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Aliases for DHRS2 Gene

Aliases for DHRS2 Gene

  • Dehydrogenase/Reductase 2 2 3 5
  • Short Chain Dehydrogenase/Reductase Family 25C Member 1 3 4
  • Dehydrogenase/Reductase (SDR Family) Member 2 2 3
  • Dicarbonyl Reductase HEP27 3 4
  • Protein D 3 4
  • SDR25C1 3 4
  • Dehydrogenase/Reductase SDR Family Member 2, Mitochondrial 3
  • Short Chain Dehydrogenase/Reductase Family 25C, Member 1 2
  • Short-Chain Alcohol Dehydrogenase Family Member 3
  • Dehydrogenase/Reductase Member 2 3
  • EC 1.1.1.184 58
  • EC 1.1.1.- 4
  • HEP27 3

External Ids for DHRS2 Gene

Previous GeneCards Identifiers for DHRS2 Gene

  • GC14P021478
  • GC14P017892
  • GC14P022089
  • GC14P022095
  • GC14P023175
  • GC14P024099
  • GC14P004222
  • GC14P023638
  • GC14P023641
  • GC14P023662
  • GC14P023704
  • GC14P023874
  • GC14P023933

Summaries for DHRS2 Gene

Entrez Gene Summary for DHRS2 Gene

  • This gene encodes a member of the short-chain dehydrogenases/reductases (SDR) family, which has over 46,000 members. Members of this family are enzymes that metabolize many different compounds, such as steroid hormones, prostaglandins, retinoids, lipids and xenobiotics. Alternative promoter use and alternative splicing results in multiple transcript variants. [provided by RefSeq, Feb 2017]

GeneCards Summary for DHRS2 Gene

DHRS2 (Dehydrogenase/Reductase 2) is a Protein Coding gene. GO annotations related to this gene include oxidoreductase activity and carbonyl reductase (NADPH) activity. An important paralog of this gene is DHRS4.

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for DHRS2 Gene

  • Displays NADPH-dependent dicarbonyl reductase activity in vitro with 3,4-Hexanedione, 2,3-Heptanedione and 1-Phenyl-1,2-propanedione as substrates. No reductase activity is displayed in vitro with steroids, retinoids and sugars as substrates. Attenuates MDM2-mediated p53/TP53 degradation, leading to p53/TP53 stabilization and increased transcription activity, resulting in the accumulation of MDM2 and CDKN1A/p21.

Gene Wiki entry for DHRS2 Gene

Additional gene information for DHRS2 Gene

No data available for CIViC summary , Tocris Summary , PharmGKB "VIP" Summary , fRNAdb sequence ontologies and piRNA Summary for DHRS2 Gene

Genomics for DHRS2 Gene

Regulatory Elements for DHRS2 Gene

Enhancers for DHRS2 Gene
GeneHancer Identifier Enhancer Score Enhancer Sources Gene-Enhancer Score TSS distance (kb) Number of Genes Away Size (kb) Transcription Factor Binding Sites within enhancer Gene Targets for Enhancer
GH14H023663 0.8 FANTOM5 ENCODE 11.2 +33.9 33850 1 GLIS1 SCRT2 MNT DHRS2 NFATC4 DHRS4 NGDN LOC105370407 LOC105370408
GH14H023692 1.3 Ensembl ENCODE 6.7 +64.8 64765 5 PKNOX1 SIN3A FEZF1 DMAP1 ZBTB7B ZNF766 ZNF207 ATF7 SP5 ZNF518A KHNYN ACIN1 RNA5SP383 TM9SF1 RNF31 TINF2 LOC102724814 CIDEB PRMT5 RBM23
GH14H023666 0.7 ENCODE 8.4 +36.0 35972 0 CTCF THRB RAD21 TEAD3 GATAD1 SMC3 ZNF143 THAP11 TFE3 NFIA DHRS2 LOC105370407 LOC105370408
GH14H023659 0.5 ENCODE 10.5 +30.5 30518 1 PKNOX1 RFX1 POLR2A MNT BMI1 DHRS2 LOC105370407 LOC105370408
GH14H023631 1.3 Ensembl ENCODE 0.7 +2.5 2484 2 FOXA2 ZNF493 ARID4B ZNF2 SLC30A9 ZNF143 RUNX3 SP5 ZHX2 MXD4 CBLN3 PABPN1 SDR39U1 DHRS4-AS1 DHRS4 PIR53509 DHRS2
- Elite enhancer and/or Elite enhancer-gene association Download GeneHancer data dump

