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Aliases for WRN Gene

Aliases for WRN Gene

  • Werner Syndrome RecQ Like Helicase 2 3 5
  • DNA Helicase, RecQ-Like Type 3 3 4
  • RecQ Protein-Like 2 3 4
  • Exonuclease WRN 3 4
  • RECQL2 3 4
  • RECQ3 3 4
  • Werner Syndrome ATP-Dependent Helicase 3
  • Werner Syndrome, RecQ Helicase-Like 3
  • Werner Syndrome 2
  • EC 3.6.4.12 4
  • EC 3.1.-.- 4
  • EC 3.6.1 58
  • RECQL3 3

External Ids for WRN Gene

Previous GeneCards Identifiers for WRN Gene

  • GC08P030795
  • GC08P031342
  • GC08P030948
  • GC08P029435

Summaries for WRN Gene

Entrez Gene Summary for WRN Gene

  • This gene encodes a member of the RecQ subfamily of DNA helicase proteins. The encoded nuclear protein is important in the maintenance of genome stability and plays a role in DNA repair, replication, transcription and telomere maintenance. This protein contains a N-terminal 3' to 5' exonuclease domain, an ATP-dependent helicase domain and RQC (RecQ helicase conserved region) domain in its central region, and a C-terminal HRDC (helicase RNase D C-terminal) domain and nuclear localization signal. Defects in this gene are the cause of Werner syndrome, an autosomal recessive disorder characterized by accelerated aging and an elevated risk for certain cancers. [provided by RefSeq, Aug 2017]

GeneCards Summary for WRN Gene

WRN (Werner Syndrome RecQ Like Helicase) is a Protein Coding gene. Diseases associated with WRN include Werner Syndrome and Bloom Syndrome. Among its related pathways are DNA Damage and DNA Double-Strand Break Repair. GO annotations related to this gene include nucleic acid binding and nucleotide binding. An important paralog of this gene is BLM.

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for WRN Gene

  • Multifunctional enzyme that has both magnesium and ATP-dependent DNA-helicase activity and 3->5 exonuclease activity towards double-stranded DNA with a 5-overhang. Has no nuclease activity towards single-stranded DNA or blunt-ended double-stranded DNA. Binds preferentially to DNA substrates containing alternate secondary structures, such as replication forks and Holliday junctions. May play an important role in the dissociation of joint DNA molecules that can arise as products of homologous recombination, at stalled replication forks or during DNA repair. Alleviates stalling of DNA polymerases at the site of DNA lesions. Important for genomic integrity. Plays a role in the formation of DNA replication focal centers; stably associates with foci elements generating binding sites for RP-A (By similarity). Plays a role in double-strand break repair after gamma-irradiation.

Gene Wiki entry for WRN Gene

Additional gene information for WRN Gene

No data available for CIViC summary , Tocris Summary , PharmGKB "VIP" Summary , fRNAdb sequence ontologies and piRNA Summary for WRN Gene

Genomics for WRN Gene

Regulatory Elements for WRN Gene

Enhancers for WRN Gene
GeneHancer Identifier Enhancer Score Enhancer Sources Gene-Enhancer Score TSS distance (kb) Number of Genes Away Size (kb) Transcription Factor Binding Sites within enhancer Gene Targets for Enhancer
GH08H030136 1.2 Ensembl ENCODE 41.6 -896.0 -895996 1 ATF1 ARNT SIN3A ZNF766 FOS ZNF548 ATF7 CAVIN1 JUNB ZNF592 WRN LEPROTL1 SARAF GTF2E2 ENSG00000253708 HSPA8P11 RPS15AP24 ENSG00000271869
GH08H030652 1.4 Ensembl ENCODE 34.2 -377.2 -377177 6 HDGF ARNT ARID4B SIN3A DMAP1 ZNF2 YY1 ZNF766 ZNF207 ZNF143 WRN GTF2E2 SMIM18 PPP2CB RNU5A-3P
GH08H030088 2 FANTOM5 Ensembl ENCODE dbSUPER 17.8 -940.5 -940477 9 HDGF PKNOX1 ARNT ARID4B SIN3A ZNF766 FOS NFYC REST ZNF592 LEPROTL1 SARAF WRN GTF2E2 HSPA8P11 ENSG00000253708 MBOAT4
GH08H030079 1.4 ENCODE dbSUPER 21.7 -950.9 -950939 4 HDGF PKNOX1 MLX ARNT ARID4B SIN3A FEZF1 DMAP1 ZNF2 YY1 LEPROTL1 WRN GTF2E2 SARAF TAGLN2P2 LINC02209 LOC105379354 RBPMS HSPA8P11 ENSG00000272256
GH08H030811 1.1 ENCODE 27.4 -220.8 -220756 2 HDGF MLX ARID4B SIN3A FEZF1 DMAP1 YY1 SLC30A9 ZNF766 ZNF143 PPP2CB GTF2E2 WRN PIR42776
- Elite enhancer and/or Elite enhancer-gene association Download GeneHancer data dump

