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Aliases for VPREB1 Gene

Aliases for VPREB1 Gene

  • Pre-B Lymphocyte 1 2 3 5
  • CD179 Antigen-Like Family Member A 3 4
  • V(Pre)B Protein 3 4
  • VPREB 3 4
  • CD179a Antigen 4
  • Protein VPreB1 4
  • VpreB Protein 4
  • CD179a 3
  • IGVPB 3
  • IGI 3

External Ids for VPREB1 Gene

Previous GeneCards Identifiers for VPREB1 Gene

  • GC22P019297
  • GC22P020923
  • GC22P022600
  • GC22P005557

Summaries for VPREB1 Gene

Entrez Gene Summary for VPREB1 Gene

  • The protein encoded by this gene belongs to the immunoglobulin superfamily and is expressed selectively at the early stages of B cell development, namely, in proB and early preB cells. This gene encodes the iota polypeptide chain that is associated with the Ig-mu chain to form a molecular complex which is expressed on the surface of pre-B cells. The complex is thought to regulate Ig gene rearrangements in the early steps of B-cell differentiation. Alternative splicing results in multiple transcript variants. [provided by RefSeq, Jan 2015]

GeneCards Summary for VPREB1 Gene

VPREB1 (Pre-B Lymphocyte 1) is a Protein Coding gene. Diseases associated with VPREB1 include Conidiobolomycosis and Mu Chain Disease. An important paralog of this gene is IGLV3-12.

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for VPREB1 Gene

  • Associates with the Ig-mu chain to form a molecular complex that is expressed on the surface of pre-B-cells. This complex presumably regulates Ig gene rearrangements in the early steps of B-cell differentiation.

Gene Wiki entry for VPREB1 Gene

No data available for Tocris Summary , PharmGKB "VIP" Summary , fRNAdb sequence ontologies and piRNA Summary for VPREB1 Gene

Genomics for VPREB1 Gene

Regulatory Elements for VPREB1 Gene

Enhancers for VPREB1 Gene
GeneHancer Identifier Score Enhancer Sources TSS distance (kb) Number of Genes Away Size (kb) Transcription Factor Binding Sites within enhancer Other Gene Targets for Enhancer

Enhancers around VPREB1 on UCSC Golden Path with GeneCards custom track

Genomic Location for VPREB1 Gene

22,244,675 bp from pter
22,245,515 bp from pter
841 bases
Plus strand

Genomic View for VPREB1 Gene

Genes around VPREB1 on UCSC Golden Path with GeneCards custom track

Cytogenetic band:
VPREB1 Gene in genomic location: bands according to Ensembl, locations according to GeneLoc (and/or Entrez Gene and/or Ensembl if different)
Genomic Location for VPREB1 Gene
GeneLoc Logo Genomic Neighborhood Exon StructureGene Density

RefSeq DNA sequence for VPREB1 Gene

Proteins for VPREB1 Gene

  • Protein details for VPREB1 Gene (UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot)

    Protein Symbol:
    Recommended name:
    Immunoglobulin iota chain
    Protein Accession:
    Secondary Accessions:
    • B5MCG2

    Protein attributes for VPREB1 Gene

    145 amino acids
    Molecular mass:
    16605 Da
    Quaternary structure:
    • Associates non-covalently with IGLL1.

    Three dimensional structures from OCA and Proteopedia for VPREB1 Gene

neXtProt entry for VPREB1 Gene

Proteomics data for VPREB1 Gene at MOPED

Post-translational modifications for VPREB1 Gene

  • Modification sites at PhosphoSitePlus
  • Modification sites at neXtProt

Other Protein References for VPREB1 Gene

ENSEMBL proteins:
REFSEQ proteins:

Antibody Products

  • Cloud-Clone Corp. Antibodies for VPREB1

No data available for DME Specific Peptides for VPREB1 Gene

Domains & Families for VPREB1 Gene

Gene Families for VPREB1 Gene

Protein Domains for VPREB1 Gene

Suggested Antigen Peptide Sequences for VPREB1 Gene

GenScript: Design optimal peptide antigens:

Graphical View of Domain Structure for InterPro Entry



  • Contains 1 Ig-like V-type (immunoglobulin-like) domain.
  • Belongs to the immunoglobulin superfamily.
  • Contains 1 Ig-like V-type (immunoglobulin-like) domain.
  • Belongs to the immunoglobulin superfamily.
genes like me logo Genes that share domains with VPREB1: view

Function for VPREB1 Gene

Molecular function for VPREB1 Gene

GENATLAS Biochemistry:
immunoglobulin-like V gene,expressed in pre-B cells
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot Function:
Associates with the Ig-mu chain to form a molecular complex that is expressed on the surface of pre-B-cells. This complex presumably regulates Ig gene rearrangements in the early steps of B-cell differentiation.
genes like me logo Genes that share phenotypes with VPREB1: view

Animal Models for VPREB1 Gene

MGI Knock Outs for VPREB1:

Animal Model Products

CRISPR Products

No data available for Enzyme Numbers (IUBMB) , Gene Ontology (GO) - Molecular Function , Human Phenotype Ontology , Transcription Factor Targets and HOMER Transcription for VPREB1 Gene