Enhancers around DHRS2 on UCSC Golden Path with GeneCards custom track

Genomic Location for DHRS2 Gene

Chromosome:
14
Start:
23,630,115 bp from pter
End:
23,645,639 bp from pter
Size:
15,525 bases
Orientation:
Plus strand

Genomic View for DHRS2 Gene

Genes around DHRS2 on UCSC Golden Path with GeneCards custom track

Cytogenetic band:
DHRS2 Gene in genomic location: bands according to Ensembl, locations according to GeneLoc (and/or Entrez Gene and/or Ensembl if different)
Genomic Location for DHRS2 Gene
GeneLoc Logo Genomic Neighborhood Exon StructureGene Density

RefSeq DNA sequence for DHRS2 Gene

Proteins for DHRS2 Gene

  • Protein details for DHRS2 Gene (UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot)

    Protein Symbol:
    Q13268-DHRS2_HUMAN
    Recommended name:
    Dehydrogenase/reductase SDR family member 2, mitochondrial
    Protein Accession:
    Q13268
    Secondary Accessions:
    • D3DS54
    • Q53GS4
    • Q7Z789
    • Q9H2R2

    Protein attributes for DHRS2 Gene

    Size:
    280 amino acids
    Molecular mass:
    29927 Da
    Quaternary structure:
    • Directly interacts with MDM2; this interaction occurs in the nucleus and does not target DHRS2 to degradation.

    Alternative splice isoforms for DHRS2 Gene

    UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot:

neXtProt entry for DHRS2 Gene

Selected DME Specific Peptides for DHRS2 Gene

Q13268:
  • SSRKQQNVD
  • VCHVGKAEDRE

Post-translational modifications for DHRS2 Gene

  • Ubiquitination at isoforms=224 and isoforms=234
  • Modification sites at PhosphoSitePlus

Domains & Families for DHRS2 Gene

Gene Families for DHRS2 Gene

Suggested Antigen Peptide Sequences for DHRS2 Gene

Graphical View of Domain Structure for InterPro Entry

Q13268

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot:

DHRS2_HUMAN :
  • Belongs to the short-chain dehydrogenases/reductases (SDR) family.
Family:
  • Belongs to the short-chain dehydrogenases/reductases (SDR) family.
genes like me logo Genes that share domains with DHRS2: view

Function for DHRS2 Gene

Molecular function for DHRS2 Gene

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot BiophysicochemicalProperties:
Kinetic parameters: KM=0.3 mM for 1-Phenyl-1,2-propanedione {ECO:0000269 PubMed:16685466}; KM=1.1 mM for 2,3-Heptanedione {ECO:0000269 PubMed:16685466}; KM=0.8 mM for 3,4-Hexanedione {ECO:0000269 PubMed:16685466}; Vmax=0.52 mmol/min/mg enzyme with 1-Phenyl-1,2-propanedione as substrate {ECO:0000269 PubMed:16685466}; Vmax=0.64 mmol/min/mg enzyme with 2,3-Heptanedione as substrate {ECO:0000269 PubMed:16685466}; Vmax=0.35 mmol/min/mg enzyme with 3,4-Hexanedione as substrate {ECO:0000269 PubMed:16685466};
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot Function:
Displays NADPH-dependent dicarbonyl reductase activity in vitro with 3,4-Hexanedione, 2,3-Heptanedione and 1-Phenyl-1,2-propanedione as substrates. No reductase activity is displayed in vitro with steroids, retinoids and sugars as substrates. Attenuates MDM2-mediated p53/TP53 degradation, leading to p53/TP53 stabilization and increased transcription activity, resulting in the accumulation of MDM2 and CDKN1A/p21.
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot Induction:
Up-regulated by IL4 and CSF2 in monocytes/macrophages. Down-regulated by bacterial lipopolysaccharides (LPS) and TNF in monocytice-derived dendritic cells. Up-regulated by MYB.

