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Aliases for SCO1 Gene

Aliases for SCO1 Gene

  • SCO1, Cytochrome C Oxidase Assembly Protein 2 3 5
  • SCOD1 3 4
  • SCO (Cytochrome Oxidase Deficient, Yeast) Homolog 1 2
  • SCO Cytochrome Oxidase Deficient Homolog 1 (Yeast) 2
  • SCO Cytochrome Oxidase Deficient Homolog 1 3
  • Protein SCO1 Homolog, Mitochondrial 3

External Ids for SCO1 Gene

Previous HGNC Symbols for SCO1 Gene

  • SCOD1

Previous GeneCards Identifiers for SCO1 Gene

  • GC17M010949
  • GC17M011698
  • GC17M010526
  • GC17M010784
  • GC17M010524
  • GC17M010483
  • GC17M010583

Summaries for SCO1 Gene

Entrez Gene Summary for SCO1 Gene

  • Mammalian cytochrome c oxidase (COX) catalyzes the transfer of reducing equivalents from cytochrome c to molecular oxygen and pumps protons across the inner mitochondrial membrane. In yeast, 2 related COX assembly genes, SCO1 and SCO2 (synthesis of cytochrome c oxidase), enable subunits 1 and 2 to be incorporated into the holoprotein. This gene is the human homolog to the yeast SCO1 gene. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]

GeneCards Summary for SCO1 Gene

SCO1 (SCO1, Cytochrome C Oxidase Assembly Protein) is a Protein Coding gene. Diseases associated with SCO1 include Mitochondrial Complex Iv Deficiency and Fatal Infantile Cytochrome C Oxidase Deficiency. Among its related pathways are Metabolism and Respiratory electron transport, ATP synthesis by chemiosmotic coupling, and heat production by uncoupling proteins.. GO annotations related to this gene include oxidoreductase activity and antioxidant activity. An important paralog of this gene is ENSG00000284194.

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for SCO1 Gene

  • Thought to play a role in cellular copper homeostasis, mitochondrial redox signaling or insertion of copper into the active site of COX.

Gene Wiki entry for SCO1 Gene

Additional gene information for SCO1 Gene

No data available for CIViC summary , Tocris Summary , PharmGKB "VIP" Summary , fRNAdb sequence ontologies and piRNA Summary for SCO1 Gene

Genomics for SCO1 Gene

Regulatory Elements for SCO1 Gene

Enhancers for SCO1 Gene
GeneHancer Identifier Enhancer Score Enhancer Sources Gene-Enhancer Score TSS distance (kb) Number of Genes Away Size (kb) Transcription Factor Binding Sites within enhancer Gene Targets for Enhancer
GH17H010793 1.3 Ensembl ENCODE dbSUPER 20 -100.8 -100758 11.7 PKNOX1 NFIB ZSCAN4 ZIC2 YY1 ZFHX2 MTA3 CTBP1 GATA3 ZNF547 ADPRM SCO1 ENSG00000261433 PIRT MAGOH2P MYH3 TMEM220-AS1 ENSG00000263508 TMEM238L ENSG00000266114
GH17H010789 1.3 Ensembl ENCODE dbSUPER 17.4 -93.0 -92959 3.7 GTF2F1 TBP MAX CDC5L RAD21 YY1 ZNF316 NCOR1 POLR2A SCRT2 ADPRM SCO1 RNU6-1065P RPL15P21 MYH3 ENSG00000263508 TMEM220-AS1 ENSG00000266114 GC17M010779
GH17H010736 1.1 ENCODE dbSUPER 11.5 -40.0 -39984 3.7 ELF3 FOXA2 KLF17 THRB RAD21 RARA YY1 ZNF366 ZNF143 ZNF654 TMEM220 RNU6-1065P RPL15P21 SCO1 ADPRM MYH3 TMEM220-AS1 ENSG00000264016 ENSG00000240813
GH17H010745 1 ENCODE dbSUPER 11.3 -46.8 -46779 1.8 SOX13 FOXA2 ATF1 ZNF384 HHEX ZNF512 HNF4G CREB1 TCF7 HNF4A ADPRM SCO1 MYH3 ENSG00000264016 TMEM220-AS1 ENSG00000240813 TMEM220
GH17H010645 0.9 ENCODE dbSUPER 10.6 +51.7 51724 1.3 CTCF ZNF654 TRIM22 REST RAD21 MBD1 ZNF143 SMC3 SCO1 ADPRM GC17M010627 GC17M010631
- Elite enhancer and/or Elite enhancer-gene association Download GeneHancer data dump

