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Aliases for ZNF408 Gene

Aliases for ZNF408 Gene

  • Zinc Finger Protein 408 2 3 5
  • PR Domain Zinc Finger Protein 17 3 4
  • PRDM17 4
  • PFM14 4
  • EVR6 3
  • RP72 3

External Ids for ZNF408 Gene

Previous GeneCards Identifiers for ZNF408 Gene

  • GC11P047600
  • GC11P046753
  • GC11P046686
  • GC11P046678
  • GC11P046428

Summaries for ZNF408 Gene

Entrez Gene Summary for ZNF408 Gene

  • The protein encoded by this gene contains ten tandem zinc fingers and an N-terminal SET domain, so it is likely a DNA binding protein that interacts with other proteins. In adults, the encoded protein is expressed most highly in retina. Consequently, defects in this gene have been associated with familial exudative vitreoretinopathy (FEVR) and retinitis pigmentosa (RP). [provided by RefSeq, Dec 2016]

GeneCards Summary for ZNF408 Gene

ZNF408 (Zinc Finger Protein 408) is a Protein Coding gene. Diseases associated with ZNF408 include Exudative Vitreoretinopathy 6 and Retinitis Pigmentosa 72. GO annotations related to this gene include identical protein binding. An important paralog of this gene is ZFAT.

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for ZNF408 Gene

  • May be involved in transcriptional regulation.

No data available for CIViC summary , Tocris Summary , Gene Wiki entry , PharmGKB "VIP" Summary , fRNAdb sequence ontologies and piRNA Summary for ZNF408 Gene

Genomics for ZNF408 Gene

Regulatory Elements for ZNF408 Gene

Enhancers for ZNF408 Gene
GeneHancer Identifier Enhancer Score Enhancer Sources Gene-Enhancer Score TSS distance (kb) Number of Genes Away Size (kb) Transcription Factor Binding Sites within enhancer Gene Targets for Enhancer
GH11G046241 2.1 FANTOM5 Ensembl ENCODE dbSUPER 19.4 -457.7 -457714 3.9 PKNOX1 FOXA2 CREB3L1 ARNT AGO1 ZFP64 ARID4B SIN3A FEZF1 DMAP1 ENSG00000270060 DDB2 LOC101928812 RPS10P19 ZNF408 LINC02489 CREB3L1 MAPK8IP1 LRP4-AS1 ATG13
GH11G045898 1.9 FANTOM5 Ensembl ENCODE dbSUPER 14.8 -800.6 -800631 2.7 ATF1 CREB3L1 AGO1 ARID4B SIN3A DMAP1 ZBTB7B GLIS2 ZMIZ1 SP3 ZNF408 RPS10P19 MAPK8IP1 DGKZ ENSG00000255498
GH11G047247 1.2 ENCODE 23.2 +548.0 548019 2.2 CREB3L1 MLX AGO1 ZFP64 DMAP1 FEZF1 YY1 ZNF143 ZNF263 SP3 DDB2 NUP160 ZNF408 RPS10P19 ENSG00000270060 PACSIN3 ACP2 FNBP4 ENSG00000200090 ENSG00000256897
GH11G047373 1.8 FANTOM5 ENCODE dbSUPER 14.8 +675.9 675876 6.2 HDGF PKNOX1 CREB3L1 WRNIP1 ARID4B SIN3A YBX1 ZNF2 ZNF766 CBX5 FNBP4 NUP160 ENSG00000200090 C1QTNF4 SLC39A13 ENSG00000270060 PSMC3 ZNF408 SPI1 ENSG00000255197
GH11G046099 1.6 Ensembl ENCODE dbSUPER 14.8 -600.3 -600251 2.6 HDGF ARNT SIN3A DMAP1 ZNF2 ZNF766 ZNF143 FOS ZNF263 SP3 ZNF408 PHF21A RPS10P19 LARGE2 ENSG00000254653
- Elite enhancer and/or Elite enhancer-gene association Download GeneHancer data dump

