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Aliases for UNC119 Gene

Aliases for UNC119 Gene

  • Unc-119 Homolog (C. Elegans) 2 3
  • HRG4 3 4 6
  • Retinal Protein 4 3 4
  • IMD13 3 6
  • POC7 Centriolar Protein Homolog A (Chlamydomonas) 2
  • POC7 Centriolar Protein Homolog A 3
  • Unc119 (C.Elegans) Homolog 2
  • Protein Unc-119 Homolog A 3
  • POC7A 3
  • POC7 3
  • RG4 4

External Ids for UNC119 Gene

Summaries for UNC119 Gene

Entrez Gene Summary for UNC119 Gene

  • This gene is specifically expressed in the photoreceptors in the retina. The encoded product shares strong homology with the C. elegans unc119 protein and it can functionally complement the C. elegans unc119 mutation. It has been localized to the photoreceptor synapses in the outer plexiform layer of the retina, and suggested to play a role in the mechanism of photoreceptor neurotransmitter release through the synaptic vesicle cycle. Two transcript variants encoding different isoforms have been described for this gene. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]

GeneCards Summary for UNC119 Gene

UNC119 (Unc-119 Homolog (C. Elegans)) is a Protein Coding gene. Diseases associated with UNC119 include immunodeficiency 13 and idiopathic cd4 lymphocytopenia. Among its related pathways are IL-5 Signaling Pathway. GO annotations related to this gene include lipid binding. An important paralog of this gene is UNC119B.

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for UNC119 Gene

  • Involved in synaptic functions in photoreceptor cells, the signal transduction in immune cells as a Src family kinase activator, endosome recycling, the uptake of bacteria and endocytosis, protein trafficking in sensory neurons and as lipid-binding chaperone with specificity for a diverse subset of myristoylated proteins. Specifically binds the myristoyl moiety of a subset of N-terminally myristoylated proteins and is required for their localization. Binds myristoylated GNAT1 and is required for G-protein localization and trafficking in sensory neurons. Probably plays a role in trafficking proteins in photoreceptor cells. Plays important roles in mediating Src family kinase signals for the completion of cytokinesis via RAB11A.

Gene Wiki entry for UNC119 Gene

No data available for Tocris Summary , PharmGKB "VIP" Summary , fRNAdb sequence ontologies and piRNA Summary for UNC119 Gene

Genomics for UNC119 Gene

Genomic Location for UNC119 Gene

Start:
28,546,707 bp from pter
End:
28,552,668 bp from pter
Size:
5,962 bases
Orientation:
Minus strand

Genomic View for UNC119 Gene

UCSC Golden Path with GeneCards custom track
Cytogenetic band:
Genomic Location for UNC119 Gene
GeneLoc Logo Genomic Neighborhood Exon StructureGene Density

RefSeq DNA sequence for UNC119 Gene

Regulatory Elements for UNC119 Gene

Proteins for UNC119 Gene

  • Protein details for UNC119 Gene (UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot)

    Protein Symbol:
    Q13432-U119A_HUMAN
    Recommended name:
    Protein unc-119 homolog A
    Protein Accession:
    Q13432
    Secondary Accessions:
    • A8K8G4
    • F1T095
    • O95126

    Protein attributes for UNC119 Gene

    Size:
    240 amino acids
    Molecular mass:
    26962 Da
    Quaternary structure:
    • Interacts with CABP4; in the absence of calcium (By similarity). Interacts with DNM1; leading to a decrease of DNM1 GTPase activity (By similarity). May interact with GTP-bound ARL1. Interacts with ARL2 and ARL3 (GTP-bound forms); this promotes the release of myyristoylated cargo proteins (PubMed:22960633). Found in a complex with ARL3, RP2 and UNC119; RP2 induces hydrolysis of GTP ARL3 in the complex, leading to the release of UNC119. Interacts with NPHP3 (when myristoylated). Interacts with CYS1 (when myristoylated). Interacts with C5orf30; interaction only takes place when UNC119 is not liganded with myristoylated proteins. Interacts with LCK; this interaction plays a crucial role in activation of LCK. Interacts with FYN. Interacts with RAB11A; in a cell cycle-dependent manner. Interacts with LYN (via SH2 and SH3 domains); leading to LYN activation. Found in a complex with ABL1, ABL2, CRK and UNC119; leading to the inhibition of CRK phosphorylation by ABL kinases. Interacts with CD44; leading to Shigella invasion.

