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Aliases for CHN1 Gene

Aliases for CHN1 Gene

  • Chimerin 1 2 3
  • Rho GTPase-Activating Protein 2 3 4
  • Chimerin (Chimaerin) 1 2 3
  • Alpha-Chimerin 3 4
  • Chimaerin 1 2 3
  • A-Chimaerin 3 4
  • N-Chimerin 3 4
  • ARHGAP2 3 4
  • CHN 3 4
  • NC 3 4
  • Chimerin 1 (GTPase-Activating Protein 2
  • Duane Retraction Syndrome 2 2
  • A2-Chimaerin 3
  • RhoGAP2 3
  • DURS2 3
  • Rho 2
  • 2) 2

External Ids for CHN1 Gene

Previous HGNC Symbols for CHN1 Gene

  • CHN
  • DURS2

Previous GeneCards Identifiers for CHN1 Gene

  • GC02M173716
  • GC02M174325
  • GC02M175628
  • GC02M175866
  • GC02M175489
  • GC02M175372
  • GC02M175664
  • GC02M167544

Summaries for CHN1 Gene

Entrez Gene Summary for CHN1 Gene

  • This gene encodes GTPase-activating protein for ras-related p21-rac and a phorbol ester receptor. It is predominantly expressed in neurons, and plays an important role in neuronal signal-transduction mechanisms. Mutations in this gene are associated with Duane's retraction syndrome 2 (DURS2). Alternatively spliced transcript variants encoding different isoforms have been described for this gene. [provided by RefSeq, Apr 2011]

GeneCards Summary for CHN1 Gene

CHN1 (Chimerin 1) is a Protein Coding gene. Diseases associated with CHN1 include duane syndrome type 2 and duane retraction syndrome 2. Among its related pathways are Signaling by GPCR and RhoGDI Pathway. GO annotations related to this gene include GTPase activator activity and ephrin receptor binding. An important paralog of this gene is ARHGAP27.

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for CHN1 Gene

  • GTPase-activating protein for p21-rac and a phorbol ester receptor. Involved in the assembly of neuronal locomotor circuits as a direct effector of EPHA4 in axon guidance

No data available for Tocris Summary , Gene Wiki entry , PharmGKB "VIP" Summary , fRNAdb sequence ontologies and piRNA Summary for CHN1 Gene

Genomics for CHN1 Gene

Regulatory Elements for CHN1 Gene

Epigenetics Products

  • DNA Methylation CpG Assay Predesigned for Pyrosequencing in human,mouse,rat

Genomic Location for CHN1 Gene

Chromosome:
2
Start:
174,799,314 bp from pter
End:
175,005,379 bp from pter
Size:
206,066 bases
Orientation:
Minus strand

Genomic View for CHN1 Gene

UCSC Golden Path with GeneCards custom track
Cytogenetic band:
Genomic Location for CHN1 Gene
GeneLoc Logo Genomic Neighborhood Exon StructureGene Density

RefSeq DNA sequence for CHN1 Gene

Proteins for CHN1 Gene

  • Protein details for CHN1 Gene (UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot)

    Protein Symbol:
    P15882-CHIN_HUMAN
    Recommended name:
    N-chimaerin
    Protein Accession:
    P15882
    Secondary Accessions:
    • A8K1M6
    • B3KNU6
    • B4DV19
    • Q53SD6
    • Q53SH5
    • Q96FB0

    Protein attributes for CHN1 Gene

    Size:
    459 amino acids
    Molecular mass:
    53172 Da
    Quaternary structure:
    • Interacts with EPHA4; effector of EPHA4 in axon guidance linking EPHA4 activation to RAC1 regulation.
    SequenceCaution:
    • Sequence=CAA35769.1; Type=Erroneous initiation; Note=Translation N-terminally extended.; Evidence={ECO:0000305};

    Three dimensional structures from OCA and Proteopedia for CHN1 Gene

    Alternative splice isoforms for CHN1 Gene

    UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot:

neXtProt entry for CHN1 Gene

Proteomics data for CHN1 Gene at MOPED

Post-translational modifications for CHN1 Gene

  • Phosphorylated. Phosphorylation is EPHA4 kinase activity-dependent (By similarity).
  • Modification sites at PhosphoSitePlus
  • Modification sites at neXtProt

