activity IDA 12049629
GO:0016491 oxidoreductase activity IDA 14640977
GO:0043783 oxidoreductase activity, oxidizing metal ions with flavin as acceptor ISS --
GO:0046872 metal ion binding IEA --
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with ETFDH: view

Phenotypes for ETFDH Gene

GenomeRNAi human phenotypes for ETFDH:
genes like me logo Genes that share phenotypes with ETFDH: view

Animal Model Products

miRNA for ETFDH Gene

miRTarBase miRNAs that target ETFDH

miRNA Products

Inhibitory RNA Products

  • Predesigned siRNA for gene silencing in human,mouse,rat for ETFDH

In Situ Assay Products

Flow Cytometry Products

No data available for Animal Models , Transcription Factor Targeting and HOMER Transcription for ETFDH Gene

Localization for ETFDH Gene

Subcellular locations from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for ETFDH Gene

Mitochondrion inner membrane.

Subcellular locations from

Jensen Localization Image for ETFDH Gene COMPARTMENTS Subcellular localization image for ETFDH gene
Compartment Confidence
mitochondrion 5
cytosol 2
endoplasmic reticulum 1

Gene Ontology (GO) - Cellular Components for ETFDH Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0005743 mitochondrial inner membrane --
GO:0005759 mitochondrial matrix TAS --
GO:0031305 integral component of mitochondrial inner membrane IDA 8306995
GO:0031966 mitochondrial membrane IDA 12049629
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with ETFDH: view

Pathways for ETFDH Gene

genes like me logo Genes that share pathways with ETFDH: view

PCR Array Products

  • Pathway & Disease-focused RT² Profiler PCR Arrays

Gene Ontology (GO) - Biological Process for ETFDH Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0006979 response to oxidative stress ISS --
GO:0022900 electron transport chain IDA 12049629
GO:0022904 respiratory electron transport chain TAS --
GO:0033539 fatty acid beta-oxidation using acyl-CoA dehydrogenase IMP 17412732
GO:0044237 cellular metabolic process TAS --
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with ETFDH: view

Compounds for ETFDH Gene

(1) Drugbank Compounds for ETFDH Gene

Compound Status Synonyms Cas Number PubChem ID Type Actions PubMed IDs
447027 Target experimental

(6) HMDB Compounds for ETFDH Gene

Compound Synonyms Cas Number PubMed IDs
  • 1H-Purin-6-amine flavin dinucleotide
  • Armco iron
  • CoQH2
  • Sulfide
Ubiquinone Q1
  • Coenzyme Q

(15) Novoseek inferred chemical compound relationships for ETFDH Gene

Compound -log(P) Hits PubMed IDs
acyl-coa 88.4 18
flavin semiquinone 86.3 1
ubiquinone 83.1 23
flavin 75.4 4
riboflavin 74 6
genes like me logo Genes that share compounds with ETFDH: view

Transcripts for ETFDH Gene

Unigene Clusters for ETFDH Gene

Electron-transferring-flavoprotein dehydrogenase:
Representative Sequences:

miRNA Products

Inhibitory RNA Products

  • Predesigned siRNA for gene silencing in human,mouse,rat for ETFDH

Flow Cytometry Products

Alternative Splicing Database (ASD) splice patterns (SP) for ETFDH Gene

ExUns: 1a · 1b · 1c · 1d ^ 2 ^ 3a · 3b · 3c ^ 4 ^ 5a · 5b · 5c · 5d · 5e ^ 6a · 6b ^ 7 ^ 8a · 8b ^ 9a · 9b ^ 10 ^ 11 ^ 12 ^ 13 ^ 14 ^
SP1: - - - - - -
SP2: - - - - - -
SP3: - - - - - - - - - - -
SP4: -
SP5: - - - -
SP8: - - -

ExUns: 15

Relevant External Links for ETFDH Gene

GeneLoc Exon Structure for
ECgene alternative splicing isoforms for

Expression for ETFDH Gene

mRNA expression in normal human tissues for ETFDH Gene

mRNA expression in embryonic tissues and stem cells from LifeMap Discovery

mRNA differential expression in normal tissues according to GTEx for ETFDH Gene

This gene is overexpressed in Heart - Left Ventricle (6.4) and Liver (4.2).

Protein differential expression in normal tissues for ETFDH Gene

This gene is overexpressed in Heart (13.7), Nasal epithelium (11.9), and Liver (11.7).