Enhancers around ZNF408 on UCSC Golden Path with GeneCards custom track

Promoters for ZNF408 Gene
Ensembl Regulatory Elements (ENSRs) TSS Distance (bp) Size (bp) Binding Sites for Transcription Factors within promoters
ENSR00000263902 -67 2201 MLX CREB3L1 FEZF1 DMAP1 YY1 SLC30A9 ZNF143 ZNF263 SP3 TBX21
ENSR00000039590 1333 201 PKNOX1 RBFOX2

Genomic Location for ZNF408 Gene

46,700,767 bp from pter
46,705,916 bp from pter
5,150 bases
Plus strand

Genomic View for ZNF408 Gene

Genes around ZNF408 on UCSC Golden Path with GeneCards custom track

Cytogenetic band:
ZNF408 Gene in genomic location: bands according to Ensembl, locations according to GeneLoc (and/or Entrez Gene and/or Ensembl if different)
Genomic Location for ZNF408 Gene
GeneLoc Logo Genomic Neighborhood Exon StructureGene Density

RefSeq DNA sequence for ZNF408 Gene

Proteins for ZNF408 Gene

  • Protein details for ZNF408 Gene (UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot)

    Protein Symbol:
    Recommended name:
    Zinc finger protein 408
    Protein Accession:

    Protein attributes for ZNF408 Gene

    720 amino acids
    Molecular mass:
    78439 Da
    Quaternary structure:
    No Data Available

neXtProt entry for ZNF408 Gene

Post-translational modifications for ZNF408 Gene

  • Modification sites at PhosphoSitePlus
  • Modification sites at neXtProt

Other Protein References for ZNF408 Gene

ENSEMBL proteins:
REFSEQ proteins:

No data available for DME Specific Peptides for ZNF408 Gene

Domains & Families for ZNF408 Gene

Gene Families for ZNF408 Gene

Protein Domains for ZNF408 Gene

Suggested Antigen Peptide Sequences for ZNF408 Gene

GenScript: Design optimal peptide antigens:

Graphical View of Domain Structure for InterPro Entry

genes like me logo Genes that share domains with ZNF408: view

No data available for UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for ZNF408 Gene

Function for ZNF408 Gene

Molecular function for ZNF408 Gene

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot Function:
May be involved in transcriptional regulation.

Gene Ontology (GO) - Molecular Function for ZNF408 Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0003677 DNA binding IEA --
GO:0005515 protein binding IPI 14667819
GO:0042802 identical protein binding IPI 15231747
GO:0046872 metal ion binding IEA --
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with ZNF408: view
genes like me logo Genes that share phenotypes with ZNF408: view

Human Phenotype Ontology for ZNF408 Gene

HPO Id HPO Name Alternative Ids Definition Synonyms

Animal Models for ZNF408 Gene

MGI Knock Outs for ZNF408:

Animal Model Products

CRISPR Products

miRNA for ZNF408 Gene

miRTarBase miRNAs that target ZNF408

Inhibitory RNA Products

No data available for Enzyme Numbers (IUBMB) , Transcription Factor Targets and HOMER Transcription for ZNF408 Gene

Localization for ZNF408 Gene

Subcellular locations from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for ZNF408 Gene

Subcellular locations from

Extracellular space Cytosol Plasma membrane Cytoskeleton Lysosome Endosome Peroxisome ER Golgi Apparatus Nucleus Mitochondrion 0 1 2 3 4 5 Confidence
COMPARTMENTS Subcellular localization image for ZNF408 gene
Compartment Confidence
nucleus 5
cytosol 3
cytoskeleton 2

Gene Ontology (GO) - Cellular Components for ZNF408 Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0005634 nucleus IDA,IEA 23716654
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with ZNF408: view

Pathways & Interactions for ZNF408 Gene

SuperPathways for ZNF408 Gene

No Data Available

Gene Ontology (GO) - Biological Process for ZNF408 Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0006351 transcription, DNA-templated IEA --
GO:0006355 regulation of transcription, DNA-templated IEA --
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with ZNF408: view

No data available for Pathways by source and SIGNOR curated interactions for ZNF408 Gene

