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Aliases for TXNRD3 Gene

Aliases for TXNRD3 Gene

  • Thioredoxin Reductase 3 2 3 5
  • Thioredoxin And Glutathione Reductase 3 4
  • Thioredoxin Glutathione Reductase 2 3
  • Thioredoxin Reductase TR2 3 4
  • EC 1.8.1.9 4 61
  • TRXR3 3 4
  • TGR 3 4
  • Thioredoxin Reductase 2 3
  • EC 1.8.1 61
  • TR2 3

External Ids for TXNRD3 Gene

Previous GeneCards Identifiers for TXNRD3 Gene

  • GC03M127607
  • GC03M127646
  • GC03M127808
  • GC03U901368
  • GC03M126327
  • GC03M123706
  • GC03M126292
  • GC03M126572

Summaries for TXNRD3 Gene

Entrez Gene Summary for TXNRD3 Gene

  • This gene encodes a member of the family of pyridine nucleotide oxidoreductases. This protein catalyzes the reduction of thioredoxin, and is implicated in the defense against oxidative stress. It contains a selenocysteine (Sec) residue (which is essential for catalytic activity), encoded by a UGA codon, at the penultimate C-terminal position. The 3' UTR of Sec-containing genes have a common stem-loop structure, the sec insertion sequence (SECIS), which is necessary for the recognition of UGA as a Sec codon rather than as a stop signal. Alternatively spliced transcript variants encoding different isoforms have been found for this gene. [provided by RefSeq, Mar 2010]

GeneCards Summary for TXNRD3 Gene

TXNRD3 (Thioredoxin Reductase 3) is a Protein Coding gene. Diseases associated with TXNRD3 include Parasitic Helminthiasis Infectious Disease. Among its related pathways are Selenium Pathway and Selenium Metabolism and Selenoproteins. GO annotations related to this gene include oxidoreductase activity and flavin adenine dinucleotide binding. An important paralog of this gene is TXNRD1.

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for TXNRD3 Gene

  • Displays thioredoxin reductase, glutaredoxin and glutathione reductase activities. Catalyzes disulfide bond isomerization. Promotes disulfide bond formation between GPX4 and various sperm proteins and may play a role in sperm maturation by promoting formation of sperm structural components (By similarity).

No data available for Tocris Summary , Gene Wiki entry , PharmGKB "VIP" Summary , fRNAdb sequence ontologies and piRNA Summary for TXNRD3 Gene

Genomics for TXNRD3 Gene

Regulatory Elements for TXNRD3 Gene

Enhancers for TXNRD3 Gene
GeneHancer Identifier Enhancer Score Enhancer Sources Gene-Enhancer Score TSS distance (kb) Number of Genes Away Size (kb) Transcription Factor Binding Sites within enhancer Gene Targets for Enhancer
- Elite enhancer/Elite enhancer-gene association

Enhancers around TXNRD3 on UCSC Golden Path with GeneCards custom track

Promoters for TXNRD3 Gene
Ensembl Regulatory Elements (ENSRs) TSS Distance (bp) Size (bp) Binding Sites for Transcription Factors within promoters

Genomic Location for TXNRD3 Gene

Chromosome:
3
Start:
126,607,052 bp from pter
End:
126,655,155 bp from pter
Size:
48,104 bases
Orientation:
Minus strand

Genomic View for TXNRD3 Gene

Genes around TXNRD3 on UCSC Golden Path with GeneCards custom track

Cytogenetic band:
TXNRD3 Gene in genomic location: bands according to Ensembl, locations according to GeneLoc (and/or Entrez Gene and/or Ensembl if different)
Genomic Location for TXNRD3 Gene
GeneLoc Logo Genomic Neighborhood Exon StructureGene Density

RefSeq DNA sequence for TXNRD3 Gene

Proteins for TXNRD3 Gene

  • Protein details for TXNRD3 Gene (UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot)

    Protein Symbol:
    Q86VQ6-TRXR3_HUMAN
    Recommended name:
    Thioredoxin reductase 3
    Protein Accession:
    Q86VQ6
    Secondary Accessions:
    • Q6PIS8
    • Q9NNW6
    • Q9P101

