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Aliases for CIT Gene

Aliases for CIT Gene

  • Citron Rho-Interacting Serine/Threonine Kinase 2 3 5
  • Citron (Rho-Interacting, Serine/Threonine Kinase 21) 2 3
  • Serine/Threonine-Protein Kinase 21 3 4
  • Serine/Threonine Kinase 21 2 3
  • STK21 3 4
  • CRIK 3 4
  • Citron Rho-Interacting Kinase 3
  • EC 2.7.11.1 4
  • EC 2.7.11 61
  • KIAA0949 4
  • MCPH17 3
  • CITK 3

External Ids for CIT Gene

Previous GeneCards Identifiers for CIT Gene

  • GC12M118996
  • GC12M119906
  • GC12M118535
  • GC12M118586
  • GC12M120123
  • GC12M117131

Summaries for CIT Gene

Entrez Gene Summary for CIT Gene

  • This gene encodes a serine/threonine-protein kinase that functions in cell division. Together with the kinesin KIF14, this protein localizes to the central spindle and midbody, and functions to promote efficient cytokinesis. This protein is involved in central nervous system development. Polymorphisms in this gene are associated with bipolar disorder and risk for schizophrenia. Alternative splicing results in multiple transcript variants. [provided by RefSeq, Aug 2011]

GeneCards Summary for CIT Gene

CIT (Citron Rho-Interacting Serine/Threonine Kinase) is a Protein Coding gene. Diseases associated with CIT include Autosomal Recessive Primary Microcephaly and Microcephaly 17, Primary, Autosomal Recessive. Among its related pathways are Sweet Taste Signaling and ERK Signaling. GO annotations related to this gene include transferase activity, transferring phosphorus-containing groups and protein tyrosine kinase activity. An important paralog of this gene is CDC42BPA.

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for CIT Gene

  • Plays a role in cytokinesis. Required for KIF14 localization to the central spindle and midbody. Putative RHO/RAC effector that binds to the GTP-bound forms of RHO and RAC1. It probably binds p21 with a tighter specificity in vivo. Displays serine/threonine protein kinase activity. Plays an important role in the regulation of cytokinesis and the development of the central nervous system. Phosphorylates MYL9/MLC2.

Gene Wiki entry for CIT Gene

No data available for CIViC summary , Tocris Summary , PharmGKB "VIP" Summary , fRNAdb sequence ontologies and piRNA Summary for CIT Gene

Genomics for CIT Gene

Regulatory Elements for CIT Gene

Enhancers for CIT Gene
GeneHancer Identifier Enhancer Score Enhancer Sources Gene-Enhancer Score TSS distance (kb) Number of Genes Away Size (kb) Transcription Factor Binding Sites within enhancer Gene Targets for Enhancer
GH12G119715 1.8 FANTOM5 Ensembl ENCODE dbSUPER 12.4 +160.9 160884 2.0 FOXA2 MLX ARID4B SIN3A YY1 FOS PPARG KAT8 ZNF579 RCOR2 CIT TMEM233 PRKAB1 MIR1178 GC12P119728
GH12G119678 1.6 Ensembl ENCODE dbSUPER 12.1 +193.9 193888 9.7 HDGF FOXA2 PKNOX1 CREB3L1 MLX ARID4B SIN3A DMAP1 ZNF2 YY1 PRKAB1 MIR1178 CIT LOC105370027 TMEM233 ENSG00000255692
GH12G119876 1 ENCODE 7.4 +0.1 144 1.9 HDGF PKNOX1 ATF1 ARID4B SIN3A DMAP1 GLIS2 ZNF143 KLF7 FOS GCN1 CIT GC12P119728
GH12G119720 0.6 dbSUPER 11.6 +155.2 155186 2.5 NFIC NFIA NFIB POLR2A SCRT2 ZBTB33 HNF4A ENSG00000255692 CIT TMEM233 MIR1178 GC12P119728
GH12G119719 0.5 dbSUPER 12.4 +157.3 157328 1.3 POLR2A SCRT2 YY1 ENSG00000255692 CIT TMEM233 MIR1178 GC12P119728
- Elite enhancer and/or Elite enhancer-gene association Download GeneHancer data dump

