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Aliases for FGL2 Gene

Aliases for FGL2 Gene

  • Fibrinogen Like 2 2 3 5
  • Fibrinogen-Like Protein 2 3 4
  • PT49 3 4
  • Fibrinogen-Like 2 2
  • Fibroleukin 3
  • T49 3

External Ids for FGL2 Gene

Previous GeneCards Identifiers for FGL2 Gene

  • GC07M075361
  • GC07M076423
  • GC07M076437
  • GC07M076470
  • GC07M076662
  • GC07M076822
  • GC07M071425

Summaries for FGL2 Gene

Entrez Gene Summary for FGL2 Gene

  • The protein encoded by this gene is a secreted protein that is similar to the beta- and gamma-chains of fibrinogen. The carboxyl-terminus of the encoded protein consists of the fibrinogen-related domains (FRED). The encoded protein forms a tetrameric complex which is stabilized by interchain disulfide bonds. This protein may play a role in physiologic functions at mucosal sites. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]

GeneCards Summary for FGL2 Gene

FGL2 (Fibrinogen Like 2) is a Protein Coding gene. Diseases associated with FGL2 include Viral Hepatitis and Hepatitis B. Among its related pathways are Innate Immune System. An important paralog of this gene is ANGPT2.

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for FGL2 Gene

  • May play a role in physiologic lymphocyte functions at mucosal sites.

Gene Wiki entry for FGL2 Gene

No data available for CIViC summary , Tocris Summary , PharmGKB "VIP" Summary , fRNAdb sequence ontologies and piRNA Summary for FGL2 Gene

Genomics for FGL2 Gene

Regulatory Elements for FGL2 Gene

Enhancers for FGL2 Gene
GeneHancer Identifier Enhancer Score Enhancer Sources Gene-Enhancer Score TSS distance (kb) Number of Genes Away Size (kb) Transcription Factor Binding Sites within enhancer Gene Targets for Enhancer
GH07G077245 1.7 FANTOM5 Ensembl ENCODE dbSUPER 11.7 -46.0 -46029 1.4 ELF3 TBP MLX ARID4B DMAP1 THRB RAD21 RARA YY1 TCF12 FGL2 CCDC146 LOC105375359 GC07M077229
GH07G077269 0.9 Ensembl ENCODE dbSUPER 16.2 -70.3 -70335 1.5 ETV6 FGL2 CCDC146 PIR56172 LOC102723791
GH07G077222 0.6 Ensembl ENCODE 23.8 -23.2 -23162 1.2 TFAP4 FGL2 ENSG00000250990 CCDC146 GC07M077229
GH07G077154 1.2 Ensembl ENCODE dbSUPER 11.5 +43.3 43298 3.4 HDGF CTCF RFX1 MTA2 NR2F1 TRIM22 BMI1 CEBPG DPF2 ZBTB40 FGL2 CCDC146 ENSG00000213542 SPDYE16 ZP3 GC07P077132 GC07M077197
GH07G077252 0.5 ENCODE dbSUPER 22.5 -54.5 -54478 3.0 FGL2 CCDC146 ENSG00000250990 LOC105375359
- Elite enhancer and/or Elite enhancer-gene association Download GeneHancer data dump

Enhancers around FGL2 on UCSC Golden Path with GeneCards custom track

Promoters for FGL2 Gene
Ensembl Regulatory Elements (ENSRs) TSS Distance (bp) Size (bp) Binding Sites for Transcription Factors within promoters
ENSR00000326830 1148 3001 SCRT1 POLR2A EP300 RAD21 MAFK

Genomic Location for FGL2 Gene

Chromosome:
7
Start:
77,193,371 bp from pter
End:
77,199,848 bp from pter
Size:
6,478 bases
Orientation:
Minus strand

Genomic View for FGL2 Gene

Genes around FGL2 on UCSC Golden Path with GeneCards custom track

Cytogenetic band:
FGL2 Gene in genomic location: bands according to Ensembl, locations according to GeneLoc (and/or Entrez Gene and/or Ensembl if different)
Genomic Location for FGL2 Gene
GeneLoc Logo Genomic Neighborhood Exon StructureGene Density

RefSeq DNA sequence for FGL2 Gene

Proteins for FGL2 Gene

  • Protein details for FGL2 Gene (UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot)

    Protein Symbol:
    Q14314-FGL2_HUMAN
    Recommended name:
    Fibroleukin
    Protein Accession:
    Q14314