    Protein attributes for TXNRD3 Gene

    Size:
    643 amino acids
    Molecular mass:
    70683 Da
    Cofactor:
    Name=FAD; Xref=ChEBI:CHEBI:57692;
    Quaternary structure:
    • Homodimer.
    Miscellaneous:
    • The thioredoxin reductase active site is a redox-active disulfide bond. The selenocysteine residue is also essential for catalytic activity (By similarity).
    SequenceCaution:
    • Sequence=AAH30028.1; Type=Erroneous termination; Positions=642; Note=Translated as Sec.; Evidence={ECO:0000305}; Sequence=AAH30028.1; Type=Miscellaneous discrepancy; Note=Unusual initiator. The initiator methionine is coded by a non-canonical CTG leucine codon.; Evidence={ECO:0000305}; Sequence=AAH50032.1; Type=Erroneous termination; Positions=642; Note=Translated as Sec.; Evidence={ECO:0000305}; Sequence=AAH50032.1; Type=Miscellaneous discrepancy; Note=Unusual initiator. The initiator methionine is coded by a non-canonical CTG leucine codon.; Evidence={ECO:0000305};

    Three dimensional structures from OCA and Proteopedia for TXNRD3 Gene

neXtProt entry for TXNRD3 Gene

Post-translational modifications for TXNRD3 Gene

  • Ubiquitination at Lys 601
  • Modification sites at PhosphoSitePlus

Other Protein References for TXNRD3 Gene

ENSEMBL proteins:
REFSEQ proteins:

Domains & Families for TXNRD3 Gene

Suggested Antigen Peptide Sequences for TXNRD3 Gene

GenScript: Design optimal peptide antigens:

Graphical View of Domain Structure for InterPro Entry

Q86VQ6

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot:

TRXR3_HUMAN :
  • The N-terminal glutaredoxin domain does not contain the C-X-X-C redox-active motif normally found in glutaredoxins but activity may be mediated through a single cysteine. The C-terminal Cys-Sec motif of one subunit of the homodimer may transfer electrons from the thiol-disulfide center to the glutaredoxin domain of the other subunit (By similarity).
  • Belongs to the class-I pyridine nucleotide-disulfide oxidoreductase family.
Domain:
  • The N-terminal glutaredoxin domain does not contain the C-X-X-C redox-active motif normally found in glutaredoxins but activity may be mediated through a single cysteine. The C-terminal Cys-Sec motif of one subunit of the homodimer may transfer electrons from the thiol-disulfide center to the glutaredoxin domain of the other subunit (By similarity).
  • Contains 1 glutaredoxin domain.
Family:
  • Belongs to the class-I pyridine nucleotide-disulfide oxidoreductase family.
genes like me logo Genes that share domains with TXNRD3: view

No data available for Gene Families for TXNRD3 Gene

Function for TXNRD3 Gene

Molecular function for TXNRD3 Gene

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot CatalyticActivity:
Thioredoxin + NADP(+) = thioredoxin disulfide + NADPH.
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot Function:
Displays thioredoxin reductase, glutaredoxin and glutathione reductase activities. Catalyzes disulfide bond isomerization. Promotes disulfide bond formation between GPX4 and various sperm proteins and may play a role in sperm maturation by promoting formation of sperm structural components (By similarity).

Enzyme Numbers (IUBMB) for TXNRD3 Gene

Gene Ontology (GO) - Molecular Function for TXNRD3 Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0004791 thioredoxin-disulfide reductase activity NAS 10455115
GO:0009055 electron carrier activity IEA --
GO:0015035 protein disulfide oxidoreductase activity IEA --
GO:0050660 flavin adenine dinucleotide binding IEA --
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with TXNRD3: view

Phenotypes for TXNRD3 Gene

GenomeRNAi human phenotypes for TXNRD3:
genes like me logo Genes that share phenotypes with TXNRD3: view

Animal Model Products

  • Taconic Biosciences Mouse Models for TXNRD3

CRISPR Products

miRNA for TXNRD3 Gene

miRTarBase miRNAs that target TXNRD3

Inhibitory RNA Products

Clone Products

Flow Cytometry Products

No data available for Human Phenotype Ontology , Animal Models , Transcription Factor Targets and HOMER Transcription for TXNRD3 Gene

Localization for TXNRD3 Gene

Subcellular locations from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for TXNRD3 Gene

Cytoplasm. Nucleus. Microsome. Endoplasmic reticulum. Note=Detected in cytoplasm and nucleus in late spermatids. {ECO:0000250 UniProtKB:Q99MD6}.

