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Aliases for UTRN Gene

Aliases for UTRN Gene

  • Utrophin 2 3 5
  • Dystrophin-Related Protein 1 3 4
  • DRP-1 3 4
  • DRP1 3 4
  • DMDL 3 4
  • Utrophin (Homologous To Dystrophin) 2
  • DRP 3

External Ids for UTRN Gene

Previous HGNC Symbols for UTRN Gene

  • DMDL

Previous GeneCards Identifiers for UTRN Gene

  • GC06P144460
  • GC06P144593
  • GC06P144654
  • GC06P142176

Summaries for UTRN Gene

Entrez Gene Summary for UTRN Gene

  • This gene shares both structural and functional similarities with the dystrophin gene. It contains an actin-binding N-terminus, a triple coiled-coil repeat central region, and a C-terminus that consists of protein-protein interaction motifs which interact with dystroglycan protein components. The protein encoded by this gene is located at the neuromuscular synapse and myotendinous junctions, where it participates in post-synaptic membrane maintenance and acetylcholine receptor clustering. Mouse studies suggest that this gene may serve as a functional substitute for the dystrophin gene and therefore, may serve as a potential therapeutic alternative to muscular dystrophy which is caused by mutations in the dystrophin gene. Alternative splicing of the utrophin gene has been described; however, the full-length nature of these variants has not yet been determined. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]

GeneCards Summary for UTRN Gene

UTRN (Utrophin) is a Protein Coding gene. Diseases associated with UTRN include Encephalopahty, Lethal, Due To Defective Mitochondrial Peroxisomal Fission and Duchenne Muscular Dystrophy. Among its related pathways are Agrin Interactions at Neuromuscular Junction. GO annotations related to this gene include calcium ion binding and actin binding. An important paralog of this gene is DRP2.

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for UTRN Gene

  • May play a role in anchoring the cytoskeleton to the plasma membrane.

Gene Wiki entry for UTRN Gene

No data available for Tocris Summary , PharmGKB "VIP" Summary , fRNAdb sequence ontologies and piRNA Summary for UTRN Gene

Genomics for UTRN Gene

Regulatory Elements for UTRN Gene

Enhancers for UTRN Gene
GeneHancer Identifier Score Enhancer Sources TSS distance (kb) Number of Genes Away Size (kb) Transcription Factor Binding Sites within enhancer Other Gene Targets for Enhancer

Enhancers around UTRN on UCSC Golden Path with GeneCards custom track

Promoters for UTRN Gene
Ensembl Regulatory Elements (ENSRs) TSS Distance (bp) Size (bp) Binding Sites for Transcription Factors within promoters

ENSRs around UTRN on UCSC Golden Path with GeneCards custom track

Genomic Location for UTRN Gene

144,285,298 bp from pter
144,853,034 bp from pter
567,737 bases
Plus strand

Genomic View for UTRN Gene

Genes around UTRN on UCSC Golden Path with GeneCards custom track

Cytogenetic band:
UTRN Gene in genomic location: bands according to Ensembl, locations according to GeneLoc (and/or Entrez Gene and/or Ensembl if different)
Genomic Location for UTRN Gene
GeneLoc Logo Genomic Neighborhood Exon StructureGene Density

RefSeq DNA sequence for UTRN Gene

Proteins for UTRN Gene

  • Protein details for UTRN Gene (UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot)

    Protein Symbol:
    Recommended name:
    Protein Accession:
    Secondary Accessions:
    • Q5SYY1
    • Q5SZ57
    • Q9UJ40

    Protein attributes for UTRN Gene

    3433 amino acids
    Molecular mass:
    394466 Da
    Quaternary structure:
    • Homodimer. Interacts with the syntrophins SNTA1; SNTB1 and SNTB2. Interacts with SYNM. Interacts (via its WWW and ZZ domains) with DAG1 (via the PPXY motif of betaDAG1); the interaction is inhibited by the tyrosine phosphorylation of the PPXY motif of DAG1.