Enhancers around WRN on UCSC Golden Path with GeneCards custom track

Promoters for WRN Gene
Ensembl Regulatory Elements (ENSRs) TSS Distance (bp) Size (bp) Binding Sites for Transcription Factors within promoters
ENSR00000223155 638 2201 HDGF PKNOX1 FOXA2 ARNT ARID4B SIN3A FEZF1 DMAP1 ZNF2 YY1

Genomic Location for WRN Gene

Chromosome:
8
Start:
31,033,262 bp from pter
End:
31,173,769 bp from pter
Size:
140,508 bases
Orientation:
Plus strand

Genomic View for WRN Gene

Genes around WRN on UCSC Golden Path with GeneCards custom track

Cytogenetic band:
WRN Gene in genomic location: bands according to Ensembl, locations according to GeneLoc (and/or Entrez Gene and/or Ensembl if different)
Genomic Location for WRN Gene
GeneLoc Logo Genomic Neighborhood Exon StructureGene Density

RefSeq DNA sequence for WRN Gene

Proteins for WRN Gene

  • Protein details for WRN Gene (UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot)

    Protein Symbol:
    Q14191-WRN_HUMAN
    Recommended name:
    Werner syndrome ATP-dependent helicase
    Protein Accession:
    Q14191
    Secondary Accessions:
    • A1KYY9

    Protein attributes for WRN Gene

    Size:
    1432 amino acids
    Molecular mass:
    162461 Da
    Cofactor:
    Name=Mg(2+); Xref=ChEBI:CHEBI:18420; Name=Mn(2+); Xref=ChEBI:CHEBI:29035; Name=Zn(2+); Xref=ChEBI:CHEBI:29105;
    Quaternary structure:
    • Monomer, and homooligomer. May exist as homodimer, homotrimer, homotetramer and/or homohexamer. Homotetramer, or homohexamer, when bound to DNA. Interacts via its N-terminal domain with WRNIP1 (By similarity). Interacts with EXO1, PCNA and SUPV3L1. Interacts with PML (isoform PML-4).

    Three dimensional structures from OCA and Proteopedia for WRN Gene

neXtProt entry for WRN Gene

Selected DME Specific Peptides for WRN Gene

Q14191:
  • VIHYGAPK
  • DEAHCIS

Post-translational modifications for WRN Gene

Other Protein References for WRN Gene

ENSEMBL proteins:
REFSEQ proteins:

Domains & Families for WRN Gene

Gene Families for WRN Gene

HGNC:
Human Protein Atlas (HPA):
  • Cancer-related genes
  • Disease related genes
  • Enzymes
  • Plasma proteins
  • Potential drug targets
  • Predicted intracellular proteins

Suggested Antigen Peptide Sequences for WRN Gene

GenScript: Design optimal peptide antigens:

Graphical View of Domain Structure for InterPro Entry

Q14191

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot:

WRN_HUMAN :
  • Belongs to the helicase family. RecQ subfamily.
Family:
  • Belongs to the helicase family. RecQ subfamily.
genes like me logo Genes that share domains with WRN: view

