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Aliases for VAPB Gene

Aliases for VAPB Gene

  • VAMP Associated Protein B And C 2 3
  • VAMP (Vesicle-Associated Membrane Protein)-Associated Protein B And C 2 3 5
  • Vesicle-Associated Membrane Protein-Associated Protein B/C 3
  • VAMP-Associated 33 KDa Protein 3
  • VAMP-Associated Protein B/C 4
  • VAMP-B/VAMP-C 4
  • VAP-B/VAP-C 4
  • VAMP-B 3
  • VAP-B 3
  • ALS8 3

External Ids for VAPB Gene

Previous GeneCards Identifiers for VAPB Gene

  • GC20P056692
  • GC20P057602
  • GC20P057649
  • GC20P056397
  • GC20P056964
  • GC20P053747

Summaries for VAPB Gene

Entrez Gene Summary for VAPB Gene

  • The protein encoded by this gene is a type IV membrane protein found in plasma and intracellular vesicle membranes. The encoded protein is found as a homodimer and as a heterodimer with VAPA. This protein also can interact with VAMP1 and VAMP2 and may be involved in vesicle trafficking. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]

GeneCards Summary for VAPB Gene

VAPB (VAMP Associated Protein B And C) is a Protein Coding gene. Diseases associated with VAPB include Spinal Muscular Atrophy, Late-Onset, Finkel Type and Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis 8. Among its related pathways are Sphingolipid metabolism and Metabolism. GO annotations related to this gene include protein homodimerization activity and enzyme binding. An important paralog of this gene is VAPA.

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for VAPB Gene

  • Participates in the endoplasmic reticulum unfolded protein response (UPR) by inducing ERN1/IRE1 activity. Involved in cellular calcium homeostasis regulation.

Gene Wiki entry for VAPB Gene

No data available for Tocris Summary , PharmGKB "VIP" Summary , fRNAdb sequence ontologies and piRNA Summary for VAPB Gene

Genomics for VAPB Gene

Regulatory Elements for VAPB Gene

Enhancers for VAPB Gene
GeneHancer Identifier Enhancer Score Enhancer Sources Gene-Enhancer Score TSS distance (kb) Number of Genes Away Size (kb) Transcription Factor Binding Sites within enhancer Gene Targets for Enhancer
- Elite enhancer/Elite enhancer-gene association

Enhancers around VAPB on UCSC Golden Path with GeneCards custom track

Promoters for VAPB Gene
Ensembl Regulatory Elements (ENSRs) TSS Distance (bp) Size (bp) Binding Sites for Transcription Factors within promoters

Genomic Location for VAPB Gene

Chromosome:
20
Start:
58,389,119 bp from pter
End:
58,451,101 bp from pter
Size:
61,983 bases
Orientation:
Plus strand

Genomic View for VAPB Gene

Genes around VAPB on UCSC Golden Path with GeneCards custom track

Cytogenetic band:
VAPB Gene in genomic location: bands according to Ensembl, locations according to GeneLoc (and/or Entrez Gene and/or Ensembl if different)
Genomic Location for VAPB Gene
GeneLoc Logo Genomic Neighborhood Exon StructureGene Density

RefSeq DNA sequence for VAPB Gene

Proteins for VAPB Gene

  • Protein details for VAPB Gene (UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot)

    Protein Symbol:
    O95292-VAPB_HUMAN
    Recommended name:
    Vesicle-associated membrane protein-associated protein B/C
    Protein Accession:
    O95292
    Secondary Accessions:
    • A2A2F2
    • O95293
    • Q9P0H0

    Protein attributes for VAPB Gene

    Size:
    243 amino acids
    Molecular mass:
    27228 Da
    Quaternary structure:
    • Homodimer, and heterodimer with VAPA. Interacts with VAMP1 and VAMP2. Interacts with HCV NS5A and NS5B. Interacts (via MSP domain) with ZFYVE27. Interacts with RMDN3.