No data available for DME Specific Peptides for CHN1 Gene

Domains & Families for CHN1 Gene

Suggested Antigen Peptide Sequences for CHN1 Gene

Graphical View of Domain Structure for InterPro Entry

P15882

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot:

CHIN_HUMAN :
  • Contains 1 Rho-GAP domain.
  • Contains 1 phorbol-ester/DAG-type zinc finger.
Domain:
  • Contains 1 Rho-GAP domain.
  • Contains 1 SH2 domain.
Similarity:
  • Contains 1 phorbol-ester/DAG-type zinc finger.
genes like me logo Genes that share domains with CHN1: view

Function for CHN1 Gene

Molecular function for CHN1 Gene

GENATLAS Biochemistry:
n-chimerin,brain GTPase activating protein for the ras-related p21rac,with two alternatively spliced isoforms,alpha 1,alpha 2,45kDa,expressed in cerebellum
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot Function:
GTPase-activating protein for p21-rac and a phorbol ester receptor. Involved in the assembly of neuronal locomotor circuits as a direct effector of EPHA4 in axon guidance

Gene Ontology (GO) - Molecular Function for CHN1 Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0005070 SH3/SH2 adaptor activity TAS 8336731
GO:0005096 GTPase activator activity IEA --
GO:0005515 protein binding IPI 21516116
GO:0046872 metal ion binding IEA --
GO:0046875 ephrin receptor binding IEA --
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with CHN1: view
genes like me logo Genes that share phenotypes with CHN1: view

Animal Models for CHN1 Gene

MGI Knock Outs for CHN1:

miRNA for CHN1 Gene

miRTarBase miRNAs that target CHN1

miRNA Products

Inhibitory RNA Products

  • Predesigned siRNA for gene silencing in human,mouse,rat for CHN1

In Situ Assay Products

Flow Cytometry Products

No data available for Enzyme Numbers (IUBMB) , Transcription Factor Targets and HOMER Transcription for CHN1 Gene

Localization for CHN1 Gene

Subcellular locations from

COMPARTMENTS
Jensen Localization Image for CHN1 Gene COMPARTMENTS Subcellular localization image for CHN1 gene
Compartment Confidence
cytosol 4
cytoskeleton 1
nucleus 1
plasma membrane 1

Gene Ontology (GO) - Cellular Components for CHN1 Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0005622 intracellular --
GO:0005829 cytosol TAS --
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with CHN1: view

No data available for Subcellular locations from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for CHN1 Gene

Pathways & Interactions for CHN1 Gene

genes like me logo Genes that share pathways with CHN1: view

Pathways by source for CHN1 Gene

1 BioSystems pathway for CHN1 Gene

SIGNOR curated interactions for CHN1 Gene

Activates:

Gene Ontology (GO) - Biological Process for CHN1 Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0007165 signal transduction --
GO:0007264 small GTPase mediated signal transduction TAS --
GO:0008045 motor neuron axon guidance ISS --
GO:0009967 positive regulation of signal transduction TAS 8336731
GO:0035556 intracellular signal transduction --
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with CHN1: view

Drugs & Compounds for CHN1 Gene

(3) Drugs for CHN1 Gene - From: NovoSeek

Name Status Disease Links Group Role Mechanism of Action Clinical Trials
Zinc Approved Pharma 1404
Phosphatidylserine Approved Nutra 0
cysteine Nutra 143

(6) Additional Compounds for CHN1 Gene - From: NovoSeek and HMDB

Name Synonyms Role CAS Number PubChem IDs PubMed IDs
Diglycerides Group A
  • 1,2-Dimyristoyl-rac-glycerol
  • DAG(14:0/14:0)
  • DAG(28:0)
  • DG(14:0/14:0)
  • DG(28:0)
Diglycerides Group B
  • 1-Palmitoleoyl-2-arachidonyl-sn-glycerol
  • DAG(16:1/20:0)
  • DAG(16:1n7/20:0)
  • DAG(16:1w7/20:0)
  • DAG(36:1)
Diglycerides Group D
  • 1,2-Didocosahexaenoyl-rac-glycerol
  • DAG(22:6/22:6)
  • DAG(22:6n3/22:6n3)
  • DAG(22:6w3/22:6w3)
  • DAG(44:12)
gtp
Partial agonist, Agonist
LIPID
genes like me logo Genes that share compounds with CHN1: view

