Free for academic non-profit institutions. Other users need a Commercial license

Aliases for CHRM4 Gene

Aliases for CHRM4 Gene

  • Cholinergic Receptor Muscarinic 4 2 3
  • Cholinergic Receptor, Muscarinic 4 3 5
  • Acetylcholine Receptor, Muscarinic 4 3
  • Acetylcholine Receptor 2
  • Muscarinic 4 2
  • HM4 3
  • M4R 3

External Ids for CHRM4 Gene

Previous GeneCards Identifiers for CHRM4 Gene

  • GC11M048191
  • GC11M047097
  • GC11M046438
  • GC11M046370
  • GC11M046363
  • GC11M046113
  • GC11M046406
  • GC11M047073
  • GC11M047919

Summaries for CHRM4 Gene

Entrez Gene Summary for CHRM4 Gene

  • The muscarinic cholinergic receptors belong to a larger family of G protein-coupled receptors. The functional diversity of these receptors is defined by the binding of acetylcholine and includes cellular responses such as adenylate cyclase inhibition, phosphoinositide degeneration, and potassium channel mediation. Muscarinic receptors influence many effects of acetylcholine in the central and peripheral nervous system. The clinical implications of this receptor are unknown; however, mouse studies link its function to adenylyl cyclase inhibition. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]

GeneCards Summary for CHRM4 Gene

CHRM4 (Cholinergic Receptor Muscarinic 4) is a Protein Coding gene. Diseases associated with CHRM4 include bladder neck obstruction. Among its related pathways are Circadian entrainment and Peptide ligand-binding receptors. GO annotations related to this gene include G-protein coupled receptor activity and G-protein coupled acetylcholine receptor activity. An important paralog of this gene is CHRM5.

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for CHRM4 Gene

  • The muscarinic acetylcholine receptor mediates various cellular responses, including inhibition of adenylate cyclase, breakdown of phosphoinositides and modulation of potassium channels through the action of G proteins. Primary transducing effect is inhibition of adenylate cyclase.

Tocris Summary for CHRM4 Gene

  • Muscarinic receptors are widely distributed throughout the body and control distinct functions according to location and subtype (M1 - M5).They are predominantly expressed in the parasympathetic nervous system where they exert both inhibitory and excitatory effects.

Gene Wiki entry for CHRM4 Gene

No data available for PharmGKB "VIP" Summary , fRNAdb sequence ontologies and piRNA Summary for CHRM4 Gene

Genomics for CHRM4 Gene

Regulatory Elements for CHRM4 Gene

Enhancers for CHRM4 Gene
GeneHancer Identifier Score Enhancer Sources TSS distance (kb) Number of Genes Away Size (kb) Transcription Factor Binding Sites within enhancer Other Gene Targets for Enhancer

Enhancers around CHRM4 on UCSC Golden Path with GeneCards custom track

Promoters for CHRM4 Gene
Ensembl Regulatory Elements (ENSRs) TSS Distance (bp) Size (bp) Binding Sites for Transcription Factors within promoters

ENSRs around CHRM4 on UCSC Golden Path with GeneCards custom track

Transcription factor binding sites by QIAGEN in the CHRM4 gene promoter:

Genomic Location for CHRM4 Gene

Chromosome:
11
Start:
46,384,792 bp from pter
End:
46,386,608 bp from pter
Size:
1,817 bases
Orientation:
Minus strand

Genomic View for CHRM4 Gene

Genes around CHRM4 on UCSC Golden Path with GeneCards custom track

Cytogenetic band:
CHRM4 Gene in genomic location: bands according to Ensembl, locations according to GeneLoc (and/or Entrez Gene and/or Ensembl if different)
Genomic Location for CHRM4 Gene
GeneLoc Logo Genomic Neighborhood Exon StructureGene Density

RefSeq DNA sequence for CHRM4 Gene

Proteins for CHRM4 Gene

  • Protein details for CHRM4 Gene (UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot)