    Three dimensional structures from OCA and Proteopedia for UNC119 Gene

    Alternative splice isoforms for UNC119 Gene

    UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot:

neXtProt entry for UNC119 Gene

Proteomics data for UNC119 Gene at MOPED

Post-translational modifications for UNC119 Gene

  • Modification sites at PhosphoSitePlus
  • Modification sites at neXtProt

Other Protein References for UNC119 Gene

No data available for DME Specific Peptides for UNC119 Gene

Domains for UNC119 Gene

Protein Domains for UNC119 Gene

InterPro:
Blocks:
ProtoNet:

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot:

U119A_HUMAN
Domain:
  • Adopts an immunoglobulin-like beta-sandwich fold forming a hydrophobic cavity that captures N-terminally myristoylated target peptides (PubMed:21642972). Phe residues within the hydrophobic beta sandwich are required for myristate binding (PubMed:22085962).:
    • Q13432
Family:
  • Belongs to the PDE6D/unc-119 family.:
    • Q13432
genes like me logo Genes that share domains with UNC119: view

No data available for Gene Families for UNC119 Gene

Function for UNC119 Gene

Molecular function for UNC119 Gene

GENATLAS Biochemistry: C elegans Unc119 and rat retinal gene 4 homolog,retina specific,involved in photoreceptor neurotransmission,expressed in the specialized ribbon synapses formed between photoreceptors and the horizontal and bipolar cells of the retina
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot Function: Involved in synaptic functions in photoreceptor cells, the signal transduction in immune cells as a Src family kinase activator, endosome recycling, the uptake of bacteria and endocytosis, protein trafficking in sensory neurons and as lipid-binding chaperone with specificity for a diverse subset of myristoylated proteins. Specifically binds the myristoyl moiety of a subset of N-terminally myristoylated proteins and is required for their localization. Binds myristoylated GNAT1 and is required for G-protein localization and trafficking in sensory neurons. Probably plays a role in trafficking proteins in photoreceptor cells. Plays important roles in mediating Src family kinase signals for the completion of cytokinesis via RAB11A.

Gene Ontology (GO) - Molecular Function for UNC119 Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0005515 protein binding IPI 14757743
GO:0008289 lipid binding IDA 21642972
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with UNC119: view

Phenotypes for UNC119 Gene

MGI mutant phenotypes for UNC119:
inferred from 1 alleles
GenomeRNAi human phenotypes for UNC119:
genes like me logo Genes that share phenotypes with UNC119: view

Animal Models for UNC119 Gene

MGI Knock Outs for UNC119:

miRNA for UNC119 Gene

miRTarBase miRNAs that target UNC119

No data available for Enzyme Numbers (IUBMB) , Transcription Factor Targeting and HOMER Transcription for UNC119 Gene

Localization for UNC119 Gene

Subcellular locations from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for UNC119 Gene

Cytoplasm, cytoskeleton, microtubule organizing center, centrosome. Cytoplasm, cytoskeleton, spindle pole. Cytoplasm, cytoskeleton, spindle. Note=Localizes to the centrosome in interphase cells and begins to translocate from the spindle pole to the spindle midzone after the onset of mitosis; it then localizes to the intercellular bridge in telophase cells and to the midbody in cytokinetic cells. {ECO:0000269 PubMed:23535298}.