Transcripts for CHN1 Gene

Unigene Clusters for CHN1 Gene

Chimerin 1:
Representative Sequences:

miRNA Products

Inhibitory RNA Products

  • Predesigned siRNA for gene silencing in human,mouse,rat for CHN1

Flow Cytometry Products

Alternative Splicing Database (ASD) splice patterns (SP) for CHN1 Gene

ExUns: 1 ^ 2 ^ 3 ^ 4 ^ 5 ^ 6a · 6b ^ 7 ^ 8a · 8b ^ 9a · 9b · 9c ^ 10 ^ 11a · 11b · 11c ^ 12 ^ 13a · 13b ^ 14 ^ 15a · 15b ^ 16 ^ 17a · 17b ^
SP1: - - - - - - - - - - - - -
SP2: - - - - - - - - - -
SP3: - - -
SP4: - -
SP5: - - - - -
SP6: - -
SP7: - - - - - -
SP8: - - -
SP9: - - - - - - -
SP10: -
SP11: - - - - - -
SP12:
SP13:
SP14: - - - - - - - - - - -

ExUns: 18 ^ 19 ^ 20 ^ 21 ^ 22a · 22b · 22c · 22d
SP1: - -
SP2: - -
SP3: - -
SP4: - -
SP5:
SP6:
SP7:
SP8:
SP9: - - -
SP10:
SP11:
SP12:
SP13:
SP14:

Relevant External Links for CHN1 Gene

GeneLoc Exon Structure for
CHN1
ECgene alternative splicing isoforms for
CHN1

Expression for CHN1 Gene

mRNA expression in normal human tissues for CHN1 Gene

mRNA expression in embryonic tissues and stem cells from LifeMap Discovery

mRNA differential expression in normal tissues according to GTEx for CHN1 Gene

This gene is overexpressed in Brain - Frontal Cortex (BA9) (x9.8), Brain - Anterior cingulate cortex (BA24) (x7.6), Brain - Cortex (x6.8), Brain - Hippocampus (x5.0), Brain - Amygdala (x4.4), and Brain - Nucleus accumbens (basal ganglia) (x4.2).

Protein differential expression in normal tissues from HIPED for CHN1 Gene

This gene is overexpressed in Heart (35.7) and Plasma (15.3).

Integrated Proteomics: protein expression in normal tissues and cell lines from ProteomicsDB, PaxDb, MOPED, and MaxQB for CHN1 Gene



SOURCE GeneReport for Unigene cluster for CHN1 Gene Hs.380138

mRNA Expression by UniProt/SwissProt for CHN1 Gene

P15882-CHIN_HUMAN
Tissue specificity: In neurons in brain regions that are involved in learning and memory processes
genes like me logo Genes that share expression patterns with CHN1: view

Primer Products

  • QuantiTect SYBR Green Assays in human,mouse,rat
  • Pre-validated RT² qPCR Primer Assay in human,mouse,rat
  • QuantiFast Probe-based Assays in human,mouse,rat

In Situ Assay Products

No data available for Protein tissue co-expression partners for CHN1 Gene

Orthologs for CHN1 Gene

This gene was present in the common ancestor of animals and fungi.

