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Aliases for ARHGAP31 Gene

Aliases for ARHGAP31 Gene

  • Rho GTPase Activating Protein 31 2 3
  • CDGAP 3 4 6
  • Cdc42 GTPase-Activating Protein 3 4
  • KIAA1204 4 6
  • AOS1 3 6
  • Rho GTPase-Activating Protein 31 3

External Ids for ARHGAP31 Gene

Summaries for ARHGAP31 Gene

Entrez Gene Summary for ARHGAP31 Gene

  • This gene encodes a GTPase-activating protein (GAP). A variety of cellular processes are regulated by Rho GTPases which cycle between an inactive form bound to GDP and an active form bound to GTP. This cycling between inactive and active forms is regulated by guanine nucleotide exchange factors and GAPs. The encoded protein is a GAP shown to regulate two GTPases involved in protein trafficking and cell growth. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]

GeneCards Summary for ARHGAP31 Gene

ARHGAP31 (Rho GTPase Activating Protein 31) is a Protein Coding gene. Diseases associated with ARHGAP31 include adams-oliver syndrome 1 and adams-oliver syndrome. Among its related pathways are Signaling by GPCR and G-protein signaling_Regulation of CDC42 activity. GO annotations related to this gene include GTPase activator activity and SH3 domain binding. An important paralog of this gene is ARHGAP30.

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for ARHGAP31 Gene

  • Functions as a GTPase-activating protein (GAP) for RAC1 and CDC42. Required for cell spreading, polarized lamellipodia formation and cell migration.

Gene Wiki entry for ARHGAP31 Gene

No data available for Tocris Summary , PharmGKB "VIP" Summary , fRNAdb sequence ontologies and piRNA Summary for ARHGAP31 Gene

Genomics for ARHGAP31 Gene

Genomic Location for ARHGAP31 Gene

Start:
119,294,289 bp from pter
End:
119,420,714 bp from pter
Size:
126,426 bases
Orientation:
Plus strand

Genomic View for ARHGAP31 Gene

UCSC Golden Path with GeneCards custom track
Cytogenetic band:
Genomic Location for ARHGAP31 Gene
GeneLoc Logo Genomic Neighborhood Exon StructureGene Density

RefSeq DNA sequence for ARHGAP31 Gene

No data available for Regulatory Elements for ARHGAP31 Gene

Proteins for ARHGAP31 Gene

  • Protein details for ARHGAP31 Gene (UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot)

    Protein Symbol:
    Q2M1Z3-RHG31_HUMAN
    Recommended name:
    Rho GTPase-activating protein 31
    Protein Accession:
    Q2M1Z3
    Secondary Accessions:
    • Q9ULL6

    Protein attributes for ARHGAP31 Gene

    Size:
    1444 amino acids
    Molecular mass:
    156985 Da
    Quaternary structure:
    • Interacts with ITSN1, which inhibits GAP activity. Interacts with PARVA (By similarity). Interacts with GTP-loaded RHOU.
    SequenceCaution:
    • Sequence=BAA86518.1; Type=Erroneous initiation; Note=Translation N-terminally shortened.; Evidence={ECO:0000305};

neXtProt entry for ARHGAP31 Gene

Proteomics data for ARHGAP31 Gene at MOPED

Post-translational modifications for ARHGAP31 Gene

Other Protein References for ARHGAP31 Gene

ENSEMBL proteins:
Reactome Protein details:
REFSEQ proteins:

No data available for DME Specific Peptides for ARHGAP31 Gene

Domains for ARHGAP31 Gene

Gene Families for ARHGAP31 Gene

HGNC:
  • ARHGAP :Rho GTPase activating proteins

Protein Domains for ARHGAP31 Gene

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot:

RHG31_HUMAN
Domain:
  • Contains 1 Rho-GAP domain.:
    • Q2M1Z3
genes like me logo Genes that share domains with ARHGAP31: view

Function for ARHGAP31 Gene

Molecular function for ARHGAP31 Gene

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot Function: Functions as a GTPase-activating protein (GAP) for RAC1 and CDC42. Required for cell spreading, polarized lamellipodia formation and cell migration.

Gene Ontology (GO) - Molecular Function for ARHGAP31 Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0005096 GTPase activator activity IEA --
GO:0005515 protein binding --
GO:0017124 SH3 domain binding IEA --
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with ARHGAP31: view

No data available for Enzyme Numbers (IUBMB) , Phenotypes , Animal Models , miRNA , Transcription Factor Targeting and HOMER Transcription for ARHGAP31 Gene

Localization for ARHGAP31 Gene

Subcellular locations from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for ARHGAP31 Gene

Cell projection, lamellipodium. Cell junction, focal adhesion.