Enhancers around SCO1 on UCSC Golden Path with GeneCards custom track

Promoters for SCO1 Gene
Ensembl Regulatory Elements (ENSRs) TSS Distance (bp) Size (bp) Binding Sites for Transcription Factors within promoters
ENSR00000091317 775 2401 PKNOX1 ARID4B SIN3A DMAP1 ZNF2 YY1 ZNF143 SP3 ZHX2 MXD4

Genomic Locations for SCO1 Gene

Genomic Locations for SCO1 Gene
25,902 bases
Minus strand

Genomic View for SCO1 Gene

Genes around SCO1 on UCSC Golden Path with GeneCards custom track

Cytogenetic band:
SCO1 Gene in genomic location: bands according to Ensembl, locations according to GeneLoc (and/or Entrez Gene and/or Ensembl if different)
Genomic Location for SCO1 Gene
GeneLoc Logo Genomic Neighborhood Exon StructureGene Density

RefSeq DNA sequence for SCO1 Gene

Proteins for SCO1 Gene

  • Protein details for SCO1 Gene (UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot)

    Protein Symbol:
    Recommended name:
    Protein SCO1 homolog, mitochondrial
    Protein Accession:
    Secondary Accessions:
    • B2RDM0

    Protein attributes for SCO1 Gene

    301 amino acids
    Molecular mass:
    33814 Da
    Quaternary structure:
    • Homodimer (PubMed:16735468). Interacts with COA6 (PubMed:26160915).

    Three dimensional structures from OCA and Proteopedia for SCO1 Gene

neXtProt entry for SCO1 Gene

Post-translational modifications for SCO1 Gene

  • Ubiquitination at isoforms=89 and isoforms=133
  • Modification sites at PhosphoSitePlus

Other Protein References for SCO1 Gene

No data available for DME Specific Peptides for SCO1 Gene

Domains & Families for SCO1 Gene

Gene Families for SCO1 Gene

Human Protein Atlas (HPA):
  • Disease related genes
  • Predicted membrane proteins

Suggested Antigen Peptide Sequences for SCO1 Gene

GenScript: Design optimal peptide antigens:

Graphical View of Domain Structure for InterPro Entry



  • Belongs to the SCO1/2 family.
  • Belongs to the SCO1/2 family.
genes like me logo Genes that share domains with SCO1: view

Function for SCO1 Gene

Molecular function for SCO1 Gene

GENATLAS Biochemistry:
yeast SCO1 homolog,inner mitochondrial membrane in yeast,specifically required for a post-translational step of c oxidase,either involved in transport or in the insertion of copper into the active site of the enzyme
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot Function:
Thought to play a role in cellular copper homeostasis, mitochondrial redox signaling or insertion of copper into the active site of COX.

Phenotypes From GWAS Catalog for SCO1 Gene

Gene Ontology (GO) - Molecular Function for SCO1 Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0005507 copper ion binding IEA --
GO:0005515 protein binding IPI 26160915
GO:0046872 metal ion binding IEA --
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with SCO1: view
genes like me logo Genes that share phenotypes with SCO1: view

Human Phenotype Ontology for SCO1 Gene

HPO Id HPO Name Alternative Ids Definition Synonyms

Animal Model Products

CRISPR Products

miRNA for SCO1 Gene

miRTarBase miRNAs that target SCO1

Inhibitory RNA Products

No data available for Enzyme Numbers (IUBMB) , Animal Models , Transcription Factor Targets and HOMER Transcription for SCO1 Gene

Localization for SCO1 Gene

Subcellular locations from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for SCO1 Gene


Subcellular locations from

Extracellular space Cytosol Plasma membrane Cytoskeleton Lysosome Endosome Peroxisome ER Golgi Apparatus Nucleus Mitochondrion 0 1 2 3 4 5 Confidence
COMPARTMENTS Subcellular localization image for SCO1 gene
Compartment Confidence
mitochondrion 5
nucleus 3
peroxisome 1
cytosol 1

Gene Ontology (GO) - Cellular Components for SCO1 Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0005739 mitochondrion TAS 9878253
GO:0005743 mitochondrial inner membrane IEA --
GO:0030016 myofibril IDA 20864674
GO:0072492 host cell mitochondrial intermembrane space IDA 25339201
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with SCO1: view

No data available for Subcellular locations from the Human Protein Atlas (HPA) for SCO1 Gene

