Free for academic non-profit institutions. Other users need a Commercial license

Aliases for ZNF81 Gene

Aliases for ZNF81 Gene

  • Zinc Finger Protein 81 2 3 5
  • HFZ20 3 4
  • Mental Retardation, X-Linked 45 2
  • Zinc Finger Protein 81 (HFZ20) 2
  • DJ54B20.6 3
  • MRX45 3

External Ids for ZNF81 Gene

Previous HGNC Symbols for ZNF81 Gene

  • MRX45

Previous GeneCards Identifiers for ZNF81 Gene

  • GC0XU990240
  • GC0XM046035
  • GC0XM046352
  • GC0XP046779
  • GC0XP047452
  • GC0XP047581
  • GC0XP047696
  • GC0XP045408

Summaries for ZNF81 Gene

Entrez Gene Summary for ZNF81 Gene

  • This gene encodes a protein that likely functions as a transcription factor. The protein contains an N-terminal KRAB domain and several C2H2-type zinc finger motifs. Mutations in this gene cause mental retardation X-linked type 45 (MRX45). [provided by RefSeq, May 2010]

GeneCards Summary for ZNF81 Gene

ZNF81 (Zinc Finger Protein 81) is a Protein Coding gene. Diseases associated with ZNF81 include Non-Syndromic X-Linked Intellectual Disability and Aland Island Eye Disease. GO annotations related to this gene include nucleic acid binding and transcription factor activity, sequence-specific DNA binding. An important paralog of this gene is ZNF175.

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for ZNF81 Gene

  • May be involved in transcriptional regulation.

No data available for Tocris Summary , Gene Wiki entry , PharmGKB "VIP" Summary , fRNAdb sequence ontologies and piRNA Summary for ZNF81 Gene

Genomics for ZNF81 Gene

Regulatory Elements for ZNF81 Gene

Enhancers for ZNF81 Gene
GeneHancer Identifier Score Enhancer Sources TSS distance (kb) Number of Genes Away Size (kb) Transcription Factor Binding Sites within enhancer Other Gene Targets for Enhancer

Enhancers around ZNF81 on UCSC Golden Path with GeneCards custom track

Promoters for ZNF81 Gene
Ensembl Regulatory Elements (ENSRs) TSS Distance (bp) Size (bp) Binding Sites for Transcription Factors within promoters

ENSRs around ZNF81 on UCSC Golden Path with GeneCards custom track

Genomic Location for ZNF81 Gene

47,836,871 bp from pter
48,002,561 bp from pter
165,691 bases
Plus strand

Genomic View for ZNF81 Gene

Genes around ZNF81 on UCSC Golden Path with GeneCards custom track

Cytogenetic band:
ZNF81 Gene in genomic location: bands according to Ensembl, locations according to GeneLoc (and/or Entrez Gene and/or Ensembl if different)
Genomic Location for ZNF81 Gene
GeneLoc Logo Genomic Neighborhood Exon StructureGene Density

RefSeq DNA sequence for ZNF81 Gene

Proteins for ZNF81 Gene

  • Protein details for ZNF81 Gene (UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot)

    Protein Symbol:
    Recommended name:
    Zinc finger protein 81
    Protein Accession:
    Secondary Accessions:
    • Q6RX22
    • Q96QH6

    Protein attributes for ZNF81 Gene

    661 amino acids
    Molecular mass:
    75960 Da
    Quaternary structure:
    No Data Available

neXtProt entry for ZNF81 Gene

Proteomics data for ZNF81 Gene at MOPED

Post-translational modifications for ZNF81 Gene

  • Modification sites at PhosphoSitePlus
  • Modification sites at neXtProt

Other Protein References for ZNF81 Gene

No data available for DME Specific Peptides for ZNF81 Gene

Domains & Families for ZNF81 Gene

Protein Domains for ZNF81 Gene

Graphical View of Domain Structure for InterPro Entry



  • Contains 1 KRAB domain.
  • Belongs to the krueppel C2H2-type zinc-finger protein family.
  • Contains 12 C2H2-type zinc fingers.
  • Contains 1 KRAB domain.
  • Belongs to the krueppel C2H2-type zinc-finger protein family.
  • Contains 12 C2H2-type zinc fingers.
genes like me logo Genes that share domains with ZNF81: view

Function for ZNF81 Gene

Molecular function for ZNF81 Gene

GENATLAS Biochemistry:
zinc finger protein 81 (H2F10) (C2H2 type,Kruppel-like)
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot Function:
May be involved in transcriptional regulation.
genes like me logo Genes that share phenotypes with ZNF81: view

