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Aliases for UCP1 Gene

Aliases for UCP1 Gene

  • Uncoupling Protein 1 2 3
  • Uncoupling Protein 1 (Mitochondrial, Proton Carrier) 2 3 5
  • Solute Carrier Family 25 Member 7 3 4
  • Thermogenin 3 4
  • SLC25A7 3 4
  • UCP 3 4
  • UCP 1 4

External Ids for UCP1 Gene

Previous HGNC Symbols for UCP1 Gene

  • UCP

Previous GeneCards Identifiers for UCP1 Gene

  • GC04M142344
  • GC04M141798
  • GC04M141947
  • GC04M142058
  • GC04M141838
  • GC04M141700
  • GC04M141480
  • GC04M137211

Summaries for UCP1 Gene

Entrez Gene Summary for UCP1 Gene

  • Mitochondrial uncoupling proteins (UCP) are members of the family of mitochondrial anion carrier proteins (MACP). UCPs separate oxidative phosphorylation from ATP synthesis with energy dissipated as heat, also referred to as the mitochondrial proton leak. UCPs facilitate the transfer of anions from the inner to the outer mitochondrial membrane and the return transfer of protons from the outer to the inner mitochondrial membrane. They also reduce the mitochondrial membrane potential in mammalian cells. Tissue specificity occurs for the different UCPs and the exact methods of how UCPs transfer H+/OH- are not known. UCPs contain the three homologous protein domains of MACPs. This gene is expressed only in brown adipose tissue, a specialized tissue which functions to produce heat. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]

GeneCards Summary for UCP1 Gene

UCP1 (Uncoupling Protein 1) is a Protein Coding gene. Diseases associated with UCP1 include obesity and multiple symmetric lipomatosis. Among its related pathways are Metabolism and PPAR signaling pathway. GO annotations related to this gene include oxidative phosphorylation uncoupler activity. An important paralog of this gene is SLC25A30.

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for UCP1 Gene

  • UCP are mitochondrial transporter proteins that create proton leaks across the inner mitochondrial membrane, thus uncoupling oxidative phosphorylation from ATP synthesis. As a result, energy is dissipated in the form of heat.

Gene Wiki entry for UCP1 Gene

No data available for Tocris Summary , PharmGKB "VIP" Summary , fRNAdb sequence ontologies and piRNA Summary for UCP1 Gene

Genomics for UCP1 Gene

Regulatory Elements for UCP1 Gene

Promoters for UCP1 Gene
Ensembl Regulatory Elements (ENSRs) TSS Distance (bp) Size (bp) Binding Sites for Transcription Factors within promoters

ENSRs around UCP1 on UCSC Golden Path with GeneCards custom track

Genomic Location for UCP1 Gene

140,559,394 bp from pter
140,568,902 bp from pter
9,509 bases
Minus strand

Genomic View for UCP1 Gene

Genes around UCP1 on UCSC Golden Path with GeneCards custom track

Cytogenetic band:
UCP1 Gene in genomic location: bands according to Ensembl, locations according to GeneLoc (and/or Entrez Gene and/or Ensembl if different)
Genomic Location for UCP1 Gene
GeneLoc Logo Genomic Neighborhood Exon StructureGene Density

RefSeq DNA sequence for UCP1 Gene

Proteins for UCP1 Gene

  • Protein details for UCP1 Gene (UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot)

    Protein Symbol:
    Recommended name:
    Mitochondrial brown fat uncoupling protein 1
    Protein Accession:
    Secondary Accessions:
    • Q13218
    • Q4KMZ3
    • Q68G66

    Protein attributes for UCP1 Gene

    307 amino acids
    Molecular mass:
    33005 Da
    Quaternary structure:
    • Acts as a dimer forming a proton channel.

neXtProt entry for UCP1 Gene

Proteomics data for UCP1 Gene at MOPED

Post-translational modifications for UCP1 Gene

  • Modification sites at PhosphoSitePlus
  • Modification sites at neXtProt

Other Protein References for UCP1 Gene

ENSEMBL proteins:
REFSEQ proteins:

Antibody Products

  • Cell Signaling Technology (CST) Antibodies for UCP1 (UCP1)

