Aliases for DAZ1 Gene
External Ids for DAZ1 Gene
Previous HGNC Symbols for DAZ1 Gene
Previous GeneCards Identifiers for DAZ1 Gene
This gene is a member of the DAZ gene family and is a candidate for the human Y-chromosomal azoospermia factor (AZF). Its expression is restricted to premeiotic germ cells, particularly in spermatogonia. It encodes an RNA-binding protein that is important for spermatogenesis. Four copies of this gene are found on chromosome Y within palindromic duplications; one pair of genes is part of the P2 palindrome and the second pair is part of the P1 palindrome. Each gene contains a 2.4 kb repeat including a 72-bp exon, called the DAZ repeat; the number of DAZ repeats is variable and there are several variations in the sequence of the DAZ repeat. Each copy of the gene also contains a 10.8 kb region that may be amplified; this region includes five exons that encode an RNA recognition motif (RRM) domain. This gene contains three copies of the 10.8 kb repeat. However, no transcripts containing three copies of the RRM domain have been described; thus the RefSeq for this gene contains only two RRM domains. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]
GeneCards Summary for DAZ1 Gene
DAZ1 (Deleted In Azoospermia 1) is a Protein Coding gene. Diseases associated with DAZ1 include Azoospermia and Spermatogenic Failure, Y-Linked, 2. Among its related pathways are Translational Control. Gene Ontology (GO) annotations related to this gene include nucleic acid binding and nucleotide binding. An important paralog of this gene is DAZ3.
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for DAZ1 Gene
RNA-binding protein that plays an essential role in spermatogenesis. May act by binding to the 3-UTR of mRNAs and regulating their translation. Promotes germ-cell progression to meiosis and formation of haploid germ cells.