Aliases for UBE3A Gene
External Ids for UBE3A Gene
Previous HGNC Symbols for UBE3A Gene
Previous GeneCards Identifiers for UBE3A Gene
This gene encodes an E3 ubiquitin-protein ligase, part of the ubiquitin protein degradation system. This imprinted gene is maternally expressed in brain and biallelically expressed in other tissues. Maternally inherited deletion of this gene causes Angelman Syndrome, characterized by severe motor and intellectual retardation, ataxia, hypotonia, epilepsy, absence of speech, and characteristic facies. The protein also interacts with the E6 protein of human papillomavirus types 16 and 18, resulting in ubiquitination and proteolysis of tumor protein p53. Alternative splicing of this gene results in three transcript variants encoding three isoforms with different N-termini. Additional transcript variants have been described, but their full length nature has not been determined. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]
GeneCards Summary for UBE3A Gene
UBE3A (Ubiquitin Protein Ligase E3A) is a Protein Coding gene. Diseases associated with UBE3A include angelman syndrome and papilloma. Among its related pathways are GPCR Pathway and Class I MHC mediated antigen processing and presentation. GO annotations related to this gene include ubiquitin-protein transferase activity and transcription coactivator activity. An important paralog of this gene is HERC5.
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for UBE3A Gene
E3 ubiquitin-protein ligase which accepts ubiquitin from an E2 ubiquitin-conjugating enzyme in the form of a thioester and transfers it to its substrates. Several substrates have been identified including the RAD23A and RAD23B, MCM7 (which is involved in DNA replication), annexin A1, the PML tumor suppressor, and the cell cycle regulator CDKN1B. Catalyzes the high-risk human papilloma virus E6-mediated ubiquitination of p53/TP53, contributing to the neoplastic progression of cells infected by these viruses. Additionally, may function as a cellular quality control ubiquitin ligase by helping the degradation of the cytoplasmic misfolded proteins. Finally, UBE3A also promotes its own degradation in vivo. Plays an important role in the regulation of the circadian clock: involved in the ubiquitination of the core clock component ARNTL/BMAL1, leading to its proteasomal degradation (PubMed:24728990).