Aliases for HSP90AB1 Gene
External Ids for HSP90AB1 Gene
Previous Symbols for HSP90AB1 Gene
This gene encodes a member of the heat shock protein 90 family; these proteins are involved in signal transduction, protein folding and degradation and morphological evolution. This gene encodes the constitutive form of the cytosolic 90 kDa heat-shock protein and is thought to play a role in gastric apoptosis and inflammation. Alternative splicing results in multiple transcript variants. Pseudogenes have been identified on multiple chromosomes. [provided by RefSeq, Dec 2012]
GeneCards Summary for HSP90AB1 Gene
HSP90AB1 (Heat Shock Protein 90kDa Alpha (Cytosolic), Class B Member 1) is a Protein Coding gene. Among its related pathways are PI3K-Akt signaling pathway and Pathways in cancer. GO annotations related to this gene include GTP binding and unfolded protein binding. An important paralog of this gene is HSP90AA1.
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for HSP90AB1 Gene
Molecular chaperone that promotes the maturation, structural maintenance and proper regulation of specific target proteins involved for instance in cell cycle control and signal transduction. Undergoes a functional cycle that is linked to its ATPase activity. This cycle probably induces conformational changes in the client proteins, thereby causing their activation. Interacts dynamically with various co-chaperones that modulate its substrate recognition, ATPase cycle and chaperone function.
Hsp90 (90 kDa heat shock protein) is a molecular chaperone that aids protein folding and quality control for a large number of client proteins. Functional Hsp90 operates as dimer and has intrinsic ATPase activity. The Hsp90 dimer acts in concert with other chaperones (e.g. Hsp70) and is regulated by a number of co-chaperones/accessory proteins (e.g. Hop, cdc37). Hsp90 has been shown to interact with >100 proteins and some notable clients include kinases (e.g. Raf-1), nuclear hormone receptors (e.g. estrogen receptors), transcription factors (e.g. p53), GPCRs (e.g. CB2 receptors) and ion channels (e.g. CFTR). In humans, the Hsp90beta isoform is constitutively expressed whereas the Hsp90alpha isoforms is expressed under stress conditions. Hsp90 plays an important role in some tumor cell types by stabilising mutated oncogenic proteins.