    Protein attributes for FGL2 Gene

    Size:
    439 amino acids
    Molecular mass:
    50229 Da
    Quaternary structure:
    • Homotetramer; disulfide-linked.

neXtProt entry for FGL2 Gene

Post-translational modifications for FGL2 Gene

  • Glycosylation at isoforms=25, Asn179, isoforms=235, isoforms=263, and Asn336
  • Modification sites at PhosphoSitePlus

Other Protein References for FGL2 Gene

ENSEMBL proteins:
REFSEQ proteins:

Antibody Products

  • Abcam antibodies for FGL2
  • Santa Cruz Biotechnology (SCBT) Antibodies for FGL2

No data available for DME Specific Peptides for FGL2 Gene

Domains & Families for FGL2 Gene

Gene Families for FGL2 Gene

Suggested Antigen Peptide Sequences for FGL2 Gene

Graphical View of Domain Structure for InterPro Entry

genes like me logo Genes that share domains with FGL2: view

No data available for UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for FGL2 Gene

Function for FGL2 Gene

Molecular function for FGL2 Gene

GENATLAS Biochemistry:
fibrinogen-like 2,expressed in T lymphocytes
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot Function:
May play a role in physiologic lymphocyte functions at mucosal sites.

Gene Ontology (GO) - Molecular Function for FGL2 Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0008233 peptidase activity IEA --
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with FGL2: view
genes like me logo Genes that share phenotypes with FGL2: view

Animal Models for FGL2 Gene

MGI Knock Outs for FGL2:

Animal Model Products

CRISPR Products

No data available for Enzyme Numbers (IUBMB) , Human Phenotype Ontology , Transcription Factor Targets and HOMER Transcription for FGL2 Gene

Localization for FGL2 Gene

Subcellular locations from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for FGL2 Gene

Secreted.

Subcellular locations from

COMPARTMENTS
Extracellular space Cytosol Plasma membrane Cytoskeleton Lysosome Endosome Peroxisome ER Golgi Apparatus Nucleus Mitochondrion 0 1 2 3 4 5 Confidence
COMPARTMENTS Subcellular localization image for FGL2 gene
Compartment Confidence
extracellular 5
cytosol 2
mitochondrion 1
lysosome 1

Gene Ontology (GO) - Cellular Components for FGL2 Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0005576 extracellular region TAS --
GO:0005577 fibrinogen complex TAS 7642106
GO:0070062 extracellular exosome IDA 19056867
GO:1904813 ficolin-1-rich granule lumen TAS --
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with FGL2: view

Pathways & Interactions for FGL2 Gene

genes like me logo Genes that share pathways with FGL2: view

Pathways by source for FGL2 Gene

3 Reactome pathways for FGL2 Gene

Gene Ontology (GO) - Biological Process for FGL2 Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0006508 proteolysis IEA --
GO:0043312 neutrophil degranulation TAS --
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with FGL2: view

No data available for SIGNOR curated interactions for FGL2 Gene

Drugs & Compounds for FGL2 Gene

(3) Drugs for FGL2 Gene - From: ClinicalTrials and Novoseek

Name Status Disease Links Group Role Mechanism of Action Clinical Trials
Antiviral Agents Pharma 9967
Liver Extracts Pharma 4067

(2) Additional Compounds for FGL2 Gene - From: Novoseek

Name Synonyms Role CAS Number PubChem IDs PubMed IDs
genes like me logo Genes that share compounds with FGL2: view

Transcripts for FGL2 Gene

mRNA/cDNA for FGL2 Gene

Unigene Clusters for FGL2 Gene

Fibrinogen-like 2:
Representative Sequences:

Alternative Splicing Database (ASD) splice patterns (SP) for FGL2 Gene

No ASD Table

Relevant External Links for FGL2 Gene

GeneLoc Exon Structure for
FGL2
ECgene alternative splicing isoforms for
FGL2

Expression for FGL2 Gene

mRNA expression in normal human tissues from GTEx, Illumina, BioGPS, and CGAP SAGE for FGL2 Gene

mRNA expression in embryonic tissues and stem cells from LifeMap Discovery

mRNA differential expression in normal tissues according to GTEx for FGL2 Gene

This gene is overexpressed in Artery - Aorta (x8.3), Esophagus - Gastroesophageal Junction (x6.6), Esophagus - Muscularis (x5.4), and Whole Blood (x5.2).

Protein differential expression in normal tissues from HIPED for FGL2 Gene

This gene is overexpressed in Plasma (21.8), Serum (12.4), and Spleen (9.3).