No data available for DME Specific Peptides for UCP1 Gene

Domains & Families for UCP1 Gene

Gene Families for UCP1 Gene

Suggested Antigen Peptide Sequences for UCP1 Gene

Graphical View of Domain Structure for InterPro Entry



  • Belongs to the mitochondrial carrier (TC 2.A.29) family.
  • Contains 3 Solcar repeats.
  • Belongs to the mitochondrial carrier (TC 2.A.29) family.
  • Contains 3 Solcar repeats.
genes like me logo Genes that share domains with UCP1: view

Function for UCP1 Gene

Molecular function for UCP1 Gene

GENATLAS Biochemistry:
uncoupling protein of inner mitochondrial membrane 1,dissipating the proton electrochemical gradient and uncoupling fuel oxidation from ADP-ATP conversion,expressed in brown adipose tissue,regulated by PPARA and PPARG in mice,with a minor role of the 5utr polymorphism in obesity and diabetes
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot Function:
UCP are mitochondrial transporter proteins that create proton leaks across the inner mitochondrial membrane, thus uncoupling oxidative phosphorylation from ATP synthesis. As a result, energy is dissipated in the form of heat.
genes like me logo Genes that share phenotypes with UCP1: view

Animal Models for UCP1 Gene

MGI Knock Outs for UCP1:

Animal Model Products

  • Taconic Biosciences Mouse Models for UCP1

No data available for Enzyme Numbers (IUBMB) , Gene Ontology (GO) - Molecular Function , Human Phenotype Ontology , Transcription Factor Targets and HOMER Transcription for UCP1 Gene

Localization for UCP1 Gene

Subcellular locations from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for UCP1 Gene

Mitochondrion inner membrane; Multi-pass membrane protein.

Subcellular locations from

Jensen Localization Image for UCP1 Gene COMPARTMENTS Subcellular localization image for UCP1 gene
Compartment Confidence
mitochondrion 5
cytosol 2
nucleus 2
peroxisome 2
extracellular 1
plasma membrane 1

Gene Ontology (GO) - Cellular Components for UCP1 Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0005739 mitochondrion IEA,IDA 9054939
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with UCP1: view

Pathways & Interactions for UCP1 Gene

genes like me logo Genes that share pathways with UCP1: view

SIGNOR curated interactions for UCP1 Gene

Is activated by:

Gene Ontology (GO) - Biological Process for UCP1 Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0006357 regulation of transcription from RNA polymerase II promoter IEA --
GO:0006412 translation IBA --
GO:0006839 mitochondrial transport IEA --
GO:0050873 brown fat cell differentiation IEA,ISS --
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with UCP1: view

Drugs & Compounds for UCP1 Gene

(27) Drugs for UCP1 Gene - From: Novoseek

Name Status Disease Links Group Role Mechanism of Action Clinical Trials

(35) Additional Compounds for UCP1 Gene - From: Novoseek

Name Synonyms Role CAS Number PubChem IDs PubMed IDs
genes like me logo Genes that share compounds with UCP1: view

Transcripts for UCP1 Gene

mRNA/cDNA for UCP1 Gene

(3) REFSEQ mRNAs :
(6) Additional mRNA sequences :
(4) Selected AceView cDNA sequences:
(1) Ensembl transcripts including schematic representations, and UCSC links where relevant :

Unigene Clusters for UCP1 Gene

Uncoupling protein 1 (mitochondrial, proton carrier):
Representative Sequences:

Alternative Splicing Database (ASD) splice patterns (SP) for UCP1 Gene

ExUns: 1 ^ 2 ^ 3 ^ 4 ^ 5 ^ 6

Relevant External Links for UCP1 Gene

GeneLoc Exon Structure for
ECgene alternative splicing isoforms for

Expression for UCP1 Gene

mRNA expression in normal human tissues for UCP1 Gene

mRNA expression in embryonic tissues and stem cells from LifeMap Discovery

mRNA differential expression in normal tissues according to GTEx for UCP1 Gene

This gene is overexpressed in Adipose - Visceral (Omentum) (x16.0), Breast - Mammary Tissue (x6.6), and Heart - Atrial Appendage (x4.9).

Protein differential expression in normal tissues from HIPED for UCP1 Gene

This gene is overexpressed in Adrenal (64.4).