Pathways & Interactions for SCO1 Gene

genes like me logo Genes that share pathways with SCO1: view

Gene Ontology (GO) - Biological Process for SCO1 Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0006091 generation of precursor metabolites and energy TAS 9878253
GO:0006825 copper ion transport IEA --
GO:0006878 cellular copper ion homeostasis IEA --
GO:0008535 respiratory chain complex IV assembly TAS 9878253
GO:0033617 mitochondrial respiratory chain complex IV assembly IEA --
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with SCO1: view

No data available for SIGNOR curated interactions for SCO1 Gene

Drugs & Compounds for SCO1 Gene

(3) Drugs for SCO1 Gene - From: DrugBank, HMDB, and Novoseek

Name Status Disease Links Group Role Mechanism of Action Clinical Trials
Copper Approved Pharma Target 188

(1) Additional Compounds for SCO1 Gene - From: Novoseek

Name Synonyms Role CAS Number PubChem IDs PubMed IDs
genes like me logo Genes that share compounds with SCO1: view

Transcripts for SCO1 Gene

Unigene Clusters for SCO1 Gene

SCO1 cytochrome c oxidase assembly protein:
Representative Sequences:

CRISPR Products

Inhibitory RNA Products

Alternative Splicing Database (ASD) splice patterns (SP) for SCO1 Gene

ExUns: 1 ^ 2a · 2b ^ 3a · 3b · 3c ^ 4 ^ 5 ^ 6a · 6b
SP1: - - -
SP2: -
SP3: -

Relevant External Links for SCO1 Gene

GeneLoc Exon Structure for
ECgene alternative splicing isoforms for

Expression for SCO1 Gene

mRNA expression in normal human tissues from GTEx, Illumina, BioGPS, and CGAP SAGE for SCO1 Gene

mRNA expression in embryonic tissues and stem cells from LifeMap Discovery

Protein differential expression in normal tissues from HIPED for SCO1 Gene

This gene is overexpressed in Gallbladder (8.9).

Integrated Proteomics: protein expression in normal tissues and cell lines from ProteomicsDB, PaxDb, MaxQB, and MOPED for SCO1 Gene

Protein tissue co-expression partners for SCO1 Gene

- Elite partner

NURSA nuclear receptor signaling pathways regulating expression of SCO1 Gene:


SOURCE GeneReport for Unigene cluster for SCO1 Gene:


mRNA Expression by UniProt/SwissProt for SCO1 Gene:

Tissue specificity: Predominantly expressed in tissues characterized by high rates of oxidative phosphorylation (OxPhos), including muscle, heart, and brain.

Evidence on tissue expression from TISSUES for SCO1 Gene

  • Nervous system(4.5)
  • Adrenal gland(4.4)
  • Liver(2.2)

Phenotype-based relationships between genes and organs from Gene ORGANizer for SCO1 Gene

Germ Layers:
  • ectoderm
  • endoderm
  • mesoderm
  • cardiovascular
  • digestive
  • immune
  • integumentary
  • nervous
  • respiratory
  • skeletal muscle
  • skeleton
  • urinary
Head and neck:
  • brain
  • cerebrospinal fluid
  • chin
  • cranial nerve
  • ear
  • eye
  • eyelid
  • face
  • head
  • meninges
  • neck
  • skull
  • bronchus
  • heart
  • heart valve
  • lung
  • trachea
  • kidney
  • liver
  • blood
  • blood vessel
  • coagulation system
  • peripheral nervous system
  • red blood cell
  • skin
  • spinal cord
genes like me logo Genes that share expression patterns with SCO1: view

No data available for mRNA differential expression in normal tissues for SCO1 Gene

Orthologs for SCO1 Gene

This gene was present in the common ancestor of eukaryotes.