Subcellular locations from

COMPARTMENTS
Jensen Localization Image for ARHGAP31 Gene COMPARTMENTS Subcellular localization image for ARHGAP31 gene
Compartment Confidence
cytosol 4
nucleus 3
cytoskeleton 2
golgi apparatus 1

Gene Ontology (GO) - Cellular Components for ARHGAP31 Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0005622 intracellular --
GO:0005829 cytosol TAS --
GO:0005925 focal adhesion IEA --
GO:0030027 lamellipodium IEA --
GO:0030054 cell junction --
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with ARHGAP31: view

Pathways for ARHGAP31 Gene

genes like me logo Genes that share pathways with ARHGAP31: view

Pathways by source for ARHGAP31 Gene

1 GeneGo (Thomson Reuters Life Sciences Research) pathway for ARHGAP31 Gene
1 Cell Signaling Technology pathway for ARHGAP31 Gene
3 Reactome pathways for ARHGAP31 Gene

Gene Ontology (GO) - Biological Process for ARHGAP31 Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0007165 signal transduction --
GO:0007264 small GTPase mediated signal transduction TAS --
GO:0043547 positive regulation of GTPase activity IEA --
GO:0051056 regulation of small GTPase mediated signal transduction TAS --
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with ARHGAP31: view

Transcripts for ARHGAP31 Gene

mRNA/cDNA for ARHGAP31 Gene

Unigene Clusters for ARHGAP31 Gene

Rho GTPase activating protein 31:
Representative Sequences:

Alternative Splicing Database (ASD) splice patterns (SP) for ARHGAP31 Gene

No ASD Table

Relevant External Links for ARHGAP31 Gene

GeneLoc Exon Structure for
ARHGAP31
ECgene alternative splicing isoforms for
ARHGAP31

Expression for ARHGAP31 Gene

mRNA expression in normal human tissues for ARHGAP31 Gene

mRNA expression in embryonic tissues and stem cells from LifeMap Discovery

Integrated Proteomics: protein expression from ProteomicsDB, PaxDb, MOPED, and MaxQB for ARHGAP31 Gene

SOURCE GeneReport for Unigene cluster for ARHGAP31 Gene Hs.668218

genes like me logo Genes that share expressions with ARHGAP31: view

Orthologs for ARHGAP31 Gene

This gene was present in the common ancestor of animals and fungi.

Orthologs for ARHGAP31 Gene

Organism Taxonomy Gene Similarity Type Details
chimpanzee
(Pan troglodytes)
Mammalia ARHGAP31 36
  • 99.26 (n)
  • 98.75 (a)
ARHGAP31 37
  • 99 (a)
OneToOne
cow
(Bos Taurus)
Mammalia ARHGAP31 36
  • 87.57 (n)
  • 84.65 (a)
ARHGAP31 37
  • 84 (a)
OneToOne
dog
(Canis familiaris)
Mammalia ARHGAP31 36
  • 86.86 (n)
  • 83.41 (a)
ARHGAP31 37
  • 82 (a)
OneToOne
mouse
(Mus musculus)
Mammalia Arhgap31 36
  • 82.74 (n)
  • 79.45 (a)
Arhgap31 16
Arhgap31 37
  • 79 (a)
OneToOne
oppossum
(Monodelphis domestica)
Mammalia ARHGAP31 37
  • 64 (a)
OneToOne
rat
(Rattus norvegicus)
Mammalia Arhgap31 36
  • 83.02 (n)
  • 79.84 (a)
chicken
(Gallus gallus)
Aves ARHGAP31 37
  • 50 (a)
OneToOne
lizard
(Anolis carolinensis)
Reptilia ARHGAP31 37
  • 49 (a)
OneToOne
zebrafish
(Danio rerio)
Actinopterygii arhgap31 37
  • 38 (a)
OneToOne
fruit fly
(Drosophila melanogaster)
Insecta CdGAPr 37
  • 16 (a)
OneToMany
baker's yeast
(Saccharomyces cerevisiae)
Saccharomycetes RGD1 37
  • 18 (a)
OneToMany
Species with no ortholog for ARHGAP31:
  • A. gosspyii yeast (Ashbya gossypii)
  • Actinobacteria (Mycobacterium tuberculosis)
  • African clawed frog (Xenopus laevis)
  • African malaria mosquito (Anopheles gambiae)
  • Alicante grape (Vitis vinifera)
  • alpha proteobacteria (Wolbachia pipientis)
  • amoeba (Dictyostelium discoideum)
  • Archea (Pyrococcus horikoshii)
  • barley (Hordeum vulgare)
  • beta proteobacteria (Neisseria meningitidis)
  • bread mold (Neurospora crassa)
  • Chromalveolata (Phytophthora infestans)
  • common water flea (Daphnia pulex)
  • corn (Zea mays)
  • E. coli (Escherichia coli)
  • filamentous fungi (Aspergillus nidulans)
  • Firmicute bacteria (Streptococcus pneumoniae)
  • fission yeast (Schizosaccharomyces pombe)
  • green algae (Chlamydomonas reinhardtii)
  • honey bee (Apis mellifera)
  • K. lactis yeast (Kluyveromyces lactis)
  • loblloly pine (Pinus taeda)
  • malaria parasite (Plasmodium falciparum)
  • medicago trunc (Medicago Truncatula)
  • moss (Physcomitrella patens)
  • orangutan (Pongo pygmaeus)
  • pig (Sus scrofa)
  • platypus (Ornithorhynchus anatinus)
  • rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss)
  • rice (Oryza sativa)
  • rice blast fungus (Magnaporthe grisea)
  • schistosome parasite (Schistosoma mansoni)
  • sea anemone (Nematostella vectensis)
  • sea squirt (Ciona intestinalis)
  • sea squirt (Ciona savignyi)
  • sea urchin (Strongylocentrotus purpuratus)
  • sorghum (Sorghum bicolor)
  • soybean (Glycine max)
  • stem rust fungus (Puccinia graminis)
  • sugarcane (Saccharum officinarum)
  • thale cress (Arabidopsis thaliana)
  • tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum)
  • toxoplasmosis (Toxoplasma gondii)
  • Trichoplax (Trichoplax adhaerens)
  • tropical clawed frog (Silurana tropicalis)
  • wheat (Triticum aestivum)
  • worm (Caenorhabditis elegans)