Human Phenotype Ontology for ZNF81 Gene

HPO Id HPO Name Alternative Ids Definition Synonyms

Animal Model Products

CRISPR Products

No data available for Enzyme Numbers (IUBMB) , Gene Ontology (GO) - Molecular Function , Animal Models , Transcription Factor Targets and HOMER Transcription for ZNF81 Gene

Localization for ZNF81 Gene

Subcellular locations from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for ZNF81 Gene

Subcellular locations from

Jensen Localization Image for ZNF81 Gene COMPARTMENTS Subcellular localization image for ZNF81 gene
Compartment Confidence
nucleus 5
cytosol 3
cytoskeleton 2

No data available for Gene Ontology (GO) - Cellular Components for ZNF81 Gene

Pathways & Interactions for ZNF81 Gene

SuperPathways for ZNF81 Gene

No Data Available

Interacting Proteins for ZNF81 Gene

Gene Ontology (GO) - Biological Process for ZNF81 Gene


No data available for Pathways by source and SIGNOR curated interactions for ZNF81 Gene

Drugs & Compounds for ZNF81 Gene

No Compound Related Data Available

Transcripts for ZNF81 Gene

Unigene Clusters for ZNF81 Gene

Zinc finger protein 81:
Representative Sequences:

Alternative Splicing Database (ASD) splice patterns (SP) for ZNF81 Gene

No ASD Table

Relevant External Links for ZNF81 Gene

GeneLoc Exon Structure for
ECgene alternative splicing isoforms for

Expression for ZNF81 Gene

mRNA expression in normal human tissues for ZNF81 Gene

SOURCE GeneReport for Unigene cluster for ZNF81 Gene Hs.114246

genes like me logo Genes that share expression patterns with ZNF81: view

Primer Products

No data available for mRNA expression in embryonic tissues and stem cells from LifeMap Discovery , mRNA differential expression in normal tissues , Protein differential expression in normal tissues , Protein expression , mRNA Expression by UniProt/SwissProt and Protein tissue co-expression partners for ZNF81 Gene

Orthologs for ZNF81 Gene

This gene was present in the common ancestor of mammals.

Orthologs for ZNF81 Gene

Organism Taxonomy Gene Similarity Type Details
(Bos Taurus)
Mammalia ZNF81 35
  • 88.5 (n)
  • 86.23 (a)
ZNF81 36
  • 87 (a)
(Canis familiaris)
Mammalia ZNF81 35
  • 90.12 (n)
  • 87.59 (a)
ZNF81 36
  • 78 (a)
(Pan troglodytes)
Mammalia ZNF81 35
  • 99.85 (n)
  • 99.85 (a)
ZNF81 36
  • 100 (a)
(Rattus norvegicus)
Mammalia LOC100363372 35
  • 81.74 (n)
  • 75.11 (a)
Species with no ortholog for ZNF81:
  • A. gosspyii yeast (Ashbya gossypii)
  • Actinobacteria (Mycobacterium tuberculosis)
  • African clawed frog (Xenopus laevis)
  • African malaria mosquito (Anopheles gambiae)
  • Alicante grape (Vitis vinifera)
  • alpha proteobacteria (Wolbachia pipientis)
  • amoeba (Dictyostelium discoideum)
  • Archea (Pyrococcus horikoshii)
  • baker's yeast (Saccharomyces cerevisiae)
  • barley (Hordeum vulgare)
  • beta proteobacteria (Neisseria meningitidis)
  • bread mold (Neurospora crassa)
  • chicken (Gallus gallus)
  • Chromalveolata (Phytophthora infestans)
  • common water flea (Daphnia pulex)
  • corn (Zea mays)
  • E. coli (Escherichia coli)
  • filamentous fungi (Aspergillus nidulans)
  • Firmicute bacteria (Streptococcus pneumoniae)
  • fission yeast (Schizosaccharomyces pombe)
  • fruit fly (Drosophila melanogaster)
  • green algae (Chlamydomonas reinhardtii)
  • honey bee (Apis mellifera)
  • K. lactis yeast (Kluyveromyces lactis)
  • lizard (Anolis carolinensis)
  • loblloly pine (Pinus taeda)
  • malaria parasite (Plasmodium falciparum)
  • medicago trunc (Medicago Truncatula)
  • moss (Physcomitrella patens)
  • mouse (Mus musculus)
  • oppossum (Monodelphis domestica)
  • orangutan (Pongo pygmaeus)
  • pig (Sus scrofa)
  • platypus (Ornithorhynchus anatinus)
  • rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss)
  • rice (Oryza sativa)
  • rice blast fungus (Magnaporthe grisea)
  • schistosome parasite (Schistosoma mansoni)
  • sea anemone (Nematostella vectensis)
  • sea squirt (Ciona intestinalis)
  • sea squirt (Ciona savignyi)
  • sea urchin (Strongylocentrotus purpuratus)
  • sorghum (Sorghum bicolor)
  • soybean (Glycine max)
  • stem rust fungus (Puccinia graminis)
  • sugarcane (Saccharum officinarum)
  • thale cress (Arabidopsis thaliana)
  • tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum)
  • toxoplasmosis (Toxoplasma gondii)
  • Trichoplax (Trichoplax adhaerens)
  • tropical clawed frog (Silurana tropicalis)
  • wheat (Triticum aestivum)
  • worm (Caenorhabditis elegans)
  • zebrafish (Danio rerio)