Subcellular locations from

COMPARTMENTS
Jensen Localization Image for UNC119 Gene COMPARTMENTS Subcellular localization image for UNC119 gene
Compartment Confidence
cytoskeleton 5
cytosol 4
nucleus 2
mitochondrion 1
plasma membrane 1

Gene Ontology (GO) - Cellular Components for UNC119 Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0000922 spindle pole IDA 23535298
GO:0005813 centrosome IDA 22085962
GO:0005829 cytosol TAS 9538874
GO:0045171 intercellular bridge IDA 23535298
GO:0051233 spindle midzone IDA 23535298
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with UNC119: view

Pathways for UNC119 Gene

SuperPathways for UNC119 Gene

Superpath Contained pathways
1 IL-5 Signaling Pathway
genes like me logo Genes that share pathways with UNC119: view

Pathways by source for UNC119 Gene

1 BioSystems pathway for UNC119 Gene

Gene Ontology (GO) - Biological Process for UNC119 Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0006897 endocytosis IEA --
GO:0007109 cytokinesis, completion of separation --
GO:0007268 synaptic transmission TAS 9538874
GO:0007601 visual perception IEA --
GO:0007602 phototransduction TAS 9538874
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with UNC119: view

Transcripts for UNC119 Gene

Unigene Clusters for UNC119 Gene

Unc-119 homolog (C. elegans):
Representative Sequences:

Alternative Splicing Database (ASD) splice patterns (SP) for UNC119 Gene

ExUns: 1a · 1b ^ 2 ^ 3a · 3b · 3c ^ 4a · 4b · 4c · 4d ^ 5a · 5b · 5c · 5d ^ 6a · 6b · 6c
SP1: - - - - -
SP2: - - - -
SP3: - -
SP4: -
SP5:
SP6:
SP7: -
SP8: -

Relevant External Links for UNC119 Gene

GeneLoc Exon Structure for
UNC119
ECgene alternative splicing isoforms for
UNC119

Expression for UNC119 Gene

mRNA expression in normal human tissues for UNC119 Gene

mRNA expression in embryonic tissues and stem cells from LifeMap Discovery

mRNA differential expression in normal tissues according to GTEx for UNC119 Gene

This gene is overexpressed in Whole Blood (6.6).

Integrated Proteomics: protein expression from ProteomicsDB, PaxDb, MOPED, and MaxQB for UNC119 Gene

SOURCE GeneReport for Unigene cluster for UNC119 Gene Hs.410455

mRNA Expression by UniProt/SwissProt for UNC119 Gene

Q13432-U119A_HUMAN
Tissue specificity: Abundantly expressed in retina, in photoreceptor synapses and inner segments. Expressed in a much lesser extent in several other tissues.
genes like me logo Genes that share expressions with UNC119: view

Orthologs for UNC119 Gene

This gene was present in the common ancestor of animals.

