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Aliases for ADH1B Gene

Aliases for ADH1B Gene

  • Alcohol Dehydrogenase 1B (Class I), Beta Polypeptide 2 3
  • ADH2 3 4 6
  • Alcohol Dehydrogenase Subunit Beta 3 4
  • EC 4 63
  • Alcohol Dehydrogenase 2 (Class I), Beta Polypeptide 3
  • Epididymis Secretory Protein Li 117 3
  • Alcohol Dehydrogenase 1B 3
  • Aldehyde Reductase 3
  • ADH, Beta Subunit 3
  • HEL-S-117 3
  • EC 1.1.1 63

External Ids for ADH1B Gene

Previous Symbols for ADH1B Gene

  • ADH2

Summaries for ADH1B Gene

Entrez Gene Summary for ADH1B Gene

  • The protein encoded by this gene is a member of the alcohol dehydrogenase family. Members of this enzyme family metabolize a wide variety of substrates, including ethanol, retinol, other aliphatic alcohols, hydroxysteroids, and lipid peroxidation products. This encoded protein, consisting of several homo- and heterodimers of alpha, beta, and gamma subunits, exhibits high activity for ethanol oxidation and plays a major role in ethanol catabolism. Three genes encoding alpha, beta and gamma subunits are tandemly organized in a genomic segment as a gene cluster. Two transcript variants encoding different isoforms have been found for this gene. [provided by RefSeq, Nov 2013]

GeneCards Summary for ADH1B Gene

ADH1B (Alcohol Dehydrogenase 1B (Class I), Beta Polypeptide) is a Protein Coding gene. Diseases associated with ADH1B include alcohol dependence and alcohol-related birth defect. Among its related pathways are Metabolism and Metabolism. GO annotations related to this gene include alcohol dehydrogenase activity, zinc-dependent. An important paralog of this gene is ADH6.

Gene Wiki entry for ADH1B Gene

PharmGKB "VIP" Summary for ADH1B Gene

No data available for UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot , Tocris Summary , fRNAdb sequence ontologies and piRNA Summary for ADH1B Gene

Genomics for ADH1B Gene

Genomic Location for ADH1B Gene

99,304,964 bp from pter
99,321,442 bp from pter
16,479 bases
Minus strand

Genomic View for ADH1B Gene

UCSC Golden Path with GeneCards custom track
Cytogenetic band:
Genomic Location for ADH1B Gene
GeneLoc Logo Genomic Neighborhood Exon StructureGene Density

RefSeq DNA sequence for ADH1B Gene

Regulatory Elements for ADH1B Gene

Proteins for ADH1B Gene

  • Protein details for ADH1B Gene (UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot)

    Protein Symbol:
    Recommended name:
    Alcohol dehydrogenase 1B
    Protein Accession:
    Secondary Accessions:
    • A8MYN5
    • B4DRS9
    • B4DVC3
    • Q13711
    • Q4ZGI9
    • Q96KI7

    Protein attributes for ADH1B Gene

    375 amino acids
    Molecular mass:
    39855 Da
    Name=Zn(2+); Xref=ChEBI:CHEBI:29105; Note=Binds 2 Zn(2+) ions per subunit.;
    Quaternary structure:
    • Dimer of identical or non-identical chains of three types; alpha, beta and gamma
    • There are 7 different ADHs isozymes in human: three belongs to class-I: alpha, beta, and gamma, one to class-II: pi, one to class-III: chi, one to class-IV: ADH7 and one to class-V: ADH6

    Three dimensional structures from OCA and Proteopedia for ADH1B Gene

    Alternative splice isoforms for ADH1B Gene


neXtProt entry for ADH1B Gene

Proteomics data for ADH1B Gene at MOPED

Post-translational modifications for ADH1B Gene

  • Modification sites at PhosphoSitePlus
  • Modification sites at neXtProt

Other Protein References for ADH1B Gene

ENSEMBL proteins:
Reactome Protein details:
REFSEQ proteins:

Domains for ADH1B Gene

Gene Families for ADH1B Gene

  • ADH :Alcohol dehydrogenases

Graphical View of Domain Structure for InterPro Entry



  • Belongs to the zinc-containing alcohol dehydrogenase family.:
    • P00325
genes like me logo Genes that share domains with ADH1B: view