    Protein Symbol:
    P08173-ACM4_HUMAN
    Recommended name:
    Muscarinic acetylcholine receptor M4
    Protein Accession:
    P08173
    Secondary Accessions:
    • B2RPP4
    • Q0VD60
    • Q4VBK7

    Protein attributes for CHRM4 Gene

    Size:
    479 amino acids
    Molecular mass:
    53049 Da
    Quaternary structure:
    No Data Available

neXtProt entry for CHRM4 Gene

Proteomics data for CHRM4 Gene at MOPED

Post-translational modifications for CHRM4 Gene

  • Glycosylation at Asn 8 and Asn 13
  • Modification sites at PhosphoSitePlus

Other Protein References for CHRM4 Gene

ENSEMBL proteins:
REFSEQ proteins:

Antibody Products

No data available for DME Specific Peptides for CHRM4 Gene

Domains & Families for CHRM4 Gene

Gene Families for CHRM4 Gene

Suggested Antigen Peptide Sequences for CHRM4 Gene

Graphical View of Domain Structure for InterPro Entry

P08173

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot:

ACM4_HUMAN :
  • Belongs to the G-protein coupled receptor 1 family. Muscarinic acetylcholine receptor subfamily. CHRM4 sub-subfamily.
Family:
  • Belongs to the G-protein coupled receptor 1 family. Muscarinic acetylcholine receptor subfamily. CHRM4 sub-subfamily.
genes like me logo Genes that share domains with CHRM4: view

Function for CHRM4 Gene

Molecular function for CHRM4 Gene

GENATLAS Biochemistry:
cholinergic receptor,muscarinic 4,G protein coupled receptor superfamily
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot Function:
The muscarinic acetylcholine receptor mediates various cellular responses, including inhibition of adenylate cyclase, breakdown of phosphoinositides and modulation of potassium channels through the action of G proteins. Primary transducing effect is inhibition of adenylate cyclase.
genes like me logo Genes that share phenotypes with CHRM4: view

Animal Models for CHRM4 Gene

MGI Knock Outs for CHRM4:

Animal Model Products

No data available for Enzyme Numbers (IUBMB) , Gene Ontology (GO) - Molecular Function , Human Phenotype Ontology , miRNA , Transcription Factor Targets and HOMER Transcription for CHRM4 Gene

Localization for CHRM4 Gene

Subcellular locations from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for CHRM4 Gene

Cell membrane; Multi-pass membrane protein. Cell junction, synapse, postsynaptic cell membrane; Multi-pass membrane protein.

Subcellular locations from

COMPARTMENTS
Jensen Localization Image for CHRM4 Gene COMPARTMENTS Subcellular localization image for CHRM4 gene
Compartment Confidence
plasma membrane 5
endosome 1
golgi apparatus 1

Gene Ontology (GO) - Cellular Components for CHRM4 Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0014069 postsynaptic density IEA --
GO:0016020 membrane IEA --
GO:0016021 integral component of membrane IEA --
GO:0030054 cell junction IEA --
GO:0043025 neuronal cell body IEA --
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with CHRM4: view

Pathways & Interactions for CHRM4 Gene

genes like me logo Genes that share pathways with CHRM4: view

Gene Ontology (GO) - Biological Process for CHRM4 Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0007165 signal transduction TAS 9603968
GO:0007207 phospholipase C-activating G-protein coupled acetylcholine receptor signaling pathway IBA --
GO:0007213 G-protein coupled acetylcholine receptor signaling pathway TAS 3443095
GO:0008283 cell proliferation TAS 2739737
GO:0043547 positive regulation of GTPase activity IEA --
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with CHRM4: view

No data available for SIGNOR curated interactions for CHRM4 Gene

Drugs & Compounds for CHRM4 Gene

(124) Drugs for CHRM4 Gene - From: DrugBank, ApexBio, DGIdb, IUPHAR, HMDB, Tocris, and Novoseek

