Aliases for CYP11A1 Gene
External Ids for CYP11A1 Gene
Previous Symbols for CYP11A1 Gene
This gene encodes a member of the cytochrome P450 superfamily of enzymes. The cytochrome P450 proteins are monooxygenases which catalyze many reactions involved in drug metabolism and synthesis of cholesterol, steroids and other lipids. This protein localizes to the mitochondrial inner membrane and catalyzes the conversion of cholesterol to pregnenolone, the first and rate-limiting step in the synthesis of the steroid hormones. Two transcript variants encoding different isoforms have been found for this gene. The cellular location of the smaller isoform is unclear since it lacks the mitochondrial-targeting transit peptide. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]
GeneCards Summary for CYP11A1 Gene
CYP11A1 (Cytochrome P450, Family 11, Subfamily A, Polypeptide 1) is a Protein Coding gene. Diseases associated with CYP11A1 include congenital adrenal insufficiency and adrenal insufficiency, congenital, with 46xy sex reversal, partial or complete. Among its related pathways are Metabolism and Metabolism. GO annotations related to this gene include electron carrier activity and heme binding. An important paralog of this gene is CYP24A1.
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for CYP11A1 Gene
Catalyzes the side-chain cleavage reaction of cholesterol to pregnenolone.