Subcellular locations from

COMPARTMENTS
Jensen Localization Image for TXNRD3 Gene COMPARTMENTS Subcellular localization image for TXNRD3 gene
Compartment Confidence
nucleus 4
cytosol 3
endoplasmic reticulum 3
mitochondrion 3

Gene Ontology (GO) - Cellular Components for TXNRD3 Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0005634 nucleus IEA --
GO:0005783 endoplasmic reticulum IEA --
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with TXNRD3: view

Pathways & Interactions for TXNRD3 Gene

genes like me logo Genes that share pathways with TXNRD3: view

Pathways by source for TXNRD3 Gene

1 GeneGo (Thomson Reuters) pathway for TXNRD3 Gene
1 Qiagen pathway for TXNRD3 Gene

Gene Ontology (GO) - Biological Process for TXNRD3 Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0007275 multicellular organism development IEA --
GO:0007283 spermatogenesis IEA --
GO:0030154 cell differentiation IEA --
GO:0045454 cell redox homeostasis NAS 10455115
GO:0055114 oxidation-reduction process IEA --
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with TXNRD3: view

No data available for SIGNOR curated interactions for TXNRD3 Gene

Drugs & Compounds for TXNRD3 Gene

(6) Drugs for TXNRD3 Gene - From: DGIdb, HMDB, and Novoseek

Name Status Disease Links Group Role Mechanism of Action Clinical Trials
FAD Approved Pharma 0
Water Approved Pharma 0
Selenocysteine Experimental Pharma 0
motexafin gadolinium Investigational Pharma inhibitor 38
selenium Pharma 171

(7) Additional Compounds for TXNRD3 Gene - From: HMDB

Name Synonyms Role CAS Number PubChem IDs PubMed IDs
Hydrogen Ion
  • Hydrogen cation
  • Hydron
  • Proton
Hydrogen selenide
  • Dihydrogen monoselenide
  • Dihydrogen selenide
  • Hydrogen selenide
  • Selane
  • Selenium dihydride
Methaneselenol
Methylselenic acid
NADP
  • Adenine-nicotinamide dinucleotide phosphate
  • b-NADP
  • b-Nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide phosphate
  • b-TPN
  • beta-NADP
53-59-8
genes like me logo Genes that share compounds with TXNRD3: view

Transcripts for TXNRD3 Gene

Unigene Clusters for TXNRD3 Gene

Thioredoxin reductase 3:
Representative Sequences:

CRISPR Products

Inhibitory RNA Products

Clone Products

Flow Cytometry Products

Alternative Splicing Database (ASD) splice patterns (SP) for TXNRD3 Gene

No ASD Table

Relevant External Links for TXNRD3 Gene

GeneLoc Exon Structure for
TXNRD3
ECgene alternative splicing isoforms for
TXNRD3

Expression for TXNRD3 Gene

mRNA expression in normal human tissues for TXNRD3 Gene

mRNA differential expression in normal tissues according to GTEx for TXNRD3 Gene

This gene is overexpressed in Testis (x6.4).

Protein differential expression in normal tissues from HIPED for TXNRD3 Gene

This gene is overexpressed in Testis (41.8), Heart (12.0), and Plasma (6.7).

Integrated Proteomics: protein expression in normal tissues and cell lines from ProteomicsDB, PaxDb, and MOPED for TXNRD3 Gene



Protein tissue co-expression partners for TXNRD3 Gene

- Elite partner

NURSA nuclear receptor signaling pathways regulating expression of TXNRD3 Gene:

TXNRD3

SOURCE GeneReport for Unigene cluster for TXNRD3 Gene:

Hs.477475
genes like me logo Genes that share expression patterns with TXNRD3: view

Primer Products

No data available for mRNA expression in embryonic tissues and stem cells from LifeMap Discovery and mRNA Expression by UniProt/SwissProt for TXNRD3 Gene

Orthologs for TXNRD3 Gene

This gene was present in the common ancestor of animals and fungi.

