Aliases for ESRRB Gene
External Ids for ESRRB Gene
Previous Symbols for ESRRB Gene
This gene encodes a protein with similarity to the estrogen receptor. Its function is unknown; however, a similar protein in mouse plays an essential role in placental development. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]
GeneCards Summary for ESRRB Gene
ESRRB (Estrogen-Related Receptor Beta) is a Protein Coding gene. Diseases associated with ESRRB include deafness, autosomal recessive 35 and dfnb35 nonsyndromic hearing loss and deafness. Among its related pathways are Gene Expression and Gene Expression. GO annotations related to this gene include sequence-specific DNA binding and transcription coactivator activity. An important paralog of this gene is AR.
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for ESRRB Gene
Nuclear receptor, may regulate ESR1 transcriptional activity. Induces the expression of PERM1 in the skeletal muscle.
Estrogen controls many cellular processes including growth, differentiation and function of the reproductive system. In females, estrogens main targets are the ovaries, uterus, vagina and mammary glands. In the male, target organs are the testes, prostate and epididymis. Estrogen is also responsible for the growth and maintenance of the skeleton and the normal functioning of the cardiovascular and nervous systems. Estrogen exerts most of its actions via estrogen receptors (ER). Estrogen receptors are ligand-activated transcription factors belonging to the nuclear hormone receptor superfamily. Today, two estrogen receptors are known, ERalpha and ERbeta. ERalpha protein is highly homologous to ERbeta protein, especially in the DNA and ligand binding domains, although divergence exists in the N-terminal transactivation domain. Both receptors interact with the same DNA response element and show a similar ligand binding profile. Upon ligand binding estrogen receptors undergo a conformational change allowing spontaneous dimerization to form either homo- or heterodimers. As a dimer, the estrogen receptor binds to the estrogen response element (ERE) in the promoter region of target genes. ERalpha and ERbeta which are present in a broad spectrum of tissues.