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Aliases for VGLL2 Gene

Aliases for VGLL2 Gene

  • Vestigial-Like Family Member 2 2 3
  • VITO1 3 4 6
  • VGL2 3 6
  • Transcription Cofactor Vestigial-Like Protein 2 3
  • Vestigial And Tondu Related Protein 1 3
  • Vestigial Like 2 (Drosophila) 2
  • Vestigial Like 2 3
  • Protein VITO1 4
  • Vgl-2 4

External Ids for VGLL2 Gene

Previous GeneCards Identifiers for VGLL2 Gene

  • GC06P117586
  • GC06P117632
  • GC06P117693
  • GC06P115167

Summaries for VGLL2 Gene

Entrez Gene Summary for VGLL2 Gene

  • This gene encodes a protein with a transcriptional enhancer factor 1 (TEF-1) interaction domain. The encoded protein may act as a co-factor of TEF-1 regulated gene expression during skeletal muscle development. Alternatively spliced transcript variants encoding multiple isoforms have been observed. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2012]

GeneCards Summary for VGLL2 Gene

VGLL2 (Vestigial-Like Family Member 2) is a Protein Coding gene. GO annotations related to this gene include transcription coactivator activity. An important paralog of this gene is VGLL3.

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for VGLL2 Gene

  • May act as a specific coactivator for the mammalian TEFs. May play a role in the development of skeletal muscles

No data available for Tocris Summary , Gene Wiki entry , PharmGKB "VIP" Summary , fRNAdb sequence ontologies and piRNA Summary for VGLL2 Gene

Genomics for VGLL2 Gene

Regulatory Elements for VGLL2 Gene

Epigenetics Products

  • DNA Methylation CpG Assay Predesigned for Pyrosequencing in human,mouse,rat

Genomic Location for VGLL2 Gene

117,265,558 bp from pter
117,273,565 bp from pter
8,008 bases
Plus strand

Genomic View for VGLL2 Gene

UCSC Golden Path with GeneCards custom track
Cytogenetic band:
Genomic Location for VGLL2 Gene
GeneLoc Logo Genomic Neighborhood Exon StructureGene Density

RefSeq DNA sequence for VGLL2 Gene

Proteins for VGLL2 Gene

  • Protein details for VGLL2 Gene (UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot)

    Protein Symbol:
    Recommended name:
    Transcription cofactor vestigial-like protein 2
    Protein Accession:
    Secondary Accessions:
    • Q8WWX1

    Protein attributes for VGLL2 Gene

    317 amino acids
    Molecular mass:
    33426 Da
    Quaternary structure:
    • Interacts with TEFs. Binds to TEAD1/TEF1

    Alternative splice isoforms for VGLL2 Gene


neXtProt entry for VGLL2 Gene

Proteomics data for VGLL2 Gene at MOPED

Post-translational modifications for VGLL2 Gene

  • Modification sites at PhosphoSitePlus
  • Modification sites at neXtProt

Other Protein References for VGLL2 Gene

ENSEMBL proteins:
REFSEQ proteins:

Antibody Products

No data available for DME Specific Peptides for VGLL2 Gene

Domains for VGLL2 Gene

Protein Domains for VGLL2 Gene


Suggested Antigen Peptide Sequences for VGLL2 Gene

Graphical View of Domain Structure for InterPro Entry



  • Q8N8G2
  • Belongs to the vestigial family.
genes like me logo Genes that share domains with VGLL2: view

No data available for Gene Families for VGLL2 Gene

Function for VGLL2 Gene

Molecular function for VGLL2 Gene

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot Function:
May act as a specific coactivator for the mammalian TEFs. May play a role in the development of skeletal muscles

Gene Ontology (GO) - Molecular Function for VGLL2 Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0003713 transcription coactivator activity IEA --
GO:0005515 protein binding IPI 25416956
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with VGLL2: view

Phenotypes for VGLL2 Gene

GenomeRNAi human phenotypes for VGLL2:
genes like me logo Genes that share phenotypes with VGLL2: view

Animal Model Products

No data available for Enzyme Numbers (IUBMB) , Animal Models , miRNA , Transcription Factor Targeting and HOMER Transcription for VGLL2 Gene

Localization for VGLL2 Gene

Subcellular locations from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for VGLL2 Gene

Subcellular locations from

Jensen Localization Image for VGLL2 Gene COMPARTMENTS Subcellular localization image for VGLL2 gene
Compartment Confidence
cytosol 2
nucleus 2
extracellular 1