Name Status Disease Links Group Role Mechanism of Action Clinical Trials
Tropicamide Approved Pharma antagonist, Target Antimuscarinic drug, Selective M4 muscarinic antagonist 21
Atropine Approved Pharma Antagonist, antagonist, Target MAChRs antagonist 117
Darifenacin Approved, Investigational Pharma Antagonist, antagonist, Target 22
Doxepin Approved Pharma Antagonist, inhibitor, Target, antagonist 13
Homatropine Methylbromide Approved Pharma antagonist, Target Muscarinic AChR antagonist 0

(11) Additional Compounds for CHRM4 Gene - From: IUPHAR, Tocris, Novoseek, and HMDB

Name Synonyms Role CAS Number PubChem IDs PubMed IDs
(-)aceclidine
Partial agonist, Agonist
(+)aceclidine
Full agonist, Agonist
AF-DX 116
Antagonist 102394-31-0
Gouml 7874
Negative, Allosteric regulator
HHSiD
Antagonist

(4) Tocris Compounds for CHRM4 Gene

Compound Action Cas Number
PD 102807 Selective M4 antagonist 23062-91-1
Tropicamide Selective M4 muscarinic antagonist 1508-75-4
VU 10010 Selective allosteric potentiator of M4 receptors 633283-39-3
VU 152100 Positive allosteric modulator of M4 receptors 409351-28-6

(14) ApexBio Compounds for CHRM4 Gene

Compound Action Cas Number
5-hydroxymethyl Tolterodine (PNU 200577, 5-HMT, 5-HM) 207679-81-0
Aclidinium Bromide LAMAs antagonist 320345-99-1
Arecoline hydrobromide Muscarinic receptor agonist 300-08-3
Biperiden HCl Anticholinergic drug 1235-82-1
Darifenacin HBr 133099-07-7
Dicyclomine HCl 67-92-5
Diphenylpyraline HCl 132-18-3
Fesoterodine Fumarate 286930-03-8
Mepenzolate Bromide mAChR antagonist 76-90-4
Pridinol Methanesulfonate 6856-31-1
Scopolamine butylbromide 149-64-4
Scopolamine hydrobromide 114-49-8
Solifenacin succinate Muscarinic receptor antagonist 242478-38-2
Tolterodine tartrate 124937-52-6
genes like me logo Genes that share compounds with CHRM4: view

Drug Products

Transcripts for CHRM4 Gene

mRNA/cDNA for CHRM4 Gene

(1) REFSEQ mRNAs :
(6) Additional mRNA sequences :
(10) Selected AceView cDNA sequences:
(1) Ensembl transcripts including schematic representations, and UCSC links where relevant :

Unigene Clusters for CHRM4 Gene

Cholinergic receptor, muscarinic 4:
Representative Sequences:

Alternative Splicing Database (ASD) splice patterns (SP) for CHRM4 Gene

No ASD Table

Relevant External Links for CHRM4 Gene

GeneLoc Exon Structure for
CHRM4
ECgene alternative splicing isoforms for
CHRM4

Expression for CHRM4 Gene

mRNA expression in normal human tissues for CHRM4 Gene

mRNA differential expression in normal tissues according to GTEx for CHRM4 Gene

This gene is overexpressed in Brain - Putamen (basal ganglia) (x8.6), Brain - Nucleus accumbens (basal ganglia) (x8.0), Brain - Caudate (basal ganglia) (x7.5), and Spleen (x4.2).

Protein differential expression in normal tissues from HIPED for CHRM4 Gene

This gene is overexpressed in Platelet (69.0).

Integrated Proteomics: protein expression in normal tissues and cell lines from ProteomicsDB, PaxDb, and MOPED for CHRM4 Gene



SOURCE GeneReport for Unigene cluster for CHRM4 Gene Hs.248100

genes like me logo Genes that share expression patterns with CHRM4: view

Protein tissue co-expression partners for CHRM4 Gene

- Elite partner

Primer Products

No data available for mRNA Expression by UniProt/SwissProt for CHRM4 Gene

Orthologs for CHRM4 Gene

This gene was present in the common ancestor of animals.