Orthologs for CHN1 Gene

Organism Taxonomy Gene Similarity Type Details
cow
(Bos Taurus)
Mammalia CHN1 35
  • 94.05 (n)
  • 98.04 (a)
CHN1 36
  • 98 (a)
OneToOne
mouse
(Mus musculus)
Mammalia Chn1 35
  • 92.16 (n)
  • 96.3 (a)
Chn1 16
Chn1 36
  • 96 (a)
OneToOne
rat
(Rattus norvegicus)
Mammalia Chn3 35
  • 89.59 (n)
  • 91.05 (a)
dog
(Canis familiaris)
Mammalia CHN1 36
  • 88 (a)
OneToOne
oppossum
(Monodelphis domestica)
Mammalia CHN1 36
  • 97 (a)
OneToOne
platypus
(Ornithorhynchus anatinus)
Mammalia CHN1 36
  • 97 (a)
OneToOne
chimpanzee
(Pan troglodytes)
Mammalia CHN1 36
  • 100 (a)
OneToOne
chicken
(Gallus gallus)
Aves CHN1 35
  • 86.2 (n)
  • 94.99 (a)
CHN1 36
  • 95 (a)
OneToOne
lizard
(Anolis carolinensis)
Reptilia CHN1 36
  • 82 (a)
OneToOne
tropical clawed frog
(Silurana tropicalis)
Amphibia Str.3519 35
African clawed frog
(Xenopus laevis)
Amphibia chn1-prov 35
zebrafish
(Danio rerio)
Actinopterygii chn1 35
  • 74.36 (n)
  • 86.71 (a)
wufj59f02 35
CHN1 36
  • 84 (a)
OneToOne
fruit fly
(Drosophila melanogaster)
Insecta RhoGAP5A 37
  • 40 (a)
RhoGAP5A 35
  • 51.4 (n)
  • 44.09 (a)
RhoGAP5A 36
  • 37 (a)
OneToMany
African malaria mosquito
(Anopheles gambiae)
Insecta AgaP_AGAP003026 35
  • 50 (n)
  • 43.3 (a)
worm
(Caenorhabditis elegans)
Secernentea BE0003N10.2 37
  • 46 (a)
chin-1 36
  • 39 (a)
OneToMany
baker's yeast
(Saccharomyces cerevisiae)
Saccharomycetes RGA2 38
sea squirt
(Ciona savignyi)
Ascidiacea -- 36
  • 47 (a)
OneToMany
Species with no ortholog for CHN1:
  • A. gosspyii yeast (Ashbya gossypii)
  • Actinobacteria (Mycobacterium tuberculosis)
  • Alicante grape (Vitis vinifera)
  • alpha proteobacteria (Wolbachia pipientis)
  • amoeba (Dictyostelium discoideum)
  • Archea (Pyrococcus horikoshii)
  • barley (Hordeum vulgare)
  • beta proteobacteria (Neisseria meningitidis)
  • bread mold (Neurospora crassa)
  • Chromalveolata (Phytophthora infestans)
  • common water flea (Daphnia pulex)
  • corn (Zea mays)
  • E. coli (Escherichia coli)
  • filamentous fungi (Aspergillus nidulans)
  • Firmicute bacteria (Streptococcus pneumoniae)
  • fission yeast (Schizosaccharomyces pombe)
  • green algae (Chlamydomonas reinhardtii)
  • honey bee (Apis mellifera)
  • K. lactis yeast (Kluyveromyces lactis)
  • loblloly pine (Pinus taeda)
  • malaria parasite (Plasmodium falciparum)
  • medicago trunc (Medicago Truncatula)
  • moss (Physcomitrella patens)
  • orangutan (Pongo pygmaeus)
  • pig (Sus scrofa)
  • rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss)
  • rice (Oryza sativa)
  • rice blast fungus (Magnaporthe grisea)
  • schistosome parasite (Schistosoma mansoni)
  • sea anemone (Nematostella vectensis)
  • sea urchin (Strongylocentrotus purpuratus)
  • sorghum (Sorghum bicolor)
  • soybean (Glycine max)
  • stem rust fungus (Puccinia graminis)
  • sugarcane (Saccharum officinarum)
  • thale cress (Arabidopsis thaliana)
  • tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum)
  • toxoplasmosis (Toxoplasma gondii)
  • Trichoplax (Trichoplax adhaerens)
  • wheat (Triticum aestivum)

Evolution for CHN1 Gene

ENSEMBL:
Gene Tree for CHN1 (if available)
TreeFam:
Gene Tree for CHN1 (if available)

