Aliases for WIPI1 Gene
External Ids for WIPI1 Gene
Previous GeneCards Identifiers for WIPI1 Gene
WD40 repeat proteins are key components of many essential biologic functions. They regulate the assembly of multiprotein complexes by presenting a beta-propeller platform for simultaneous and reversible protein-protein interactions. Members of the WIPI subfamily of WD40 repeat proteins, such as WIPI1, have a 7-bladed propeller structure and contain a conserved motif for interaction with phospholipids (Proikas-Cezanne et al., 2004 [PubMed 15602573]).[supplied by OMIM, Mar 2008]
GeneCards Summary for WIPI1 Gene
WIPI1 (WD Repeat Domain, Phosphoinositide Interacting 1) is a Protein Coding gene. Diseases associated with WIPI1 include alcohol-related neurodevelopmental disorder. Among its related pathways are Biosynthesis of the N-glycan precursor (dolichol lipid-linked oligosaccharide, LLO) and transfer to a nascent protein and Unfolded Protein Response. GO annotations related to this gene include receptor binding and estrogen receptor binding. An important paralog of this gene is WIPI2.
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for WIPI1 Gene
Plays an important role in autophagy and in particular starvation- and calcium-mediated autophagy, as well as in mitophagy. Functions upstream of the ATG12-ATG5-ATG16L1 complex and LC3, and downstream of the ULK1 and PI3-kinase complexes. Involved in xenophagy of Staphylococcus aureus. Invading S.aureus cells become entrapped in autophagosome-like WIPI1 positive vesicles targeted for lysosomal degradation. Plays also a distinct role in controlling the transcription of melanogenic enzymes and melanosome maturation, a process that is distinct from starvation-induced autophagy. May also regulate the trafficking of proteins involved in the mannose-6-phosphate receptor (MPR) recycling pathway.