Integrated Proteomics: protein expression in normal tissues and cell lines from ProteomicsDB, PaxDb, and MOPED for UCP1 Gene

SOURCE GeneReport for Unigene cluster for UCP1 Gene Hs.249211

mRNA Expression by UniProt/SwissProt for UCP1 Gene

Tissue specificity: Brown adipose tissue.
genes like me logo Genes that share expression patterns with UCP1: view

Protein tissue co-expression partners for UCP1 Gene

Primer Products

In Situ Assay Products

Orthologs for UCP1 Gene

This gene was present in the common ancestor of animals and fungi.

Orthologs for UCP1 Gene

Organism Taxonomy Gene Similarity Type Details
(Bos Taurus)
Mammalia UCP1 35
  • 84.7 (n)
  • 83.28 (a)
UCP1 36
  • 82 (a)
(Canis familiaris)
Mammalia UCP1 35
  • 80.62 (n)
  • 76.74 (a)
UCP1 36
  • 76 (a)
(Mus musculus)
Mammalia Ucp1 35
  • 79.98 (n)
  • 79.87 (a)
Ucp1 16
Ucp1 36
  • 79 (a)
(Pan troglodytes)
Mammalia UCP1 35
  • 96.83 (n)
  • 96.34 (a)
UCP1 36
  • 98 (a)
(Rattus norvegicus)
Mammalia Ucp1 35
  • 79.54 (n)
  • 79.87 (a)
(Monodelphis domestica)
Mammalia UCP1 36
  • 65 (a)
(Ornithorhynchus anatinus)
Mammalia UCP1 36
  • 64 (a)
(Danio rerio)
Actinopterygii ucp1 36
  • 61 (a)
fruit fly
(Drosophila melanogaster)
Insecta Dic1 36
  • 28 (a)
baker's yeast
(Saccharomyces cerevisiae)
Saccharomycetes DIC1 36
  • 29 (a)
sea squirt
(Ciona savignyi)
Ascidiacea CSA.10779 36
  • 32 (a)
Species with no ortholog for UCP1:
  • A. gosspyii yeast (Ashbya gossypii)
  • Actinobacteria (Mycobacterium tuberculosis)
  • African clawed frog (Xenopus laevis)
  • African malaria mosquito (Anopheles gambiae)
  • Alicante grape (Vitis vinifera)
  • alpha proteobacteria (Wolbachia pipientis)
  • amoeba (Dictyostelium discoideum)
  • Archea (Pyrococcus horikoshii)
  • barley (Hordeum vulgare)
  • beta proteobacteria (Neisseria meningitidis)
  • bread mold (Neurospora crassa)
  • chicken (Gallus gallus)
  • Chromalveolata (Phytophthora infestans)
  • common water flea (Daphnia pulex)
  • corn (Zea mays)
  • E. coli (Escherichia coli)
  • filamentous fungi (Aspergillus nidulans)
  • Firmicute bacteria (Streptococcus pneumoniae)
  • fission yeast (Schizosaccharomyces pombe)
  • green algae (Chlamydomonas reinhardtii)
  • honey bee (Apis mellifera)
  • K. lactis yeast (Kluyveromyces lactis)
  • lizard (Anolis carolinensis)
  • loblloly pine (Pinus taeda)
  • malaria parasite (Plasmodium falciparum)
  • medicago trunc (Medicago Truncatula)
  • moss (Physcomitrella patens)
  • orangutan (Pongo pygmaeus)
  • pig (Sus scrofa)
  • rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss)
  • rice (Oryza sativa)
  • rice blast fungus (Magnaporthe grisea)
  • schistosome parasite (Schistosoma mansoni)
  • sea anemone (Nematostella vectensis)
  • sea urchin (Strongylocentrotus purpuratus)
  • sorghum (Sorghum bicolor)
  • soybean (Glycine max)
  • stem rust fungus (Puccinia graminis)
  • sugarcane (Saccharum officinarum)
  • thale cress (Arabidopsis thaliana)
  • tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum)
  • toxoplasmosis (Toxoplasma gondii)
  • Trichoplax (Trichoplax adhaerens)
  • tropical clawed frog (Silurana tropicalis)
  • wheat (Triticum aestivum)
  • worm (Caenorhabditis elegans)