Drugs & Compounds for ZNF408 Gene

No Compound Related Data Available

Transcripts for ZNF408 Gene

Unigene Clusters for ZNF408 Gene

Zinc finger protein 408:
Representative Sequences:

CRISPR Products

Inhibitory RNA Products

Alternative Splicing Database (ASD) splice patterns (SP) for ZNF408 Gene

ExUns: 1a · 1b · 1c · 1d ^ 2a · 2b · 2c ^ 3a · 3b ^ 4a · 4b ^ 5
SP1: - - - -
SP2: - - -
SP3: - - -
SP4: - -
SP5: -

Relevant External Links for ZNF408 Gene

GeneLoc Exon Structure for
ECgene alternative splicing isoforms for

Expression for ZNF408 Gene

mRNA expression in normal human tissues from GTEx, Illumina, BioGPS, and CGAP SAGE for ZNF408 Gene

Protein differential expression in normal tissues from HIPED for ZNF408 Gene

This gene is overexpressed in Adipocyte (59.1) and Lymph node (9.9).

Integrated Proteomics: protein expression in normal tissues and cell lines from ProteomicsDB, PaxDb, and MOPED for ZNF408 Gene

Protein tissue co-expression partners for ZNF408 Gene

- Elite partner

NURSA nuclear receptor signaling pathways regulating expression of ZNF408 Gene:


SOURCE GeneReport for Unigene cluster for ZNF408 Gene:


mRNA Expression by UniProt/SwissProt for ZNF408 Gene:

Tissue specificity: Highest expression is observed in adult retina; abundantly expressed in the fetal eye (PubMed:23716654). In the retina, it is detected in the outer nuclear layer, especially cone and rod photoreceptor cells, ganglion cell layer and both outer and inner plexiform layers (at protein level) (PubMed:25882705). Expressed in retinal blood vessels (at protein level) (PubMed:25882705).

Evidence on tissue expression from TISSUES for ZNF408 Gene

  • Lung(4.2)
  • Liver(4.1)
  • Nervous system(4.1)

Phenotype-based relationships between genes and organs from Gene ORGANizer for ZNF408 Gene

Germ Layers:
  • ectoderm
  • endoderm
  • mesoderm
  • cardiovascular
  • immune
  • integumentary
  • nervous
  • reproductive
  • respiratory
  • skeletal muscle
  • skeleton
Head and neck:
  • brain
  • cerebellum
  • cranial nerve
  • ear
  • eye
  • eyelid
  • face
  • head
  • jaw
  • mandible
  • maxilla
  • middle ear
  • mouth
  • neck
  • nose
  • outer ear
  • skull
  • chest wall
  • clavicle
  • rib
  • rib cage
  • scapula
  • sternum
  • pelvis
  • penis
  • testicle
  • ankle
  • arm
  • digit
  • elbow
  • femur
  • fibula
  • finger
  • foot
  • forearm
  • hand
  • hip
  • humerus
  • knee
  • lower limb
  • radius
  • shin
  • shoulder
  • thigh
  • tibia
  • toe
  • ulna
  • upper limb
  • wrist
  • blood
  • blood vessel
  • peripheral nervous system
  • red blood cell
  • skin
  • spinal column
  • vertebrae
genes like me logo Genes that share expression patterns with ZNF408: view

Primer Products

No data available for mRNA expression in embryonic tissues and stem cells from LifeMap Discovery and mRNA differential expression in normal tissues for ZNF408 Gene

Orthologs for ZNF408 Gene

This gene was present in the common ancestor of chordates.

