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Aliases for XCL1 Gene

Aliases for XCL1 Gene

  • X-C Motif Chemokine Ligand 1 2 3
  • Chemokine (C Motif) Ligand 1 2 3 5
  • Small Inducible Cytokine Subfamily C, Member 1 (Lymphotactin) 2 3
  • Small-Inducible Cytokine C1 3 4
  • XC Chemokine Ligand 1 3 4
  • C Motif Chemokine 1 3 4
  • Cytokine SCM-1 3 4
  • Lymphotaxin 3 4
  • SCM-1-Alpha 3 4
  • SCYC1 3 4
  • ATAC 3 4
  • LTN 3 4
  • Single Cysteine Motif 1a 3
  • Lymphotactin 2
  • SCM-1a 3
  • SCM-1 3
  • SCM1A 3
  • LPTN 3
  • SCM1 3

External Ids for XCL1 Gene

Previous HGNC Symbols for XCL1 Gene

  • LTN
  • SCYC1

Previous GeneCards Identifiers for XCL1 Gene

  • GC01P166180
  • GC01P164196
  • GC01P165241
  • GC01P165733
  • GC01P165277
  • GC01P166812
  • GC01P139791

Summaries for XCL1 Gene

Entrez Gene Summary for XCL1 Gene

  • This antimicrobial gene encodes a member of the chemokine superfamily. Chemokines function in inflammatory and immunological responses, inducing leukocyte migration and activation. The encoded protein is a member of the C-chemokine subfamily, retaining only two of four cysteines conserved in other chemokines, and is thought to be specifically chemotactic for T cells. This gene and a closely related family member are located on the long arm of chromosome 1. [provided by RefSeq, Sep 2014]

GeneCards Summary for XCL1 Gene

XCL1 (X-C Motif Chemokine Ligand 1) is a Protein Coding gene. Diseases associated with XCL1 include Renal Tuberculosis. Among its related pathways are Peptide ligand-binding receptors and Interleukin-3, 5 and GM-CSF signaling. GO annotations related to this gene include protein homodimerization activity and chemokine receptor binding. An important paralog of this gene is XCL2.

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for XCL1 Gene

  • Chemotactic activity for lymphocytes but not for monocytes or neutrophils.

No data available for Tocris Summary , Gene Wiki entry , PharmGKB "VIP" Summary , fRNAdb sequence ontologies and piRNA Summary for XCL1 Gene

Genomics for XCL1 Gene

Regulatory Elements for XCL1 Gene

Enhancers for XCL1 Gene
GeneHancer Identifier Score Enhancer Sources TSS distance (kb) Number of Genes Away Size (kb) Transcription Factor Binding Sites within enhancer Other Gene Targets for Enhancer

Enhancers around XCL1 on UCSC Golden Path with GeneCards custom track

Genomic Location for XCL1 Gene

168,576,061 bp from pter
168,582,077 bp from pter
6,017 bases
Plus strand

Genomic View for XCL1 Gene

Genes around XCL1 on UCSC Golden Path with GeneCards custom track

Cytogenetic band:
XCL1 Gene in genomic location: bands according to Ensembl, locations according to GeneLoc (and/or Entrez Gene and/or Ensembl if different)
Genomic Location for XCL1 Gene
GeneLoc Logo Genomic Neighborhood Exon StructureGene Density

RefSeq DNA sequence for XCL1 Gene

Proteins for XCL1 Gene

  • Protein details for XCL1 Gene (UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot)

    Protein Symbol:
    Recommended name:
    Protein Accession:
    Secondary Accessions:
    • Q52MA8

    Protein attributes for XCL1 Gene

    114 amino acids
    Molecular mass:
    12517 Da
    Quaternary structure:
    No Data Available

    Three dimensional structures from OCA and Proteopedia for XCL1 Gene

neXtProt entry for XCL1 Gene

Proteomics data for XCL1 Gene at MOPED

Post-translational modifications for XCL1 Gene

  • Modification sites at PhosphoSitePlus
  • Modification sites at neXtProt

Other Protein References for XCL1 Gene

ENSEMBL proteins:
REFSEQ proteins:

Antibody Products

  • R&D Systems Antibodies for XCL1 (XCL1/Lymphotactin)

No data available for DME Specific Peptides for XCL1 Gene

Domains & Families for XCL1 Gene

Gene Families for XCL1 Gene

Protein Domains for XCL1 Gene

Suggested Antigen Peptide Sequences for XCL1 Gene

GenScript: Design optimal peptide antigens:

Graphical View of Domain Structure for InterPro Entry



  • Belongs to the intercrine gamma family.
  • Belongs to the intercrine gamma family.
genes like me logo Genes that share domains with XCL1: view

Function for XCL1 Gene

Molecular function for XCL1 Gene

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot Function:
Chemotactic activity for lymphocytes but not for monocytes or neutrophils.

