Aliases for CHI3L1 Gene
External Ids for CHI3L1 Gene
Previous GeneCards Identifiers for CHI3L1 Gene
Chitinases catalyze the hydrolysis of chitin, which is an abundant glycopolymer found in insect exoskeletons and fungal cell walls. The glycoside hydrolase 18 family of chitinases includes eight human family members. This gene encodes a glycoprotein member of the glycosyl hydrolase 18 family. The protein lacks chitinase activity and is secreted by activated macrophages, chondrocytes, neutrophils and synovial cells. The protein is thought to play a role in the process of inflammation and tissue remodeling. [provided by RefSeq, Sep 2009]
GeneCards Summary for CHI3L1 Gene
CHI3L1 (Chitinase 3-Like 1 (Cartilage Glycoprotein-39)) is a Protein Coding gene. Diseases associated with CHI3L1 include asthma-related traits 7 and schizophrenia. GO annotations related to this gene include extracellular matrix structural constituent and chitin binding. An important paralog of this gene is CHI3L2.
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for CHI3L1 Gene
Carbohydrate-binding lectin with a preference for chitin. Has no chitinase activity. May play a role in tissue remodeling and in the capacity of cells to respond to and cope with changes in their environment. Plays a role in T-helper cell type 2 (Th2) inflammatory response and IL-13-induced inflammation, regulating allergen sensitization, inflammatory cell apoptosis, dendritic cell accumulation and M2 macrophage differentiation. Facilitates invasion of pathogenic enteric bacteria into colonic mucosa and lymphoid organs. Mediates activation of AKT1 signaling pathway and subsequent IL8 production in colonic epithelial cells. Regulates antibacterial responses in lung by contributing to macrophage bacterial killing, controlling bacterial dissemination and augmenting host tolerance. Also regulates hyperoxia-induced injury, inflammation and epithelial apoptosis in lung.