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Aliases for VDAC2 Gene

Aliases for VDAC2 Gene

  • Voltage Dependent Anion Channel 2 2 3 5
  • Outer Mitochondrial Membrane Protein Porin 2 3 4
  • Voltage-Dependent Anion-Selective Channel Protein 2 3
  • VDAC-2 4
  • HVDAC2 4
  • POR 3

External Ids for VDAC2 Gene

Previous GeneCards Identifiers for VDAC2 Gene

  • GC10P075924
  • GC10P076073
  • GC10P076863
  • GC10P076315
  • GC10P076276
  • GC10P076640
  • GC10P076969
  • GC10P070968

Summaries for VDAC2 Gene

Entrez Gene Summary for VDAC2 Gene

  • This gene encodes a member of the voltage-dependent anion channel pore-forming family of proteins that are considered the main pathway for metabolite diffusion across the mitochondrial outer membrane. The encoded protein is also thought to be involved in the mitochondrial apoptotic pathway via regulation of BCL2-antagonist/killer 1 protein activity. Pseudogenes have been identified on chromosomes 1, 2, 12 and 21, and alternative splicing results in multiple transcript variants. [provided by RefSeq, May 2010]

GeneCards Summary for VDAC2 Gene

VDAC2 (Voltage Dependent Anion Channel 2) is a Protein Coding gene. Among its related pathways are Respiratory electron transport, ATP synthesis by chemiosmotic coupling, and heat production by uncoupling proteins. and HTLV-I infection. GO annotations related to this gene include nucleotide binding and voltage-gated anion channel activity. An important paralog of this gene is VDAC1.

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for VDAC2 Gene

  • Forms a channel through the mitochondrial outer membrane that allows diffusion of small hydrophilic molecules. The channel adopts an open conformation at low or zero membrane potential and a closed conformation at potentials above 30-40 mV. The open state has a weak anion selectivity whereas the closed state is cation-selective.

Gene Wiki entry for VDAC2 Gene

No data available for CIViC summary , Tocris Summary , PharmGKB "VIP" Summary , fRNAdb sequence ontologies and piRNA Summary for VDAC2 Gene

Genomics for VDAC2 Gene

Regulatory Elements for VDAC2 Gene

Enhancers for VDAC2 Gene
GeneHancer Identifier Enhancer Score Enhancer Sources Gene-Enhancer Score TSS distance (kb) Number of Genes Away Size (kb) Transcription Factor Binding Sites within enhancer Gene Targets for Enhancer
GH10G075222 1.4 Ensembl ENCODE dbSUPER 4.8 +14.9 14937 5.3 ELF3 FOXA2 RB1 ARID4B RAD21 SCRT2 DEK ZNF263 ZNF654 ZNF362 ZNF503-AS1 DUPD1 COMTD1 VDAC2 PPIAP13
GH10G075529 1.4 FANTOM5 ENCODE dbSUPER 4.8 +320.6 320603 1.7 PKNOX1 SIN3A KLF17 FEZF1 ZNF335 ZNF366 SCRT2 ZNF263 SMARCC1 CEBPB VDAC2 SAMD8 GC10P075560 GC10P075464
GH10G075238 0.8 FANTOM5 4.4 +28.2 28209 0.4 SAP130 ZNF792 ZNF48 RARA ZNF316 NR2F6 L3MBTL2 NRF1 NFYC ZNF592 ZNF503-AS1 RPL39P25 HMGA1P5 DUPD1 COMTD1 VDAC2
GH10G075523 0.7 dbSUPER 4.8 +315.3 315321 3.3 SCRT1 KLF1 ZNF146 GFI1B ZNF10 REST ZNF843 ZNF664 OSR2 ZNF610 LRMDA VDAC2 GC10P075560 GC10P075464
GH10G075207 1.7 Ensembl ENCODE dbSUPER 0.7 -0.1 -90 6.0 MLX CREB3L1 AGO1 DMAP1 YY1 ZNF143 SP3 MEF2D ZNF610 GLIS1 ZNF503-AS1 KAT6B COMTD1 VDAC2 PIR38247
- Elite enhancer and/or Elite enhancer-gene association Download GeneHancer data dump

