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Aliases for VTRNA2-1 Gene

Subcategory (RNA class) for VTRNA2-1 Gene

vault RNA

Quality Score for this RNA gene is


Aliases for VTRNA2-1 Gene

  • Vault RNA 2-1 2 3 5
  • MicroRNA 886 2 3
  • Cord Blood Lymphocyte-Derived Noncoding RNA 3 3
  • Noncoding RNA 886 3
  • Vault RNA 2 2
  • Hsa-Mir-886 3
  • SvtRNA2-1a 3
  • MIRN886 3
  • MIR886 3
  • VTRNA2 3
  • CBL-3 3
  • Hvg-5 3
  • Nc886 3
  • CBL3 3

External Ids for VTRNA2-1 Gene

ORGUL Members for VTRNA2-1 Gene

Previous HGNC Symbols for VTRNA2-1 Gene

  • MIR886
  • MIRN886
  • VTRNA2

Previous GeneCards Identifiers for VTRNA2-1 Gene

  • GC05M135417

Summaries for VTRNA2-1 Gene

Entrez Gene Summary for VTRNA2-1 Gene

  • This gene produces an RNA polymerase III transcript that resembles both a component of the ribonucleoprotein vault particle and a pre-microRNA. However, the RNA product does not function as a vault or microRNA; rather, it acts as a direct inhibitor of protein kinase R (also known as eukaryotic translation initiation factor 2-alpha kinase 2, EIF2AK2), and thereby plays an important role in the regulation of cell growth. This gene is located in the vicinity of a differentially methylated region (DMR) and is imprinted and may show allele-specific expression. This gene is also often hypermethylated and repressed in cancers. [provided by RefSeq, Nov 2015]

GeneCards Summary for VTRNA2-1 Gene

VTRNA2-1 (Vault RNA 2-1) is an RNA Gene, and is affiliated with the vault RNA class.

No data available for UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot , Tocris Summary , Gene Wiki entry , PharmGKB "VIP" Summary , fRNAdb sequence ontologies and piRNA Summary for VTRNA2-1 Gene

Genomics for VTRNA2-1 Gene

Regulatory Elements for VTRNA2-1 Gene

Enhancers for VTRNA2-1 Gene
GeneHancer Identifier Enhancer Score Enhancer Sources Gene-Enhancer Score TSS distance (kb) Number of Genes Away Size (kb) Transcription Factor Binding Sites within enhancer Gene Targets for Enhancer
GH05F136079 1.4 FANTOM5 ENCODE 0.8 -0.3 -261 1.7 PKNOX1 ATF1 ARNT CREB3L1 BRCA1 YY1 GTF3C2 GATA2 ZNF143 FOS SMAD5 LECT2 SMAD5-AS1 ENSG00000278815 VTRNA2-1 ENSG00000277859
GH05F136082 0.8 ENCODE 0.8 -2.0 -2010 0.2 ELF3 CTCF HDAC1 NFRKB BACH1 FEZF1 EBF1 RAD21 TEAD3 RELA SMAD5 LECT2 SMAD5-AS1 ENSG00000278815 VTRNA2-1 ENSG00000277859
GH05F136087 1.1 Ensembl ENCODE 0.4 -8.0 -8027 3.0 HDAC1 PKNOX1 ZNF766 GATA2 FOS CREM EGR2 ZEB2 REST NR2F2 SMAD5 SMAD5-AS1 LECT2 ENSG00000254239 IL9 ENSG00000278815 VTRNA2-1 ENSG00000277859
GH05F136093 0.9 ENCODE 0.4 -14.1 -14076 1.6 ATF1 ARID4B THRB ZSCAN9 RAD21 YY1 CREM MIXL1 CEBPB PBX2 SMAD5 SMAD5-AS1 ENSG00000254239 IL9 ENSG00000278815 VTRNA2-1 ENSG00000277859
GH05F136104 0.7 Ensembl ENCODE 0.3 -23.9 -23937 1.0 GATA3 NR2F2 SMAD5 SMAD5-AS1 ENSG00000254239 IL9 LOC389332 VTRNA2-1 ENSG00000277859 ENSG00000278815
- Elite enhancer and/or Elite enhancer-gene association Download GeneHancer data dump

Enhancers around VTRNA2-1 on UCSC Golden Path with GeneCards custom track

Promoters for VTRNA2-1 Gene
Ensembl Regulatory Elements (ENSRs) TSS Distance (bp) Size (bp) Binding Sites for Transcription Factors within promoters
ENSR00001874058 197 2000 PKNOX1 ATF1 ARNT CREB3L1 BRCA1 YY1 GTF3C2 GATA2 ZNF143 FOS