Orthologs for UNC119 Gene

Organism Taxonomy Gene Similarity Type Details
chimpanzee
(Pan troglodytes)
Mammalia UNC119 36
  • 99.44 (n)
  • 98.75 (a)
UNC119 37
  • 99 (a)
OneToOne
cow
(Bos Taurus)
Mammalia UNC119 36
  • 93.61 (n)
  • 93.33 (a)
UNC119 37
  • 93 (a)
OneToOne
dog
(Canis familiaris)
Mammalia UNC119 36
  • 91.39 (n)
  • 93.33 (a)
UNC119 37
  • 93 (a)
OneToOne
mouse
(Mus musculus)
Mammalia Unc119 36
  • 90.42 (n)
  • 91.67 (a)
Unc119 16
Unc119 37
  • 92 (a)
OneToOne
oppossum
(Monodelphis domestica)
Mammalia UNC119 37
  • 86 (a)
OneToOne
platypus
(Ornithorhynchus anatinus)
Mammalia UNC119 37
  • 74 (a)
OneToOne
rat
(Rattus norvegicus)
Mammalia Unc119 36
  • 89.86 (n)
  • 92.08 (a)
chicken
(Gallus gallus)
Aves UNC119 36
  • 77.9 (n)
  • 83.42 (a)
UNC119 37
  • 67 (a)
OneToOne
lizard
(Anolis carolinensis)
Reptilia UNC119 37
  • 68 (a)
OneToOne
tropical clawed frog
(Silurana tropicalis)
Amphibia Str.3939 36
unc119 36
  • 72.11 (n)
  • 80.61 (a)
rainbow trout
(Oncorhynchus mykiss)
Actinopterygii Omy.9775 36
zebrafish
(Danio rerio)
Actinopterygii Dr.12612 36
unc119a 37
  • 73 (a)
OneToMany
unc119b 36
  • 72.79 (n)
  • 81.62 (a)
unc119b 37
  • 59 (a)
OneToMany
African malaria mosquito
(Anopheles gambiae)
Insecta AgaP_AGAP011708 36
  • 65.96 (n)
  • 65.79 (a)
fruit fly
(Drosophila melanogaster)
Insecta unc-119 36
  • 61.93 (n)
  • 64.74 (a)
unc-119 37
  • 47 (a)
OneToMany
unc-119 38
  • 61 (a)
worm
(Caenorhabditis elegans)
Secernentea unc-119 37
  • 45 (a)
OneToMany
unc-119 38
  • 51 (a)
sea squirt
(Ciona intestinalis)
Ascidiacea Cin.1130 36
sea squirt
(Ciona savignyi)
Ascidiacea CSA.11065 37
  • 54 (a)
OneToMany
Species with no ortholog for UNC119:
  • A. gosspyii yeast (Ashbya gossypii)
  • Actinobacteria (Mycobacterium tuberculosis)
  • African clawed frog (Xenopus laevis)
  • Alicante grape (Vitis vinifera)
  • alpha proteobacteria (Wolbachia pipientis)
  • amoeba (Dictyostelium discoideum)
  • Archea (Pyrococcus horikoshii)
  • baker's yeast (Saccharomyces cerevisiae)
  • barley (Hordeum vulgare)
  • beta proteobacteria (Neisseria meningitidis)
  • bread mold (Neurospora crassa)
  • Chromalveolata (Phytophthora infestans)
  • common water flea (Daphnia pulex)
  • corn (Zea mays)
  • E. coli (Escherichia coli)
  • filamentous fungi (Aspergillus nidulans)
  • Firmicute bacteria (Streptococcus pneumoniae)
  • fission yeast (Schizosaccharomyces pombe)
  • green algae (Chlamydomonas reinhardtii)
  • honey bee (Apis mellifera)
  • K. lactis yeast (Kluyveromyces lactis)
  • loblloly pine (Pinus taeda)
  • malaria parasite (Plasmodium falciparum)
  • medicago trunc (Medicago Truncatula)
  • moss (Physcomitrella patens)
  • orangutan (Pongo pygmaeus)
  • pig (Sus scrofa)
  • rice (Oryza sativa)
  • rice blast fungus (Magnaporthe grisea)
  • schistosome parasite (Schistosoma mansoni)
  • sea anemone (Nematostella vectensis)
  • sea urchin (Strongylocentrotus purpuratus)
  • sorghum (Sorghum bicolor)
  • soybean (Glycine max)
  • stem rust fungus (Puccinia graminis)
  • sugarcane (Saccharum officinarum)
  • thale cress (Arabidopsis thaliana)
  • tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum)
  • toxoplasmosis (Toxoplasma gondii)
  • Trichoplax (Trichoplax adhaerens)
  • wheat (Triticum aestivum)

Evolution for UNC119 Gene

ENSEMBL:
Gene Tree for UNC119 (if available)
TreeFam:
Gene Tree for UNC119 (if available)