Evolution for ZNF81 Gene

Gene Tree for ZNF81 (if available)
Gene Tree for ZNF81 (if available)

Paralogs for ZNF81 Gene

Paralogs for ZNF81 Gene

(528) SIMAP similar genes for ZNF81 Gene using alignment to 4 proteins: Pseudogenes for ZNF81 Gene

genes like me logo Genes that share paralogs with ZNF81: view

Variants for ZNF81 Gene

Sequence variations from dbSNP and Humsavar for ZNF81 Gene

SNP ID Clin Chr 0X pos Sequence Context AA Info Type
rs183846665 - 47,846,275(+) GCCAG(C/T)TAACG reference, missense
rs41312157 - 47,915,116(+) CCTCA(A/G)TAAGA reference, missense
rs28933691 Mental retardation, X-linked 45 (MRX45) 47,915,182(+) TCCAA(A/G)CCCAA reference, missense
rs186251256 - 47,915,200(+) TCTTT(C/T)ACAGA reference, missense
rs182239885 - 47,916,141(+) CCTAT(A/G)TATGC reference, missense

Structural Variations from Database of Genomic Variants (DGV) for ZNF81 Gene

Variant ID Type Subtype PubMed ID
esv2545209 CNV Deletion 19546169
dgv2442e1 CNV Complex 17122850
esv271510 CNV Insertion 20981092

Variation tolerance for ZNF81 Gene

Residual Variation Intolerance Score: 86.8% of all genes are more intolerant (likely to be disease-causing)
Gene Damage Index Score: 3.73; 57.60% of all genes are more intolerant (likely to be disease-causing)

Relevant External Links for ZNF81 Gene

Human Gene Mutation Database (HGMD)

No data available for Polymorphic Variants from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for ZNF81 Gene

Disorders for ZNF81 Gene

MalaCards: The human disease database

(2) MalaCards diseases for ZNF81 Gene - From: Orphanet and DISEASES

Disorder Aliases PubMed IDs
non-syndromic x-linked intellectual disability
  • mrx
aland island eye disease
  • forsius-eriksson syndrome
- elite association - COSMIC cancer census association via MalaCards
Search ZNF81 in MalaCards View complete list of genes associated with diseases


  • Mental retardation, X-linked 45 (MRX45) [MIM:300498]: A disorder characterized by significantly below average general intellectual functioning associated with impairments in adaptive behavior and manifested during the developmental period. Intellectual deficiency is the only primary symptom of non-syndromic X-linked mental retardation, while syndromic mental retardation presents with associated physical, neurological and/or psychiatric manifestations. {ECO:0000269 PubMed:15121780}. Note=The disease is caused by mutations affecting the gene represented in this entry.
  • Note=A chromosomal aberration involving ZNF81 is found in a severe mental retardation patient. Translocation t(X;9)(p11.23;q34.3). {ECO:0000269 PubMed:15121780}.

Relevant External Links for ZNF81

Atlas of Genetics and Cytogenetics in Oncology and Haematology:
genes like me logo Genes that share disorders with ZNF81: view

No data available for Genatlas for ZNF81 Gene

Publications for ZNF81 Gene

  1. Zinc finger 81 (ZNF81) mutations associated with X-linked mental retardation. (PMID: 15121780) Kleefstra T. … van Bokhoven H. (J. Med. Genet. 2004) 2 3 4 67
  2. A novel X-linked member of the human zinc finger protein gene family: isolation, mapping, and expression. (PMID: 8507979) Marino M. … Grimaldi G. (Mamm. Genome 1993) 2 3
  3. Diversification of transcriptional modulation: large-scale identification and characterization of putative alternative promoters of human genes. (PMID: 16344560) Kimura K. … Sugano S. (Genome Res. 2006) 3
  4. Complete sequencing and characterization of 21,243 full-length human cDNAs. (PMID: 14702039) Ota T. … Sugano S. (Nat. Genet. 2004) 3
  5. Generation and initial analysis of more than 15,000 full-length human and mouse cDNA sequences. (PMID: 12477932) Strausberg R.L. … Marra M.A. (Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 2002) 3

Products for ZNF81 Gene

Sources for ZNF81 Gene