Aliases for CYP2A6 Gene
External Ids for CYP2A6 Gene
Previous Symbols for CYP2A6 Gene
This gene, CYP2A6, encodes a member of the cytochrome P450 superfamily of enzymes. The cytochrome P450 proteins are monooxygenases which catalyze many reactions involved in drug metabolism and synthesis of cholesterol, steroids and other lipids. This protein localizes to the endoplasmic reticulum and its expression is induced by phenobarbital. The enzyme is known to hydroxylate coumarin, and also metabolizes nicotine, aflatoxin B1, nitrosamines, and some pharmaceuticals. Individuals with certain allelic variants are said to have a poor metabolizer phenotype, meaning they do not efficiently metabolize coumarin or nicotine. This gene is part of a large cluster of cytochrome P450 genes from the CYP2A, CYP2B and CYP2F subfamilies on chromosome 19q. The gene was formerly referred to as CYP2A3; however, it has been renamed CYP2A6. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]
GeneCards Summary for CYP2A6 Gene
CYP2A6 (Cytochrome P450, Family 2, Subfamily A, Polypeptide 6) is a Protein Coding gene. Diseases associated with CYP2A6 include coumarin resistance and nicotine dependence, protection against. Among its related pathways are Metabolism and Metabolism. GO annotations related to this gene include enzyme binding and iron ion binding. An important paralog of this gene is CYP2C19.
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for CYP2A6 Gene
Exhibits a high coumarin 7-hydroxylase activity. Can act in the hydroxylation of the anti-cancer drugs cyclophosphamide and ifosphamide. Competent in the metabolic activation of aflatoxin B1. Constitutes the major nicotine C-oxidase. Acts as a 1,4-cineole 2-exo-monooxygenase. Possesses low phenacetin O-deethylation activity.