Orthologs for TXNRD3 Gene

Organism Taxonomy Gene Similarity Type Details
cow
(Bos Taurus)
Mammalia TXNRD3 34
  • 76.91 (n)
  • 84.97 (a)
TRXR3 35
  • 82 (a)
OneToOne
dog
(Canis familiaris)
Mammalia TXNRD3 34
  • 89.26 (n)
  • 91.81 (a)
TXNRD3 35
  • 89 (a)
OneToOne
mouse
(Mus musculus)
Mammalia Txnrd3 34
  • 82.68 (n)
  • 86.7 (a)
Txnrd3 16
Txnrd3 35
  • 87 (a)
OneToOne
chimpanzee
(Pan troglodytes)
Mammalia TXNRD3 34
  • 99.48 (n)
  • 99.22 (a)
TXNRD3 35
  • 99 (a)
OneToOne
rat
(Rattus norvegicus)
Mammalia Txnrd3 34
  • 82.52 (n)
  • 85.76 (a)
oppossum
(Monodelphis domestica)
Mammalia TXNRD3 35
  • 78 (a)
OneToOne
platypus
(Ornithorhynchus anatinus)
Mammalia TXNRD3 35
  • 81 (a)
OneToOne
chicken
(Gallus gallus)
Aves TXNRD3 34
  • 75.38 (n)
  • 76.91 (a)
TXNRD3 35
  • 75 (a)
OneToOne
lizard
(Anolis carolinensis)
Reptilia TXNRD3 35
  • 73 (a)
OneToOne
tropical clawed frog
(Silurana tropicalis)
Amphibia Str.618 34
zebrafish
(Danio rerio)
Actinopterygii txnrd1 34
  • 67.17 (n)
  • 72.12 (a)
txnrd1 35
  • 72 (a)
OneToOne
worm
(Caenorhabditis elegans)
Secernentea trxr-1 34
  • 56.55 (n)
  • 52.63 (a)
trxr-1 35
  • 46 (a)
OneToMany
baker's yeast
(Saccharomyces cerevisiae)
Saccharomycetes GLR1 35
  • 32 (a)
OneToMany
sea squirt
(Ciona intestinalis)
Ascidiacea Cin.7635 34
sea squirt
(Ciona savignyi)
Ascidiacea -- 35
  • 61 (a)
ManyToMany
CSA.8034 35
  • 60 (a)
ManyToMany
Species where no ortholog for TXNRD3 was found in the sources mined by GeneCards:
  • A. gosspyii yeast (Ashbya gossypii)
  • Actinobacteria (Mycobacterium tuberculosis)
  • African clawed frog (Xenopus laevis)
  • African malaria mosquito (Anopheles gambiae)
  • Alicante grape (Vitis vinifera)
  • alpha proteobacteria (Wolbachia pipientis)
  • amoeba (Dictyostelium discoideum)
  • Archea (Pyrococcus horikoshii)
  • barley (Hordeum vulgare)
  • beta proteobacteria (Neisseria meningitidis)
  • bread mold (Neurospora crassa)
  • Chromalveolata (Phytophthora infestans)
  • common water flea (Daphnia pulex)
  • corn (Zea mays)
  • E. coli (Escherichia coli)
  • filamentous fungi (Aspergillus nidulans)
  • Firmicute bacteria (Streptococcus pneumoniae)
  • fission yeast (Schizosaccharomyces pombe)
  • fruit fly (Drosophila melanogaster)
  • green algae (Chlamydomonas reinhardtii)
  • honey bee (Apis mellifera)
  • K. lactis yeast (Kluyveromyces lactis)
  • loblloly pine (Pinus taeda)
  • malaria parasite (Plasmodium falciparum)
  • medicago trunc (Medicago Truncatula)
  • moss (Physcomitrella patens)
  • orangutan (Pongo pygmaeus)
  • pig (Sus scrofa)
  • rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss)
  • rice (Oryza sativa)
  • rice blast fungus (Magnaporthe grisea)
  • schistosome parasite (Schistosoma mansoni)
  • sea anemone (Nematostella vectensis)
  • sea urchin (Strongylocentrotus purpuratus)
  • sorghum (Sorghum bicolor)
  • soybean (Glycine max)
  • stem rust fungus (Puccinia graminis)
  • sugarcane (Saccharum officinarum)
  • thale cress (Arabidopsis thaliana)
  • tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum)
  • toxoplasmosis (Toxoplasma gondii)
  • Trichoplax (Trichoplax adhaerens)
  • wheat (Triticum aestivum)

Evolution for TXNRD3 Gene

ENSEMBL:
Gene Tree for TXNRD3 (if available)
TreeFam:
Gene Tree for TXNRD3 (if available)