Enzyme Numbers (IUBMB) for DHRS2 Gene

Gene Ontology (GO) - Molecular Function for DHRS2 Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0004090 carbonyl reductase (NADPH) activity IDA 16685466
GO:0005515 protein binding IPI 25416956
GO:0016491 oxidoreductase activity IEA --
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with DHRS2: view
genes like me logo Genes that share phenotypes with DHRS2: view

Animal Model Products

CRISPR Products

Inhibitory RNA Products

Clone Products

  • Applied Biological Materials Clones for DHRS2
  • Vectors and viruses for ORF, Lenti, Retro, Adenovirus, AAV, and more

No data available for Phenotypes From GWAS Catalog , Human Phenotype Ontology , Animal Models , miRNA , Transcription Factor Targets and HOMER Transcription for DHRS2 Gene

Localization for DHRS2 Gene

Subcellular locations from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for DHRS2 Gene

Mitochondrion matrix. Nucleus. Note=A minor fraction of the protein is translocated from the mitochondria to the nucleus, after cleavage of the targeting signal.

Subcellular locations from

COMPARTMENTS
Extracellular space Cytosol Plasma membrane Cytoskeleton Lysosome Endosome Peroxisome ER Golgi Apparatus Nucleus Mitochondrion 0 1 2 3 4 5 Confidence
COMPARTMENTS Subcellular localization image for DHRS2 gene
Compartment Confidence
extracellular 5
mitochondrion 5
nucleus 5
cytosol 1

Subcellular locations from the

Human Protein Atlas (HPA)
  • Mitochondria (4)
  • Nucleus (4)
See all subcellular structures

Gene Ontology (GO) - Cellular Components for DHRS2 Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0005634 nucleus IEA,IDA 1847869
GO:0005635 nuclear envelope IDA 11997086
GO:0005737 cytoplasm IDA 11944995
GO:0005739 mitochondrion IDA,IEA 19443906
GO:0005759 mitochondrial matrix IEA --
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with DHRS2: view

Pathways & Interactions for DHRS2 Gene

SuperPathways for DHRS2 Gene

No Data Available

Gene Ontology (GO) - Biological Process for DHRS2 Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0008207 C21-steroid hormone metabolic process NAS 7556196
GO:0008285 negative regulation of cell proliferation NAS 1847869
GO:0009636 response to toxic substance IDA 16685466
GO:0034599 cellular response to oxidative stress IDA 19443906
GO:0043011 myeloid dendritic cell differentiation IEP 11944995
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with DHRS2: view

No data available for Pathways by source and SIGNOR curated interactions for DHRS2 Gene

Drugs & Compounds for DHRS2 Gene

(2) Drugs for DHRS2 Gene - From: HMDB and Novoseek

Name Status Disease Links Group Role Mechanism of Action Clinical Trials
Cortisone Pharma 73

(9) Additional Compounds for DHRS2 Gene - From: Novoseek

Name Synonyms Role CAS Number PubChem IDs PubMed IDs
genes like me logo Genes that share compounds with DHRS2: view

Transcripts for DHRS2 Gene

Unigene Clusters for DHRS2 Gene

Dehydrogenase/reductase (SDR family) member 2:
Representative Sequences:

CRISPR Products

Inhibitory RNA Products

Clone Products

  • Applied Biological Materials Clones for DHRS2
  • Vectors and viruses for ORF, Lenti, Retro, Adenovirus, AAV, and more

Alternative Splicing Database (ASD) splice patterns (SP) for DHRS2 Gene

ExUns: 1a · 1b · 1c ^ 2 ^ 3a · 3b ^ 4 ^ 5 ^ 6a · 6b ^ 7a · 7b ^ 8a · 8b · 8c · 8d ^ 9 ^ 10a · 10b · 10c · 10d
SP1: - - -
SP2: - -
SP3: - - - -
SP4: - - - - -
SP5: - -
SP6: - - -
SP7: -
SP8: - - - - - -

Relevant External Links for DHRS2 Gene

GeneLoc Exon Structure for
DHRS2
ECgene alternative splicing isoforms for
DHRS2

Expression for DHRS2 Gene

mRNA expression in normal human tissues from GTEx, Illumina, BioGPS, and CGAP SAGE for DHRS2 Gene

mRNA expression in embryonic tissues and stem cells from LifeMap Discovery

mRNA differential expression in normal tissues according to GTEx for DHRS2 Gene

This gene is overexpressed in Bladder (x42.8).

