Free for academic non-profit institutions. Other users need a Commercial license

Aliases for VIP Gene

Aliases for VIP Gene

  • Vasoactive Intestinal Peptide 2 3 5
  • Prepro-VIP 2 3
  • VIP Peptides 3
  • PHM27 3

External Ids for VIP Gene

Previous GeneCards Identifiers for VIP Gene

  • GC06P152633
  • GC06P152967
  • GC06P153103
  • GC06P153102
  • GC06P153164
  • GC06P150635

Summaries for VIP Gene

Entrez Gene Summary for VIP Gene

  • The protein encoded by this gene belongs to the glucagon family. It stimulates myocardial contractility, causes vasodilation, increases glycogenolysis, lowers arterial blood pressure and relaxes the smooth muscle of trachea, stomach and gall bladder. The protein also acts as an antimicrobial peptide with antibacterial and antifungal activity. Alternative splicing occurs at this locus and two transcript variants encoding distinct isoforms have been identified. [provided by RefSeq, Nov 2014]

GeneCards Summary for VIP Gene

VIP (Vasoactive Intestinal Peptide) is a Protein Coding gene. Diseases associated with VIP include Vipoma and Wdha Syndrome. Among its related pathways are Neuroscience and Signaling by GPCR. GO annotations related to this gene include receptor binding and neuropeptide hormone activity. An important paralog of this gene is ADCYAP1.

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for VIP Gene

  • VIP causes vasodilation, lowers arterial blood pressure, stimulates myocardial contractility, increases glycogenolysis and relaxes the smooth muscle of trachea, stomach and gall bladder.

  • PHM and PHV also cause vasodilation. PHM-27 is a potent agonist of the calcitonin receptor CALCR, with similar efficacy as calcitonin.

Tocris Summary for VIP Gene

  • Vasoactive intestinal peptide (VIP) receptors are a group of Gs -protein-coupled receptors that are currently divided into two subtypes; VPAC1 and VPAC2. They are widely distributed throughout the central nervous system.

Gene Wiki entry for VIP Gene

No data available for CIViC summary , PharmGKB "VIP" Summary , fRNAdb sequence ontologies and piRNA Summary for VIP Gene

Genomics for VIP Gene

Regulatory Elements for VIP Gene

Enhancers for VIP Gene
GeneHancer Identifier Enhancer Score Enhancer Sources Gene-Enhancer Score TSS distance (kb) Number of Genes Away Size (kb) Transcription Factor Binding Sites within enhancer Gene Targets for Enhancer
GH06G152694 1.2 Ensembl ENCODE dbSUPER 8.1 -48.9 -48919 8.2 CTCF ATF1 TAF1 JUN RAD21 ZNF316 GATA2 POLR2A FOS MAFK VIP MYCT1 HSPD1P16
GH06G152575 1 Ensembl ENCODE 9.4 -172.0 -172023 1.0 CEBPG FEZF1 ZEB1 HIC1 ZNF366 ZNF362 NR2F1 HLF BHLHE40 CEBPB SYNE1 VIP NANOGP11
GH06G152948 0.7 Ensembl 11.2 +200.5 200478 0.4 CTCF ZNF654 TRIM22 REST RAD21 GATA3 FOXK2 GATA2 SMC3 ZNF143 VIP ENSG00000220745 TUBB4BP7
GH06G152681 1.1 ENCODE 7.1 -65.5 -65518 2.4 HDGF PKNOX1 ARNT CREB3L1 MLX AGO1 ZFP64 ARID4B SIN3A DMAP1 SYNE1 VIP MYCT1 LOC105378061
GH06G153024 0.7 ENCODE 9.7 +276.7 276688 0.2 CTCF PKNOX1 ATF1 ETV1 RAD21 TEAD3 ZNF143 SMC3 TCF7L2 MIXL1 VIP PIR48130 MTRF1L
- Elite enhancer and/or Elite enhancer-gene association Download GeneHancer data dump