Gene Ontology (GO) - Molecular Function for XCL1 Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0048020 CCR chemokine receptor binding IBA --
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with XCL1: view
genes like me logo Genes that share phenotypes with XCL1: view

Animal Models for XCL1 Gene

MGI Knock Outs for XCL1:

Animal Model Products

  • Taconic Biosciences Mouse Models for XCL1

No data available for Enzyme Numbers (IUBMB) , Human Phenotype Ontology , miRNA , Transcription Factor Targets and HOMER Transcription for XCL1 Gene

Localization for XCL1 Gene

Subcellular locations from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for XCL1 Gene


Subcellular locations from

Jensen Localization Image for XCL1 Gene COMPARTMENTS Subcellular localization image for XCL1 gene
Compartment Confidence
extracellular 5
cytosol 1
nucleus 1
plasma membrane 1

No data available for Gene Ontology (GO) - Cellular Components for XCL1 Gene

Pathways & Interactions for XCL1 Gene

genes like me logo Genes that share pathways with XCL1: view

SIGNOR curated interactions for XCL1 Gene


Gene Ontology (GO) - Biological Process for XCL1 Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0001916 positive regulation of T cell mediated cytotoxicity IDA 18832695
GO:0002548 monocyte chemotaxis IBA --
GO:0002690 positive regulation of leukocyte chemotaxis ISS --
GO:0002725 negative regulation of T cell cytokine production IDA 10887101
GO:0002726 positive regulation of T cell cytokine production ISS --
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with XCL1: view

Drugs & Compounds for XCL1 Gene

(9) Drugs for XCL1 Gene - From: Novoseek

Name Status Disease Links Group Role Mechanism of Action Clinical Trials

(2) Additional Compounds for XCL1 Gene - From: Novoseek

Name Synonyms Role CAS Number PubChem IDs PubMed IDs
genes like me logo Genes that share compounds with XCL1: view

Transcripts for XCL1 Gene

mRNA/cDNA for XCL1 Gene

(2) REFSEQ mRNAs :
(5) Additional mRNA sequences :
(23) Selected AceView cDNA sequences:
(1) Ensembl transcripts including schematic representations, and UCSC links where relevant :

Unigene Clusters for XCL1 Gene

Chemokine (C motif) ligand 1:
Representative Sequences:

Alternative Splicing Database (ASD) splice patterns (SP) for XCL1 Gene

No ASD Table

Relevant External Links for XCL1 Gene

GeneLoc Exon Structure for
ECgene alternative splicing isoforms for

Expression for XCL1 Gene

mRNA expression in normal human tissues for XCL1 Gene

mRNA expression in embryonic tissues and stem cells from LifeMap Discovery

mRNA differential expression in normal tissues according to GTEx for XCL1 Gene

This gene is overexpressed in Whole Blood (x9.5) and Spleen (x7.5).

SOURCE GeneReport for Unigene cluster for XCL1 Gene Hs.546295

mRNA Expression by UniProt/SwissProt for XCL1 Gene

Tissue specificity: Highest level in spleen, lower in peripheral leukocytes and very low levels in lung, colon and small intestine.
genes like me logo Genes that share expression patterns with XCL1: view

Primer Products

No data available for Protein differential expression in normal tissues , Protein expression and Protein tissue co-expression partners for XCL1 Gene

Orthologs for XCL1 Gene

This gene was present in the common ancestor of chordates.

Orthologs for XCL1 Gene

Organism Taxonomy Gene Similarity Type Details
(Bos Taurus)
Mammalia XCL2 35
  • 79.17 (n)
  • 70.54 (a)
-- 36
  • 71 (a)
XCL1 36
  • 68 (a)
(Canis familiaris)
Mammalia LOC490356 35
  • 80.48 (n)
  • 71.17 (a)
-- 36
  • 71 (a)
(Mus musculus)
Mammalia Xcl1 35
  • 73.39 (n)
  • 60.53 (a)
Xcl1 16
Xcl1 36
  • 61 (a)
(Pan troglodytes)
Mammalia XCL1 35
  • 98.83 (n)
  • 99.12 (a)
-- 36
  • 96 (a)
-- 36
  • 99 (a)
(Rattus norvegicus)
Mammalia Xcl1 35
  • 71.64 (n)
  • 57.02 (a)
(Monodelphis domestica)
Mammalia -- 36
  • 49 (a)
-- 36
  • 43 (a)
(Ornithorhynchus anatinus)
Mammalia -- 36
  • 47 (a)
(Gallus gallus)
Aves IFNG 36
  • 29 (a)
Species with no ortholog for XCL1:
  • A. gosspyii yeast (Ashbya gossypii)
  • Actinobacteria (Mycobacterium tuberculosis)
  • African clawed frog (Xenopus laevis)
  • African malaria mosquito (Anopheles gambiae)
  • Alicante grape (Vitis vinifera)
  • alpha proteobacteria (Wolbachia pipientis)
  • amoeba (Dictyostelium discoideum)
  • Archea (Pyrococcus horikoshii)
  • baker's yeast (Saccharomyces cerevisiae)
  • barley (Hordeum vulgare)
  • beta proteobacteria (Neisseria meningitidis)
  • bread mold (Neurospora crassa)
  • Chromalveolata (Phytophthora infestans)
  • common water flea (Daphnia pulex)
  • corn (Zea mays)
  • E. coli (Escherichia coli)
  • filamentous fungi (Aspergillus nidulans)
  • Firmicute bacteria (Streptococcus pneumoniae)
  • fission yeast (Schizosaccharomyces pombe)
  • fruit fly (Drosophila melanogaster)
  • green algae (Chlamydomonas reinhardtii)
  • honey bee (Apis mellifera)
  • K. lactis yeast (Kluyveromyces lactis)
  • lizard (Anolis carolinensis)
  • loblloly pine (Pinus taeda)
  • malaria parasite (Plasmodium falciparum)
  • medicago trunc (Medicago Truncatula)
  • moss (Physcomitrella patens)
  • orangutan (Pongo pygmaeus)
  • pig (Sus scrofa)
  • rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss)
  • rice (Oryza sativa)
  • rice blast fungus (Magnaporthe grisea)
  • schistosome parasite (Schistosoma mansoni)
  • sea anemone (Nematostella vectensis)
  • sea squirt (Ciona intestinalis)
  • sea squirt (Ciona savignyi)
  • sea urchin (Strongylocentrotus purpuratus)
  • sorghum (Sorghum bicolor)
  • soybean (Glycine max)
  • stem rust fungus (Puccinia graminis)
  • sugarcane (Saccharum officinarum)
  • thale cress (Arabidopsis thaliana)
  • tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum)
  • toxoplasmosis (Toxoplasma gondii)
  • Trichoplax (Trichoplax adhaerens)
  • tropical clawed frog (Silurana tropicalis)
  • wheat (Triticum aestivum)
  • worm (Caenorhabditis elegans)
  • zebrafish (Danio rerio)