Integrated Proteomics: protein expression from ProteomicsDB, PaxDb, MOPED, and MaxQB for ETFDH Gene

SOURCE GeneReport for Unigene cluster for ETFDH Gene Hs.155729

genes like me logo Genes that share expressions with ETFDH: view

Expression partners for ETFDH Gene

* - Elite partner

Primer Products

In Situ Assay Products

No data available for mRNA Expression by UniProt/SwissProt for ETFDH Gene

Orthologs for ETFDH Gene

This gene was present in the common ancestor of eukaryotes.

Orthologs for ETFDH Gene

Organism Taxonomy Gene Similarity Type Details
(Bos Taurus)
Mammalia ETFDH 35
  • 86.71 (n)
  • 94.17 (a)
  • 94 (a)
(Canis familiaris)
Mammalia ETFDH 35
  • 92.22 (n)
  • 94.98 (a)
  • 95 (a)
(Mus musculus)
Mammalia Etfdh 35
  • 88.64 (n)
  • 92.53 (a)
Etfdh 16
Etfdh 36
  • 93 (a)
(Pan troglodytes)
Mammalia ETFDH 35
  • 99.62 (n)
  • 99.68 (a)
  • 100 (a)
(Rattus norvegicus)
Mammalia Etfdh 35
  • 89.66 (n)
  • 93.51 (a)
(Monodelphis domestica)
Mammalia ETFDH 36
  • 78 (a)
(Ornithorhynchus anatinus)
Mammalia ETFDH 36
  • 88 (a)
(Gallus gallus)
Aves ETFDH 35
  • 78.18 (n)
  • 85.05 (a)
  • 84 (a)
(Anolis carolinensis)
Reptilia ETFDH 36
  • 76 (a)
tropical clawed frog
(Silurana tropicalis)
Amphibia etfdh 35
  • 76.04 (n)
  • 83.41 (a)
Str.5283 35
African clawed frog
(Xenopus laevis)
Amphibia Xl.19071 35
(Danio rerio)
Actinopterygii etfdh 35
  • 71.66 (n)
  • 80.78 (a)
wufa05a11 35
etfdh 36
  • 80 (a)
rainbow trout
(Oncorhynchus mykiss)
Actinopterygii Omy.4011 35
fruit fly
(Drosophila melanogaster)
Insecta CG12140 37
  • 66 (a)
Etf-QO 35
  • 60.95 (n)
  • 66.55 (a)
CG12140 36
  • 66 (a)
African malaria mosquito
(Anopheles gambiae)
Insecta AgaP_AGAP005894 35
  • 60.76 (n)
  • 69.88 (a)
(Caenorhabditis elegans)
Secernentea let-721 37
  • 63 (a)
let-721 35
  • 62 (n)
  • 63.75 (a)
let-721 36
  • 62 (a)
A. gosspyii yeast
(Ashbya gossypii)
Saccharomycetes AGOS_ADR387W 35
  • 53.77 (n)
  • 50.34 (a)
K. lactis yeast
(Kluyveromyces lactis)
Saccharomycetes KLLA0C12991g 35
  • 57.8 (n)
  • 52.3 (a)
baker's yeast
(Saccharomyces cerevisiae)
Saccharomycetes CIR2 35
  • 57.07 (n)
  • 54.74 (a)
CIR2 36
  • 50 (a)
CIR2 38
thale cress
(Arabidopsis thaliana)
eudicotyledons ETFQO 35
  • 57.89 (n)
  • 53.17 (a)
Alicante grape
(Vitis vinifera)
eudicotyledons Vvi.7097 35
(Oryza sativa)
Liliopsida Os.15767 35
Os10g0516300 35
  • 59.55 (n)
  • 56.49 (a)
sea squirt
(Ciona intestinalis)
Ascidiacea Cin.13772 35
bread mold
(Neurospora crassa)
Ascomycetes NCU04768 35
  • 54.07 (n)
  • 55.5 (a)
fission yeast
(Schizosaccharomyces pombe)
Schizosaccharomycetes SPAC20G8.04c 35
  • 57.83 (n)
  • 55.06 (a)
sea squirt
(Ciona savignyi)
Ascidiacea CSA.5971 36
  • 70 (a)
Species with no ortholog for ETFDH:
  • Actinobacteria (Mycobacterium tuberculosis)
  • alpha proteobacteria (Wolbachia pipientis)
  • amoeba (Dictyostelium discoideum)
  • Archea (Pyrococcus horikoshii)
  • barley (Hordeum vulgare)
  • beta proteobacteria (Neisseria meningitidis)
  • Chromalveolata (Phytophthora infestans)
  • common water flea (Daphnia pulex)
  • corn (Zea mays)
  • E. coli (Escherichia coli)
  • filamentous fungi (Aspergillus nidulans)
  • Firmicute bacteria (Streptococcus pneumoniae)
  • green algae (Chlamydomonas reinhardtii)
  • honey bee (Apis mellifera)
  • loblloly pine (Pinus taeda)
  • malaria parasite (Plasmodium falciparum)
  • medicago trunc (Medicago Truncatula)
  • moss (Physcomitrella patens)
  • orangutan (Pongo pygmaeus)
  • pig (Sus scrofa)
  • rice blast fungus (Magnaporthe grisea)
  • schistosome parasite (Schistosoma mansoni)
  • sea anemone (Nematostella vectensis)
  • sea urchin (Strongylocentrotus purpuratus)
  • sorghum (Sorghum bicolor)
  • soybean (Glycine max)
  • stem rust fungus (Puccinia graminis)
  • sugarcane (Saccharum officinarum)
  • tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum)
  • toxoplasmosis (Toxoplasma gondii)
  • Trichoplax (Trichoplax adhaerens)
  • wheat (Triticum aestivum)