Enhancers around VDAC2 on UCSC Golden Path with GeneCards custom track

Promoters for VDAC2 Gene
Ensembl Regulatory Elements (ENSRs) TSS Distance (bp) Size (bp) Binding Sites for Transcription Factors within promoters
ENSR00000030052 946 2201 MLX CREB3L1 AGO1 DMAP1 YY1 ZNF143 SP3 MEF2D ZNF610 GLIS1

Genomic Location for VDAC2 Gene

Chromosome:
10
Start:
75,210,154 bp from pter
End:
75,231,448 bp from pter
Size:
21,295 bases
Orientation:
Plus strand

Genomic View for VDAC2 Gene

Genes around VDAC2 on UCSC Golden Path with GeneCards custom track

Cytogenetic band:
VDAC2 Gene in genomic location: bands according to Ensembl, locations according to GeneLoc (and/or Entrez Gene and/or Ensembl if different)
Genomic Location for VDAC2 Gene
GeneLoc Logo Genomic Neighborhood Exon StructureGene Density

RefSeq DNA sequence for VDAC2 Gene

Proteins for VDAC2 Gene

  • Protein details for VDAC2 Gene (UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot)

    Protein Symbol:
    P45880-VDAC2_HUMAN
    Recommended name:
    Voltage-dependent anion-selective channel protein 2
    Protein Accession:
    P45880
    Secondary Accessions:
    • Q5VWK1
    • Q5VWK3
    • Q6IB40
    • Q7L3J5
    • Q9BWK8
    • Q9Y5I6

    Protein attributes for VDAC2 Gene

    Size:
    294 amino acids
    Molecular mass:
    31567 Da
    Quaternary structure:
    • Interacts with hexokinases.
    SequenceCaution:
    • Sequence=CAH73106.1; Type=Erroneous gene model prediction; Evidence={ECO:0000305}; Sequence=CAI40910.1; Type=Erroneous gene model prediction; Evidence={ECO:0000305};

    Alternative splice isoforms for VDAC2 Gene

    UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot:

neXtProt entry for VDAC2 Gene

Post-translational modifications for VDAC2 Gene

  • Ubiquitinated by PARK2 during mitophagy, leading to its degradation and enhancement of mitophagy. Deubiquitinated by USP30.
  • Ubiquitination at Lys79, Lys136, and Lys292
  • Modification sites at PhosphoSitePlus

No data available for DME Specific Peptides for VDAC2 Gene

Domains & Families for VDAC2 Gene

Gene Families for VDAC2 Gene

Protein Domains for VDAC2 Gene

Graphical View of Domain Structure for InterPro Entry

P45880

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot:

VDAC2_HUMAN :
  • Consists mainly of a membrane-spanning beta-barrel formed by 19 beta-strands.
  • Belongs to the eukaryotic mitochondrial porin family.
Domain:
  • Consists mainly of a membrane-spanning beta-barrel formed by 19 beta-strands.
Family:
  • Belongs to the eukaryotic mitochondrial porin family.
genes like me logo Genes that share domains with VDAC2: view

Function for VDAC2 Gene

Molecular function for VDAC2 Gene

GENATLAS Biochemistry:
voltage-dependent anion channel 2,mitochondrial outer membrane,porin 2,allowing diffusion of small hydrophilic molecules
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot Function:
Forms a channel through the mitochondrial outer membrane that allows diffusion of small hydrophilic molecules. The channel adopts an open conformation at low or zero membrane potential and a closed conformation at potentials above 30-40 mV. The open state has a weak anion selectivity whereas the closed state is cation-selective.

Gene Ontology (GO) - Molecular Function for VDAC2 Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0000166 nucleotide binding IEA --
GO:0005515 protein binding IPI 15082785
GO:0008308 voltage-gated anion channel activity IDA 8420959
GO:0015288 porin activity IEA --
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with VDAC2: view
genes like me logo Genes that share phenotypes with VDAC2: view

Animal Models for VDAC2 Gene

MGI Knock Outs for VDAC2:

Animal Model Products

CRISPR Products

miRNA for VDAC2 Gene

miRTarBase miRNAs that target VDAC2

Inhibitory RNA Products

Clone Products

No data available for Enzyme Numbers (IUBMB) , Human Phenotype Ontology , Transcription Factor Targets and HOMER Transcription for VDAC2 Gene

Localization for VDAC2 Gene

Subcellular locations from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for VDAC2 Gene

Mitochondrion outer membrane.