Orthologs for CHRM4 Gene

Organism Taxonomy Gene Similarity Type Details
dog
(Canis familiaris)
Mammalia CHRM4 35
  • 92.47 (n)
  • 98.33 (a)
CHRM4 36
  • 98 (a)
OneToOne
mouse
(Mus musculus)
Mammalia Chrm4 35
  • 89.61 (n)
  • 96.23 (a)
Chrm4 16
Chrm4 36
  • 96 (a)
OneToOne
rat
(Rattus norvegicus)
Mammalia Chrm4 35
  • 89.4 (n)
  • 96.03 (a)
cow
(Bos Taurus)
Mammalia CHRM4 36
  • 95 (a)
OneToOne
platypus
(Ornithorhynchus anatinus)
Mammalia -- 36
  • 87 (a)
OneToMany
-- 36
  • 72 (a)
OneToMany
chimpanzee
(Pan troglodytes)
Mammalia CHRM4 36
  • 93 (a)
OneToOne
chicken
(Gallus gallus)
Aves CHRM4 35
  • 75.43 (n)
  • 77.35 (a)
CHRM4 36
  • 74 (a)
OneToOne
lizard
(Anolis carolinensis)
Reptilia CHRM4 36
  • 74 (a)
OneToOne
tropical clawed frog
(Silurana tropicalis)
Amphibia chrm4 35
  • 71.61 (n)
  • 77.21 (a)
zebrafish
(Danio rerio)
Actinopterygii chrm4a 35
  • 71.21 (n)
  • 73.19 (a)
chrm4a 36
  • 66 (a)
OneToOne
fruit fly
(Drosophila melanogaster)
Insecta CG7918 37
  • 38 (a)
mAcR-60C 37
  • 57 (a)
mAcR-60C 36
  • 24 (a)
OneToMany
worm
(Caenorhabditis elegans)
Secernentea gar-3 36
  • 27 (a)
OneToMany
sea squirt
(Ciona savignyi)
Ascidiacea -- 36
  • 34 (a)
OneToMany
Species with no ortholog for CHRM4:
  • A. gosspyii yeast (Ashbya gossypii)
  • Actinobacteria (Mycobacterium tuberculosis)
  • African clawed frog (Xenopus laevis)
  • African malaria mosquito (Anopheles gambiae)
  • Alicante grape (Vitis vinifera)
  • alpha proteobacteria (Wolbachia pipientis)
  • amoeba (Dictyostelium discoideum)
  • Archea (Pyrococcus horikoshii)
  • baker's yeast (Saccharomyces cerevisiae)
  • barley (Hordeum vulgare)
  • beta proteobacteria (Neisseria meningitidis)
  • bread mold (Neurospora crassa)
  • Chromalveolata (Phytophthora infestans)
  • common water flea (Daphnia pulex)
  • corn (Zea mays)
  • E. coli (Escherichia coli)
  • filamentous fungi (Aspergillus nidulans)
  • Firmicute bacteria (Streptococcus pneumoniae)
  • fission yeast (Schizosaccharomyces pombe)
  • green algae (Chlamydomonas reinhardtii)
  • honey bee (Apis mellifera)
  • K. lactis yeast (Kluyveromyces lactis)
  • loblloly pine (Pinus taeda)
  • malaria parasite (Plasmodium falciparum)
  • medicago trunc (Medicago Truncatula)
  • moss (Physcomitrella patens)
  • oppossum (Monodelphis domestica)
  • orangutan (Pongo pygmaeus)
  • pig (Sus scrofa)
  • rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss)
  • rice (Oryza sativa)
  • rice blast fungus (Magnaporthe grisea)
  • schistosome parasite (Schistosoma mansoni)
  • sea anemone (Nematostella vectensis)
  • sea urchin (Strongylocentrotus purpuratus)
  • sorghum (Sorghum bicolor)
  • soybean (Glycine max)
  • stem rust fungus (Puccinia graminis)
  • sugarcane (Saccharum officinarum)
  • thale cress (Arabidopsis thaliana)
  • tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum)
  • toxoplasmosis (Toxoplasma gondii)
  • Trichoplax (Trichoplax adhaerens)
  • wheat (Triticum aestivum)