Enhancers around VIP on UCSC Golden Path with GeneCards custom track

Genomic Location for VIP Gene

Chromosome:
6
Start:
152,747,923 bp from pter
End:
152,759,765 bp from pter
Size:
11,843 bases
Orientation:
Plus strand

Genomic View for VIP Gene

Genes around VIP on UCSC Golden Path with GeneCards custom track

Cytogenetic band:
VIP Gene in genomic location: bands according to Ensembl, locations according to GeneLoc (and/or Entrez Gene and/or Ensembl if different)
Genomic Location for VIP Gene
GeneLoc Logo Genomic Neighborhood Exon StructureGene Density

RefSeq DNA sequence for VIP Gene

Proteins for VIP Gene

  • Protein details for VIP Gene (UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot)

    Protein Symbol:
    P01282-VIP_HUMAN
    Recommended name:
    VIP peptides
    Protein Accession:
    P01282
    Secondary Accessions:
    • Q5TCY8
    • Q5TCY9
    • Q96QK3

    Protein attributes for VIP Gene

    Size:
    170 amino acids
    Molecular mass:
    19169 Da
    Quaternary structure:
    No Data Available

    Three dimensional structures from OCA and Proteopedia for VIP Gene

    Alternative splice isoforms for VIP Gene

    UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot:

neXtProt entry for VIP Gene

Post-translational modifications for VIP Gene

  • Modification sites at PhosphoSitePlus
  • Modification sites at neXtProt

Other Protein References for VIP Gene

Antibody Products

  • Cell Signaling Technology (CST) Antibodies for VIP (VIP)

Protein Products

No data available for DME Specific Peptides for VIP Gene

Domains & Families for VIP Gene

Gene Families for VIP Gene

Protein Domains for VIP Gene

Suggested Antigen Peptide Sequences for VIP Gene

GenScript: Design optimal peptide antigens:

Graphical View of Domain Structure for InterPro Entry

P01282

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot:

VIP_HUMAN :
  • Belongs to the glucagon family.
Family:
  • Belongs to the glucagon family.
genes like me logo Genes that share domains with VIP: view

Function for VIP Gene

Molecular function for VIP Gene

GENATLAS Biochemistry:
precursor of vasoactive intestinal and PHM (intestinal peptide homolog of porcine PHI-27) peptide
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot Function:
VIP causes vasodilation, lowers arterial blood pressure, stimulates myocardial contractility, increases glycogenolysis and relaxes the smooth muscle of trachea, stomach and gall bladder.
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot Function:
PHM and PHV also cause vasodilation. PHM-27 is a potent agonist of the calcitonin receptor CALCR, with similar efficacy as calcitonin.

Gene Ontology (GO) - Molecular Function for VIP Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0005179 hormone activity IDA 9603988
GO:0005184 neuropeptide hormone activity TAS 10096039
GO:0005515 protein binding IPI 21314817
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with VIP: view
genes like me logo Genes that share phenotypes with VIP: view

Animal Models for VIP Gene

MGI Knock Outs for VIP:

Animal Model Products

miRNA for VIP Gene

miRTarBase miRNAs that target VIP

Inhibitory RNA Products

Clone Products

  • Addgene plasmids for VIP

No data available for Enzyme Numbers (IUBMB) , Human Phenotype Ontology , Transcription Factor Targets and HOMER Transcription for VIP Gene

Localization for VIP Gene

Subcellular locations from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for VIP Gene

Secreted.

Subcellular locations from

COMPARTMENTS
Extracellular space Cytosol Plasma membrane Cytoskeleton Lysosome Endosome Peroxisome ER Golgi Apparatus Nucleus Mitochondrion 0 1 2 3 4 5 Confidence
COMPARTMENTS Subcellular localization image for VIP gene
Compartment Confidence
extracellular 5
plasma membrane 2
cytoskeleton 2
nucleus 2
cytosol 2
mitochondrion 1
endoplasmic reticulum 1
lysosome 1

Gene Ontology (GO) - Cellular Components for VIP Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0005576 extracellular region IEA,TAS --
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with VIP: view