Function for ADH1B Gene

Molecular function for ADH1B Gene

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot CatalyticActivity: An alcohol + NAD(+) = an aldehyde or ketone + NADH

Enzyme Numbers (IUBMB) for ADH1B Gene

Gene Ontology (GO) - Molecular Function for ADH1B Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0004024 alcohol dehydrogenase activity, zinc-dependent IDA 9982
GO:0008270 zinc ion binding IDA 9982
GO:0016491 oxidoreductase activity --
GO:0016747 transferase activity, transferring acyl groups other than amino-acyl groups --
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with ADH1B: view

No data available for Phenotypes , Animal Models , miRNA , Transcription Factor Targeting and HOMER Transcription for ADH1B Gene

Localization for ADH1B Gene

Subcellular locations from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for ADH1B Gene


Subcellular locations from

Jensen Localization Image for ADH1B Gene COMPARTMENTS Subcellular localization image for ADH1B gene
Compartment Confidence
cytosol 4
chloroplast 1
extracellular 1
mitochondrion 1
nucleus 1
peroxisome 1

Gene Ontology (GO) - Cellular Components for ADH1B Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0005829 cytosol TAS --
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with ADH1B: view

Pathways for ADH1B Gene

genes like me logo Genes that share pathways with ADH1B: view

Interacting Proteins for ADH1B Gene

Gene Ontology (GO) - Biological Process for ADH1B Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0006069 ethanol oxidation TAS --
GO:0006805 xenobiotic metabolic process TAS --
GO:0044281 small molecule metabolic process TAS --
GO:0055114 oxidation-reduction process --
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with ADH1B: view

Compounds for ADH1B Gene

(23) HMDB Compounds for ADH1B Gene

Compound Synonyms Cas Number PubMed IDs
  • 1-Butanol
  • 1-Hexyl alcohol
  • 1-Pentol
  • 3,4-Dihydroxyphenylglycolaldehyde
  • (3,4-Dihydroxyphenyl)ethylene glycol

(11) Drugbank Compounds for ADH1B Gene

Compound Synonyms Cas Number Type Actions PubMed IDs
2'-Monophosphoadenosine 5'-Diphosphoribose
3469-69-0 target
108-93-0 target
  • Absolute Alcohol
64-17-5 target agonist
  • 4-methylpyrazole
7554-65-6 target inhibitor

(9) Novoseek inferred chemical compound relationships for ADH1B Gene

Compound -log(P) Hits PubMed IDs
acetaldehyde 83.2 21
ethanol 68.7 31
rsai 67.4 3
mspi 27.5 1
vitamin a 10.6 2
genes like me logo Genes that share compounds with ADH1B: view

Transcripts for ADH1B Gene

Unigene Clusters for ADH1B Gene

Alcohol dehydrogenase 1B (class I), beta polypeptide:
Representative Sequences:

Alternative Splicing Database (ASD) splice patterns (SP) for ADH1B Gene

No ASD Table

Relevant External Links for ADH1B Gene

GeneLoc Exon Structure for
ECgene alternative splicing isoforms for

Expression for ADH1B Gene

mRNA expression in normal human tissues for ADH1B Gene

mRNA expression in embryonic tissues and stem cells from LifeMap Discovery

mRNA differential expression in normal tissues according to GTEx for ADH1B Gene

This gene is overexpressed in Liver (7.6), Adipose - Subcutaneous (7.1), Adipose - Visceral (Omentum) (6.3), and Breast - Mammary Tissue (4.2).

Integrated Proteomics: protein expression from ProteomicsDB, PaxDb, and MOPED for ADH1B Gene

SOURCE GeneReport for Unigene cluster for ADH1B Gene Hs.4

genes like me logo Genes that share expressions with ADH1B: view

No data available for mRNA Expression by UniProt/SwissProt for ADH1B Gene

Orthologs for ADH1B Gene

This gene was present in the common ancestor of eukaryotes.