Localization for VPREB1 Gene

Subcellular locations from

Jensen Localization Image for VPREB1 Gene COMPARTMENTS Subcellular localization image for VPREB1 gene
Compartment Confidence
extracellular 5
plasma membrane 3

No data available for Subcellular locations from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot and Gene Ontology (GO) - Cellular Components for VPREB1 Gene

Pathways & Interactions for VPREB1 Gene

SuperPathways for VPREB1 Gene

No Data Available

Gene Ontology (GO) - Biological Process for VPREB1 Gene


No data available for Pathways by source and SIGNOR curated interactions for VPREB1 Gene

Drugs & Compounds for VPREB1 Gene

(1) Drugs for VPREB1 Gene - From: Novoseek

Name Status Disease Links Group Role Mechanism of Action Clinical Trials
genes like me logo Genes that share compounds with VPREB1: view

Transcripts for VPREB1 Gene

mRNA/cDNA for VPREB1 Gene

(2) REFSEQ mRNAs :
(2) Additional mRNA sequences :
(3) Selected AceView cDNA sequences:
(2) Ensembl transcripts including schematic representations, and UCSC links where relevant :

Unigene Clusters for VPREB1 Gene

Pre-B lymphocyte 1:
Representative Sequences:

Alternative Splicing Database (ASD) splice patterns (SP) for VPREB1 Gene

ExUns: 1a · 1b ^ 2a · 2b
SP1: -

Relevant External Links for VPREB1 Gene

GeneLoc Exon Structure for
ECgene alternative splicing isoforms for

Expression for VPREB1 Gene

mRNA expression in normal human tissues for VPREB1 Gene

Integrated Proteomics: protein expression in normal tissues and cell lines from ProteomicsDB, PaxDb, and MOPED for VPREB1 Gene

SOURCE GeneReport for Unigene cluster for VPREB1 Gene Hs.247979

mRNA Expression by UniProt/SwissProt for VPREB1 Gene

Tissue specificity: Only expressed by pre-B-cells.
genes like me logo Genes that share expression patterns with VPREB1: view

Primer Products

No data available for mRNA expression in embryonic tissues and stem cells from LifeMap Discovery , mRNA differential expression in normal tissues , Protein differential expression in normal tissues and Protein tissue co-expression partners for VPREB1 Gene

Orthologs for VPREB1 Gene

This gene was present in the common ancestor of chordates.

Orthologs for VPREB1 Gene

Organism Taxonomy Gene Similarity Type Details
(Canis familiaris)
Mammalia VPREB1 35
  • 80.44 (n)
  • 71.07 (a)
  • 62 (a)
(Mus musculus)
Mammalia Vpreb2 35
  • 83.75 (n)
  • 77.69 (a)
Vpreb2 16
Vpreb1 36
  • 73 (a)
Vpreb2 36
  • 73 (a)
(Pan troglodytes)
Mammalia VPREB1 35
  • 98.62 (n)
  • 97.93 (a)
  • 98 (a)
(Rattus norvegicus)
Mammalia Vpreb2 35
  • 81.82 (n)
  • 73.55 (a)
(Anolis carolinensis)
Reptilia -- 36
  • 28 (a)
Species with no ortholog for VPREB1:
  • A. gosspyii yeast (Ashbya gossypii)
  • Actinobacteria (Mycobacterium tuberculosis)
  • African clawed frog (Xenopus laevis)
  • African malaria mosquito (Anopheles gambiae)
  • Alicante grape (Vitis vinifera)
  • alpha proteobacteria (Wolbachia pipientis)
  • amoeba (Dictyostelium discoideum)
  • Archea (Pyrococcus horikoshii)
  • baker's yeast (Saccharomyces cerevisiae)
  • barley (Hordeum vulgare)
  • beta proteobacteria (Neisseria meningitidis)
  • bread mold (Neurospora crassa)
  • chicken (Gallus gallus)
  • Chromalveolata (Phytophthora infestans)
  • common water flea (Daphnia pulex)
  • corn (Zea mays)
  • cow (Bos Taurus)
  • E. coli (Escherichia coli)
  • filamentous fungi (Aspergillus nidulans)
  • Firmicute bacteria (Streptococcus pneumoniae)
  • fission yeast (Schizosaccharomyces pombe)
  • fruit fly (Drosophila melanogaster)
  • green algae (Chlamydomonas reinhardtii)
  • honey bee (Apis mellifera)
  • K. lactis yeast (Kluyveromyces lactis)
  • loblloly pine (Pinus taeda)
  • malaria parasite (Plasmodium falciparum)
  • medicago trunc (Medicago Truncatula)
  • moss (Physcomitrella patens)
  • oppossum (Monodelphis domestica)
  • orangutan (Pongo pygmaeus)
  • pig (Sus scrofa)
  • platypus (Ornithorhynchus anatinus)
  • rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss)
  • rice (Oryza sativa)
  • rice blast fungus (Magnaporthe grisea)
  • schistosome parasite (Schistosoma mansoni)
  • sea anemone (Nematostella vectensis)
  • sea squirt (Ciona intestinalis)
  • sea squirt (Ciona savignyi)
  • sea urchin (Strongylocentrotus purpuratus)
  • sorghum (Sorghum bicolor)
  • soybean (Glycine max)
  • stem rust fungus (Puccinia graminis)
  • sugarcane (Saccharum officinarum)
  • thale cress (Arabidopsis thaliana)
  • tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum)
  • toxoplasmosis (Toxoplasma gondii)
  • Trichoplax (Trichoplax adhaerens)
  • tropical clawed frog (Silurana tropicalis)
  • wheat (Triticum aestivum)
  • worm (Caenorhabditis elegans)
  • zebrafish (Danio rerio)