    Three dimensional structures from OCA and Proteopedia for UTRN Gene

    Alternative splice isoforms for UTRN Gene


neXtProt entry for UTRN Gene

Proteomics data for UTRN Gene at MOPED

Post-translational modifications for UTRN Gene

  • Ubiquitination at Lys 1334
  • Modification sites at PhosphoSitePlus

No data available for DME Specific Peptides for UTRN Gene

Domains & Families for UTRN Gene

Gene Families for UTRN Gene

Suggested Antigen Peptide Sequences for UTRN Gene

Graphical View of Domain Structure for InterPro Entry



  • Actin binding affinity is primarily determined by CH domain 1.
  • Contains 20 spectrin repeats.
  • Actin binding affinity is primarily determined by CH domain 1.
  • Contains 2 CH (calponin-homology) domains.
  • Contains 1 WW domain.
  • Contains 20 spectrin repeats.
  • Contains 1 ZZ-type zinc finger.
genes like me logo Genes that share domains with UTRN: view

Function for UTRN Gene

Molecular function for UTRN Gene

GENATLAS Biochemistry:
utrophin,dystrophin related protein,expressed in sensory ganglia and brain,at the synapse and myotendinous junction,associating with the dystroglycan complex and involved in association with rapsyn,in the clustering of acetylcholine receptors
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot Function:
May play a role in anchoring the cytoskeleton to the plasma membrane.

Gene Ontology (GO) - Molecular Function for UTRN Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0017166 vinculin binding IPI 16803572
GO:0051015 actin filament binding IEA --
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with UTRN: view
genes like me logo Genes that share phenotypes with UTRN: view

Animal Models for UTRN Gene

MGI Knock Outs for UTRN:

Animal Model Products

No data available for Enzyme Numbers (IUBMB) , Human Phenotype Ontology , Transcription Factor Targets and HOMER Transcription for UTRN Gene

Localization for UTRN Gene

Subcellular locations from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for UTRN Gene

Cell junction, synapse, postsynaptic cell membrane; Peripheral membrane protein; Cytoplasmic side. Cytoplasm, cytoskeleton. Note=Neuromuscular junction.

Subcellular locations from

Jensen Localization Image for UTRN Gene COMPARTMENTS Subcellular localization image for UTRN gene
Compartment Confidence
cytoskeleton 5
extracellular 5
nucleus 5
plasma membrane 5
cytosol 3
golgi apparatus 1
mitochondrion 1

Gene Ontology (GO) - Cellular Components for UTRN Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0005654 nucleoplasm IDA --
GO:0005856 cytoskeleton IEA,TAS 8977119
GO:0005886 plasma membrane IDA --
GO:0030864 cortical actin cytoskeleton IEA --
GO:0031527 filopodium membrane IDA 16803572
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with UTRN: view

Pathways & Interactions for UTRN Gene

genes like me logo Genes that share pathways with UTRN: view

Pathways by source for UTRN Gene

1 Qiagen pathway for UTRN Gene

SIGNOR curated interactions for UTRN Gene

Is activated by:

Gene Ontology (GO) - Biological Process for UTRN Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0001954 positive regulation of cell-matrix adhesion IMP 19786618
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with UTRN: view

Drugs & Compounds for UTRN Gene

(6) Drugs for UTRN Gene - From: Novoseek

Name Status Disease Links Group Role Mechanism of Action Clinical Trials

(4) Additional Compounds for UTRN Gene - From: Novoseek

Name Synonyms Role CAS Number PubChem IDs PubMed IDs
genes like me logo Genes that share compounds with UTRN: view

Transcripts for UTRN Gene

mRNA/cDNA for UTRN Gene

Unigene Clusters for UTRN Gene

Representative Sequences:

Alternative Splicing Database (ASD) splice patterns (SP) for UTRN Gene

No ASD Table

Relevant External Links for UTRN Gene

GeneLoc Exon Structure for
ECgene alternative splicing isoforms for

Expression for UTRN Gene

mRNA expression in normal human tissues for UTRN Gene

mRNA expression in embryonic tissues and stem cells from LifeMap Discovery

Protein differential expression in normal tissues from HIPED for UTRN Gene

This gene is overexpressed in Peripheral blood mononuclear cells (11.2) and Uterus (6.3).

Integrated Proteomics: protein expression in normal tissues and cell lines from ProteomicsDB, PaxDb, MOPED, and MaxQB for UTRN Gene

SOURCE GeneReport for Unigene cluster for UTRN Gene Hs.133135

mRNA Expression by UniProt/SwissProt for UTRN Gene

Tissue specificity: Isoform 1 has high expression in muscle. Isoforms Up70 and Up140 were found in all the adult and fetal tissues tested and relatively abundant in lung and kidney.
genes like me logo Genes that share expression patterns with UTRN: view

Protein tissue co-expression partners for UTRN Gene

Primer Products

No data available for mRNA differential expression in normal tissues for UTRN Gene

Orthologs for UTRN Gene

This gene was present in the common ancestor of animals.