Genomic Location for VTRNA2-1 Gene

136,080,471 bp from pter
136,080,597 bp from pter
127 bases
Minus strand

Genomic View for VTRNA2-1 Gene

Genes around VTRNA2-1 on UCSC Golden Path with GeneCards custom track

Cytogenetic band:
VTRNA2-1 Gene in genomic location: bands according to Ensembl, locations according to GeneLoc (and/or Entrez Gene and/or Ensembl if different)
Genomic Location for VTRNA2-1 Gene
GeneLoc Logo Genomic Neighborhood Exon StructureGene Density

RefSeq DNA sequence for VTRNA2-1 Gene

Proteins for VTRNA2-1 Gene

Post-translational modifications for VTRNA2-1 Gene

No Post-translational modifications

No data available for DME Specific Peptides for VTRNA2-1 Gene

Domains & Families for VTRNA2-1 Gene

Gene Families for VTRNA2-1 Gene

Graphical View of Domain Structure for InterPro Entry

genes like me logo Genes that share domains with VTRNA2-1: view

No data available for Protein Domains , Suggested Antigen Peptide Sequences and UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for VTRNA2-1 Gene

Function for VTRNA2-1 Gene

Animal Model Products

miRNA Products

Clone Products

Flow Cytometry Products

No data available for Molecular function , Enzyme Numbers (IUBMB) , Gene Ontology (GO) - Molecular Function , Phenotypes , Human Phenotype Ontology , Animal Models , miRNA , Transcription Factor Targets and HOMER Transcription for VTRNA2-1 Gene

Localization for VTRNA2-1 Gene

No data available for Subcellular locations from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot , Subcellular locations from COMPARTMENTS and Gene Ontology (GO) - Cellular Components for VTRNA2-1 Gene

Pathways & Interactions for VTRNA2-1 Gene

SuperPathways for VTRNA2-1 Gene

No Data Available

Interacting Proteins for VTRNA2-1 Gene

Gene Ontology (GO) - Biological Process for VTRNA2-1 Gene


No data available for Pathways by source and SIGNOR curated interactions for VTRNA2-1 Gene

Transcripts for VTRNA2-1 Gene

mRNA/cDNA for VTRNA2-1 Gene

(1) Ensembl transcripts including schematic representations, and UCSC links where relevant :

miRNA Products

Clone Products

Flow Cytometry Products

Alternative Splicing Database (ASD) splice patterns (SP) for VTRNA2-1 Gene

No ASD Table

Relevant External Links for VTRNA2-1 Gene

GeneLoc Exon Structure for
ECgene alternative splicing isoforms for

Expression for VTRNA2-1 Gene

mRNA expression in normal human tissues from GTEx, Illumina, BioGPS, and SAGE for VTRNA2-1 Gene

mRNA differential expression in normal tissues according to GTEx for VTRNA2-1 Gene

This gene is overexpressed in Adipose - Visceral (Omentum) (x5.9).
genes like me logo Genes that share expression patterns with VTRNA2-1: view

No data available for mRNA expression in embryonic tissues and stem cells from LifeMap Discovery , Protein differential expression in normal tissues , Protein expression , Protein tissue co-expression partners and mRNA Expression by UniProt/SwissProt for VTRNA2-1 Gene

Orthologs for VTRNA2-1 Gene

This gene was present in the common ancestor of chordates.