Gene Ontology (GO) - Cellular Components for VGLL2 Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0005634 nucleus IEA --
GO:0005737 cytoplasm IEA --
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with VGLL2: view

Pathways for VGLL2 Gene

SuperPathways for VGLL2 Gene

No Data Available

Gene Ontology (GO) - Biological Process for VGLL2 Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0006351 transcription, DNA-templated IEA --
GO:0006355 regulation of transcription, DNA-templated --
GO:0007519 skeletal muscle tissue development IEA --
GO:0045944 positive regulation of transcription from RNA polymerase II promoter IEA --
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with VGLL2: view

No data available for Pathways by source for VGLL2 Gene

Transcripts for VGLL2 Gene

mRNA/cDNA for VGLL2 Gene

Unigene Clusters for VGLL2 Gene

Vestigial like 2 (Drosophila):
Representative Sequences:

Inhibitory RNA Products

  • Predesigned siRNA for gene silencing in human,mouse,rat for VGLL2

Primer Products

Flow Cytometry Products

Alternative Splicing Database (ASD) splice patterns (SP) for VGLL2 Gene

ExUns: 1a · 1b ^ 2 ^ 3 ^ 4
SP2: -

Relevant External Links for VGLL2 Gene

GeneLoc Exon Structure for
ECgene alternative splicing isoforms for

Expression for VGLL2 Gene

mRNA expression in normal human tissues for VGLL2 Gene

mRNA expression in embryonic tissues and stem cells from LifeMap Discovery

mRNA differential expression in normal tissues according to GTEx for VGLL2 Gene

This gene is overexpressed in Muscle - Skeletal (48.1).

SOURCE GeneReport for Unigene cluster for VGLL2 Gene Hs.99324

mRNA Expression by UniProt/SwissProt for VGLL2 Gene

Tissue specificity: Skeletal muscle.
genes like me logo Genes that share expressions with VGLL2: view

In Situ Assay Products

No data available for Protein differential expression in normal tissues , Protein expression and Expression partners for VGLL2 Gene

Orthologs for VGLL2 Gene

This gene was present in the common ancestor of animals.

Orthologs for VGLL2 Gene

Organism Taxonomy Gene Similarity Type Details
(Bos Taurus)
Mammalia VGLL2 35
  • 88.89 (n)
  • 91.35 (a)
VGLL2 36
  • 86 (a)
(Canis familiaris)
Mammalia VGLL2 35
  • 91.56 (n)
  • 94.62 (a)
VGLL2 36
  • 86 (a)
(Mus musculus)
Mammalia Vgll2 35
  • 85.88 (n)
  • 88.6 (a)
Vgll2 16
Vgll2 36
  • 82 (a)
(Pan troglodytes)
Mammalia VGLL2 35
  • 99.47 (n)
  • 99.05 (a)
VGLL2 36
  • 99 (a)
(Rattus norvegicus)
Mammalia Vgll2 35
  • 85.39 (n)
  • 87.34 (a)
(Monodelphis domestica)
Mammalia VGLL2 36
  • 68 (a)
(Gallus gallus)
Aves VGLL2 35
  • 74.28 (n)
  • 72.19 (a)
VGLL2 36
  • 72 (a)
(Anolis carolinensis)
Reptilia VGLL2 36
  • 67 (a)
tropical clawed frog
(Silurana tropicalis)
Amphibia MGC75898 35
vgll2 35
  • 65.59 (n)
  • 66.13 (a)
African clawed frog
(Xenopus laevis)
Amphibia vgll2-prov 35
(Danio rerio)
Actinopterygii si:dkeyp-93d12.1 35
  • 68.66 (n)
  • 68.8 (a)
vgll2a 36
  • 60 (a)
rainbow trout
(Oncorhynchus mykiss)
Actinopterygii Omy.4737 35
fruit fly
(Drosophila melanogaster)
Insecta vg 36
  • 14 (a)
Species with no ortholog for VGLL2:
  • A. gosspyii yeast (Ashbya gossypii)
  • Actinobacteria (Mycobacterium tuberculosis)
  • African malaria mosquito (Anopheles gambiae)
  • Alicante grape (Vitis vinifera)
  • alpha proteobacteria (Wolbachia pipientis)
  • amoeba (Dictyostelium discoideum)
  • Archea (Pyrococcus horikoshii)
  • baker's yeast (Saccharomyces cerevisiae)
  • barley (Hordeum vulgare)
  • beta proteobacteria (Neisseria meningitidis)
  • bread mold (Neurospora crassa)
  • Chromalveolata (Phytophthora infestans)
  • common water flea (Daphnia pulex)
  • corn (Zea mays)
  • E. coli (Escherichia coli)
  • filamentous fungi (Aspergillus nidulans)
  • Firmicute bacteria (Streptococcus pneumoniae)
  • fission yeast (Schizosaccharomyces pombe)
  • green algae (Chlamydomonas reinhardtii)
  • honey bee (Apis mellifera)
  • K. lactis yeast (Kluyveromyces lactis)
  • loblloly pine (Pinus taeda)
  • malaria parasite (Plasmodium falciparum)
  • medicago trunc (Medicago Truncatula)
  • moss (Physcomitrella patens)
  • orangutan (Pongo pygmaeus)
  • pig (Sus scrofa)
  • platypus (Ornithorhynchus anatinus)
  • rice (Oryza sativa)
  • rice blast fungus (Magnaporthe grisea)
  • schistosome parasite (Schistosoma mansoni)
  • sea anemone (Nematostella vectensis)
  • sea squirt (Ciona intestinalis)
  • sea squirt (Ciona savignyi)
  • sea urchin (Strongylocentrotus purpuratus)
  • sorghum (Sorghum bicolor)
  • soybean (Glycine max)
  • stem rust fungus (Puccinia graminis)
  • sugarcane (Saccharum officinarum)
  • thale cress (Arabidopsis thaliana)
  • tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum)
  • toxoplasmosis (Toxoplasma gondii)
  • Trichoplax (Trichoplax adhaerens)
  • wheat (Triticum aestivum)
  • worm (Caenorhabditis elegans)