Evolution for ARHGAP31 Gene

ENSEMBL:
Gene Tree for ARHGAP31 (if available)
TreeFam:
Gene Tree for ARHGAP31 (if available)

Paralogs for ARHGAP31 Gene

Paralogs for ARHGAP31 Gene

Selected SIMAP similar genes for ARHGAP31 Gene using alignment to 2 proteins:

genes like me logo Genes that share paralogs with ARHGAP31: view

Variants for ARHGAP31 Gene

Sequence variations from dbSNP and Humsavar for ARHGAP31 Gene

SNP ID Clin Chr 03 pos Sequence Context AA Info Type MAF
rs716649 -- 119,400,676(-) GACAT(C/T)GAGAC intron-variant
rs716650 -- 119,400,689(-) TTTAA(C/T)ACATG intron-variant
rs724653 -- 119,303,060(+) ACCCA(A/C/G/T)TTTGT intron-variant
rs727905 -- 119,400,586(-) GGCAA(G/T)AACTG intron-variant
rs729411 -- 119,383,611(-) AAATA(C/T)AGTGA intron-variant

Structural Variations from Database of Genomic Variants (DGV) for ARHGAP31 Gene

Variant ID Type Subtype PubMed ID
nsv829694 CNV Gain 17160897
nsv3962 CNV Loss 18451855
esv997290 CNV Deletion 20482838
nsv822227 CNV Loss 20364138

Relevant External Links for ARHGAP31 Gene

HapMap Linkage Disequilibrium report
ARHGAP31
Human Gene Mutation Database (HGMD)
ARHGAP31

Disorders for ARHGAP31 Gene

(1) OMIM Diseases for ARHGAP31 Gene (610911)

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot

RHG31_HUMAN
  • Adams-Oliver syndrome 1 (AOS1) [MIM:100300]: A disorder characterized by the congenital absence of skin (aplasia cutis congenita) in combination with transverse limb defects. Aplasia cutis congenita can be located anywhere on the body, but in the vast majority of the cases, it is present on the posterior parietal region where it is often associated with an underlying defect of the parietal bones. Limb abnormalities are typically limb truncation defects affecting the distal phalanges or entire digits (true ectrodactyly). Only rarely, metatarsals/metacarpals or more proximal limb structures are also affected. Apart from transverse limb defects, syndactyly, most commonly of second and third toes, can also be observed. The clinical features are highly variable and can also include cardiovascular malformations, brain abnormalities and vascular defects such as cutis marmorata and dilated scalp veins. {ECO:0000269 PubMed:21565291}. Note=The disease is caused by mutations affecting the gene represented in this entry.

(1) University of Copenhagen DISEASES for ARHGAP31 Gene

Relevant External Links for ARHGAP31

Genetic Association Database (GAD)
ARHGAP31
Human Genome Epidemiology (HuGE) Navigator
ARHGAP31
genes like me logo Genes that share disorders with ARHGAP31: view

Publications for ARHGAP31 Gene

  1. The human orthologue of CdGAP is a phosphoprotein and a GTPase- activating protein for Cdc42 and Rac1 but not RhoA. (PMID: 16519628) Tcherkezian J. … Lamarche-Vane N. (Biol. Cell 2006) 2 3 4 23
  2. Multiple common variants for celiac disease influencing immune gene expression. (PMID: 20190752) Dubois P.C. … van Heel D.A. (Nat. Genet. 2010) 3 49
  3. CdGAP, a novel proline-rich GTPase-activating protein for Cdc42 and Rac. (PMID: 9786927) Lamarche-Vane N. … Hall A. (J. Biol. Chem. 1998) 2 3
  4. Prediction of the coding sequences of unidentified human genes. XV. The complete sequences of 100 new cDNA clones from brain which code for large proteins in vitro. (PMID: 10574462) Nagase T. … Ohara O. (DNA Res. 1999) 3 4
  5. GC-GAP, a Rho family GTPase-activating protein that interacts with signaling adapters Gab1 and Gab2. (PMID: 12819203) Zhao C. … Feng G.S. (J. Biol. Chem. 2003) 2 3

Products for ARHGAP31 Gene

Sources for ARHGAP31 Gene

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