Orthologs for VTRNA2-1 Gene

Organism Taxonomy Gene Similarity Type Details
(Pan troglodytes)
Mammalia Vault 35
  • 100 (a)
(Bos Taurus)
Mammalia Vault 35
  • 67 (a)
(Canis familiaris)
Mammalia Vault 35
  • 64 (a)
(Ornithorhynchus anatinus)
Mammalia Vault 35 35 35 35 35 35 35
  • 58 (a)
(Monodelphis domestica)
Mammalia Vault 35
  • 50 (a)
(Gallus gallus)
Aves Vault 35
  • 64 (a)
(Anolis carolinensis)
Reptilia Vault 35
  • 57 (a)
(Danio rerio)
Actinopterygii Vault 35 35 35
  • 50 (a)
sea squirt
(Ciona savignyi)
Ascidiacea Vault 35
  • 46 (a)
Species where no ortholog for VTRNA2-1 was found in the sources mined by GeneCards:
  • A. gosspyii yeast (Ashbya gossypii)
  • Actinobacteria (Mycobacterium tuberculosis)
  • African clawed frog (Xenopus laevis)
  • African malaria mosquito (Anopheles gambiae)
  • Alicante grape (Vitis vinifera)
  • alpha proteobacteria (Wolbachia pipientis)
  • amoeba (Dictyostelium discoideum)
  • Archea (Pyrococcus horikoshii)
  • baker's yeast (Saccharomyces cerevisiae)
  • barley (Hordeum vulgare)
  • beta proteobacteria (Neisseria meningitidis)
  • bread mold (Neurospora crassa)
  • Chromalveolata (Phytophthora infestans)
  • common water flea (Daphnia pulex)
  • corn (Zea mays)
  • E. coli (Escherichia coli)
  • filamentous fungi (Aspergillus nidulans)
  • Firmicute bacteria (Streptococcus pneumoniae)
  • fission yeast (Schizosaccharomyces pombe)
  • fruit fly (Drosophila melanogaster)
  • green algae (Chlamydomonas reinhardtii)
  • honey bee (Apis mellifera)
  • K. lactis yeast (Kluyveromyces lactis)
  • loblloly pine (Pinus taeda)
  • malaria parasite (Plasmodium falciparum)
  • medicago trunc (Medicago Truncatula)
  • moss (Physcomitrella patens)
  • mouse (Mus musculus)
  • orangutan (Pongo pygmaeus)
  • pig (Sus scrofa)
  • rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss)
  • rat (Rattus norvegicus)
  • rice (Oryza sativa)
  • rice blast fungus (Magnaporthe grisea)
  • schistosome parasite (Schistosoma mansoni)
  • sea anemone (Nematostella vectensis)
  • sea urchin (Strongylocentrotus purpuratus)
  • sorghum (Sorghum bicolor)
  • soybean (Glycine max)
  • stem rust fungus (Puccinia graminis)
  • sugarcane (Saccharum officinarum)
  • thale cress (Arabidopsis thaliana)
  • tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum)
  • toxoplasmosis (Toxoplasma gondii)
  • Trichoplax (Trichoplax adhaerens)
  • tropical clawed frog (Silurana tropicalis)
  • wheat (Triticum aestivum)
  • worm (Caenorhabditis elegans)

Evolution for VTRNA2-1 Gene

Gene Tree for VTRNA2-1 (if available)
Gene Tree for VTRNA2-1 (if available)

Paralogs for VTRNA2-1 Gene

No data available for Paralogs for VTRNA2-1 Gene

Variants for VTRNA2-1 Gene

Sequence variations from dbSNP and Humsavar for VTRNA2-1 Gene

SNP ID Clin Chr 05 pos Sequence Context AA Info Type
rs111411524 -- 136,080,841(+) GGGGC(C/G)TGTGG upstream-variant-2KB
rs112562452 -- 136,082,365(+) AATTG(C/T)CAAGT upstream-variant-2KB
rs115112193 -- 136,082,207(+) GGTTT(C/T)TTTGT upstream-variant-2KB
rs117479676 -- 136,080,032(+) GTAGG(C/T)ACAGG downstream-variant-500B
rs12653557 -- 136,082,209(+) TTTTT(G/T)TGTTT upstream-variant-2KB

Structural Variations from Database of Genomic Variants (DGV) for VTRNA2-1 Gene

Variant ID Type Subtype PubMed ID
nsv5017 CNV insertion 18451855
esv2759380 CNV loss 17122850

Relevant External Links for VTRNA2-1 Gene

SNPedia medical, phenotypic, and genealogical associations of SNPs for

No data available for Polymorphic Variants from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot and Variation tolerance for VTRNA2-1 Gene

Disorders for VTRNA2-1 Gene

Relevant External Links for VTRNA2-1

Atlas of Genetics and Cytogenetics in Oncology and Haematology:

No disorders were found for VTRNA2-1 Gene.

No data available for MalaCards , UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot and Genatlas for VTRNA2-1 Gene

Publications for VTRNA2-1 Gene

  1. Cell death/proliferation roles for nc886, a non-coding RNA, in the protein kinase R pathway in cholangiocarcinoma. (PMID: 22926522) Kunkeaw N. … Lee Y.S. (Oncogene 2013) 2 3 64
  2. Epstein-barr virus-induced expression of a novel human vault RNA. (PMID: 19298825) Nandy C. … Polacek N. (J. Mol. Biol. 2009) 2 3 64
  3. Evolution of vault RNAs. (PMID: 19491402) Stadler P.F. … Ullmann K. (Mol. Biol. Evol. 2009) 2 3 64
  4. Regulation of p53 expression and apoptosis by vault RNA2-1-5p in cervical cancer cells. (PMID: 26318295) Kong L. … Zhang Y.X. (Oncotarget 2015) 3 64
  5. Expression of imprinted genes in placenta is associated with infant neurobehavioral development. (PMID: 26198301) Green B.B. … Marsit C.J. (Epigenetics 2015) 3 64

Products for VTRNA2-1 Gene

Sources for VTRNA2-1 Gene

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