Orthologs for UTRN Gene

Organism Taxonomy Gene Similarity Type Details
(Bos Taurus)
Mammalia UTRN 35
  • 89.8 (n)
  • 91.93 (a)
  • 92 (a)
(Canis familiaris)
Mammalia UTRN 35
  • 90.33 (n)
  • 92.04 (a)
  • 95 (a)
(Mus musculus)
Mammalia Utrn 35
  • 84.62 (n)
  • 87.61 (a)
Utrn 16
Utrn 36
  • 88 (a)
(Pan troglodytes)
Mammalia UTRN 35
  • 99.5 (n)
  • 99.39 (a)
  • 99 (a)
(Rattus norvegicus)
Mammalia Utrn 35
  • 84.24 (n)
  • 87.13 (a)
(Monodelphis domestica)
Mammalia UTRN 36
  • 83 (a)
(Ornithorhynchus anatinus)
Mammalia UTRN 36
  • 83 (a)
(Gallus gallus)
Aves UTRN 35
  • 75.67 (n)
  • 77.87 (a)
  • 76 (a)
(Anolis carolinensis)
Reptilia UTRN 36
  • 73 (a)
tropical clawed frog
(Silurana tropicalis)
Amphibia utrn 35
  • 68.13 (n)
  • 68.35 (a)
(Danio rerio)
Actinopterygii LOC572406 35
  • 56.96 (n)
  • 51.32 (a)
  • 69 (a)
fruit fly
(Drosophila melanogaster)
Insecta Dys 37
  • 44 (a)
(Caenorhabditis elegans)
Secernentea M116.5 37
  • 37 (a)
Species with no ortholog for UTRN:
  • A. gosspyii yeast (Ashbya gossypii)
  • Actinobacteria (Mycobacterium tuberculosis)
  • African clawed frog (Xenopus laevis)
  • African malaria mosquito (Anopheles gambiae)
  • Alicante grape (Vitis vinifera)
  • alpha proteobacteria (Wolbachia pipientis)
  • amoeba (Dictyostelium discoideum)
  • Archea (Pyrococcus horikoshii)
  • baker's yeast (Saccharomyces cerevisiae)
  • barley (Hordeum vulgare)
  • beta proteobacteria (Neisseria meningitidis)
  • bread mold (Neurospora crassa)
  • Chromalveolata (Phytophthora infestans)
  • common water flea (Daphnia pulex)
  • corn (Zea mays)
  • E. coli (Escherichia coli)
  • filamentous fungi (Aspergillus nidulans)
  • Firmicute bacteria (Streptococcus pneumoniae)
  • fission yeast (Schizosaccharomyces pombe)
  • green algae (Chlamydomonas reinhardtii)
  • honey bee (Apis mellifera)
  • K. lactis yeast (Kluyveromyces lactis)
  • loblloly pine (Pinus taeda)
  • malaria parasite (Plasmodium falciparum)
  • medicago trunc (Medicago Truncatula)
  • moss (Physcomitrella patens)
  • orangutan (Pongo pygmaeus)
  • pig (Sus scrofa)
  • rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss)
  • rice (Oryza sativa)
  • rice blast fungus (Magnaporthe grisea)
  • schistosome parasite (Schistosoma mansoni)
  • sea anemone (Nematostella vectensis)
  • sea squirt (Ciona intestinalis)
  • sea squirt (Ciona savignyi)
  • sea urchin (Strongylocentrotus purpuratus)
  • sorghum (Sorghum bicolor)
  • soybean (Glycine max)
  • stem rust fungus (Puccinia graminis)
  • sugarcane (Saccharum officinarum)
  • thale cress (Arabidopsis thaliana)
  • tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum)
  • toxoplasmosis (Toxoplasma gondii)
  • Trichoplax (Trichoplax adhaerens)
  • wheat (Triticum aestivum)

Evolution for UTRN Gene

Gene Tree for UTRN (if available)
Gene Tree for UTRN (if available)