Integrated Proteomics: protein expression in normal tissues and cell lines from ProteomicsDB, PaxDb, and MOPED for FGL2 Gene



NURSA nuclear receptor signaling pathways regulating expression of FGL2 Gene:

FGL2

SOURCE GeneReport for Unigene cluster for FGL2 Gene:

Hs.520989

mRNA Expression by UniProt/SwissProt for FGL2 Gene:

Q14314-FGL2_HUMAN
Tissue specificity: Constitutively expressed in cytotoxic T-cells.

Evidence on tissue expression from TISSUES for FGL2 Gene

  • Blood(4.6)
  • Liver(4.6)
  • Intestine(4.4)
  • Bone marrow(4.2)
  • Pancreas(4.1)
  • Spleen(2.9)
  • Nervous system(2.9)
  • Heart(2.5)
  • Kidney(2.5)
  • Lymph node(2.3)
  • Lung(2.1)
genes like me logo Genes that share expression patterns with FGL2: view

Primer Products

No data available for Protein tissue co-expression partners and Phenotype-based relationships between genes and organs from Gene ORGANizer for FGL2 Gene

Orthologs for FGL2 Gene

This gene was present in the common ancestor of animals.

Orthologs for FGL2 Gene

Organism Taxonomy Gene Similarity Type Details
chimpanzee
(Pan troglodytes)
Mammalia FGL2 34 35
  • 99.54 (n)
cow
(Bos Taurus)
Mammalia FGL2 34 35
  • 89.83 (n)
dog
(Canis familiaris)
Mammalia FGL2 34 35
  • 83.94 (n)
rat
(Rattus norvegicus)
Mammalia Fgl2 34
  • 80.89 (n)
mouse
(Mus musculus)
Mammalia Fgl2 34 16 35
  • 80.51 (n)
oppossum
(Monodelphis domestica)
Mammalia FGL2 35
  • 72 (a)
OneToOne
chicken
(Gallus gallus)
Aves FGL2 34 35
  • 69.55 (n)
lizard
(Anolis carolinensis)
Reptilia FGL2 35
  • 65 (a)
OneToOne
tropical clawed frog
(Silurana tropicalis)
Amphibia fgl2 34
  • 66.1 (n)
Str.15307 34
African clawed frog
(Xenopus laevis)
Amphibia Xl.23684 34
zebrafish
(Danio rerio)
Actinopterygii fgl2 34 35
  • 61.69 (n)
fruit fly
(Drosophila melanogaster)
Insecta CG8642 36
  • 40 (a)
CG1889 36
  • 37 (a)
CG1791 36
  • 33 (a)
sea squirt
(Ciona savignyi)
Ascidiacea CS-FIBRINOGEN-LIKE 35
  • 26 (a)
OneToOne
Species where no ortholog for FGL2 was found in the sources mined by GeneCards:
  • A. gosspyii yeast (Ashbya gossypii)
  • Actinobacteria (Mycobacterium tuberculosis)
  • African malaria mosquito (Anopheles gambiae)
  • Alicante grape (Vitis vinifera)
  • alpha proteobacteria (Wolbachia pipientis)
  • amoeba (Dictyostelium discoideum)
  • Archea (Pyrococcus horikoshii)
  • baker's yeast (Saccharomyces cerevisiae)
  • barley (Hordeum vulgare)
  • beta proteobacteria (Neisseria meningitidis)
  • bread mold (Neurospora crassa)
  • Chromalveolata (Phytophthora infestans)
  • common water flea (Daphnia pulex)
  • corn (Zea mays)
  • E. coli (Escherichia coli)
  • filamentous fungi (Aspergillus nidulans)
  • Firmicute bacteria (Streptococcus pneumoniae)
  • fission yeast (Schizosaccharomyces pombe)
  • green algae (Chlamydomonas reinhardtii)
  • honey bee (Apis mellifera)
  • K. lactis yeast (Kluyveromyces lactis)
  • loblloly pine (Pinus taeda)
  • malaria parasite (Plasmodium falciparum)
  • medicago trunc (Medicago Truncatula)
  • moss (Physcomitrella patens)
  • orangutan (Pongo pygmaeus)
  • pig (Sus scrofa)
  • platypus (Ornithorhynchus anatinus)
  • rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss)
  • rice (Oryza sativa)
  • rice blast fungus (Magnaporthe grisea)
  • schistosome parasite (Schistosoma mansoni)
  • sea anemone (Nematostella vectensis)
  • sea urchin (Strongylocentrotus purpuratus)
  • sorghum (Sorghum bicolor)
  • soybean (Glycine max)
  • stem rust fungus (Puccinia graminis)
  • sugarcane (Saccharum officinarum)
  • thale cress (Arabidopsis thaliana)
  • tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum)
  • toxoplasmosis (Toxoplasma gondii)
  • Trichoplax (Trichoplax adhaerens)
  • wheat (Triticum aestivum)
  • worm (Caenorhabditis elegans)

