Aliases for ULBP1 Gene
External Ids for ULBP1 Gene
Previous GeneCards Identifiers for ULBP1 Gene
The protein encoded by this gene is a ligand of natural killer group 2, member D (NKG2D), an immune system-activating receptor on NK cells and T-cells. Binding of the encoded ligand to NKG2D leads to activation of several signal transduction pathways, including those of JAK2, STAT5, ERK and PI3K kinase/Akt. Also, in cytomegalovirus-infected cells, this ligand binds the UL16 glycoprotein and is prevented from activating the immune system. Three transcript variants encoding different isoforms have been found for this gene. [provided by RefSeq, Nov 2015]
GeneCards Summary for ULBP1 Gene
ULBP1 (UL16 Binding Protein 1) is a Protein Coding gene. Among its related pathways are Immunoregulatory interactions between a Lymphoid and a non-Lymphoid cell and Natural Killer Cell Receptors: Human Target Cell – NK Cell Ligand-Receptor Interactions. GO annotations related to this gene include peptide antigen binding and natural killer cell lectin-like receptor binding. An important paralog of this gene is RAET1L.
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for ULBP1 Gene
Ligand for the KLRK1/NKG2D receptor, together with at least ULBP2 and ULBP3. ULBPs activate multiple signaling pathways in primary NK cells, resulting in the production of cytokines and chemokines. Binding of ULBPs ligands to KLRK1/NKG2D induces calcium mobilization and activation of the JAK2, STAT5, ERK and PI3K kinase/Akt signal transduction pathway. In CMV infected cells, interacts with soluble CMV glycoprotein UL16. The interaction with UL16 blocked the interaction with the KLRK1/NKG2D receptor, providing a mechanism by which CMV infected cells might escape the immune system. UL16 also causes ULBP1 to be retained in the ER and cis-Golgi apparatus so that it does not reach the cell surface.