Function for WRN Gene

Molecular function for WRN Gene

GENATLAS Biochemistry:
DNA helicase(? 3->5 or 5>3) DNA containing exonuclease activity,ATP dependent, containing two transcription initiation sites,homologous to yeast Sgs1,E coli RecQ,C elegans F18C5.2 and X laevis focus forming activity 1 (FFA1),involved in DNA unwinding function,in RNA polymerase II activation in DNA repair replication foci formation,maintaining genomic integrity,stimulated by replication proteins RPA1,RPA2,RPA3,upregulated at the G2/M stage of the cell cycle,predominantly localized in the nucleoplasm,RecQl family
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot CatalyticActivity:
ATP + H(2)O = ADP + phosphate.
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot Function:
Multifunctional enzyme that has both magnesium and ATP-dependent DNA-helicase activity and 3->5 exonuclease activity towards double-stranded DNA with a 5-overhang. Has no nuclease activity towards single-stranded DNA or blunt-ended double-stranded DNA. Binds preferentially to DNA substrates containing alternate secondary structures, such as replication forks and Holliday junctions. May play an important role in the dissociation of joint DNA molecules that can arise as products of homologous recombination, at stalled replication forks or during DNA repair. Alleviates stalling of DNA polymerases at the site of DNA lesions. Important for genomic integrity. Plays a role in the formation of DNA replication focal centers; stably associates with foci elements generating binding sites for RP-A (By similarity). Plays a role in double-strand break repair after gamma-irradiation.

Enzyme Numbers (IUBMB) for WRN Gene

Phenotypes From GWAS Catalog for WRN Gene

Gene Ontology (GO) - Molecular Function for WRN Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0000287 magnesium ion binding IDA 16622405
GO:0000400 four-way junction DNA binding IDA 11735402
GO:0000403 Y-form DNA binding IDA 11735402
GO:0000405 bubble DNA binding IDA 11433031
GO:0003676 nucleic acid binding IEA --
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with WRN: view
genes like me logo Genes that share phenotypes with WRN: view

Human Phenotype Ontology for WRN Gene

HPO Id HPO Name Alternative Ids Definition Synonyms

Animal Models for WRN Gene

MGI Knock Outs for WRN:

Animal Model Products

CRISPR Products

Inhibitory RNA Products

Clone Products

  • Addgene plasmids for WRN
  • Applied Biological Materials Clones for WRN
  • Vectors and viruses for ORF, Lenti, Retro, Adenovirus, AAV, and more

No data available for Transcription Factor Targets and HOMER Transcription for WRN Gene

Localization for WRN Gene

Subcellular locations from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for WRN Gene

Nucleus, nucleolus. Nucleus. Nucleus, nucleoplasm. Note=Gamma-irradiation leads to its translocation from nucleoli to nucleoplasm and PML regulates the irradiation-induced WRN relocation. {ECO:0000269 PubMed:21639834}.

Subcellular locations from

COMPARTMENTS
Extracellular space Cytosol Plasma membrane Cytoskeleton Lysosome Endosome Peroxisome ER Golgi Apparatus Nucleus Mitochondrion 0 1 2 3 4 5 Confidence
COMPARTMENTS Subcellular localization image for WRN gene
Compartment Confidence
cytoskeleton 5
nucleus 5
cytosol 2
mitochondrion 1

Subcellular locations from the

Human Protein Atlas (HPA)
  • Nuclear speckles (3)
See all subcellular structures

Gene Ontology (GO) - Cellular Components for WRN Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0000781 chromosome, telomeric region IEA,IDA 15200954
GO:0005622 intracellular IEA --
GO:0005634 nucleus IEA --
GO:0005654 nucleoplasm TAS --
GO:0005657 replication fork ISS,IEA --
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with WRN: view

Pathways & Interactions for WRN Gene

genes like me logo Genes that share pathways with WRN: view

Pathways by source for WRN Gene

1 Cell Signaling Technology pathway for WRN Gene
1 BioSystems pathway for WRN Gene

SIGNOR curated interactions for WRN Gene

Is activated by:

Gene Ontology (GO) - Biological Process for WRN Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0000723 telomere maintenance IEA,TAS 25801465
GO:0000724 double-strand break repair via homologous recombination IBA --
GO:0000731 DNA synthesis involved in DNA repair IDA,TAS --
GO:0000732 strand displacement TAS --
GO:0001302 replicative cell aging IEA --
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with WRN: view

Drugs & Compounds for WRN Gene

(12) Drugs for WRN Gene - From: HMDB and Novoseek

Name Status Disease Links Group Role Mechanism of Action Clinical Trials
Phosphoric acid Approved Pharma 0
Water Approved Pharma 0
ATP Nutra Agonist 0
Magnesium Nutra 0