Pathways & Interactions for VIP Gene

genes like me logo Genes that share pathways with VIP: view

Pathways by source for VIP Gene

1 Cell Signaling Technology pathway for VIP Gene
2 BioSystems pathways for VIP Gene

SIGNOR curated interactions for VIP Gene

Activates:

Gene Ontology (GO) - Biological Process for VIP Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0007186 G-protein coupled receptor signaling pathway TAS 10096039
GO:0007589 body fluid secretion TAS 4035357
GO:0008284 positive regulation of cell proliferation TAS 8389448
GO:0010579 positive regulation of adenylate cyclase activity involved in G-protein coupled receptor signaling pathway IDA 9603988
GO:0032880 regulation of protein localization IDA 9603988
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with VIP: view

Drugs & Compounds for VIP Gene

(115) Drugs for VIP Gene - From: ClinicalTrials, Tocris, and Novoseek

Name Status Disease Links Group Role Mechanism of Action Clinical Trials
Histamine Approved, Investigational Pharma Full agonist, Agonist 1050
Sumatriptan Approved, Investigational Pharma Full agonist, Agonist 5-HT1 receptor agonist 101
Almotriptan Approved, Investigational Pharma 13
Ephedrine Approved Pharma Partial agonist, Agonist 628
Pseudoephedrine Approved Pharma 628

(61) Additional Compounds for VIP Gene - From: Novoseek and Tocris

Name Synonyms Role CAS Number PubChem IDs PubMed IDs
VIP (human, rat, mouse, rabbit, canine, porcine)
40077-57-4

(5) Tocris Compounds for VIP Gene

Compound Action Cas Number
[Ac-Tyr1,D-Phe2]GRF 1-29, amide (human) VIP receptor antagonist 93965-89-0
[D-p-Cl-Phe6,Leu17]-VIP Selective VIP receptor antagonist 102805-45-8
Bay 55-9837 Potent and selective VPAC2 agonist 463930-25-8
VIP (6-28) (human, rat, porcine, bovine) VIP receptor antagonist 69698-54-0
VIP (human, rat, mouse, rabbit, canine, porcine) Involved in neurotransmission and smooth muscle relaxation 40077-57-4
genes like me logo Genes that share compounds with VIP: view

Transcripts for VIP Gene

mRNA/cDNA for VIP Gene

Unigene Clusters for VIP Gene

Vasoactive intestinal peptide:
Representative Sequences:

Inhibitory RNA Products

Clone Products

  • Addgene plasmids for VIP

Alternative Splicing Database (ASD) splice patterns (SP) for VIP Gene

ExUns: 1a · 1b ^ 2 ^ 3 ^ 4 ^ 5 ^ 6a · 6b ^ 7a · 7b ^ 8a · 8b · 8c
SP1: -
SP2: -
SP3:
SP4:

Relevant External Links for VIP Gene

GeneLoc Exon Structure for
VIP
ECgene alternative splicing isoforms for
VIP

Expression for VIP Gene

mRNA expression in normal human tissues from GTEx, Illumina, BioGPS, and CGAP SAGE for VIP Gene

mRNA expression in embryonic tissues and stem cells from LifeMap Discovery

mRNA differential expression in normal tissues according to GTEx for VIP Gene

This gene is overexpressed in Colon - Sigmoid (x11.2) and Esophagus - Muscularis (x4.0).

Protein differential expression in normal tissues from HIPED for VIP Gene

This gene is overexpressed in Colon muscle (39.1) and Colon (11.6).

Integrated Proteomics: protein expression in normal tissues and cell lines from ProteomicsDB, PaxDb, and MOPED for VIP Gene



NURSA nuclear receptor signaling pathways regulating expression of VIP Gene:

VIP

SOURCE GeneReport for Unigene cluster for VIP Gene:

Hs.53973

Evidence on tissue expression from TISSUES for VIP Gene

  • Intestine(3.7)
  • Nervous system(3.7)
  • Pancreas(3.6)
  • Muscle(3.1)
  • Stomach(2.7)
  • Adrenal gland(2.6)
  • Gall bladder(2.6)
  • Blood(2.5)
  • Heart(2.5)
  • Liver(2.3)
  • Lung(2.3)
genes like me logo Genes that share expression patterns with VIP: view

No data available for Protein tissue co-expression partners , mRNA Expression by UniProt/SwissProt and Phenotype-based relationships between genes and organs from Gene ORGANizer for VIP Gene

Orthologs for VIP Gene

This gene was present in the common ancestor of chordates.