Orthologs for SCO1 Gene

Organism Taxonomy Gene Similarity Type Details
(Pan troglodytes)
Mammalia SCO1 33 34
  • 99.11 (n)
(Bos Taurus)
Mammalia SCO1 33 34
  • 86.6 (n)
(Canis familiaris)
Mammalia SCO1 33 34
  • 82.77 (n)
(Rattus norvegicus)
Mammalia Sco1 33
  • 79.52 (n)
(Mus musculus)
Mammalia Sco1 33 16 34
  • 79.29 (n)
(Monodelphis domestica)
Mammalia -- 34
  • 69 (a)
-- 34
  • 58 (a)
(Ornithorhynchus anatinus)
Mammalia -- 34
  • 65 (a)
-- 34
  • 58 (a)
(Gallus gallus)
Aves SCO1 33 34
  • 75.39 (n)
(Anolis carolinensis)
Reptilia SCO1 34
  • 77 (a)
tropical clawed frog
(Silurana tropicalis)
Amphibia LOC100494754 33
  • 68.96 (n)
(Danio rerio)
Actinopterygii LOC796572 33
  • 60.94 (n)
SCO1 34
  • 51 (a)
fruit fly
(Drosophila melanogaster)
Insecta Scox 33 34
  • 56.98 (n)
CG8885 35
  • 54 (a)
African malaria mosquito
(Anopheles gambiae)
Insecta AgaP_AGAP008774 33
  • 54.06 (n)
(Caenorhabditis elegans)
Secernentea sco-1 33 34
  • 51.92 (n)
C01F1.2 35
  • 45 (a)
K. lactis yeast
(Kluyveromyces lactis)
Saccharomycetes KLLA0D03630g 33
  • 51.23 (n)
baker's yeast
(Saccharomyces cerevisiae)
Saccharomycetes SCO1 33 34
  • 49.09 (n)
SCO2 34 36
  • 29 (a)
A. gosspyii yeast
(Ashbya gossypii)
Saccharomycetes AGOS_AEL191C 33
  • 46.47 (n)
thale cress
(Arabidopsis thaliana)
eudicotyledons AT3G08950 33
  • 52.12 (n)
Alicante grape
(Vitis vinifera)
eudicotyledons Vvi.5491 33
(Oryza sativa)
Liliopsida Os02g0159700 33
  • 57.43 (n)
Os.8872 33
sea squirt
(Ciona savignyi)
Ascidiacea CSA.4765 34
  • 52 (a)
fission yeast
(Schizosaccharomyces pombe)
Schizosaccharomycetes sco1 33
  • 51.28 (n)
bread mold
(Neurospora crassa)
Ascomycetes NCU03177 33
  • 48.1 (n)
Species where no ortholog for SCO1 was found in the sources mined by GeneCards:
  • Actinobacteria (Mycobacterium tuberculosis)
  • African clawed frog (Xenopus laevis)
  • alpha proteobacteria (Wolbachia pipientis)
  • amoeba (Dictyostelium discoideum)
  • Archea (Pyrococcus horikoshii)
  • barley (Hordeum vulgare)
  • beta proteobacteria (Neisseria meningitidis)
  • Chromalveolata (Phytophthora infestans)
  • common water flea (Daphnia pulex)
  • corn (Zea mays)
  • E. coli (Escherichia coli)
  • filamentous fungi (Aspergillus nidulans)
  • Firmicute bacteria (Streptococcus pneumoniae)
  • green algae (Chlamydomonas reinhardtii)
  • honey bee (Apis mellifera)
  • loblloly pine (Pinus taeda)
  • malaria parasite (Plasmodium falciparum)
  • medicago trunc (Medicago Truncatula)
  • moss (Physcomitrella patens)
  • orangutan (Pongo pygmaeus)
  • pig (Sus scrofa)
  • rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss)
  • rice blast fungus (Magnaporthe grisea)
  • schistosome parasite (Schistosoma mansoni)
  • sea anemone (Nematostella vectensis)
  • sea urchin (Strongylocentrotus purpuratus)
  • sorghum (Sorghum bicolor)
  • soybean (Glycine max)
  • stem rust fungus (Puccinia graminis)
  • sugarcane (Saccharum officinarum)
  • tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum)
  • toxoplasmosis (Toxoplasma gondii)
  • Trichoplax (Trichoplax adhaerens)
  • wheat (Triticum aestivum)

Evolution for SCO1 Gene

Gene Tree for SCO1 (if available)
Gene Tree for SCO1 (if available)

Paralogs for SCO1 Gene

Paralogs for SCO1 Gene

(1) SIMAP similar genes for SCO1 Gene using alignment to 3 proteins: Pseudogenes for SCO1 Gene

genes like me logo Genes that share paralogs with SCO1: view

Variants for SCO1 Gene

Sequence variations from dbSNP and Humsavar for SCO1 Gene

SNP ID Clin Chr 17 pos Sequence Context AA Info Type
rs104894630 Pathogenic, Mitochondrial complex IV deficiency (MT-C4D) [MIM:220110] 10,692,805(-) CTGTC(C/T)AGAAG reference, missense
rs587776629 Pathogenic 10,695,741(+) CTTAC(-/TC)TCTGC upstream-variant-2KB, reference, frameshift-variant
rs587777220 Pathogenic 10,692,932(+) CTTGC(C/T)GATGT reference, missense
rs766454175 Pathogenic 10,692,775(+) CATCC(-/A)CGACT reference, frameshift-variant
rs11538237 Likely benign 10,695,808(+) GTGAT(C/T)GCTAA upstream-variant-2KB, reference, synonymous-codon, utr-variant-5-prime