(9) Additional Compounds for WRN Gene - From: Novoseek and HMDB

Name Synonyms Role CAS Number PubChem IDs PubMed IDs
ADP
  • Adenosindiphosphorsaeure
  • Adenosine 5'-pyrophosphate
  • Adenosine diphosphate
  • Adenosine pyrophosphate
  • Adenosine-5'-diphosphate
Full agonist, Agonist 58-64-0
genes like me logo Genes that share compounds with WRN: view

Transcripts for WRN Gene

Unigene Clusters for WRN Gene

Werner syndrome, RecQ helicase-like:
Representative Sequences:

CRISPR Products

Inhibitory RNA Products

Clone Products

  • Addgene plasmids for WRN
  • Applied Biological Materials Clones for WRN
  • Vectors and viruses for ORF, Lenti, Retro, Adenovirus, AAV, and more

Alternative Splicing Database (ASD) splice patterns (SP) for WRN Gene

No ASD Table

Relevant External Links for WRN Gene

GeneLoc Exon Structure for
WRN
ECgene alternative splicing isoforms for
WRN

Expression for WRN Gene

mRNA expression in normal human tissues from GTEx, Illumina, BioGPS, and CGAP SAGE for WRN Gene

mRNA expression in embryonic tissues and stem cells from LifeMap Discovery

Protein differential expression in normal tissues from HIPED for WRN Gene

This gene is overexpressed in Adrenal (24.3), Pancreatic juice (22.3), Platelet (7.3), and Peripheral blood mononuclear cells (6.3).

Integrated Proteomics: protein expression in normal tissues and cell lines from ProteomicsDB, PaxDb, MaxQB, and MOPED for WRN Gene



Protein tissue co-expression partners for WRN Gene

NURSA nuclear receptor signaling pathways regulating expression of WRN Gene:

WRN

SOURCE GeneReport for Unigene cluster for WRN Gene:

Hs.632050

Phenotype-based relationships between genes and organs from Gene ORGANizer for WRN Gene

Germ Layers:
  • ectoderm
  • endoderm
  • mesoderm
Systems:
  • cardiovascular
  • endocrine
  • immune
  • integumentary
  • nervous
  • reproductive
  • respiratory
  • skeletal muscle
  • skeleton
  • urinary
Organs:
Head and neck:
  • brain
  • cheek
  • ear
  • eye
  • face
  • head
  • jaw
  • larynx
  • mandible
  • maxilla
  • meninges
  • mouth
  • neck
  • nose
  • pituitary gland
  • skull
  • vocal cord
Thorax:
  • breast
  • chest wall
  • clavicle
  • heart
  • lung
  • rib
  • rib cage
  • scapula
  • sternum
Abdomen:
  • kidney
  • pancreas
Pelvis:
  • ovary
  • pelvis
  • penis
  • prostate
  • testicle
  • uterus
  • vagina
  • vulva
Limb:
  • ankle
  • arm
  • digit
  • elbow
  • femur
  • fibula
  • finger
  • foot
  • forearm
  • hand
  • hip
  • humerus
  • knee
  • lower limb
  • nail
  • radius
  • shin
  • shoulder
  • thigh
  • tibia
  • toe
  • ulna
  • upper limb
  • wrist
General:
  • blood
  • blood vessel
  • hair
  • peripheral nerve
  • peripheral nervous system
  • skin
  • spinal column
  • vertebrae
genes like me logo Genes that share expression patterns with WRN: view

Primer Products

No data available for mRNA differential expression in normal tissues , mRNA Expression by UniProt/SwissProt and Evidence on tissue expression from TISSUES for WRN Gene

Orthologs for WRN Gene

This gene was present in the common ancestor of eukaryotes.