    Three dimensional structures from OCA and Proteopedia for VAPB Gene

    Alternative splice isoforms for VAPB Gene

    UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot:

neXtProt entry for VAPB Gene

Post-translational modifications for VAPB Gene

  • Ubiquitination at Lys 155
  • Modification sites at PhosphoSitePlus

Other Protein References for VAPB Gene

No data available for DME Specific Peptides for VAPB Gene

Domains & Families for VAPB Gene

Protein Domains for VAPB Gene

Graphical View of Domain Structure for InterPro Entry

O95292

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot:

VAPB_HUMAN :
  • Contains 1 MSP domain.
  • Belongs to the VAMP-associated protein (VAP) (TC 9.B.17) family.
Domain:
  • Contains 1 MSP domain.
Family:
  • Belongs to the VAMP-associated protein (VAP) (TC 9.B.17) family.
genes like me logo Genes that share domains with VAPB: view

No data available for Gene Families for VAPB Gene

Function for VAPB Gene

Molecular function for VAPB Gene

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot Function:
Participates in the endoplasmic reticulum unfolded protein response (UPR) by inducing ERN1/IRE1 activity. Involved in cellular calcium homeostasis regulation.

Gene Ontology (GO) - Molecular Function for VAPB Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0005515 protein binding IPI 9920726
GO:0008017 microtubule binding IDA 18713837
GO:0019899 enzyme binding IPI 17540579
GO:0033149 FFAT motif binding IMP 18713837
GO:0042803 protein homodimerization activity IPI 9920726
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with VAPB: view
genes like me logo Genes that share phenotypes with VAPB: view

Human Phenotype Ontology for VAPB Gene

HPO Id HPO Name Alternative Ids Definition Synonyms

Animal Models for VAPB Gene

MGI Knock Outs for VAPB:

Animal Model Products

  • Taconic Biosciences Mouse Models for VAPB

CRISPR Products

Inhibitory RNA Products

Clone Products

Flow Cytometry Products

No data available for Enzyme Numbers (IUBMB) , Transcription Factor Targets and HOMER Transcription for VAPB Gene

Localization for VAPB Gene

Subcellular locations from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for VAPB Gene

Endoplasmic reticulum membrane; Single-pass type IV membrane protein. Note=Present in mitochondria-associated membranes that are endoplasmic reticulum membrane regions closely apposed to the outer mitochondrial membrane. {ECO:0000269 PubMed:22131369}.

Subcellular locations from

COMPARTMENTS
Jensen Localization Image for VAPB Gene COMPARTMENTS Subcellular localization image for VAPB gene
Compartment Confidence
endoplasmic reticulum 5
golgi apparatus 5
cytosol 3
mitochondrion 2
nucleus 2
cytoskeleton 1
peroxisome 1
plasma membrane 1

Gene Ontology (GO) - Cellular Components for VAPB Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0000139 Golgi membrane IEA --
GO:0005737 cytoplasm IDA 25468996
GO:0005783 endoplasmic reticulum IDA 15372378
GO:0005789 endoplasmic reticulum membrane TAS --
GO:0005794 Golgi apparatus IDA 16227268
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with VAPB: view

Pathways & Interactions for VAPB Gene

genes like me logo Genes that share pathways with VAPB: view

Pathways by source for VAPB Gene

Gene Ontology (GO) - Biological Process for VAPB Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0006874 cellular calcium ion homeostasis IMP 22131369
GO:0006888 ER to Golgi vesicle-mediated transport IMP 18713837
GO:0006987 activation of signaling protein activity involved in unfolded protein response IDA 20940299
GO:0007029 endoplasmic reticulum organization IMP 18713837
GO:0019048 modulation by virus of host morphology or physiology IDA 16227268
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with VAPB: view

No data available for SIGNOR curated interactions for VAPB Gene

Drugs & Compounds for VAPB Gene

No Compound Related Data Available

Transcripts for VAPB Gene

Unigene Clusters for VAPB Gene

VAMP (vesicle-associated membrane protein)-associated protein B and C:
Representative Sequences:

CRISPR Products

Inhibitory RNA Products

Clone Products

Flow Cytometry Products

Alternative Splicing Database (ASD) splice patterns (SP) for VAPB Gene

ExUns: 1a · 1b · 1c · 1d ^ 2 ^ 3 ^ 4 ^ 5 ^ 6 ^ 7a · 7b ^ 8 ^ 9
SP1: - - -
SP2: - - -
SP3:
SP4: - - - -
SP5: - - - - - - -
SP6:

Relevant External Links for VAPB Gene

GeneLoc Exon Structure for
VAPB
ECgene alternative splicing isoforms for
VAPB

Expression for VAPB Gene

mRNA expression in normal human tissues for VAPB Gene

Protein differential expression in normal tissues from HIPED for VAPB Gene

This gene is overexpressed in Brain (6.6).