Orthologs for ZNF408 Gene

Organism Taxonomy Gene Similarity Type Details
(Pan troglodytes)
Mammalia ZNF408 34 35
  • 99.26 (n)
(Canis familiaris)
Mammalia ZNF408 34 35
  • 85.21 (n)
(Bos Taurus)
Mammalia ZNF408 34 35
  • 82.16 (n)
(Mus musculus)
Mammalia Zfp408 34 16 35
  • 76.99 (n)
(Rattus norvegicus)
Mammalia LOC100362202 34
  • 76.16 (n)
(Monodelphis domestica)
Mammalia ZNF408 35
  • 47 (a)
(Anolis carolinensis)
Reptilia ZNF408 35
  • 57 (a)
tropical clawed frog
(Silurana tropicalis)
Amphibia znf408 34
  • 56.28 (n)
(Danio rerio)
Actinopterygii LOC793421 34
  • 50.65 (n)
ZNF408 35
  • 35 (a)
rainbow trout
(Oncorhynchus mykiss)
Actinopterygii Omy.7747 34
Species where no ortholog for ZNF408 was found in the sources mined by GeneCards:
  • A. gosspyii yeast (Ashbya gossypii)
  • Actinobacteria (Mycobacterium tuberculosis)
  • African clawed frog (Xenopus laevis)
  • African malaria mosquito (Anopheles gambiae)
  • Alicante grape (Vitis vinifera)
  • alpha proteobacteria (Wolbachia pipientis)
  • amoeba (Dictyostelium discoideum)
  • Archea (Pyrococcus horikoshii)
  • baker's yeast (Saccharomyces cerevisiae)
  • barley (Hordeum vulgare)
  • beta proteobacteria (Neisseria meningitidis)
  • bread mold (Neurospora crassa)
  • chicken (Gallus gallus)
  • Chromalveolata (Phytophthora infestans)
  • common water flea (Daphnia pulex)
  • corn (Zea mays)
  • E. coli (Escherichia coli)
  • filamentous fungi (Aspergillus nidulans)
  • Firmicute bacteria (Streptococcus pneumoniae)
  • fission yeast (Schizosaccharomyces pombe)
  • fruit fly (Drosophila melanogaster)
  • green algae (Chlamydomonas reinhardtii)
  • honey bee (Apis mellifera)
  • K. lactis yeast (Kluyveromyces lactis)
  • loblloly pine (Pinus taeda)
  • malaria parasite (Plasmodium falciparum)
  • medicago trunc (Medicago Truncatula)
  • moss (Physcomitrella patens)
  • orangutan (Pongo pygmaeus)
  • pig (Sus scrofa)
  • platypus (Ornithorhynchus anatinus)
  • rice (Oryza sativa)
  • rice blast fungus (Magnaporthe grisea)
  • schistosome parasite (Schistosoma mansoni)
  • sea anemone (Nematostella vectensis)
  • sea squirt (Ciona intestinalis)
  • sea squirt (Ciona savignyi)
  • sea urchin (Strongylocentrotus purpuratus)
  • sorghum (Sorghum bicolor)
  • soybean (Glycine max)
  • stem rust fungus (Puccinia graminis)
  • sugarcane (Saccharum officinarum)
  • thale cress (Arabidopsis thaliana)
  • tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum)
  • toxoplasmosis (Toxoplasma gondii)
  • Trichoplax (Trichoplax adhaerens)
  • wheat (Triticum aestivum)
  • worm (Caenorhabditis elegans)

Evolution for ZNF408 Gene

Gene Tree for ZNF408 (if available)
Gene Tree for ZNF408 (if available)

Paralogs for ZNF408 Gene

Variants for ZNF408 Gene

Sequence variations from dbSNP and Humsavar for ZNF408 Gene

SNP ID Clin Chr 11 pos Sequence Context AA Info Type
rs373273223 Pathogenic, Vitreoretinopathy, exudative 6 (EVR6) [MIM:616468] 46,705,063(+) GGCTG(C/T)ATCGC reference, missense
rs536561101 Uncertain significance, Vitreoretinopathy, exudative 6 (EVR6) [MIM:616468] 46,702,750(+) GCAGA(A/G)TTCTG reference, missense
rs781192528 Pathogenic, Retinitis pigmentosa 72 (RP72) [MIM:616469] 46,705,321(+) TGCGG(C/T)GCCAT reference, missense
rs875989821 Pathogenic 46,702,736(+) GTGTG(-/TG)CCTGT reference, frameshift-variant
rs547169524 Uncertain significance 46,705,550(+) CTACA(A/C)CCTCC reference, missense