Protein differential expression in normal tissues from HIPED for DHRS2 Gene

This gene is overexpressed in Breast (55.9).

Integrated Proteomics: protein expression in normal tissues and cell lines from ProteomicsDB, PaxDb, MaxQB, and MOPED for DHRS2 Gene



NURSA nuclear receptor signaling pathways regulating expression of DHRS2 Gene:

DHRS2

SOURCE GeneReport for Unigene cluster for DHRS2 Gene:

Hs.272499

mRNA Expression by UniProt/SwissProt for DHRS2 Gene:

Q13268-DHRS2_HUMAN
Tissue specificity: Widely expressed, with highest levels in liver and kidney, followed by heart, spleen, skeletal muscle and placenta. In hemopoietic cells, expressed in dendritic cells, but not in monocytes, macrophages, granulocytes, nor in B and T lymphocytes.

Evidence on tissue expression from TISSUES for DHRS2 Gene

  • Liver(4.9)
  • Skin(4.2)
genes like me logo Genes that share expression patterns with DHRS2: view

Primer Products

No data available for Protein tissue co-expression partners and Phenotype-based relationships between genes and organs from Gene ORGANizer for DHRS2 Gene

Orthologs for DHRS2 Gene

This gene was present in the common ancestor of animals.

Orthologs for DHRS2 Gene

Organism Taxonomy Gene Similarity Type Details
chimpanzee
(Pan troglodytes)
Mammalia DHRS2 33 34
  • 97.54 (n)
dog
(Canis familiaris)
Mammalia LOC490616 33
  • 82.26 (n)
DHRS2 34
  • 70 (a)
OneToOne
oppossum
(Monodelphis domestica)
Mammalia -- 34
  • 63 (a)
OneToMany
-- 34
  • 61 (a)
OneToMany
mouse
(Mus musculus)
Mammalia Dhrs2 34
  • 58 (a)
OneToOne
platypus
(Ornithorhynchus anatinus)
Mammalia -- 34
  • 46 (a)
ManyToMany
-- 34
  • 36 (a)
ManyToMany
cow
(Bos Taurus)
Mammalia DCXR 34
  • 23 (a)
ManyToMany
lizard
(Anolis carolinensis)
Reptilia -- 34
  • 47 (a)
OneToMany
zebrafish
(Danio rerio)
Actinopterygii DHRS2 34
  • 46 (a)
OneToMany
fruit fly
(Drosophila melanogaster)
Insecta CG10672 35 34
  • 51 (a)
worm
(Caenorhabditis elegans)
Secernentea dhs-13 34
  • 39 (a)
OneToMany
sea squirt
(Ciona savignyi)
Ascidiacea -- 34
  • 43 (a)
ManyToMany
-- 34
  • 23 (a)
ManyToMany
Species where no ortholog for DHRS2 was found in the sources mined by GeneCards:
  • A. gosspyii yeast (Ashbya gossypii)
  • Actinobacteria (Mycobacterium tuberculosis)
  • African clawed frog (Xenopus laevis)
  • African malaria mosquito (Anopheles gambiae)
  • Alicante grape (Vitis vinifera)
  • alpha proteobacteria (Wolbachia pipientis)
  • amoeba (Dictyostelium discoideum)
  • Archea (Pyrococcus horikoshii)
  • baker's yeast (Saccharomyces cerevisiae)
  • barley (Hordeum vulgare)
  • beta proteobacteria (Neisseria meningitidis)
  • bread mold (Neurospora crassa)
  • chicken (Gallus gallus)
  • Chromalveolata (Phytophthora infestans)
  • common water flea (Daphnia pulex)
  • corn (Zea mays)
  • E. coli (Escherichia coli)
  • filamentous fungi (Aspergillus nidulans)
  • Firmicute bacteria (Streptococcus pneumoniae)
  • fission yeast (Schizosaccharomyces pombe)
  • green algae (Chlamydomonas reinhardtii)
  • honey bee (Apis mellifera)
  • K. lactis yeast (Kluyveromyces lactis)
  • loblloly pine (Pinus taeda)
  • malaria parasite (Plasmodium falciparum)
  • medicago trunc (Medicago Truncatula)
  • moss (Physcomitrella patens)
  • orangutan (Pongo pygmaeus)
  • pig (Sus scrofa)
  • rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss)
  • rat (Rattus norvegicus)
  • rice (Oryza sativa)
  • rice blast fungus (Magnaporthe grisea)
  • schistosome parasite (Schistosoma mansoni)
  • sea anemone (Nematostella vectensis)
  • sea urchin (Strongylocentrotus purpuratus)
  • sorghum (Sorghum bicolor)
  • soybean (Glycine max)
  • stem rust fungus (Puccinia graminis)
  • sugarcane (Saccharum officinarum)
  • thale cress (Arabidopsis thaliana)
  • tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum)
  • toxoplasmosis (Toxoplasma gondii)
  • Trichoplax (Trichoplax adhaerens)
  • tropical clawed frog (Silurana tropicalis)
  • wheat (Triticum aestivum)