Paralogs for CHN1 Gene

Pseudogenes.org Pseudogenes for CHN1 Gene

genes like me logo Genes that share paralogs with CHN1: view

Variants for CHN1 Gene

Sequence variations from dbSNP and Humsavar for CHN1 Gene

SNP ID Clin Chr 02 pos Sequence Context AA Info Type MAF
rs17270470 -- 174,857,641(+) AATCA(A/C/G)AAGCT intron-variant
rs17270477 -- 174,858,764(+) TTATA(C/G)AGACT intron-variant
rs17270504 -- 174,904,860(+) GTTAC(A/G)GGTTA intron-variant
rs28414680 -- 174,929,142(+) TGTTT(C/T)CCATT intron-variant
rs28665597 -- 174,985,452(+) ATAAT(A/G)TATTC intron-variant

Structural Variations from Database of Genomic Variants (DGV) for CHN1 Gene

Variant ID Type Subtype PubMed ID
nsv875432 CNV Loss 21882294
esv269368 CNV Insertion 20981092
esv272789 CNV Insertion 20981092
nsv875433 CNV Loss 21882294
nsv821797 CNV Loss 20364138
esv2664753 CNV Deletion 23128226

Variation tolerance for CHN1 Gene

Residual Variation Intolerance Score: 21.89% of all genes are more intolerant (likely to be disease-causing)
Gene Damage Index Score: 0.64; 13.77% of all genes are more intolerant (likely to be disease-causing)

Relevant External Links for CHN1 Gene

HapMap Linkage Disequilibrium report
CHN1
Human Gene Mutation Database (HGMD)
CHN1

No data available for Polymorphic Variants from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for CHN1 Gene

Disorders for CHN1 Gene

MalaCards: The human disease database

(25) MalaCards diseases for CHN1 Gene - From: OMIM, ClinVar, GeneTests, Orphanet, Swiss-Prot, DISEASES, and GeneCards

Disorder Aliases PubMed IDs
duane syndrome type 2
  • duane retraction syndrome 2
duane retraction syndrome 2
  • durs2
duane retraction syndrome
  • stilling-turk-duane syndrome
jaw-winking syndrome
  • abnormal innervation syndrome of eyelid
amblyopia
- elite association
Search CHN1 in MalaCards View complete list of genes associated with diseases

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot

CHIN_HUMAN
  • Duane retraction syndrome 2 (DURS2) [MIM:604356]: Duane retraction syndrome is a congenital eye movement disorder characterized by a failure of cranial nerve VI (the abducens nerve) to develop normally, resulting in restriction or absence of abduction, adduction, or both, and narrowing of the palpebral fissure and retraction of the globe on attempted adduction. Undiagnosed in children, it can lead to amblyopia, a permanent uncorrectable loss of vision. {ECO:0000269 PubMed:18653847}. Note=The disease is caused by mutations affecting the gene represented in this entry.

Relevant External Links for CHN1

Genetic Association Database (GAD)
CHN1
Human Genome Epidemiology (HuGE) Navigator
CHN1
Atlas of Genetics and Cytogenetics in Oncology and Haematology:
CHN1
genes like me logo Genes that share disorders with CHN1: view

No data available for Genatlas for CHN1 Gene

Publications for CHN1 Gene

  1. Novel human brain cDNA encoding a 34,000 Mr protein n-chimaerin, related to both the regulatory domain of protein kinase C and BCR, the product of the breakpoint cluster region gene. (PMID: 2299665) Hall C. … Lim L. (J. Mol. Biol. 1990) 2 23 67
  2. miR-205 Exerts tumor-suppressive functions in human prostate through down-regulation of protein kinase Cepsilon. (PMID: 19244118) Gandellini P. … Zaffaroni N. (Cancer Res. 2009) 23 67
  3. Human CHN1 mutations hyperactivate alpha2-chimaerin and cause Duane's retraction syndrome. (PMID: 18653847) Miyake N. … Engle E.C. (Science 2008) 2 67
  4. Proteome changes in Caco-2 cells treated with Monascus-fermented red mold rice extract. (PMID: 17927198) Lin W.Y. … Pan T.M. (J. Agric. Food Chem. 2007) 23 67
  5. Characterization of human ARHGAP10 gene in silico. (PMID: 15375573) Katoh M. … Katoh M. (Int. J. Oncol. 2004) 23 67

Products for CHN1 Gene

Sources for CHN1 Gene

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