Paralogs for UTRN Gene

Paralogs for UTRN Gene

genes like me logo Genes that share paralogs with UTRN: view

Variants for UTRN Gene

Sequence variations from dbSNP and Humsavar for UTRN Gene

SNP ID Clin Chr 06 pos Sequence Context AA Info Type
rs12204715 - 144,522,076(+) AAATT(A/T)TACTT reference, missense
rs12204734 - 144,531,065(+) ACAGG(A/G)CAATG reference, missense
rs35676466 - 144,533,206(-) TTAAA(A/C/T)CTGCC reference, missense
rs1534443 - 144,548,649(-) GGACA(C/T)TAGGA reference, missense
rs1016235 -- 144,555,985(-) TATTA(C/T)GAAAT intron-variant

Structural Variations from Database of Genomic Variants (DGV) for UTRN Gene

Variant ID Type Subtype PubMed ID
nsv830831 CNV Gain 17160897
nsv830832 CNV Gain 17160897
esv2422260 CNV Deletion 17116639
dgv1160e199 CNV Deletion 23128226
nsv516523 CNV Loss 19592680
nsv527525 CNV Loss 19592680
nsv886739 CNV Loss 21882294
esv2665497 CNV Deletion 23128226
nsv510057 CNV Loss 20534489
esv2675592 CNV Deletion 23128226
nsv830833 CNV Loss 17160897
nsv5518 CNV Insertion 18451855
esv2674664 CNV Deletion 23128226
nsv886740 CNV Gain 21882294
nsv886741 CNV Loss 21882294
esv2732825 CNV Deletion 23290073
esv7877 CNV Loss 19470904
esv2676054 CNV Deletion 23128226
esv2732826 CNV Deletion 23290073
esv2659683 CNV Deletion 23128226
esv2732827 CNV Deletion 23290073

Variation tolerance for UTRN Gene

Residual Variation Intolerance Score: 3.77% of all genes are more intolerant (likely to be disease-causing)
Gene Damage Index Score: 8.14; 84.66% of all genes are more intolerant (likely to be disease-causing)

Relevant External Links for UTRN Gene

Human Gene Mutation Database (HGMD)

No data available for Polymorphic Variants from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for UTRN Gene

Disorders for UTRN Gene

MalaCards: The human disease database

(9) MalaCards diseases for UTRN Gene - From: OMIM, DISEASES, Novoseek, and GeneCards

Disorder Aliases PubMed IDs
encephalopahty, lethal, due to defective mitochondrial peroxisomal fission
  • lethal encephalopathy due to defective mitochondrial peroxisomal fission
duchenne muscular dystrophy
  • muscular dystrophy, duchenne
becker muscular dystrophy
  • benign congenital myopathy
muscle tissue disease
  • dystrophinopathy
- elite association - COSMIC cancer census association via MalaCards
Search UTRN in MalaCards View complete list of genes associated with diseases

Relevant External Links for UTRN

Genetic Association Database (GAD)
Human Genome Epidemiology (HuGE) Navigator
Atlas of Genetics and Cytogenetics in Oncology and Haematology:
genes like me logo Genes that share disorders with UTRN: view

No data available for UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot and Genatlas for UTRN Gene

Publications for UTRN Gene

  1. Primary structure of dystrophin-related protein. (PMID: 1461283) Tinsley J.M. … Davies K.E. (Nature 1992) 3 4 23 67
  2. Utrophin, the autosomal homologue of dystrophin, is widely-expressed and membrane-associated in cultured cell lines. (PMID: 1426262) Nguyen T.M. … Morris G.E. (FEBS Lett. 1992) 2 3 23
  3. The 8th and 9th tandem spectrin-like repeats of utrophin cooperatively form a functional unit to interact with polarity-regulating kinase PAR-1b. (PMID: 19945424) Yamashita K. … Ohno S. (Biochem. Biophys. Res. Commun. 2010) 3 23
  4. Increased expression of cSHMT, Tbx3 and utrophin in plasma of ovarian and breast cancer patients. (PMID: 16049973) Lomnytska M. … Souchelnytskyi S. (Int. J. Cancer 2006) 3 23
  5. Naturally occurring utrophin correlates with disease severity in Duchenne muscular dystrophy. (PMID: 16595608) Kleopa K.A. … Kyriakides T. (Hum. Mol. Genet. 2006) 3 23

Products for UTRN Gene

Sources for UTRN Gene