Structural Variations from Database of Genomic Variants (DGV) for SCO1 Gene

Variant ID Type Subtype PubMed ID
nsv1058835 CNV loss 25217958
nsv1063900 CNV gain 25217958
nsv1065819 CNV gain 25217958
nsv833367 CNV loss 17160897

Variation tolerance for SCO1 Gene

Residual Variation Intolerance Score: 33.3% of all genes are more intolerant (likely to be disease-causing)
Gene Damage Index Score: 3.32; 53.43% of all genes are more intolerant (likely to be disease-causing)

Relevant External Links for SCO1 Gene

Human Gene Mutation Database (HGMD)
SNPedia medical, phenotypic, and genealogical associations of SNPs for

No data available for Polymorphic Variants from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for SCO1 Gene

Disorders for SCO1 Gene

MalaCards: The human disease database

(8) MalaCards diseases for SCO1 Gene - From: HGMD, OMIM, ClinVar, GeneTests, Orphanet, Swiss-Prot, DISEASES, Novoseek, and GeneCards

Disorder Aliases PubMed IDs
mitochondrial complex iv deficiency
  • cytochrome-c oxidase deficiency disease
fatal infantile cytochrome c oxidase deficiency
  • fatal infantile cox deficiency
hepatic failure, early-onset, and neurologic disorder due to cytochrome c oxidase deficiency
leigh syndrome
  • leigh syndrome due to mitochondrial complex i deficiency
- elite association - COSMIC cancer census association via MalaCards
Search SCO1 in MalaCards View complete list of genes associated with diseases


  • Mitochondrial complex IV deficiency (MT-C4D) [MIM:220110]: A disorder of the mitochondrial respiratory chain with heterogeneous clinical manifestations, ranging from isolated myopathy to severe multisystem disease affecting several tissues and organs. Features include hypertrophic cardiomyopathy, hepatomegaly and liver dysfunction, hypotonia, muscle weakness, exercise intolerance, developmental delay, delayed motor development and mental retardation. Some affected individuals manifest a fatal hypertrophic cardiomyopathy resulting in neonatal death. A subset of patients manifest Leigh syndrome. {ECO:0000269 PubMed:11013136, ECO:0000269 PubMed:17189203}. Note=The disease is caused by mutations affecting the gene represented in this entry.

Relevant External Links for SCO1

Genetic Association Database (GAD)
Human Genome Epidemiology (HuGE) Navigator
Atlas of Genetics and Cytogenetics in Oncology and Haematology:
genes like me logo Genes that share disorders with SCO1: view

No data available for Genatlas for SCO1 Gene

Publications for SCO1 Gene

  1. The human cytochrome c oxidase assembly factors SCO1 and SCO2 have regulatory roles in the maintenance of cellular copper homeostasis. (PMID: 17189203) Leary SC … Shoubridge EA (Cell metabolism 2007) 3 4 22 60
  2. Crystal structure of human SCO1: implications for redox signaling by a mitochondrial cytochrome c oxidase "assembly" protein. (PMID: 15659396) Williams JC … Schon EA (The Journal of biological chemistry 2005) 3 4 22 60
  3. Mutations of the SCO1 gene in mitochondrial cytochrome c oxidase deficiency with neonatal-onset hepatic failure and encephalopathy. (PMID: 11013136) Valnot I … Rötig A (American journal of human genetics 2000) 3 4 22 60
  4. Characterization of human SCO1 and COX17 genes in mitochondrial cytochrome-c-oxidase deficiency. (PMID: 11027508) Horvath R … Jaksch M (Biochemical and biophysical research communications 2000) 3 4 22 60
  5. Identification and characterization of human cDNAs specific to BCS1, PET112, SCO1, COX15, and COX11, five genes involved in the formation and function of the mitochondrial respiratory chain. (PMID: 9878253) Petruzzella V … Zeviani M (Genomics 1998) 2 3 4 60

Products for SCO1 Gene

Sources for SCO1 Gene

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