Evolution for ETFDH Gene

Gene Tree for ETFDH (if available)
Gene Tree for ETFDH (if available)

Paralogs for ETFDH Gene

No data available for Paralogs for ETFDH Gene

Variants for ETFDH Gene

Sequence variations from dbSNP and Humsavar for ETFDH Gene

SNP ID Clin Chr 04 pos Sequence Context AA Info Type MAF
rs1140065 - 158,682,300(+) GGCAC(A/G)TGAAA reference, missense
rs4254722 -- 158,695,014(+) ACATC(C/T)GGTGA intron-variant
rs4263349 -- 158,695,867(+) ATTGT(C/T)GTATC intron-variant
rs4320099 -- 158,696,746(+) ATTGT(G/T)GGGGG intron-variant
rs4336179 -- 158,695,056(+) AATAA(A/G)TCCTT intron-variant

Structural Variations from Database of Genomic Variants (DGV) for ETFDH Gene

Variant ID Type Subtype PubMed ID
nsv830125 CNV Gain 17160897

Relevant External Links for ETFDH Gene

HapMap Linkage Disequilibrium report
Human Gene Mutation Database (HGMD)

No data available for Polymorphic Variants from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for ETFDH Gene

Disorders for ETFDH Gene

(1) OMIM Diseases for ETFDH Gene (231675)


  • Glutaric aciduria 2C (GA2C) [MIM:231680]: An autosomal recessively inherited disorder of fatty acid, amino acid, and choline metabolism. It is characterized by multiple acyl-CoA dehydrogenase deficiencies resulting in large excretion not only of glutaric acid, but also of lactic, ethylmalonic, butyric, isobutyric, 2-methyl-butyric, and isovaleric acids. Note=The disease is caused by mutations affecting the gene represented in this entry.

(5) Novoseek inferred disease relationships for ETFDH Gene

Disease -log(P) Hits PubMed IDs
ga ii 95.2 4
metabolic disorder 69.2 9
myopathy 48 3
hypoglycemia 40.6 2
acidosis 23.7 1

Genatlas disease for ETFDH Gene

glutaric acidemia,type II

Relevant External Links for ETFDH

Genetic Association Database (GAD)
Human Genome Epidemiology (HuGE) Navigator
genes like me logo Genes that share disorders with ETFDH: view

Publications for ETFDH Gene

  1. Molecular cloning and expression of a cDNA encoding human electron transfer flavoprotein-ubiquinone oxidoreductase. (PMID: 8306995) Goodman S.I. … Frerman F.E. (Eur. J. Biochem. 1994) 3 4 23
  2. Assignment of Etfdh, Etfb, and Etfa to chromosomes 3, 7, and 13: the mouse homologs of genes responsible for glutaric acidemia type II in human. (PMID: 8617498) White R.A. … Koeller D.M. (Genomics 1996) 3 23
  3. Clear relationship between ETF/ETFDH genotype and phenotype in patients with multiple acyl-CoA dehydrogenation deficiency. (PMID: 12815589) Olsen R.K.J. … Gregersen N. (Hum. Mutat. 2003) 3 23
  4. Alternative quinone substrates and inhibitors of human electron-transfer flavoprotein-ubiquinone oxidoreductase. (PMID: 14640977) Simkovic M. … Frerman F.E. (Biochem. J. 2004) 3 23
  5. Structure of electron transfer flavoprotein-ubiquinone oxidoreductase and electron transfer to the mitochondrial ubiquinone pool. (PMID: 17050691) Zhang J. … Kim J.J. (Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 2006) 3 23

Products for ETFDH Gene

Sources for ETFDH Gene

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