Aliases for ADH7 Gene
External Ids for ADH7 Gene
This gene encodes class IV alcohol dehydrogenase 7 mu or sigma subunit, which is a member of the alcohol dehydrogenase family. Members of this family metabolize a wide variety of substrates, including ethanol, retinol, other aliphatic alcohols, hydroxysteroids, and lipid peroxidation products. The enzyme encoded by this gene is inefficient in ethanol oxidation, but is the most active as a retinol dehydrogenase; thus it may participate in the synthesis of retinoic acid, a hormone important for cellular differentiation. The expression of this gene is much more abundant in stomach than liver, thus differing from the other known gene family members. Alternative splicing results in multiple transcript variants. [provided by RefSeq, Oct 2009]
GeneCards Summary for ADH7 Gene
ADH7 (Alcohol Dehydrogenase 7 (Class IV), Mu Or Sigma Polypeptide) is a Protein Coding gene. Diseases associated with ADH7 include gastritis and atrophic gastritis. Among its related pathways are Metabolism and Metabolism. GO annotations related to this gene include retinol dehydrogenase activity and alcohol dehydrogenase (NAD) activity. An important paralog of this gene is ADH6.
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for ADH7 Gene
Could function in retinol oxidation for the synthesis of retinoic acid, a hormone important for cellular differentiation. Medium-chain (octanol) and aromatic (m-nitrobenzaldehyde) compounds are the best substrates. Ethanol is not a good substrate but at the high ethanol concentrations reached in the digestive tract, it plays a role in the ethanol oxidation and contributes to the first pass ethanol metabolism
Mammalian alcohol dehydrogenases are a family of enzymes which catalyze the oxidation of alcohols into aldehyde or ketones, with the aid of a co-enzyme, NAD+. Members of this family also metabolize retinol and hydroxysteroids. In humans, there are five classes (I-V) of alcohol dehydrogenases, encoded by at least seven different genes. The primary hepatic enzyme is alcohol dehydrogenase 1, a class I enzyme, which has A, B and C subunits (encoded by the ADH1A, ADH1B and ADH1C genes respectively), and catalyzes the conversion of ethanol to acetaldehyde.