Orthologs for ADH1B Gene

Organism Taxonomy Gene Similarity Type Details
(Pan troglodytes)
Mammalia ADH1B 35
  • 99.2 (n)
  • 99.47 (a)
ADH1B 36
  • 99 (a)
(Bos Taurus)
Mammalia -- 36
  • 73 (a)
(Canis familiaris)
Mammalia -- 36
  • 86 (a)
(Mus musculus)
Mammalia Adh1 36
  • 83 (a)
(Monodelphis domestica)
Mammalia -- 36
  • 70 (a)
(Ornithorhynchus anatinus)
Mammalia -- 36
  • 76 (a)
(Gallus gallus)
Aves -- 36
  • 70 (a)
(Anolis carolinensis)
Reptilia -- 36
  • 73 (a)
-- 36
  • 71 (a)
-- 36
  • 65 (a)
-- 36
  • 66 (a)
-- 36
  • 68 (a)
-- 36
  • 66 (a)
-- 36
  • 68 (a)
-- 36
  • 62 (a)
African clawed frog
(Xenopus laevis)
Amphibia MGC68507 35
tropical clawed frog
(Silurana tropicalis)
Amphibia adh6 35
  • 67.29 (n)
  • 67.47 (a)
(Danio rerio)
Actinopterygii adh8a 36
  • 55 (a)
adh8b 36
  • 52 (a)
zgc:63568 36
  • 57 (a)
zgc:77938 36
  • 57 (a)
fruit fly
(Drosophila melanogaster)
Insecta Fdh 36
  • 53 (a)
(Caenorhabditis elegans)
Secernentea H24K24.3 36
  • 51 (a)
Y50D4C.2 36
  • 32 (a)
baker's yeast
(Saccharomyces cerevisiae)
Saccharomycetes ADH1 38
SFA1 36
  • 46 (a)
(Triticum aestivum)
Liliopsida Ta.10015 35
sea squirt
(Ciona savignyi)
Ascidiacea CSA.1497 36
  • 55 (a)
Species with no ortholog for ADH1B:
  • A. gosspyii yeast (Ashbya gossypii)
  • Actinobacteria (Mycobacterium tuberculosis)
  • African malaria mosquito (Anopheles gambiae)
  • Alicante grape (Vitis vinifera)
  • alpha proteobacteria (Wolbachia pipientis)
  • amoeba (Dictyostelium discoideum)
  • Archea (Pyrococcus horikoshii)
  • barley (Hordeum vulgare)
  • beta proteobacteria (Neisseria meningitidis)
  • bread mold (Neurospora crassa)
  • Chromalveolata (Phytophthora infestans)
  • common water flea (Daphnia pulex)
  • corn (Zea mays)
  • E. coli (Escherichia coli)
  • filamentous fungi (Aspergillus nidulans)
  • Firmicute bacteria (Streptococcus pneumoniae)
  • fission yeast (Schizosaccharomyces pombe)
  • green algae (Chlamydomonas reinhardtii)
  • honey bee (Apis mellifera)
  • K. lactis yeast (Kluyveromyces lactis)
  • loblloly pine (Pinus taeda)
  • malaria parasite (Plasmodium falciparum)
  • medicago trunc (Medicago Truncatula)
  • moss (Physcomitrella patens)
  • orangutan (Pongo pygmaeus)
  • pig (Sus scrofa)
  • rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss)
  • rat (Rattus norvegicus)
  • rice (Oryza sativa)
  • rice blast fungus (Magnaporthe grisea)
  • schistosome parasite (Schistosoma mansoni)
  • sea anemone (Nematostella vectensis)
  • sea urchin (Strongylocentrotus purpuratus)
  • sorghum (Sorghum bicolor)
  • soybean (Glycine max)
  • stem rust fungus (Puccinia graminis)
  • sugarcane (Saccharum officinarum)
  • thale cress (Arabidopsis thaliana)
  • tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum)
  • toxoplasmosis (Toxoplasma gondii)
  • Trichoplax (Trichoplax adhaerens)

Evolution for ADH1B Gene

Gene Tree for ADH1B (if available)
Gene Tree for ADH1B (if available)

Paralogs for ADH1B Gene

Paralogs for ADH1B Gene

Selected SIMAP similar genes for ADH1B Gene using alignment to 3 proteins:

genes like me logo Genes that share paralogs with ADH1B: view

Variants for ADH1B Gene

Polymorphic Variants from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for ADH1B Gene