Subcellular locations from

COMPARTMENTS
Extracellular space Cytosol Plasma membrane Cytoskeleton Lysosome Endosome Peroxisome ER Golgi Apparatus Nucleus Mitochondrion 0 1 2 3 4 5 Confidence
COMPARTMENTS Subcellular localization image for VDAC2 gene
Compartment Confidence
extracellular 5
mitochondrion 5
nucleus 5
cytosol 3
plasma membrane 1
cytoskeleton 1
peroxisome 1
endoplasmic reticulum 1
golgi apparatus 1

Gene Ontology (GO) - Cellular Components for VDAC2 Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0005634 nucleus IDA 21630459
GO:0005739 mitochondrion IDA,IEA 20833797
GO:0005741 mitochondrial outer membrane IEA --
GO:0005743 mitochondrial inner membrane IEA --
GO:0008021 synaptic vesicle IEA --
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with VDAC2: view

Pathways & Interactions for VDAC2 Gene

genes like me logo Genes that share pathways with VDAC2: view

Pathways by source for VDAC2 Gene

Gene Ontology (GO) - Biological Process for VDAC2 Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0006810 transport IEA --
GO:0006811 ion transport IEA --
GO:0006820 anion transport IDA 8420959
GO:0032272 negative regulation of protein polymerization IEA --
GO:0044070 regulation of anion transport IEA --
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with VDAC2: view

No data available for SIGNOR curated interactions for VDAC2 Gene

Drugs & Compounds for VDAC2 Gene

(5) Drugs for VDAC2 Gene - From: DrugBank, ApexBio, DGIdb, and Novoseek

Name Status Disease Links Group Role Mechanism of Action Clinical Trials
Aluminium monostearate Approved Pharma Target, inhibitor 0
PRLX 93936 Investigational Pharma Target 0
Erastin Pharma 0
OLESOXIME Pharma 0

(1) ApexBio Compounds for VDAC2 Gene

Compound Action Cas Number
Erastin 571203-78-6
genes like me logo Genes that share compounds with VDAC2: view

Drug Products

Transcripts for VDAC2 Gene

Unigene Clusters for VDAC2 Gene

Voltage-dependent anion channel 2:
Representative Sequences:

CRISPR Products

Inhibitory RNA Products

Clone Products

Alternative Splicing Database (ASD) splice patterns (SP) for VDAC2 Gene

ExUns: 1 ^ 2 ^ 3a · 3b · 3c · 3d · 3e ^ 4a · 4b ^ 5a · 5b ^ 6 ^ 7a · 7b ^ 8a · 8b · 8c ^ 9a · 9b ^ 10 ^ 11 ^ 12a · 12b · 12c ^ 13a · 13b ^
SP1: - - - - - -
SP2: - - - - - - -
SP3: - - - - - - - - - - - -
SP4: - - - - - - - - - - -
SP5: - - - -
SP6: - -
SP7: - - - - - - -
SP8: - - - - -
SP9: - - -
SP10: - - -
SP11:

ExUns: 14a · 14b · 14c
SP1:
SP2:
SP3:
SP4:
SP5:
SP6:
SP7:
SP8:
SP9:
SP10:
SP11:

Relevant External Links for VDAC2 Gene

GeneLoc Exon Structure for
VDAC2
ECgene alternative splicing isoforms for
VDAC2

Expression for VDAC2 Gene

mRNA expression in normal human tissues from GTEx, Illumina, BioGPS, and CGAP SAGE for VDAC2 Gene

Protein differential expression in normal tissues from HIPED for VDAC2 Gene

This gene is overexpressed in Nasal epithelium (19.9).

Integrated Proteomics: protein expression in normal tissues and cell lines from ProteomicsDB, PaxDb, MaxQB, and MOPED for VDAC2 Gene



Protein tissue co-expression partners for VDAC2 Gene

- Elite partner

NURSA nuclear receptor signaling pathways regulating expression of VDAC2 Gene:

VDAC2

SOURCE GeneReport for Unigene cluster for VDAC2 Gene:

Hs.355927

mRNA Expression by UniProt/SwissProt for VDAC2 Gene:

P45880-VDAC2_HUMAN
Tissue specificity: Expressed in all tissues examined.