Integrated Proteomics: protein expression in normal tissues and cell lines from ProteomicsDB, PaxDb, MaxQB, and MOPED for VAPB Gene



Protein tissue co-expression partners for VAPB Gene

- Elite partner

NURSA nuclear receptor signaling pathways regulating expression of VAPB Gene:

VAPB

SOURCE GeneReport for Unigene cluster for VAPB Gene:

Hs.182625

mRNA Expression by UniProt/SwissProt for VAPB Gene:

O95292-VAPB_HUMAN
Tissue specificity: Ubiquitous. Isoform 1 predominates.
genes like me logo Genes that share expression patterns with VAPB: view

Primer Products

No data available for mRNA expression in embryonic tissues and stem cells from LifeMap Discovery and mRNA differential expression in normal tissues for VAPB Gene

Orthologs for VAPB Gene

This gene was present in the common ancestor of animals and fungi.

Orthologs for VAPB Gene

Organism Taxonomy Gene Similarity Type Details
cow
(Bos Taurus)
Mammalia VAPB 34
  • 91.5 (n)
  • 95.88 (a)
VAPB 35
  • 96 (a)
OneToOne
dog
(Canis familiaris)
Mammalia VAPB 34
  • 92.59 (n)
  • 96.3 (a)
VAPB 35
  • 96 (a)
OneToOne
mouse
(Mus musculus)
Mammalia Vapb 34
  • 87.52 (n)
  • 90.12 (a)
Vapb 16
Vapb 35
  • 90 (a)
OneToOne
chimpanzee
(Pan troglodytes)
Mammalia VAPB 34
  • 99.86 (n)
  • 100 (a)
VAPB 35
  • 100 (a)
OneToOne
rat
(Rattus norvegicus)
Mammalia Vapb 34
  • 85.46 (n)
  • 88.48 (a)
oppossum
(Monodelphis domestica)
Mammalia VAPB 35
  • 92 (a)
OneToOne
platypus
(Ornithorhynchus anatinus)
Mammalia VAPB 35
  • 92 (a)
OneToOne
chicken
(Gallus gallus)
Aves VAPB 34
  • 83.4 (n)
  • 87.24 (a)
VAPB 35
  • 84 (a)
OneToOne
lizard
(Anolis carolinensis)
Reptilia VAPB 35
  • 90 (a)
OneToOne
tropical clawed frog
(Silurana tropicalis)
Amphibia MGC76271 34
MGC76271 34
  • 74.34 (n)
  • 82.43 (a)
African clawed frog
(Xenopus laevis)
Amphibia Xl.29271 34
zebrafish
(Danio rerio)
Actinopterygii vapb 34
  • 71.49 (n)
  • 75.21 (a)
wufa96d05 34
vapb 35
  • 75 (a)
OneToOne
fruit fly
(Drosophila melanogaster)
Insecta Vap-33-1 36
  • 56 (a)
Vap-33-1 34
  • 47.13 (n)
  • 40.52 (a)
fan 35
  • 23 (a)
ManyToMany
Vap-33-1 35
  • 34 (a)
ManyToMany
African malaria mosquito
(Anopheles gambiae)
Insecta AgaP_AGAP000626 34
  • 50.35 (n)
  • 41.84 (a)
worm
(Caenorhabditis elegans)
Secernentea F33D11.11 36
  • 36 (a)
vpr-1 34
  • 44.96 (n)
  • 36.13 (a)
vpr-1 35
  • 31 (a)
OneToMany
baker's yeast
(Saccharomyces cerevisiae)
Saccharomycetes SCS2 35
  • 19 (a)
ManyToMany
SCS22 35
  • 26 (a)
ManyToMany
Species where no ortholog for VAPB was found in the sources mined by GeneCards:
  • A. gosspyii yeast (Ashbya gossypii)
  • Actinobacteria (Mycobacterium tuberculosis)
  • Alicante grape (Vitis vinifera)
  • alpha proteobacteria (Wolbachia pipientis)
  • amoeba (Dictyostelium discoideum)
  • Archea (Pyrococcus horikoshii)
  • barley (Hordeum vulgare)
  • beta proteobacteria (Neisseria meningitidis)
  • bread mold (Neurospora crassa)
  • Chromalveolata (Phytophthora infestans)
  • common water flea (Daphnia pulex)
  • corn (Zea mays)
  • E. coli (Escherichia coli)
  • filamentous fungi (Aspergillus nidulans)
  • Firmicute bacteria (Streptococcus pneumoniae)
  • fission yeast (Schizosaccharomyces pombe)
  • green algae (Chlamydomonas reinhardtii)
  • honey bee (Apis mellifera)
  • K. lactis yeast (Kluyveromyces lactis)
  • loblloly pine (Pinus taeda)
  • malaria parasite (Plasmodium falciparum)
  • medicago trunc (Medicago Truncatula)
  • moss (Physcomitrella patens)
  • orangutan (Pongo pygmaeus)
  • pig (Sus scrofa)
  • rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss)
  • rice (Oryza sativa)
  • rice blast fungus (Magnaporthe grisea)
  • schistosome parasite (Schistosoma mansoni)
  • sea anemone (Nematostella vectensis)
  • sea squirt (Ciona intestinalis)
  • sea squirt (Ciona savignyi)
  • sea urchin (Strongylocentrotus purpuratus)
  • sorghum (Sorghum bicolor)
  • soybean (Glycine max)
  • stem rust fungus (Puccinia graminis)
  • sugarcane (Saccharum officinarum)
  • thale cress (Arabidopsis thaliana)
  • tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum)
  • toxoplasmosis (Toxoplasma gondii)
  • Trichoplax (Trichoplax adhaerens)
  • wheat (Triticum aestivum)

