External Ids for VIP Gene
Previous GeneCards Identifiers for VIP Gene
The protein encoded by this gene belongs to the glucagon family. It stimulates myocardial contractility, causes vasodilation, increases glycogenolysis, lowers arterial blood pressure and relaxes the smooth muscle of trachea, stomach and gall bladder. The protein also acts as an antimicrobial peptide with antibacterial and antifungal activity. Alternative splicing occurs at this locus and two transcript variants encoding distinct isoforms have been identified. [provided by RefSeq, Nov 2014]
GeneCards Summary for VIP Gene
VIP (Vasoactive Intestinal Peptide) is a Protein Coding gene. Diseases associated with VIP include chemical colitis and dyshidrosis. Among its related pathways are Signaling by GPCR and Signaling by GPCR. GO annotations related to this gene include hormone activity and neuropeptide hormone activity. An important paralog of this gene is ADCYAP1.
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for VIP Gene
VIP causes vasodilation, lowers arterial blood pressure, stimulates myocardial contractility, increases glycogenolysis and relaxes the smooth muscle of trachea, stomach and gall bladder.
PHM and PHV also cause vasodilation. PHM-27 is a potent agonist of the calcitonin receptor CALCR, with similar efficacy as calcitonin.
Vasoactive intestinal peptide (VIP) receptors are a group of Gs-protein-coupled receptors that are currently divided into two subtypes; VPAC1 and VPAC2. They are widely distributed throughout the central nervous system and are also found in peripheral organs including the liver, lung, intestine, skeletal muscle, heart and kidney. VPAC1 and VPAC2 have diverse biological actions including promotion of neuronal survival, regulation of glycogen metabolism, stimulation of prolactin release from the pituitary and catecholamine release from the adrenal medulla, and inhibition of IL-2-mediated T-cell proliferation. The human genes encoding VPAC1 and VPAC2 receptor have been located on chromosomes 3p22 and 7q36.3 respectively.