Evolution for DHRS2 Gene

ENSEMBL:
Gene Tree for DHRS2 (if available)
TreeFam:
Gene Tree for DHRS2 (if available)

Paralogs for DHRS2 Gene

(7) SIMAP similar genes for DHRS2 Gene using alignment to 4 proteins:

Pseudogenes.org Pseudogenes for DHRS2 Gene

genes like me logo Genes that share paralogs with DHRS2: view

Variants for DHRS2 Gene

Sequence variations from dbSNP and Humsavar for DHRS2 Gene

SNP ID Clin Chr 14 pos Sequence Context AA Info Type
rs148991912 A colorectal cancer sample 23,645,225(+) CATTG(A/C/T)GGTGG nc-transcript-variant, reference, synonymous-codon, missense
rs1000375600 -- 23,637,110(+) GCCCA(A/G)GTGAG intron-variant
rs1000421704 -- 23,645,535(+) TTAAG(C/G)GAAAG nc-transcript-variant, downstream-variant-500B, utr-variant-3-prime
rs1000530521 -- 23,641,635(+) TTACA(A/G)CTAAC intron-variant, nc-transcript-variant
rs1000664007 -- 23,637,000(+) ACTTC(C/T)GGGCT intron-variant

Variation tolerance for DHRS2 Gene

Residual Variation Intolerance Score: 97.1% of all genes are more intolerant (likely to be disease-causing)
Gene Damage Index Score: 2.62; 45.32% of all genes are more intolerant (likely to be disease-causing)

Relevant External Links for DHRS2 Gene

SNPedia medical, phenotypic, and genealogical associations of SNPs for
DHRS2

No data available for Polymorphic Variants from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot and Structural Variations from Database of Genomic Variants (DGV) for DHRS2 Gene

Disorders for DHRS2 Gene

Relevant External Links for DHRS2

Genetic Association Database (GAD)
DHRS2
Human Genome Epidemiology (HuGE) Navigator
DHRS2
Atlas of Genetics and Cytogenetics in Oncology and Haematology:
DHRS2

No disorders were found for DHRS2 Gene.

No data available for MalaCards , UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot and Genatlas for DHRS2 Gene

Publications for DHRS2 Gene

  1. Genomic organization of the human gene HEP27: alternative promoter usage in HepG2 cells and monocyte-derived dendritic cells. (PMID: 11944995) Heinz S … Rehli M (Genomics 2002) 2 3 4 22 60
  2. A nuclear protein, synthesized in growth-arrested human hepatoblastoma cells, is a novel member of the short-chain alcohol dehydrogenase family. (PMID: 7556196) Gabrielli F … Melli M (European journal of biochemistry 1995) 2 3 4 22 60
  3. Hep27, a member of the short-chain dehydrogenase/reductase family, is an NADPH-dependent dicarbonyl reductase expressed in vascular endothelial tissue. (PMID: 16685466) Shafqat N … Oppermann U (Cellular and molecular life sciences : CMLS 2006) 2 3 4 60
  4. Mitochondrial Hep27 is a c-Myb target gene that inhibits Mdm2 and stabilizes p53. (PMID: 20547751) Deisenroth C … Zhang Y (Molecular and cellular biology 2010) 3 4 60
  5. The SDR (short-chain dehydrogenase/reductase and related enzymes) nomenclature initiative. (PMID: 19027726) Persson B … Oppermann U (Chemico-biological interactions 2009) 2 3 60

Products for DHRS2 Gene

Sources for DHRS2 Gene

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