Aliases for ADCY2 Gene
External Ids for ADCY2 Gene
Previous GeneCards Identifiers for ADCY2 Gene
This gene encodes a member of the family of adenylate cyclases, which are membrane-associated enzymes that catalyze the formation of the secondary messenger cyclic adenosine monophosphate (cAMP). This enzyme is insensitive to Ca(2+)/calmodulin, and is stimulated by the G protein beta and gamma subunit complex. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]
GeneCards Summary for ADCY2 Gene
ADCY2 (Adenylate Cyclase 2 (Brain)) is a Protein Coding gene. Diseases associated with ADCY2 include adenoma. Among its related pathways are Signaling by FGFR and Signaling by FGFR. GO annotations related to this gene include protein heterodimerization activity and adenylate cyclase activity. An important paralog of this gene is ADCY5.
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for ADCY2 Gene
This is a membrane-bound, calmodulin-insensitive adenylyl cyclase
Adenylyl Cyclases (AC) are a group of enzymes that convert adenosine-5'-triphosphate (ATP) into 3',5'-adenosine monophosphate (cAMP) and pyrophosphate. There are ten different mammalian isoforms of AC; nine are membrane-bound, which are all found in, but not limited to, excitable tissues such as neurons and muscle, and one soluble form (sAC), which is expressed predominantly in the testis. The ten adenylyl cyclase isoforms can be divided into five distinct families based on their functional attributes; AC1, AC3 and AC8 are Ca2+-calmodulin-sensitive; AC2, AC4 and AC7 are Gbetagamma-stimulatory forms; AC5 and AC6 are distinguished by their insensitivity to inhibition by both Ca2+ and Galphai; AC9 is forskolin-insensitive and sAC is similar to cyanobacteria AC. Adenylyl cyclases are regulated by post-translational modifications, phosphorylation, G proteins, forskolin, pyrophosphate, calcium and calmodulin and the functions of this enzyme are diverse. Perturbations in adenylyl cyclase activity has been implicated in alcholol and opioid addiction and is associated with human diseases, including thyroid adenoma, male precocious puberty and chondrodysplasia.