Evolution for VGLL2 Gene

Gene Tree for VGLL2 (if available)
Gene Tree for VGLL2 (if available)

Paralogs for VGLL2 Gene

Paralogs for VGLL2 Gene

genes like me logo Genes that share paralogs with VGLL2: view

Variants for VGLL2 Gene

Sequence variations from dbSNP and Humsavar for VGLL2 Gene

SNP ID Clin Chr 06 pos Sequence Context AA Info Type MAF
rs210973 -- 117,273,719(-) AAACA(C/T)GGTGG downstream-variant-500B
rs210974 -- 117,272,181(-) GAAGA(C/G)AAAGG intron-variant
rs210975 -- 117,272,042(+) CTTTC(A/G)GTCAC intron-variant
rs210976 -- 117,271,678(-) GATCA(C/G)CGCTG intron-variant
rs210977 -- 117,271,324(-) ATTAT(C/T)ATTAT intron-variant

Structural Variations from Database of Genomic Variants (DGV) for VGLL2 Gene

Variant ID Type Subtype PubMed ID
dgv2004e1 CNV Complex 17122850
nsv830785 CNV Gain 17160897

Relevant External Links for VGLL2 Gene

HapMap Linkage Disequilibrium report

No data available for Polymorphic Variants from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for VGLL2 Gene

Disorders for VGLL2 Gene

No disorders were found for VGLL2 Gene.

No data available for MalaCards , OMIM , UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot , University of Copenhagen DISEASES , Novoseek inferred disease relationships , Genatlas and External Links for VGLL2 Gene

Publications for VGLL2 Gene

  1. Mammalian vestigial-like 2, a cofactor of TEF-1 and MEF2 transcription factors that promotes skeletal muscle differentiation. (PMID: 12376544) Maeda T. … Stewart A.F.R. (J. Biol. Chem. 2002) 2 3 4 23
  2. Complete sequencing and characterization of 21,243 full-length human cDNAs. (PMID: 14702039) Ota T. … Sugano S. (Nat. Genet. 2004) 3 4
  3. VITO-1 is an essential cofactor of TEF1-dependent muscle-specific gene regulation. (PMID: 14762206) GA1nther S. … Braun T. (Nucleic Acids Res. 2004) 3
  4. hORFeome v3.1: a resource of human open reading frames representing over 10,000 human genes. (PMID: 17207965) Lamesch P. … Vidal M. (Genomics 2007) 3
  5. Hundreds of variants clustered in genomic loci and biological pathways affect human height. (PMID: 20881960) Lango Allen H. … Hirschhorn J.N. (Nature 2010) 3

Products for VGLL2 Gene

Sources for VGLL2 Gene

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