Orthologs for WRN Gene

Organism Taxonomy Gene Similarity Type Details
chimpanzee
(Pan troglodytes)
Mammalia WRN 33 34
  • 99.28 (n)
dog
(Canis familiaris)
Mammalia WRN 33 34
  • 84.58 (n)
cow
(Bos Taurus)
Mammalia WRN 33 34
  • 83.64 (n)
mouse
(Mus musculus)
Mammalia Wrn 33 16 34
  • 79.48 (n)
rat
(Rattus norvegicus)
Mammalia RGD1564788 33
  • 77.91 (n)
oppossum
(Monodelphis domestica)
Mammalia WRN 34
  • 59 (a)
OneToOne
platypus
(Ornithorhynchus anatinus)
Mammalia WRN 34
  • 59 (a)
OneToOne
chicken
(Gallus gallus)
Aves WRN 33 34
  • 64.04 (n)
lizard
(Anolis carolinensis)
Reptilia WRN 34
  • 52 (a)
OneToOne
tropical clawed frog
(Silurana tropicalis)
Amphibia wrn 33
  • 61.47 (n)
African clawed frog
(Xenopus laevis)
Amphibia FFA-1 33
zebrafish
(Danio rerio)
Actinopterygii wrn 33 34
  • 57.26 (n)
worm
(Caenorhabditis elegans)
Secernentea wrn-1 35 33 34
  • 45.87 (n)
baker's yeast
(Saccharomyces cerevisiae)
Saccharomycetes SGS1 34
  • 17 (a)
OneToMany
rice
(Oryza sativa)
Liliopsida Os07g0681600 33
  • 46.54 (n)
Species where no ortholog for WRN was found in the sources mined by GeneCards:
  • A. gosspyii yeast (Ashbya gossypii)
  • Actinobacteria (Mycobacterium tuberculosis)
  • African malaria mosquito (Anopheles gambiae)
  • Alicante grape (Vitis vinifera)
  • alpha proteobacteria (Wolbachia pipientis)
  • amoeba (Dictyostelium discoideum)
  • Archea (Pyrococcus horikoshii)
  • barley (Hordeum vulgare)
  • beta proteobacteria (Neisseria meningitidis)
  • bread mold (Neurospora crassa)
  • Chromalveolata (Phytophthora infestans)
  • common water flea (Daphnia pulex)
  • corn (Zea mays)
  • E. coli (Escherichia coli)
  • filamentous fungi (Aspergillus nidulans)
  • Firmicute bacteria (Streptococcus pneumoniae)
  • fission yeast (Schizosaccharomyces pombe)
  • fruit fly (Drosophila melanogaster)
  • green algae (Chlamydomonas reinhardtii)
  • honey bee (Apis mellifera)
  • K. lactis yeast (Kluyveromyces lactis)
  • loblloly pine (Pinus taeda)
  • malaria parasite (Plasmodium falciparum)
  • medicago trunc (Medicago Truncatula)
  • moss (Physcomitrella patens)
  • orangutan (Pongo pygmaeus)
  • pig (Sus scrofa)
  • rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss)
  • rice blast fungus (Magnaporthe grisea)
  • schistosome parasite (Schistosoma mansoni)
  • sea anemone (Nematostella vectensis)
  • sea squirt (Ciona intestinalis)
  • sea squirt (Ciona savignyi)
  • sea urchin (Strongylocentrotus purpuratus)
  • sorghum (Sorghum bicolor)
  • soybean (Glycine max)
  • stem rust fungus (Puccinia graminis)
  • sugarcane (Saccharum officinarum)
  • thale cress (Arabidopsis thaliana)
  • tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum)
  • toxoplasmosis (Toxoplasma gondii)
  • Trichoplax (Trichoplax adhaerens)
  • wheat (Triticum aestivum)

Evolution for WRN Gene

ENSEMBL:
Gene Tree for WRN (if available)
TreeFam:
Gene Tree for WRN (if available)

Paralogs for WRN Gene

Paralogs for WRN Gene

(1) SIMAP similar genes for WRN Gene using alignment to 1 proteins:

genes like me logo Genes that share paralogs with WRN: view

Variants for WRN Gene

Sequence variations from dbSNP and Humsavar for WRN Gene

SNP ID Clin Chr 08 pos Sequence Context AA Info Type
rs267607008 Pathogenic, Werner syndrome (WRN) [MIM:277700] 31,064,962(+) TTAAA(A/G)AGGCA nc-transcript-variant, reference, missense
rs387906337 Pathogenic, Werner syndrome (WRN) [MIM:277700] 31,064,934(+) TTAAA(A/T)ATGTT nc-transcript-variant, reference, missense
VAR_036318 A colorectal cancer sample
rs113993961 Pathogenic 31,141,680(+) TAATA(C/G)GGTAG splice-acceptor-variant
rs121908446 Pathogenic 31,157,461(+) TGGAG(C/T)GAGCA nc-transcript-variant, reference, stop-gained