Evidence on tissue expression from TISSUES for VDAC2 Gene

  • Nervous system(4.9)
  • Eye(4.6)
  • Liver(4.4)
  • Blood(4.2)
  • Lung(3.7)
  • Muscle(3.1)
  • Intestine(3)
  • Pancreas(2.9)
  • Skin(2.9)
  • Stomach(2.9)
  • Heart(2.6)
genes like me logo Genes that share expression patterns with VDAC2: view

Primer Products

No data available for mRNA expression in embryonic tissues and stem cells from LifeMap Discovery , mRNA differential expression in normal tissues and Phenotype-based relationships between genes and organs from Gene ORGANizer for VDAC2 Gene

Orthologs for VDAC2 Gene

This gene was present in the common ancestor of animals and fungi.

Orthologs for VDAC2 Gene

Organism Taxonomy Gene Similarity Type Details
chimpanzee
(Pan troglodytes)
Mammalia VDAC2 34 35
  • 99.89 (n)
dog
(Canis familiaris)
Mammalia VDAC2 35 34
  • 95.69 (n)
OneToOne
cow
(Bos Taurus)
Mammalia VDAC2 35 34
  • 95.58 (n)
OneToOne
oppossum
(Monodelphis domestica)
Mammalia VDAC2 35
  • 95 (a)
OneToOne
rat
(Rattus norvegicus)
Mammalia Vdac2 34
  • 92.57 (n)
mouse
(Mus musculus)
Mammalia Vdac2 34 16 35
  • 92.33 (n)
platypus
(Ornithorhynchus anatinus)
Mammalia VDAC2 35
  • 92 (a)
OneToOne
chicken
(Gallus gallus)
Aves VDAC2 34 35
  • 84.69 (n)
lizard
(Anolis carolinensis)
Reptilia VDAC2 35
  • 83 (a)
OneToOne
tropical clawed frog
(Silurana tropicalis)
Amphibia vdac2 34
  • 78.56 (n)
zebrafish
(Danio rerio)
Actinopterygii vdac2 34
  • 75.74 (n)
VDAC2 35
  • 51 (a)
OneToOne
fruit fly
(Drosophila melanogaster)
Insecta porin 36 34 35
  • 60.24 (n)
CG17137 36
  • 33 (a)
Porin2 35
  • 33 (a)
ManyToMany
CG17139 35
  • 18 (a)
ManyToMany
CG17140 35
  • 17 (a)
ManyToMany
African malaria mosquito
(Anopheles gambiae)
Insecta AgaP_AGAP009833 34
  • 60.12 (n)
worm
(Caenorhabditis elegans)
Secernentea R05G6.7 36 34
  • 51.81 (n)
vdac-1 35
  • 40 (a)
OneToMany
K. lactis yeast
(Kluyveromyces lactis)
Saccharomycetes KLLA0F03553g 34
  • 44.57 (n)
baker's yeast
(Saccharomyces cerevisiae)
Saccharomycetes POR1 34 35
  • 43.19 (n)
POR2 35
  • 20 (a)
ManyToMany
A. gosspyii yeast
(Ashbya gossypii)
Saccharomycetes AGOS_ADL247C 34
  • 40.79 (n)
sea squirt
(Ciona savignyi)
Ascidiacea CSA.11255 35
  • 59 (a)
OneToMany
bread mold
(Neurospora crassa)
Ascomycetes NCU04304 34
  • 44.48 (n)
fission yeast
(Schizosaccharomyces pombe)
Schizosaccharomycetes SPAC1635.01 34
  • 44.32 (n)
Species where no ortholog for VDAC2 was found in the sources mined by GeneCards:
  • Actinobacteria (Mycobacterium tuberculosis)
  • African clawed frog (Xenopus laevis)
  • Alicante grape (Vitis vinifera)
  • alpha proteobacteria (Wolbachia pipientis)
  • amoeba (Dictyostelium discoideum)
  • Archea (Pyrococcus horikoshii)
  • barley (Hordeum vulgare)
  • beta proteobacteria (Neisseria meningitidis)
  • Chromalveolata (Phytophthora infestans)
  • common water flea (Daphnia pulex)
  • corn (Zea mays)
  • E. coli (Escherichia coli)
  • filamentous fungi (Aspergillus nidulans)
  • Firmicute bacteria (Streptococcus pneumoniae)
  • green algae (Chlamydomonas reinhardtii)
  • honey bee (Apis mellifera)
  • loblloly pine (Pinus taeda)
  • malaria parasite (Plasmodium falciparum)
  • medicago trunc (Medicago Truncatula)
  • moss (Physcomitrella patens)
  • orangutan (Pongo pygmaeus)
  • pig (Sus scrofa)
  • rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss)
  • rice (Oryza sativa)
  • rice blast fungus (Magnaporthe grisea)
  • schistosome parasite (Schistosoma mansoni)
  • sea anemone (Nematostella vectensis)
  • sea urchin (Strongylocentrotus purpuratus)
  • sorghum (Sorghum bicolor)
  • soybean (Glycine max)
  • stem rust fungus (Puccinia graminis)
  • sugarcane (Saccharum officinarum)
  • thale cress (Arabidopsis thaliana)
  • tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum)
  • toxoplasmosis (Toxoplasma gondii)
  • Trichoplax (Trichoplax adhaerens)
  • wheat (Triticum aestivum)