Evolution for VAPB Gene

ENSEMBL:
Gene Tree for VAPB (if available)
TreeFam:
Gene Tree for VAPB (if available)

Paralogs for VAPB Gene

Paralogs for VAPB Gene

(2) SIMAP similar genes for VAPB Gene using alignment to 3 proteins:

Pseudogenes.org Pseudogenes for VAPB Gene

genes like me logo Genes that share paralogs with VAPB: view

Variants for VAPB Gene

Sequence variations from dbSNP and Humsavar for VAPB Gene

SNP ID Clin Chr 20 pos Sequence Context AA Info Type
rs74315431 Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis 8 (ALS8), Spinal muscular atrophy, proximal, adult, autosomal dominant (SMAPAD) 58,418,318(+) TGAGG(C/T)CCAAC nc-transcript-variant, reference, missense
rs281875284 Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis 8 (ALS8) 58,418,289(+) GAAGA(C/T)TACAG nc-transcript-variant, reference, missense
rs7400 -- 58,445,500(-) ATAGT(C/G)AAACA nc-transcript-variant, utr-variant-3-prime
rs12512 -- 58,445,288(-) GACCT(A/G)GGCGC nc-transcript-variant, utr-variant-3-prime
rs910860 -- 58,428,718(-) CCATA(C/T)GTGCA intron-variant

Structural Variations from Database of Genomic Variants (DGV) for VAPB Gene

Variant ID Type Subtype PubMed ID
esv2722621 CNV deletion 23290073
nsv1118919 CNV deletion 24896259
nsv1160685 CNV deletion 26073780
nsv3428 CNV deletion 18451855
nsv834019 CNV loss 17160897

Variation tolerance for VAPB Gene

Residual Variation Intolerance Score: 46% of all genes are more intolerant (likely to be disease-causing)
Gene Damage Index Score: 0.96; 19.78% of all genes are more intolerant (likely to be disease-causing)