Variation tolerance for ZNF408 Gene

Residual Variation Intolerance Score: 11.3% of all genes are more intolerant (likely to be disease-causing)
Gene Damage Index Score: 9.00; 87.41% of all genes are more intolerant (likely to be disease-causing)

Relevant External Links for ZNF408 Gene

Human Gene Mutation Database (HGMD)
SNPedia medical, phenotypic, and genealogical associations of SNPs for

No data available for Polymorphic Variants from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot and Structural Variations from Database of Genomic Variants (DGV) for ZNF408 Gene

Disorders for ZNF408 Gene

MalaCards: The human disease database

(5) MalaCards diseases for ZNF408 Gene - From: OMIM, ClinVar, GeneTests, Orphanet, Swiss-Prot, DISEASES, and GeneCards

Disorder Aliases PubMed IDs
exudative vitreoretinopathy 6
  • vitreoretinopathy, exudative 6
retinitis pigmentosa 72
  • rp72
exudative vitreoretinopathy
  • exudative vitreoretinopathy 1
retinitis pigmentosa
  • retinitis pigmentosa 1
retinal vascular disease
  • retina circulation disorder
- elite association - COSMIC cancer census association via MalaCards


  • Retinitis pigmentosa 72 (RP72) [MIM:616469]: A retinal dystrophy belonging to the group of pigmentary retinopathies. Retinitis pigmentosa is characterized by retinal pigment deposits visible on fundus examination and primary loss of rod photoreceptor cells followed by secondary loss of cone photoreceptors. Patients typically have night vision blindness and loss of midperipheral visual field. As their condition progresses, they lose their far peripheral visual field and eventually central vision as well. {ECO:0000269 PubMed:25882705}. Note=The disease is caused by mutations affecting the gene represented in this entry.
  • Vitreoretinopathy, exudative 6 (EVR6) [MIM:616468]: A form of exudative vitreoretinopathy, a disorder of the retinal vasculature characterized by an abrupt cessation of growth of peripheral capillaries, leading to an avascular peripheral retina. This may lead to compensatory retinal neovascularization, which is thought to be induced by hypoxia from the initial avascular insult. New vessels are prone to leakage and rupture causing exudates and bleeding, followed by scarring, retinal detachment and blindness. Clinical features can be highly variable, even within the same family. Patients with mild forms of the disease are asymptomatic, and their only disease related abnormality is an arc of avascular retina in the extreme temporal periphery. {ECO:0000269 PubMed:23716654}. Note=The disease is caused by mutations affecting the gene represented in this entry.

Relevant External Links for ZNF408

Genetic Association Database (GAD)
Atlas of Genetics and Cytogenetics in Oncology and Haematology:
genes like me logo Genes that share disorders with ZNF408: view

No data available for Genatlas for ZNF408 Gene

Publications for ZNF408 Gene

  1. Whole Exome Sequencing Reveals ZNF408 as a New Gene Associated With Autosomal Recessive Retinitis Pigmentosa with Vitreal Alterations. (PMID: 25882705) Avila-Fernandez A. … Ayuso C. (Hum. Mol. Genet. 2015) 3 4 64
  2. ZNF408 is mutated in familial exudative vitreoretinopathy and is crucial for the development of zebrafish retinal vasculature. (PMID: 23716654) Collin R.W. … Cremers F.P. (Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 2013) 3 4 64
  3. Twenty bone-mineral-density loci identified by large-scale meta-analysis of genome-wide association studies. (PMID: 19801982) Rivadeneira F. … Uitterlinden A.G. (Nat. Genet. 2009) 3 46 64
  4. A protein interaction framework for human mRNA degradation. (PMID: 15231747) Lehner B. … Sanderson C.M. (Genome Res. 2004) 2 3 64
  5. Complete sequencing and characterization of 21,243 full-length human cDNAs. (PMID: 14702039) Ota T. … Sugano S. (Nat. Genet. 2004) 3 4 64

Products for ZNF408 Gene

Sources for ZNF408 Gene

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