Enhancers around CIT on UCSC Golden Path with GeneCards custom track

Promoters for CIT Gene
Ensembl Regulatory Elements (ENSRs) TSS Distance (bp) Size (bp) Binding Sites for Transcription Factors within promoters
ENSR00000058258 118 1201 HDGF PKNOX1 ATF1 ARID4B SIN3A DMAP1 GLIS2 ZNF143 KLF7 FOS

Genomic Location for CIT Gene

Chromosome:
12
Start:
119,685,790 bp from pter
End:
119,877,318 bp from pter
Size:
191,529 bases
Orientation:
Minus strand

Genomic View for CIT Gene

Genes around CIT on UCSC Golden Path with GeneCards custom track

Cytogenetic band:
CIT Gene in genomic location: bands according to Ensembl, locations according to GeneLoc (and/or Entrez Gene and/or Ensembl if different)
Genomic Location for CIT Gene
GeneLoc Logo Genomic Neighborhood Exon StructureGene Density

RefSeq DNA sequence for CIT Gene

Proteins for CIT Gene

  • Protein details for CIT Gene (UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot)

    Protein Symbol:
    O14578-CTRO_HUMAN
    Recommended name:
    Citron Rho-interacting kinase
    Protein Accession:
    O14578
    Secondary Accessions:
    • Q2M5E1
    • Q6XUH8
    • Q86UQ9
    • Q9UPZ7

    Protein attributes for CIT Gene

    Size:
    2027 amino acids
    Molecular mass:
    231431 Da
    Quaternary structure:
    • Directly interacts with KIF14 depending on the activation state (stronger interaction with the kinase-dead form). Homodimer (By similarity). Interacts with TTC3.
    SequenceCaution:
    • Sequence=BAA76793.2; Type=Erroneous initiation; Note=Translation N-terminally shortened.; Evidence={ECO:0000305};

    Alternative splice isoforms for CIT Gene

    UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot:

neXtProt entry for CIT Gene

Selected DME Specific Peptides for CIT Gene

O14578:
  • YMAPEVL
  • HRDIKPEN

Post-translational modifications for CIT Gene

  • Ubiquitination at posLast=350350 and Lys518
  • Modification sites at PhosphoSitePlus

Domains & Families for CIT Gene

Suggested Antigen Peptide Sequences for CIT Gene

GenScript: Design optimal peptide antigens:

Graphical View of Domain Structure for InterPro Entry

O14578

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot:

CTRO_HUMAN :
  • Belongs to the protein kinase superfamily. AGC Ser/Thr protein kinase family.
Family:
  • Belongs to the protein kinase superfamily. AGC Ser/Thr protein kinase family.
genes like me logo Genes that share domains with CIT: view

Function for CIT Gene

Molecular function for CIT Gene

GENATLAS Biochemistry:
citron,rho-interacting,serine/threonine kinase 21 with a restricted pattern of expression
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot CatalyticActivity:
ATP + a protein = ADP + a phosphoprotein.
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot Function:
Plays a role in cytokinesis. Required for KIF14 localization to the central spindle and midbody. Putative RHO/RAC effector that binds to the GTP-bound forms of RHO and RAC1. It probably binds p21 with a tighter specificity in vivo. Displays serine/threonine protein kinase activity. Plays an important role in the regulation of cytokinesis and the development of the central nervous system. Phosphorylates MYL9/MLC2.

Enzyme Numbers (IUBMB) for CIT Gene

Gene Ontology (GO) - Molecular Function for CIT Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0000166 nucleotide binding IEA --
GO:0004672 protein kinase activity IEA --
GO:0004674 protein serine/threonine kinase activity ISS 9792683
GO:0005515 protein binding IPI 16431929
GO:0005524 ATP binding IEA --
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with CIT: view
genes like me logo Genes that share phenotypes with CIT: view

Human Phenotype Ontology for CIT Gene

HPO Id HPO Name Alternative Ids Definition Synonyms

Animal Models for CIT Gene

MGI Knock Outs for CIT:
  • Cit tm1Fdc
  • Cit tm1a(KOMP)Wtsi

Animal Model Products

  • Taconic Biosciences Mouse Models for CIT

Inhibitory RNA Products

No data available for Transcription Factor Targets and HOMER Transcription for CIT Gene

Localization for CIT Gene

Subcellular locations from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for CIT Gene

Cytoplasm.