Three alleles are known: ADH1B*1 (ADH2*1) corresponding to variant beta-1, ADH1B*2 (ADH2*2) corresponding to variant beta-2, ADH1B*3 (ADH2*3) corresponding to variant beta-3. The sequence shown is that of allele ADH1B*1. The ADH1B*2 allele frequency in orientals is approximately 75%, whereas it is less than 5% in most Caucasian populations. ADH1B variations have been associated with protection against alcohol dependence and alcohol-related aerodigestive tract cancer [MIM:103720]

Sequence variations from dbSNP and Humsavar for ADH1B Gene

SNP ID Clin Chr 04 pos Sequence Context AA Info Type MAF
rs17033 -- 99,307,788(-) CCTAC(A/G)AGATC utr-variant-3-prime
rs1041969 - 99,318,134(-) GGCAA(A/C)CTGGT missense, reference
rs1042026 -- 99,307,309(-) GGTCC(A/G)AGAGT utr-variant-3-prime
rs1126431 -- 99,318,881(-) GTAAT(C/G)AAATG reference, missense, utr-variant-5-prime
rs1126440 -- 99,316,105(-) AATCC(C/T)CGGGG synonymous-codon, reference

Structural Variations from Database of Genomic Variants (DGV) for ADH1B Gene

Variant ID Type Subtype PubMed ID
nsv879656 CNV Gain 21882294
esv2659036 CNV Deletion 23128226

Relevant External Links for ADH1B Gene

HapMap Linkage Disequilibrium report
Human Gene Mutation Database (HGMD)

Disorders for ADH1B Gene

(1) OMIM Diseases for ADH1B Gene (103720)

(26) Novoseek inferred disease relationships for ADH1B Gene

Disease -log(P) Hits PubMed IDs
alcoholism 81.9 52
pancreatitis alcoholic 69.6 5
alcoholic cirrhosis 62.1 5
liver diseases alcoholic 60.1 5
chronic pancreatitis 52.5 5

Relevant External Links for ADH1B

Genetic Association Database (GAD)
Human Genome Epidemiology (HuGE) Navigator
genes like me logo Genes that share disorders with ADH1B: view

No data available for UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for ADH1B Gene

Publications for ADH1B Gene

  1. Chinese alcoholic patients with esophageal cancer are genetically different from alcoholics with acute pancreatitis and liver cirrhosis. (PMID: 11051375) Chao Y.C. … Chu H.C. (Am. J. Gastroenterol. 2000) 3 23 48
  2. Alcohol and aldehyde dehydrogenase polymorphisms in Japanese patients with alcohol-induced chronic pancreatitis. (PMID: 11117576) Kimura S. … Kasuga M. (Dig. Dis. Sci. 2000) 3 23 48
  3. Alcohol and aldehyde dehydrogenase gene polymorphisms and oropharyngolaryngeal, esophageal and stomach cancers in Japanese alcoholics. (PMID: 11238183) Yokoyama A. … Ishii H. (Carcinogenesis 2001) 3 23 48
  4. ADH2 and CYP2E1 genetic polymorphisms: risk factors for alcohol-related birth defects. (PMID: 11259352) McCarver D.G. (Drug Metab. Dispos. 2001) 3 23 48
  5. Association of the ADH2 genotypes with skin responses after ethanol exposure in Japanese male university students. (PMID: 11584144) Takeshita T. … Morimoto K. (Alcohol. Clin. Exp. Res. 2001) 3 23 48

Products for ADH1B Gene

  • Pathway & Disease-focused RT² Profiler PCR Arrays
    • Drug Metabolism in human,mouse,rat
    • Drug Metabolism: Phase I Enzymes in human,mouse,rat
  • QIAGEN qRT-PCR Assays for microRNAs that regulate ADH1B
  • QuantiTect SYBR Green Assays in human,mouse,rat
  • Pre-validated RT² qPCR Primer Assay in human,mouse,rat
  • QuantiFast Probe-based Assays in human,mouse,rat
  • Predesigned siRNA for gene silencing in human,mouse,rat for ADH1B
  • Block miRNA regulation of ADH1B using miScript Target Protectors

Sources for ADH1B Gene

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