Evolution for FGL2 Gene

ENSEMBL:
Gene Tree for FGL2 (if available)
TreeFam:
Gene Tree for FGL2 (if available)

Paralogs for FGL2 Gene

Paralogs for FGL2 Gene

(6) SIMAP similar genes for FGL2 Gene using alignment to 2 proteins:

genes like me logo Genes that share paralogs with FGL2: view

Variants for FGL2 Gene

Sequence variations from dbSNP and Humsavar for FGL2 Gene

SNP ID Clin Chr 07 pos Sequence Context AA Info Type
rs1000548755 -- 77,197,579(+) GCACA(G/T)GCTTC intron-variant
rs1001511048 -- 77,198,894(+) AACAT(C/T)AAGAA intron-variant
rs1001543507 -- 77,199,281(+) ACATA(A/C)TTTTC intron-variant, reference, missense
rs1001578494 -- 77,193,714(+) TAGGT(A/G)AATCA intron-variant, utr-variant-3-prime
rs1001924611 -- 77,193,419(+) TAGAT(A/G)TGATA intron-variant, utr-variant-3-prime

Structural Variations from Database of Genomic Variants (DGV) for FGL2 Gene

Variant ID Type Subtype PubMed ID
esv34102 CNV loss 18971310
nsv1034874 CNV loss 25217958
nsv428174 CNV gain 18775914
nsv526097 CNV gain 19592680
nsv951363 CNV duplication 24416366

Variation tolerance for FGL2 Gene

Residual Variation Intolerance Score: 26.1% of all genes are more intolerant (likely to be disease-causing)
Gene Damage Index Score: 5.66; 72.81% of all genes are more intolerant (likely to be disease-causing)

Relevant External Links for FGL2 Gene

SNPedia medical, phenotypic, and genealogical associations of SNPs for
FGL2

No data available for Polymorphic Variants from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for FGL2 Gene

Disorders for FGL2 Gene

MalaCards: The human disease database

(2) MalaCards diseases for FGL2 Gene - From: DISEASES, Novoseek, and GeneCards

Disorder Aliases PubMed IDs
viral hepatitis
  • animal viral hepatitis
hepatitis b
  • chronic hepatitis b
- elite association - COSMIC cancer census association via MalaCards
Search FGL2 in MalaCards View complete list of genes associated with diseases

Relevant External Links for FGL2

Genetic Association Database (GAD)
FGL2
Human Genome Epidemiology (HuGE) Navigator
FGL2
Atlas of Genetics and Cytogenetics in Oncology and Haematology:
FGL2
genes like me logo Genes that share disorders with FGL2: view

No data available for UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot and Genatlas for FGL2 Gene

Publications for FGL2 Gene

  1. Characterization of human fibroleukin, a fibrinogen-like protein secreted by T lymphocytes. (PMID: 9647217) Marazzi S. … Ruegg C. (J. Immunol. 1998) 3 4 22 64
  2. Sequence of a human transcript expressed in T-lymphocytes and encoding a fibrinogen-like protein. (PMID: 7642106) Ruegg C. … Pytela R. (Gene 1995) 2 3 4 64
  3. The FGL2/fibroleukin prothrombinase is involved in alveolar macrophage activation in COPD through the MAPK pathway. (PMID: 20438701) Liu Y. … Ning Q. (Biochem. Biophys. Res. Commun. 2010) 3 22 64
  4. Candidate genes associated with susceptibility for SARS-coronavirus. (PMID: 19590927) Hsieh Y.H. … Ho M.S. (Bull. Math. Biol. 2010) 3 46 64
  5. Hepatitis B virus-induced hFGL2 transcription is dependent on c-Ets-2 and MAPK signal pathway. (PMID: 18801734) Han M. … Ning Q. (J. Biol. Chem. 2008) 3 22 64

Products for FGL2 Gene

Sources for FGL2 Gene

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