Subcellular locations from

COMPARTMENTS
Extracellular space Cytosol Plasma membrane Cytoskeleton Lysosome Endosome Peroxisome ER Golgi Apparatus Nucleus Mitochondrion 0 1 2 3 4 5 Confidence
COMPARTMENTS Subcellular localization image for CIT gene
Compartment Confidence
cytosol 5
plasma membrane 2
nucleus 2
golgi apparatus 2

Gene Ontology (GO) - Cellular Components for CIT Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0005622 intracellular IEA --
GO:0005737 cytoplasm IEA --
GO:0005829 cytosol TAS --
GO:0005886 plasma membrane IEA --
GO:0016020 membrane IDA 19946888
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with CIT: view

Pathways & Interactions for CIT Gene

genes like me logo Genes that share pathways with CIT: view

Pathways by source for CIT Gene

1 BioSystems pathway for CIT Gene
3 Qiagen pathways for CIT Gene

Gene Ontology (GO) - Biological Process for CIT Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0000086 G2/M transition of mitotic cell cycle IEA --
GO:0000278 mitotic cell cycle ISS 11086988
GO:0000281 mitotic cytokinesis IMP 27453578
GO:0000910 cytokinesis IMP 16236794
GO:0006468 protein phosphorylation IEA --
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with CIT: view

No data available for SIGNOR curated interactions for CIT Gene

Drugs & Compounds for CIT Gene

(10) Drugs for CIT Gene - From: ClinicalTrials and HMDB

Name Status Disease Links Group Role Mechanism of Action Clinical Trials
Carboplatin Approved Pharma Antitumor agent that forms platinum-DNA adducts., Platinum 2050
Cisplatin Approved Pharma Inhibits DNA synthesis,chemotherapy drug, Platinum, Potent pro-apoptotic anticancer agent; activates caspase-3 2770
Gemcitabine Approved Pharma Ribonucleotide reductase and DNA synthesis inhibitor, Nucleoside Analogs 2018
Adenosine triphosphate Approved Nutra 0
Guanosine triphosphate Experimental Pharma 0

(5) Additional Compounds for CIT Gene - From: HMDB

Name Synonyms Role CAS Number PubChem IDs PubMed IDs
ADP
  • Adenosindiphosphorsaeure
  • Adenosine 5'-pyrophosphate
  • Adenosine diphosphate
  • Adenosine pyrophosphate
  • Adenosine-5'-diphosphate
Full agonist, Agonist 58-64-0
Diglycerides Group A
  • 1,2-Dimyristoyl-rac-glycerol
  • DAG(14:0/14:0)
  • DAG(28:0)
  • DG(14:0/14:0)
  • DG(28:0)
Diglycerides Group B
  • 1-Palmitoleoyl-2-arachidonyl-sn-glycerol
  • DAG(16:1/20:0)
  • DAG(16:1n7/20:0)
  • DAG(16:1w7/20:0)
  • DAG(36:1)
Diglycerides Group C
  • 1-Hexadecanoyl-3-(11-eicosenoyl)-sn-glycerol
  • 1-Palmitoyl-3-eicosenoyl-sn-glycerol
  • DAG(16:0/0:0/20:1)
  • DAG(16:0/0:0/20:1n9)
  • DAG(16:0/0:0/20:1w9)
Diglycerides Group D
  • 1,2-Didocosahexaenoyl-rac-glycerol
  • DAG(22:6/22:6)
  • DAG(22:6n3/22:6n3)
  • DAG(22:6w3/22:6w3)
  • DAG(44:12)
genes like me logo Genes that share compounds with CIT: view

Transcripts for CIT Gene

mRNA/cDNA for CIT Gene

Unigene Clusters for CIT Gene

Citron (rho-interacting, serine/threonine kinase 21):
Representative Sequences:

Inhibitory RNA Products

Alternative Splicing Database (ASD) splice patterns (SP) for CIT Gene

ExUns: 1 ^ 2 ^ 3 ^ 4 ^ 5 ^ 6 ^ 7 ^ 8 ^ 9 ^ 10 ^ 11a · 11b ^ 12a · 12b ^ 13a · 13b ^ 14 ^ 15 ^ 16 ^ 17 ^ 18 ^ 19 ^ 20 ^ 21 ^ 22 ^ 23 ^
SP1: - - -
SP2:
SP3:
SP4:
SP5:
SP6:
SP7:
SP8: -
SP9:
SP10:
SP11:
SP12:
SP13:

ExUns: 24 ^ 25a · 25b ^ 26a · 26b ^ 27 ^ 28 ^ 29 ^ 30 ^ 31 ^ 32a · 32b ^ 33 ^ 34a · 34b ^ 35a · 35b · 35c ^ 36a · 36b ^ 37 ^ 38a · 38b ^ 39a · 39b · 39c ^
SP1: - - - - - - -
SP2:
SP3:
SP4: -
SP5:
SP6:
SP7:
SP8:
SP9:
SP10:
SP11:
SP12:
SP13:

ExUns: 40a · 40b ^ 41 ^ 42 ^ 43a · 43b ^ 44 ^ 45 ^ 46a · 46b · 46c ^ 47 ^ 48a · 48b · 48c · 48d ^ 49
SP1: - -
SP2:
SP3: - -
SP4:
SP5: - -
SP6:
SP7:
SP8:
SP9:
SP10:
SP11:
SP12:
SP13:

Relevant External Links for CIT Gene

GeneLoc Exon Structure for
CIT
ECgene alternative splicing isoforms for
CIT

Expression for CIT Gene

mRNA expression in normal human tissues from GTEx, Illumina, BioGPS, and CGAP SAGE for CIT Gene

mRNA expression in embryonic tissues and stem cells from LifeMap Discovery

mRNA differential expression in normal tissues according to GTEx for CIT Gene

This gene is overexpressed in Brain - Cortex (x5.8), Brain - Frontal Cortex (BA9) (x5.6), Brain - Putamen (basal ganglia) (x4.5), and Brain - Caudate (basal ganglia) (x4.0).

Protein differential expression in normal tissues from HIPED for CIT Gene

This gene is overexpressed in Monocytes (17.8), Brain (14.0), Bone marrow mesenchymal stem cell (13.8), and Frontal cortex (9.0).

Integrated Proteomics: protein expression in normal tissues and cell lines from ProteomicsDB, PaxDb, MaxQB, and MOPED for CIT Gene



NURSA nuclear receptor signaling pathways regulating expression of CIT Gene:

CIT

SOURCE GeneReport for Unigene cluster for CIT Gene:

Hs.119594

Evidence on tissue expression from TISSUES for CIT Gene

  • Nervous system(4.8)
genes like me logo Genes that share expression patterns with CIT: view

Primer Products

No data available for Protein tissue co-expression partners , mRNA Expression by UniProt/SwissProt and Phenotype-based relationships between genes and organs from Gene ORGANizer for CIT Gene

Orthologs for CIT Gene

This gene was present in the common ancestor of animals.

Orthologs for CIT Gene

Organism Taxonomy Gene Similarity Type Details
chimpanzee
(Pan troglodytes)
Mammalia CIT 34 35
  • 99.6 (n)
oppossum
(Monodelphis domestica)
Mammalia CIT 35
  • 93 (a)
OneToOne
dog
(Canis familiaris)
Mammalia CIT 34 35
  • 92.88 (n)
cow
(Bos Taurus)
Mammalia CIT 34 35
  • 90.72 (n)
rat
(Rattus norvegicus)
Mammalia Cit 34
  • 90.16 (n)
mouse
(Mus musculus)
Mammalia Cit 34 16 35
  • 89.88 (n)
platypus
(Ornithorhynchus anatinus)
Mammalia CIT 35
  • 84 (a)
OneToOne
chicken
(Gallus gallus)
Aves CIT 34 35
  • 80.18 (n)
lizard
(Anolis carolinensis)
Reptilia CIT 35
  • 88 (a)
OneToOne
tropical clawed frog
(Silurana tropicalis)
Amphibia cit 34
  • 74.48 (n)
Str.11915 34
zebrafish
(Danio rerio)
Actinopterygii CIT (2 of 2) 35
  • 72 (a)
OneToMany
CIT (1 of 2) 35
  • 70 (a)
OneToMany
LOC100329792 34
  • 69.67 (n)
African malaria mosquito
(Anopheles gambiae)
Insecta AgaP_AGAP006932 34
  • 45.97 (n)
fruit fly
(Drosophila melanogaster)
Insecta sti 34 35
  • 45.49 (n)