Orthologs for VIP Gene

Organism Taxonomy Gene Similarity Type Details
chimpanzee
(Pan troglodytes)
Mammalia VIP 35 34
  • 99.41 (n)
OneToOne
dog
(Canis familiaris)
Mammalia VIP 35 34
  • 88.04 (n)
OneToOne
cow
(Bos Taurus)
Mammalia VIP 35 34
  • 87.06 (n)
OneToOne
rat
(Rattus norvegicus)
Mammalia Vip 34
  • 82.75 (n)
mouse
(Mus musculus)
Mammalia Vip 16 35 34
  • 80.59 (n)
platypus
(Ornithorhynchus anatinus)
Mammalia VIP 35
  • 56 (a)
OneToOne
oppossum
(Monodelphis domestica)
Mammalia VIP 35
  • 54 (a)
OneToOne
chicken
(Gallus gallus)
Aves VIP 35 34
  • 71.13 (n)
OneToOne
lizard
(Anolis carolinensis)
Reptilia VIP 35
  • 50 (a)
OneToOne
tropical clawed frog
(Silurana tropicalis)
Amphibia vip 34
  • 70.87 (n)
African clawed frog
(Xenopus laevis)
Amphibia vip-A 34
zebrafish
(Danio rerio)
Actinopterygii vip 35 34
  • 66.67 (n)
OneToOne
rainbow trout
(Oncorhynchus mykiss)
Actinopterygii Omy.14201 34
Species where no ortholog for VIP was found in the sources mined by GeneCards:
  • A. gosspyii yeast (Ashbya gossypii)
  • Actinobacteria (Mycobacterium tuberculosis)
  • African malaria mosquito (Anopheles gambiae)
  • Alicante grape (Vitis vinifera)
  • alpha proteobacteria (Wolbachia pipientis)
  • amoeba (Dictyostelium discoideum)
  • Archea (Pyrococcus horikoshii)
  • baker's yeast (Saccharomyces cerevisiae)
  • barley (Hordeum vulgare)
  • beta proteobacteria (Neisseria meningitidis)
  • bread mold (Neurospora crassa)
  • Chromalveolata (Phytophthora infestans)
  • common water flea (Daphnia pulex)
  • corn (Zea mays)
  • E. coli (Escherichia coli)
  • filamentous fungi (Aspergillus nidulans)
  • Firmicute bacteria (Streptococcus pneumoniae)
  • fission yeast (Schizosaccharomyces pombe)
  • fruit fly (Drosophila melanogaster)
  • green algae (Chlamydomonas reinhardtii)
  • honey bee (Apis mellifera)
  • K. lactis yeast (Kluyveromyces lactis)
  • loblloly pine (Pinus taeda)
  • malaria parasite (Plasmodium falciparum)
  • medicago trunc (Medicago Truncatula)
  • moss (Physcomitrella patens)
  • orangutan (Pongo pygmaeus)
  • pig (Sus scrofa)
  • rice (Oryza sativa)
  • rice blast fungus (Magnaporthe grisea)
  • schistosome parasite (Schistosoma mansoni)
  • sea anemone (Nematostella vectensis)
  • sea squirt (Ciona intestinalis)
  • sea squirt (Ciona savignyi)
  • sea urchin (Strongylocentrotus purpuratus)
  • sorghum (Sorghum bicolor)
  • soybean (Glycine max)
  • stem rust fungus (Puccinia graminis)
  • sugarcane (Saccharum officinarum)
  • thale cress (Arabidopsis thaliana)
  • tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum)
  • toxoplasmosis (Toxoplasma gondii)
  • Trichoplax (Trichoplax adhaerens)
  • wheat (Triticum aestivum)
  • worm (Caenorhabditis elegans)