Evolution for VDAC2 Gene

ENSEMBL:
Gene Tree for VDAC2 (if available)
TreeFam:
Gene Tree for VDAC2 (if available)

Paralogs for VDAC2 Gene

Paralogs for VDAC2 Gene

(2) SIMAP similar genes for VDAC2 Gene using alignment to 5 proteins:

genes like me logo Genes that share paralogs with VDAC2: view

Variants for VDAC2 Gene

Sequence variations from dbSNP and Humsavar for VDAC2 Gene

SNP ID Clin Chr 10 pos Sequence Context AA Info Type
rs1000172779 -- 75,222,818(+) CTACT(A/G)TTCCC intron-variant
rs1000198036 -- 75,216,422(+) GAAGG(A/T)TATGT intron-variant
rs1000364246 -- 75,228,654(+) AGTTA(A/C)ATCAT intron-variant
rs1000443962 -- 75,216,738(+) ATGGC(C/T)GTAGG intron-variant
rs1000669054 -- 75,222,534(+) GATTT(C/T)GAAAT intron-variant

Structural Variations from Database of Genomic Variants (DGV) for VDAC2 Gene

Variant ID Type Subtype PubMed ID
dgv927n100 CNV gain 25217958
dgv928n100 CNV gain 25217958
esv3546519 CNV deletion 23714750
esv3623848 CNV loss 21293372
nsv831913 CNV loss 17160897

Variation tolerance for VDAC2 Gene

Residual Variation Intolerance Score: 45.5% of all genes are more intolerant (likely to be disease-causing)
Gene Damage Index Score: 0.50; 10.87% of all genes are more intolerant (likely to be disease-causing)

Relevant External Links for VDAC2 Gene

SNPedia medical, phenotypic, and genealogical associations of SNPs for
VDAC2

No data available for Polymorphic Variants from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for VDAC2 Gene

Disorders for VDAC2 Gene

Relevant External Links for VDAC2

Genetic Association Database (GAD)
VDAC2
Human Genome Epidemiology (HuGE) Navigator
VDAC2
Atlas of Genetics and Cytogenetics in Oncology and Haematology:
VDAC2

No disorders were found for VDAC2 Gene.

No data available for MalaCards , UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot and Genatlas for VDAC2 Gene

Publications for VDAC2 Gene

  1. Subcellular localization of human voltage-dependent anion channel isoforms. (PMID: 7539795) Yu W.H. … Forte M.A. (J. Biol. Chem. 1995) 3 4 22 64
  2. Cloning and functional expression in yeast of two human isoforms of the outer mitochondrial membrane channel, the voltage-dependent anion channel. (PMID: 8420959) Blachly-Dyson E. … Forte M.A. (J. Biol. Chem. 1993) 3 4 22 64
  3. Genetic variants in nuclear-encoded mitochondrial genes influence AIDS progression. (PMID: 20877624) Hendrickson S.L. … O'Brien S.J. (PLoS ONE 2010) 3 46 64
  4. VDAC2 and aldolase A identified as membrane proteins of K562 cells with increased expression under iron deprivation. (PMID: 18278581) Valis K. … Kovar J. (Mol. Cell. Biochem. 2008) 3 22 64
  5. Human neuronal cell protein responses to Nipah virus infection. (PMID: 17553172) Chang L.Y. … AbuBakar S. (Virol. J. 2007) 3 22 64

Products for VDAC2 Gene

Sources for VDAC2 Gene

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