Evolution for CHRM4 Gene

ENSEMBL:
Gene Tree for CHRM4 (if available)
TreeFam:
Gene Tree for CHRM4 (if available)

Paralogs for CHRM4 Gene

Paralogs for CHRM4 Gene

(9) SIMAP similar genes for CHRM4 Gene using alignment to 2 proteins:

genes like me logo Genes that share paralogs with CHRM4: view

Variants for CHRM4 Gene

Sequence variations from dbSNP and Humsavar for CHRM4 Gene

SNP ID Clin Chr 11 pos Sequence Context AA Info Type
rs2067482 -- 46,385,217(-) AGCAC(C/T)ATCAA reference, synonymous-codon
rs2229163 -- 46,385,307(-) TACAA(C/T)GTCAT reference, synonymous-codon
rs11823766 -- 46,384,947(+) TCAGC(C/T)TGAGC utr-variant-3-prime
rs72910092 -- 46,384,943(+) CTCCT(C/T)AGCCT utr-variant-3-prime
rs72910093 -- 46,387,962(+) CCGGG(C/T)GGCGC upstream-variant-2KB

Structural Variations from Database of Genomic Variants (DGV) for CHRM4 Gene

Variant ID Type Subtype PubMed ID
nsv825867 CNV Gain 20364138
dgv1089n71 CNV Loss 21882294
nsv897318 CNV Loss 21882294
dgv1090n71 CNV Loss 21882294
nsv309 CNV Loss 18451855

Variation tolerance for CHRM4 Gene

Residual Variation Intolerance Score: 19.3% of all genes are more intolerant (likely to be disease-causing)
Gene Damage Index Score: 0.49; 10.59% of all genes are more intolerant (likely to be disease-causing)

Relevant External Links for CHRM4 Gene

HapMap Linkage Disequilibrium report
CHRM4

No data available for Polymorphic Variants from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for CHRM4 Gene

Disorders for CHRM4 Gene

MalaCards: The human disease database

(1) MalaCards diseases for CHRM4 Gene - From: GeneCards

Disorder Aliases PubMed IDs
bladder neck obstruction
  • obstruction of bladder neck or vesicourethral orifice
- elite association - COSMIC cancer census association via MalaCards
Search CHRM4 in MalaCards View complete list of genes associated with diseases

Relevant External Links for CHRM4

Genetic Association Database (GAD)
CHRM4
Human Genome Epidemiology (HuGE) Navigator
CHRM4
Atlas of Genetics and Cytogenetics in Oncology and Haematology:
CHRM4
genes like me logo Genes that share disorders with CHRM4: view

No data available for UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot and Genatlas for CHRM4 Gene

Publications for CHRM4 Gene

  1. Pharmacogenetics of antipsychotic response in the CATIE trial: a candidate gene analysis. (PMID: 19156168) Need A.C. … Goldstein D.B. (Eur. J. Hum. Genet. 2009) 3 48 67
  2. Identification of neuronal target areas for nerve agents and specification of receptors for pharmacological treatment. (PMID: 20624420) Myhrer T. (Neurotoxicology 2010) 25 26
  3. Comparison of receptor binding characteristics of commonly used muscarinic antagonists in human bladder detrusor and mucosa. (PMID: 19029429) Mansfield K.J. … Burcher E. (J. Pharmacol. Exp. Ther. 2009) 25 26
  4. Muscarinic M4 receptor recycling requires a motif in the third intracellular loop. (PMID: 18337477) Hashimoto Y. … Haga T. (J. Pharmacol. Exp. Ther. 2008) 3 23
  5. Atypical antipsychotic-induced metabolic side effects: insights from receptor-binding profiles. (PMID: 17848919) Nasrallah H.A. (Mol. Psychiatry 2008) 25 26

Products for CHRM4 Gene

Sources for CHRM4 Gene

Content