Evolution for VIP Gene

ENSEMBL:
Gene Tree for VIP (if available)
TreeFam:
Gene Tree for VIP (if available)

Paralogs for VIP Gene

Paralogs for VIP Gene

(1) SIMAP similar genes for VIP Gene using alignment to 2 proteins:

genes like me logo Genes that share paralogs with VIP: view

Variants for VIP Gene

Sequence variations from dbSNP and Humsavar for VIP Gene

SNP ID Clin Chr 06 pos Sequence Context AA Info Type
rs1000042723 -- 152,747,349(+) TATAC(A/G)TTAGG downstream-variant-500B, upstream-variant-2KB
rs1000049427 -- 152,753,681(+) CGAGA(C/G)AGAGA intron-variant
rs1000088022 -- 152,747,207(+) GCAAA(C/T)GTACA downstream-variant-500B, upstream-variant-2KB
rs1000112823 -- 152,755,977(+) CTTCA(A/T)CCTTA intron-variant
rs1000185359 -- 152,755,692(+) TTTAA(A/G)GTCAA intron-variant

Structural Variations from Database of Genomic Variants (DGV) for VIP Gene

Variant ID Type Subtype PubMed ID
esv2759478 CNV loss 17122850

Variation tolerance for VIP Gene

Residual Variation Intolerance Score: 48.9% of all genes are more intolerant (likely to be disease-causing)
Gene Damage Index Score: 0.62; 13.26% of all genes are more intolerant (likely to be disease-causing)

Relevant External Links for VIP Gene

Human Gene Mutation Database (HGMD)
VIP
SNPedia medical, phenotypic, and genealogical associations of SNPs for
VIP

No data available for Polymorphic Variants from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for VIP Gene

Disorders for VIP Gene

MalaCards: The human disease database

(52) MalaCards diseases for VIP Gene - From: DISEASES, Novoseek, and GeneCards

Disorder Aliases PubMed IDs
vipoma
  • malignant vasoactive intestinal peptide-secreting tumor
wdha syndrome
  • pancreatic cholera
vasomotor rhinitis
  • rhinitis vasomotor
chemical colitis
ganglioneuroma
- elite association - COSMIC cancer census association via MalaCards
Search VIP in MalaCards View complete list of genes associated with diseases

Relevant External Links for VIP

Genetic Association Database (GAD)
VIP
Human Genome Epidemiology (HuGE) Navigator
VIP
Atlas of Genetics and Cytogenetics in Oncology and Haematology:
VIP
genes like me logo Genes that share disorders with VIP: view

No data available for UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot and Genatlas for VIP Gene

Publications for VIP Gene

  1. Interleukin-9 polymorphism in infants with respiratory syncytial virus infection: an opposite effect in boys and girls. (PMID: 20503287) Schuurhof A. … Janssen R. (Pediatr. Pulmonol. 2010) 3 46 64
  2. Circadian clock gene polymorphisms in alcohol use disorders and alcohol consumption. (PMID: 20554694) Kovanen L. … Partonen T. (Alcohol Alcohol. 2010) 3 46 64
  3. Comprehensive copy number variant (CNV) analysis of neuronal pathways genes in psychiatric disorders identifies rare variants within patients. (PMID: 20398908) Saus E. … Estivill X. (J Psychiatr Res 2010) 3 46 64
  4. Differential association of circadian genes with mood disorders: CRY1 and NPAS2 are associated with unipolar major depression and CLOCK and VIP with bipolar disorder. (PMID: 20072116) Soria V. … Urretavizcaya M. (Neuropsychopharmacology 2010) 3 46 64
  5. Opposing effects of two tissue transglutaminase protein isoforms in neuroblastoma cell differentiation. (PMID: 20007697) Tee A.E. … Liu T. (J. Biol. Chem. 2010) 3 22 64

Products for VIP Gene

  • Addgene plasmids for VIP

Sources for VIP Gene

Content
Loading form....