Evolution for VPREB1 Gene

Gene Tree for VPREB1 (if available)
Gene Tree for VPREB1 (if available)

Paralogs for VPREB1 Gene

genes like me logo Genes that share paralogs with VPREB1: view

Variants for VPREB1 Gene

Sequence variations from dbSNP and Humsavar for VPREB1 Gene

SNP ID Clin Chr 22 pos Sequence Context AA Info Type
rs1320 - 22,245,125(+) AATCA(A/G)ACAAG reference, missense
rs11089979 - 22,245,264(+) CAGCT(C/T)GGAGA reference, missense
rs5995720 - 22,245,293(+) AGTGG(A/G)AGGAA reference, missense
rs2285019 -- 22,245,396(+) TGGAG(C/T)CGCCG utr-variant-3-prime
rs79106862 -- 22,242,907(+) TATAA(C/T)TGTAA upstream-variant-2KB

Structural Variations from Database of Genomic Variants (DGV) for VPREB1 Gene

Variant ID Type Subtype PubMed ID
nsv7350 OTHER Inversion 18451855
dgv22e196 CNV Deletion 17116639
nsv526328 CNV Gain 19592680
nsv459421 CNV Gain 19166990
nsv817937 CNV Loss 17921354
dgv548n27 CNV Loss 19166990
nsv820089 CNV Gain 19587683
dgv728n67 CNV Loss 20364138
dgv37n64 CNV Loss 17921354
esv2670821 CNV Deletion 23128226
nsv469749 CNV Loss 16826518
nsv834147 CNV Loss 17160897
nsv459450 CNV Loss 19166990
esv2544553 CNV Deletion 19546169
nsv915139 CNV Loss 21882294
nsv817943 CNV Loss 17921354
esv2422480 CNV Deletion 17116639
nsv459451 CNV Loss 19166990
nsv433331 CNV Loss 18776910

Variation tolerance for VPREB1 Gene

Residual Variation Intolerance Score: 85.5% of all genes are more intolerant (likely to be disease-causing)
Gene Damage Index Score: 1.04; 21.24% of all genes are more intolerant (likely to be disease-causing)

Relevant External Links for VPREB1 Gene

Human Gene Mutation Database (HGMD)

No data available for Polymorphic Variants from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for VPREB1 Gene

Disorders for VPREB1 Gene

MalaCards: The human disease database

(5) MalaCards diseases for VPREB1 Gene - From: DISEASES, Novoseek, and GeneCards

Disorder Aliases PubMed IDs
  • infection by conidiobolus
mu chain disease
  • mu-chain disease
common variable immunodeficiency
  • acquired agammaglobulinemia
subcutaneous mycosis
  • subcutaneous fungal disease
prediabetes syndrome
  • prediabetes
- elite association - COSMIC cancer census association via MalaCards

Relevant External Links for VPREB1

Genetic Association Database (GAD)
Human Genome Epidemiology (HuGE) Navigator
Atlas of Genetics and Cytogenetics in Oncology and Haematology:
genes like me logo Genes that share disorders with VPREB1: view

No data available for UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot and Genatlas for VPREB1 Gene

Publications for VPREB1 Gene

  1. The human pre-B cell receptor: structural constraints for a tentative model of the pseudo-light (psi L) chain. (PMID: 7935499) Guelpa-Fonlupt V. … Schiff C. (Mol. Immunol. 1994) 3 4 23 67
  2. Secretion of soluble pre-B cell receptors by pre-B cells. (PMID: 9058786) Bornemann K.D. … Corley R.B. (J. Immunol. 1997) 3 23
  3. The human pre-B-specific lambda-like cluster is located in the 22q11.2-22q12.3 region, distal to the IgC lambda locus. (PMID: 1903358) Mattei M.G. … Schiff C. (Genomics 1991) 3 23
  4. The products of pre-B cell-specific genes (lambda 5 and VpreB) and the immunoglobulin mu chain form a complex that is transported onto the cell surface. (PMID: 2117639) Tsubata T. … Reth M. (J. Exp. Med. 1990) 3 23
  5. The human Vpre B gene is located on chromosome 22 near a cluster of V lambda gene segments. (PMID: 3139558) Bauer S.R. … Melchers F. (Immunogenetics 1988) 2 3

Products for VPREB1 Gene

Sources for VPREB1 Gene