Relevant External Links for VAPB Gene

Human Gene Mutation Database (HGMD)
VAPB
SNPedia medical, phenotypic, and genealogical associations of SNPs for
VAPB

No data available for Polymorphic Variants from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for VAPB Gene

Disorders for VAPB Gene

MalaCards: The human disease database

(14) MalaCards diseases for VAPB Gene - From: OMIM, ClinVar, GeneTests, Orphanet, Swiss-Prot, DISEASES, Novoseek, and GeneCards

Disorder Aliases PubMed IDs
spinal muscular atrophy, late-onset, finkel type
  • spinal muscular atrophy, proximal, adult, autosomal dominant
amyotrophic lateral sclerosis 8
  • amyotrophic lateral sclerosis type 8
amyotrophic lateral sclerosis 1
  • amyotrophic lateral sclerosis
vapb-related amyotrophic lateral sclerosis
  • als8
adult spinal muscular atrophy
  • spinal muscular atrophy, adult form
- elite association - COSMIC cancer census association via MalaCards
Search VAPB in MalaCards View complete list of genes associated with diseases

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot

VAPB_HUMAN
  • Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis 8 (ALS8) [MIM:608627]: A neurodegenerative disorder affecting upper motor neurons in the brain and lower motor neurons in the brain stem and spinal cord, resulting in fatal paralysis. Sensory abnormalities are absent. The pathologic hallmarks of the disease include pallor of the corticospinal tract due to loss of motor neurons, presence of ubiquitin-positive inclusions within surviving motor neurons, and deposition of pathologic aggregates. The etiology of amyotrophic lateral sclerosis is likely to be multifactorial, involving both genetic and environmental factors. The disease is inherited in 5-10% of the cases. {ECO:0000269 PubMed:15372378, ECO:0000269 PubMed:20940299}. Note=The disease is caused by mutations affecting the gene represented in this entry.
  • Spinal muscular atrophy, proximal, adult, autosomal dominant (SMAPAD) [MIM:182980]: A form of spinal muscular atrophy, a neuromuscular disorder characterized by degeneration of the anterior horn cells of the spinal cord, leading to symmetrical muscle weakness and atrophy. SMAPAD is characterized by proximal muscle weakness that begins in the lower limbs and then progresses to upper limbs, onset in late adulthood (after third decade) and a benign course. Most of the patients remain ambulatory 10 to 40 years after clinical onset. {ECO:0000269 PubMed:15372378}. Note=The disease is caused by mutations affecting the gene represented in this entry.

Relevant External Links for VAPB

Genetic Association Database (GAD)
VAPB
Human Genome Epidemiology (HuGE) Navigator
VAPB
Atlas of Genetics and Cytogenetics in Oncology and Haematology:
VAPB
genes like me logo Genes that share disorders with VAPB: view

No data available for Genatlas for VAPB Gene

Publications for VAPB Gene

  1. Sporadic ALS is not associated with VAPB gene mutations in Southern Italy. (PMID: 16729899) Conforti F.L. … Quattrone A. (J Negat Results Biomed 2006) 3 22 46 65
  2. Characterization of amyotrophic lateral sclerosis-linked P56S mutation of vesicle-associated membrane protein-associated protein B (VAPB/ALS8). (PMID: 16891305) Kanekura K. … Matsuoka M. (J. Biol. Chem. 2006) 3 4 22 65
  3. A mutation in the vesicle-trafficking protein VAPB causes late-onset spinal muscular atrophy and amyotrophic lateral sclerosis. (PMID: 15372378) Nishimura A.L. … Zatz M. (Am. J. Hum. Genet. 2004) 3 4 22 65
  4. Molecular cloning and characterization of mammalian homologues of vesicle-associated membrane protein-associated (VAMP-associated) proteins. (PMID: 9920726) Nishimura Y. … Tanaka T. (Biochem. Biophys. Res. Commun. 1999) 2 3 4 65
  5. VAPB interacts with the mitochondrial protein PTPIP51 to regulate calcium homeostasis. (PMID: 22131369) De Vos K.J. … Miller C.C. (Hum. Mol. Genet. 2012) 3 4 65

Products for VAPB Gene

Sources for VAPB Gene

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