Structural Variations from Database of Genomic Variants (DGV) for WRN Gene

Variant ID Type Subtype PubMed ID
nsv1020927 CNV loss 25217958
nsv1034307 CNV loss 25217958
nsv1133688 CNV deletion 24896259
nsv1145194 CNV deletion 24896259
nsv831278 CNV gain 17160897
nsv967578 CNV duplication 23825009

Variation tolerance for WRN Gene

Residual Variation Intolerance Score: 87.8% of all genes are more intolerant (likely to be disease-causing)
Gene Damage Index Score: 8.23; 84.96% of all genes are more intolerant (likely to be disease-causing)

Relevant External Links for WRN Gene

Human Gene Mutation Database (HGMD)
WRN
SNPedia medical, phenotypic, and genealogical associations of SNPs for
WRN

No data available for Polymorphic Variants from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for WRN Gene

Disorders for WRN Gene

MalaCards: The human disease database

(19) MalaCards diseases for WRN Gene - From: HGMD, OMIM, ClinVar, GeneTests, Orphanet, Swiss-Prot, DISEASES, Novoseek, and GeneCards

Disorder Aliases PubMed IDs
werner syndrome
  • adult premature ageing syndrome
bloom syndrome
  • bloom-torre-machacek syndrome
rothmund-thomson syndrome
  • congenital poikiloderma
hutchinson-gilford progeria
  • progeria
rapadilino syndrome
  • absent thumbs, dislocated joints, long face with narrow palpebral fissures, long slender nose, arched palate
- elite association - COSMIC cancer census association via MalaCards
Search WRN in MalaCards View complete list of genes associated with diseases

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot

WRN_HUMAN
  • Colorectal cancer (CRC) [MIM:114500]: A complex disease characterized by malignant lesions arising from the inner wall of the large intestine (the colon) and the rectum. Genetic alterations are often associated with progression from premalignant lesion (adenoma) to invasive adenocarcinoma. Risk factors for cancer of the colon and rectum include colon polyps, long-standing ulcerative colitis, and genetic family history. {ECO:0000305 PubMed:24308539, ECO:0000305 PubMed:9989816}. Note=The disease may be caused by mutations affecting the gene represented in this entry.
  • Werner syndrome (WRN) [MIM:277700]: A rare autosomal recessive progeroid syndrome characterized by the premature onset of multiple age-related disorders, including atherosclerosis, cancer, non-insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus, ocular cataracts and osteoporosis. The major cause of death, at a median age of 47, is myocardial infarction. {ECO:0000269 PubMed:16673358}. Note=The disease is caused by mutations affecting the gene represented in this entry.

Genatlas disease for WRN Gene

Werner syndrome of premature ageing,with presenile subcapsular posterior cataract,associated with an increased risk of cancer and a chromosome instability

Relevant External Links for WRN

Genetic Association Database (GAD)
WRN
Human Genome Epidemiology (HuGE) Navigator
WRN
Atlas of Genetics and Cytogenetics in Oncology and Haematology:
WRN
genes like me logo Genes that share disorders with WRN: view

Publications for WRN Gene

  1. Large-scale evaluation of candidate genes identifies associations between DNA repair and genomic maintenance and development of benzene hematotoxicity. (PMID: 18978339) Lan Q … Rothman N (Carcinogenesis 2009) 3 22 45 60
  2. The Werner syndrome protein binds replication fork and holliday junction DNAs as an oligomer. (PMID: 18596042) Compton SA … Griffith JD (The Journal of biological chemistry 2008) 3 4 22 60
  3. WRN polymorphisms affect expression levels of plasminogen activator inhibitor type 1 in cultured fibroblasts. (PMID: 18312663) Castro E … Angel-Chávez LI (BMC cardiovascular disorders 2008) 3 22 45 60
  4. Werner syndrome protein interacts functionally with translesion DNA polymerases. (PMID: 17563354) Kamath-Loeb AS … Loeb LA (Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 2007) 3 4 22 60
  5. Genetic variation in the premature aging gene WRN: a case-control study on breast cancer susceptibility. (PMID: 17301258) Ding SL … Shen CY (Cancer epidemiology, biomarkers & prevention : a publication of the American Association for Cancer Research, cosponsored by the American Society of Preventive Oncology 2007) 3 22 45 60

Products for WRN Gene

Sources for WRN Gene

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