Paralogs for TXNRD3 Gene

Paralogs for TXNRD3 Gene

(6) SIMAP similar genes for TXNRD3 Gene using alignment to 5 proteins:

genes like me logo Genes that share paralogs with TXNRD3: view

Variants for TXNRD3 Gene

Sequence variations from dbSNP and Humsavar for TXNRD3 Gene

SNP ID Clin Chr 03 pos Sequence Context AA Info Type
rs949477 -- 126,615,148(+) AGATT(A/C/G)CACTT intron-variant
rs1464385 -- 126,642,204(+) CACAT(C/T)TGCAA intron-variant
rs1083243 -- 126,648,501(+) gctta(C/T)ggacc intron-variant
rs1083244 -- 126,648,753(+) gaaaa(C/T)atacg intron-variant
rs1088078 -- 126,627,703(+) tttga(C/T)tatta intron-variant

Structural Variations from Database of Genomic Variants (DGV) for TXNRD3 Gene

Variant ID Type Subtype PubMed ID
dgv126n6 CNV deletion 16902084
dgv2592n106 CNV deletion 24896259
dgv4852n100 CNV gain 25217958
esv1465418 CNV deletion 17803354
esv2005941 CNV deletion 18987734
esv2585777 CNV deletion 19546169
esv2725874 CNV deletion 23290073
esv2759 CNV loss 18987735
esv2834014 CNV deletion 24192839
esv3562508 CNV deletion 23714750
esv7947 CNV loss 19470904
esv987935 CNV deletion 20482838
esv987942 CNV deletion 20482838
nsv1072714 CNV deletion 25765185
nsv1144048 CNV deletion 24896259
nsv460842 CNV gain 19166990
nsv525296 CNV loss 19592680
nsv591524 CNV gain 21841781
nsv829718 CNV gain 17160897
nsv956828 CNV deletion 24416366

Variation tolerance for TXNRD3 Gene

Gene Damage Index Score: 3.79; 58.17% of all genes are more intolerant (likely to be disease-causing)

Relevant External Links for TXNRD3 Gene

SNPedia medical, phenotypic, and genealogical associations of SNPs for
TXNRD3

No data available for Polymorphic Variants from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for TXNRD3 Gene

Disorders for TXNRD3 Gene

MalaCards: The human disease database

(1) MalaCards diseases for TXNRD3 Gene - From: DISEASES

Disorder Aliases PubMed IDs
parasitic helminthiasis infectious disease
  • helminth infection
- elite association - COSMIC cancer census association via MalaCards

Relevant External Links for TXNRD3

Genetic Association Database (GAD)
TXNRD3
Human Genome Epidemiology (HuGE) Navigator
TXNRD3
Atlas of Genetics and Cytogenetics in Oncology and Haematology:
TXNRD3
genes like me logo Genes that share disorders with TXNRD3: view

No data available for UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot and Genatlas for TXNRD3 Gene

Publications for TXNRD3 Gene

  1. Redox regulation of cell signaling by selenocysteine in mammalian thioredoxin reductases. (PMID: 10455115) Sun Q.-A. … Gladyshev V.N. (J. Biol. Chem. 1999) 2 3 4 22 65
  2. CUG start codon generates thioredoxin/glutathione reductase isoforms in mouse testes. (PMID: 20018845) Gerashchenko M.V. … Gladyshev V.N. (J. Biol. Chem. 2010) 3 4 65
  3. Oxidative stress, telomere length and biomarkers of physical aging in a cohort aged 79 years from the 1932 Scottish Mental Survey. (PMID: 18977241) Starr J.M. … Deary I.J. (Mech. Ageing Dev. 2008) 3 46 65
  4. A genetic association analysis of cognitive ability and cognitive ageing using 325 markers for 109 genes associated with oxidative stress or cognition. (PMID: 17601350) Harris S.E. … Deary I.J. (BMC Genet. 2007) 3 46 65
  5. The selenoproteins GPx2, TrxR2 and TrxR3 are regulated by Wnt signalling in the intestinal epithelium. (PMID: 22683372) Kipp A.P. … Brigelius-FlohAc R. (Biochim. Biophys. Acta 2012) 3 65

Products for TXNRD3 Gene

Sources for TXNRD3 Gene

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