Aliases for CCR5 Gene
External Ids for CCR5 Gene
Previous HGNC Symbols for CCR5 Gene
Previous GeneCards Identifiers for CCR5 Gene
This gene encodes a member of the beta chemokine receptor family, which is predicted to be a seven transmembrane protein similar to G protein-coupled receptors. This protein is expressed by T cells and macrophages, and is known to be an important co-receptor for macrophage-tropic virus, including HIV, to enter host cells. Defective alleles of this gene have been associated with the HIV infection resistance. The ligands of this receptor include monocyte chemoattractant protein 2 (MCP-2), macrophage inflammatory protein 1 alpha (MIP-1 alpha), macrophage inflammatory protein 1 beta (MIP-1 beta) and regulated on activation normal T expressed and secreted protein (RANTES). Expression of this gene was also detected in a promyeloblastic cell line, suggesting that this protein may play a role in granulocyte lineage proliferation and differentiation. This gene is located at the chemokine receptor gene cluster region. An allelic polymorphism in this gene results in both functional and non-functional alleles; the reference genome represents the functional allele. Two transcript variants encoding the same protein have been found for this gene. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2015]
GeneCards Summary for CCR5 Gene
CCR5 (C-C Motif Chemokine Receptor 5 (Gene/Pseudogene)) is a Protein Coding gene. Diseases associated with CCR5 include West Nile Virus and Diabetes Mellitus, Insulin-Dependent, 22. Among its related pathways are Cytokine Signaling in Immune system and Akt Signaling. Gene Ontology (GO) annotations related to this gene include G-protein coupled receptor activity and phosphatidylinositol phospholipase C activity. An important paralog of this gene is CCR2.
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for CCR5 Gene
Receptor for a number of inflammatory CC-chemokines including MIP-1-alpha, MIP-1-beta and RANTES and subsequently transduces a signal by increasing the intracellular calcium ion level. May play a role in the control of granulocytic lineage proliferation or differentiation. Acts as a coreceptor (CD4 being the primary receptor) for HIV-1 R5 isolates.
(Microbial infection) Acts as a receptor for human immunodeficiency virus-1/HIV-1.
Chemokine CC receptors (CCRs) predominantly recognize CC chemokines. CC chemokines are distinguished by having four conserved cysteines, with the first two cysteines being adjacent to each other. There are 10 chemokine CC receptors.