Evolution for UCP1 Gene

Gene Tree for UCP1 (if available)
Gene Tree for UCP1 (if available)

Paralogs for UCP1 Gene

(9) SIMAP similar genes for UCP1 Gene using alignment to 2 proteins:

genes like me logo Genes that share paralogs with UCP1: view

Variants for UCP1 Gene

Polymorphic Variants from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for UCP1 Gene

The Thr-64 polymorphism is associated with an increased waist-to-hip ratio. The Leu-229 polymorphism is associated with susceptibility to type II diabetes mellitus.

Sequence variations from dbSNP and Humsavar for UCP1 Gene

SNP ID Clin Chr 04 pos Sequence Context AA Info Type
rs45539933 - 140,567,914(+) CACAG(C/T)GGTGA reference, missense
rs2270565 - 140,562,317(+) GGACA(A/T)AGCTG reference, missense
rs726989 -- 140,560,607(+) TTGAC(A/G)ATTCT intron-variant, utr-variant-3-prime
rs1430583 -- 140,565,830(-) TGGTG(A/G)CTATA intron-variant
rs1494808 -- 140,562,581(+) AGTAA(A/C)CTGTT intron-variant

Structural Variations from Database of Genomic Variants (DGV) for UCP1 Gene

Variant ID Type Subtype PubMed ID
nsv880165 CNV Loss 21882294
nsv830088 CNV Gain 17160897

Variation tolerance for UCP1 Gene

Residual Variation Intolerance Score: 78.4% of all genes are more intolerant (likely to be disease-causing)
Gene Damage Index Score: 5.72; 73.23% of all genes are more intolerant (likely to be disease-causing)

Relevant External Links for UCP1 Gene

HapMap Linkage Disequilibrium report
Human Gene Mutation Database (HGMD)

Disorders for UCP1 Gene

MalaCards: The human disease database

(8) MalaCards diseases for UCP1 Gene - From: OMIM, DISEASES, Novoseek, and GeneCards

Disorder Aliases PubMed IDs
  • obesity, association with
multiple symmetric lipomatosis
  • cervical symmetrical lipomatosis
  • benign symmetrical lipomatosis
multiple symmetrical lipomatosis
  • lipomatosis, familial benign cervical
acute insulin response
- elite association - COSMIC cancer census association via MalaCards
Search UCP1 in MalaCards View complete list of genes associated with diseases

Relevant External Links for UCP1

Genetic Association Database (GAD)
Human Genome Epidemiology (HuGE) Navigator
Atlas of Genetics and Cytogenetics in Oncology and Haematology:
genes like me logo Genes that share disorders with UCP1: view

No data available for UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot and Genatlas for UCP1 Gene

Publications for UCP1 Gene

  1. Human uncoupling protein gene: structure, comparison with rat gene, and assignment to the long arm of chromosome 4. (PMID: 2380264) Cassard A.M. … Ricquier D. (J. Cell. Biochem. 1990) 2 3 4 23 67
  2. A haplotype at the UCP1 gene locus contributes to genetic risk for type 2 diabetes in Asian Indians (CURES-72). (PMID: 19943796) Vimaleswaran K.S. … Mohan V. (Metab Syndr Relat Disord 2010) 3 23
  3. UCP1 -3826 AG+GG genotypes, adiponectin, and leptin/adiponectin ratio in severe obesity. (PMID: 19474520) Labruna G. … Sacchetti L. (J. Endocrinol. Invest. 2009) 3 23
  4. Uncoupling protein-1 and related messenger ribonucleic acids in human epicardial and other adipose tissues: epicardial fat functioning as brown fat. (PMID: 19567523) Sacks H.S. … Samaha J. (J. Clin. Endocrinol. Metab. 2009) 3 23
  5. Low-calorie diet-induced reduction in serum HDL cholesterol is ameliorated in obese women with the -3826 G allele in the uncoupling protein-1 gene. (PMID: 19966534) Hamada T. … Sakane N. (Tohoku J. Exp. Med. 2009) 3 23

Products for UCP1 Gene

Sources for UCP1 Gene

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