Evolution for XCL1 Gene

Gene Tree for XCL1 (if available)
Gene Tree for XCL1 (if available)

Paralogs for XCL1 Gene

Paralogs for XCL1 Gene

(15) SIMAP similar genes for XCL1 Gene using alignment to 1 proteins:

genes like me logo Genes that share paralogs with XCL1: view

Variants for XCL1 Gene

Sequence variations from dbSNP and Humsavar for XCL1 Gene

SNP ID Clin Chr 01 pos Sequence Context AA Info Type
rs15785 -- 168,581,274(+) TACAC(A/C/G)CTCAT utr-variant-3-prime
rs480717 -- 168,576,800(+) CTTTC(C/T)CCAGG intron-variant
rs552568 -- 168,574,845(+) catcc(C/T)atagg upstream-variant-2KB
rs470739 -- 168,574,509(-) CTCAT(G/T)GTGTT upstream-variant-2KB
rs470742 -- 168,574,399(-) gcctg(G/T)tatgt upstream-variant-2KB

Structural Variations from Database of Genomic Variants (DGV) for XCL1 Gene

Variant ID Type Subtype PubMed ID
nsv831836 CNV Gain+Loss 17160897
esv2661292 CNV Deletion 23128226

Variation tolerance for XCL1 Gene

Residual Variation Intolerance Score: 78.9% of all genes are more intolerant (likely to be disease-causing)
Gene Damage Index Score: 3.52; 55.54% of all genes are more intolerant (likely to be disease-causing)

No data available for Polymorphic Variants from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot and Relevant External Links for XCL1 Gene

Disorders for XCL1 Gene

MalaCards: The human disease database

(1) MalaCards diseases for XCL1 Gene - From: DISEASES and GeneCards

Disorder Aliases PubMed IDs
renal tuberculosis
  • tuberculosis of kidney
- elite association - COSMIC cancer census association via MalaCards
Search XCL1 in MalaCards View complete list of genes associated with diseases

Relevant External Links for XCL1

Genetic Association Database (GAD)
Human Genome Epidemiology (HuGE) Navigator
Atlas of Genetics and Cytogenetics in Oncology and Haematology:
genes like me logo Genes that share disorders with XCL1: view

No data available for UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot and Genatlas for XCL1 Gene

Publications for XCL1 Gene

  1. Molecular cloning of a novel C or gamma type chemokine, SCM-1. (PMID: 7875320) Yoshida T. … Yoshie O. (FEBS Lett. 1995) 2 3 4 23 67
  2. Molecular cloning and functional characterization of human lymphotactin. (PMID: 7602097) Kennedy J. … Zlotnik A. (J. Immunol. 1995) 2 3 23
  3. Expression and function of the C-class chemokine lymphotactin (XCL1) in Wegener's granulomatosis. (PMID: 19797511) Blaschke S. … MA1ller G.A. (J. Rheumatol. 2009) 3 23
  4. Elevation of serum lymphotactin levels in patients with systemic sclerosis. (PMID: 18322986) Muroi E. … Sato S. (J. Rheumatol. 2008) 3 23
  5. Interconversion between two unrelated protein folds in the lymphotactin native state. (PMID: 18364395) Tuinstra R.L. … Volkman B.F. (Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 2008) 3 23

Products for XCL1 Gene

Sources for XCL1 Gene