Aliases for DGKB Gene
External Ids for DGKB Gene
Previous Symbols for DGKB Gene
Diacylglycerol kinases (DGKs) are regulators of the intracellular concentration of the second messenger diacylglycerol (DAG) and thus play a key role in cellular processes. Nine mammalian isotypes have been identified, which are encoded by separate genes. Mammalian DGK isozymes contain a conserved catalytic (kinase) domain and a cysteine-rich domain (CRD). The protein encoded by this gene is a diacylglycerol kinase, beta isotype. Two alternatively spliced transcript variants have been found for this gene. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]
GeneCards Summary for DGKB Gene
DGKB (Diacylglycerol Kinase, Beta 90kDa) is a Protein Coding gene. Among its related pathways are Signaling by GPCR and Signaling by GPCR. GO annotations related to this gene include calcium ion binding and diacylglycerol kinase activity. An important paralog of this gene is DGKI.
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for DGKB Gene
Exhibits high phosphorylation activity for long-chain diacylglycerols.
Diacylglycerol kinases (DGKs) are a group of ten enzymes (DGKalpha, DGKbeta, DGKgamma, DGKdelta, DGKepsilon, DGKzeta, DGKeta, DGKtheta, DGKiota and DGKkappa) that metabolize 1,2,diacylglycerol (DAG) to produce phosphatidic acid (PA). They all contain a conserved C-terminal catalytic domain, two cysteine-rich Zn2+-finger motifs that bind DAG and an ATP-binding site, whilst the regulatory domain varies. DGKs are widely distributed throughout mammalian tissues and different isozymes have different subcellular localizations; some are cytosolic (for example DGKalpha), some are membrane-bound (for example DGKgamma is associated with the Golgi membrane) and some are nuclear (for example DGKzeta. DGKs have diverse biological roles as they participate in signal transduction by modulating levels of DAG in a variety of cellular responses to extracellular stimuli.