Paralogs for UNC119 Gene

Paralogs for UNC119 Gene

Selected SIMAP similar genes for UNC119 Gene using alignment to 5 proteins:

genes like me logo Genes that share paralogs with UNC119: view

Variants for UNC119 Gene

Sequence variations from dbSNP and Humsavar for UNC119 Gene

SNP ID Clin Chr 17 pos Sequence Context AA Info Type MAF
rs1050964 -- 28,546,851(-) GGAGT(C/T)TGGGC utr-variant-3-prime
rs1802094 -- 28,547,225(-) CACCC(C/T)TCAAC utr-variant-3-prime
rs1802095 -- 28,547,068(-) CACGT(A/C)TAGGA utr-variant-3-prime
rs2070139 -- 28,547,296(-) CCTGA(C/T)CCCAC utr-variant-3-prime
rs3216757 -- 28,548,120(-) AGCCC(-/C)AGCTG intron-variant

Relevant External Links for UNC119 Gene

HapMap Linkage Disequilibrium report
UNC119
Human Gene Mutation Database (HGMD)
UNC119
Locus Specific Mutation Databases (LSDB)
UNC119

No data available for Structural Variations from Database of Genomic Variants (DGV) for UNC119 Gene

Disorders for UNC119 Gene

(1) OMIM Diseases for UNC119 Gene (604011)

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot

U119A_HUMAN
  • Note=Defects in UNC119 may be a cause of cone-rod dystrophy. A mutation was found in a 57-year-old woman with late-onset cone-rod dystrophy: from 40 year old, the patient suffered from poor night vision, defective color vision and light-sensitivity. At 57 year old, she displayed reduced visual acuity, myopa, macular atrophy and pericentral ring scotomas. The disease was caused by a heterozygous mutation causing premature termination and truncated UNC119 protein with dominant-negative effect.
  • Immunodeficiency 13 (IMD13) [MIM:615518]: A rare and heterogeneous syndrome defined by a reproducible reduction in the CD4 T-lymphocyte count (less than 300 cells per microliter or less than 20% of total T-cells) in the absence of HIV infection or other known causes of immunodeficiency. IMD13 predisposes to infections and malignancy. {ECO:0000269 PubMed:22184408}. Note=The disease is caused by mutations affecting the gene represented in this entry.

(1) University of Copenhagen DISEASES for UNC119 Gene

(2) Novoseek inferred disease relationships for UNC119 Gene

Disease -log(P) Hits PubMed IDs
cone-rod dystrophy 82.6 1
retinal degeneration 61 3

Relevant External Links for UNC119

Genetic Association Database (GAD)
UNC119
Human Genome Epidemiology (HuGE) Navigator
UNC119
genes like me logo Genes that share disorders with UNC119: view

Publications for UNC119 Gene

  1. Mammalian orthologs of C. elegans unc-119 highly expressed in photoreceptors. (PMID: 9761287) Swanson D.A. … Valle D. (Invest. Ophthalmol. Vis. Sci. 1998) 3 4 23
  2. Characterization of the gene for HRG4 (UNC119), a novel photoreceptor synaptic protein homologous to unc-119. (PMID: 10329014) Higashide T. … Inana G. (Genomics 1999) 3 4 23
  3. Cloning of the cDNA for a novel photoreceptor protein. (PMID: 8576185) Higashide T. … Inana G. (J. Biol. Chem. 1996) 2 3 4
  4. Unc119, a novel activator of Lck/Fyn, is essential for T cell activation. (PMID: 14757743) Gorska M.M. … Alam R. (J. Exp. Med. 2004) 3 4 23
  5. An ARL3-UNC119-RP2 GTPase cycle targets myristoylated NPHP3 to the primary cilium. (PMID: 22085962) Wright K.J. … Jackson P.K. (Genes Dev. 2011) 3 4

Products for UNC119 Gene

Sources for UNC119 Gene

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