Aliases for DDX20 Gene
External Ids for DDX20 Gene
Previous GeneCards Identifiers for DDX20 Gene
DEAD box proteins, characterized by the conserved motif Asp-Glu-Ala-Asp (DEAD), are putative RNA helicases. They are implicated in a number of cellular processes involving alteration of RNA secondary structure such as translation initiation, nuclear and mitochondrial splicing, and ribosome and spliceosome assembly. Based on their distribution patterns, some members of this family are believed to be involved in embryogenesis, spermatogenesis, and cellular growth and division. This gene encodes a DEAD box protein, which has an ATPase activity and is a component of the survival of motor neurons (SMN) complex. This protein interacts directly with SMN, the spinal muscular atrophy gene product, and may play a catalytic role in the function of the SMN complex on RNPs. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]
GeneCards Summary for DDX20 Gene
DDX20 (DEAD (Asp-Glu-Ala-Asp) Box Polypeptide 20) is a Protein Coding gene. Diseases associated with DDX20 include blepharophimosis, epicanthus inversus, and ptosis, type 1 and spinal muscular atrophy. Among its related pathways are Gene Expression and RNA transport. GO annotations related to this gene include nucleic acid binding and ATP-dependent RNA helicase activity. An important paralog of this gene is DDX39B.
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for DDX20 Gene
The SMN complex plays a catalyst role in the assembly of small nuclear ribonucleoproteins (snRNPs), the building blocks of the spliceosome. Thereby, plays an important role in the splicing of cellular pre-mRNAs. Most spliceosomal snRNPs contain a common set of Sm proteins SNRPB, SNRPD1, SNRPD2, SNRPD3, SNRPE, SNRPF and SNRPG that assemble in a heptameric protein ring on the Sm site of the small nuclear RNA to form the core snRNP. In the cytosol, the Sm proteins SNRPD1, SNRPD2, SNRPE, SNRPF and SNRPG are trapped in an inactive 6S pICln-Sm complex by the chaperone CLNS1A that controls the assembly of the core snRNP. Dissociation by the SMN complex of CLNS1A from the trapped Sm proteins and their transfer to an SMN-Sm complex triggers the assembly of core snRNPs and their transport to the nucleus. May also play a role in the metabolism of small nucleolar ribonucleoprotein (snoRNPs).