Aliases for ULBP2 Gene
External Ids for ULBP2 Gene
Previous GeneCards Identifiers for ULBP2 Gene
This gene encodes a major histocompatibility complex (MHC) class I-related molecule that binds to the NKG2D receptor on natural killer (NK) cells to trigger release of multiple cytokines and chemokines that in turn contribute to the recruitment and activation of NK cells. The encoded protein undergoes further processing to generate the mature protein that is either anchored to membrane via a glycosylphosphatidylinositol moiety, or secreted. Many malignant cells secrete the encoded protein to evade immunosurveillance by NK cells. This gene is located in a cluster of multiple MHC class I-related genes on chromosome 6. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2015]
GeneCards Summary for ULBP2 Gene
ULBP2 (UL16 Binding Protein 2) is a Protein Coding gene. Among its related pathways are Metabolism of proteins and Post-translational modification- synthesis of GPI-anchored proteins. GO annotations related to this gene include peptide antigen binding and natural killer cell lectin-like receptor binding. An important paralog of this gene is RAET1L.
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for ULBP2 Gene
Ligand for the KLRK1/NKG2D receptor, together with at least ULBP1 and ULBP3. ULBPs activate multiple signaling pathways in primary NK cells, resulting in the production of cytokines and chemokines. Binding of ULBPs ligands to KLRK1/NKG2D induces calcium mobilization and activation of the JAK2, STAT5, ERK and PI3K kinase/Akt signal transduction pathway. In CMV infected cells, interacts with soluble CMV glycoprotein UL16. The interaction with UL16 blocked the interaction with the KLRK1/NKG2D receptor, providing a mechanism by which CMV infected cells might escape the immune system. UL16 also causes ULBP2 to be retained in the ER and cis-Golgi apparatus so that it does not reach the cell surface.