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Aliases for TXNRD3 Gene

Aliases for TXNRD3 Gene

  • Thioredoxin Reductase 3 2 3
  • TRXR3 3 4 6
  • Thioredoxin And Glutathione Reductase 3 4
  • Thioredoxin Glutathione Reductase 2 3
  • Thioredoxin Reductase TR2 3 4
  • EC 1.8.1.9 4 63
  • TR2 3 6
  • TGR 3 4
  • Thioredoxin Reductase 2 3
  • EC 1.8.1 63

External Ids for TXNRD3 Gene

Previous GeneCards Identifiers for TXNRD3 Gene

  • GC03M127607
  • GC03M127646
  • GC03M127808
  • GC03U901368
  • GC03M126327
  • GC03M123706
  • GC03M126292

Summaries for TXNRD3 Gene

Entrez Gene Summary for TXNRD3 Gene

  • This gene encodes a member of the family of pyridine nucleotide oxidoreductases. This protein catalyzes the reduction of thioredoxin, and is implicated in the defense against oxidative stress. It contains a selenocysteine (Sec) residue (which is essential for catalytic activity), encoded by a UGA codon, at the penultimate C-terminal position. The 3' UTR of Sec-containing genes have a common stem-loop structure, the sec insertion sequence (SECIS), which is necessary for the recognition of UGA as a Sec codon rather than as a stop signal. Alternatively spliced transcript variants encoding different isoforms have been found for this gene. [provided by RefSeq, Mar 2010]

GeneCards Summary for TXNRD3 Gene

TXNRD3 (Thioredoxin Reductase 3) is a Protein Coding gene. Among its related pathways are PAK Pathway and Selenium Metabolism and Selenoproteins. GO annotations related to this gene include electron carrier activity and NADP binding. An important paralog of this gene is TXNRD2.

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for TXNRD3 Gene

  • Displays thioredoxin reductase, glutaredoxin and glutathione reductase activities. Catalyzes disulfide bond isomerization. Promotes disulfide bond formation between GPX4 and various sperm proteins and may play a role in sperm maturation by promoting formation of sperm structural components (By similarity).

No data available for Tocris Summary , Gene Wiki entry , PharmGKB "VIP" Summary , fRNAdb sequence ontologies and piRNA Summary for TXNRD3 Gene

Genomics for TXNRD3 Gene

Epigenetics Products

  • DNA Methylation CpG Assay Predesigned for Pyrosequencing in human,mouse,rat

Genomic Location for TXNRD3 Gene

Start:
126,571,779 bp from pter
End:
126,655,155 bp from pter
Size:
83,377 bases
Orientation:
Minus strand

Genomic View for TXNRD3 Gene

UCSC Golden Path with GeneCards custom track
Cytogenetic band:
Genomic Location for TXNRD3 Gene
GeneLoc Logo Genomic Neighborhood Exon StructureGene Density

RefSeq DNA sequence for TXNRD3 Gene

No data available for Regulatory Elements for TXNRD3 Gene

Proteins for TXNRD3 Gene

  • Protein details for TXNRD3 Gene (UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot)

    Protein Symbol:
    Q86VQ6-TRXR3_HUMAN
    Recommended name:
    Thioredoxin reductase 3
    Protein Accession:
    Q86VQ6
    Secondary Accessions:
    • Q6PIS8
    • Q9NNW6
    • Q9P101

    Protein attributes for TXNRD3 Gene

    Size:
    643 amino acids
    Molecular mass:
    70683 Da
    Cofactor:
    Name=FAD; Xref=ChEBI:CHEBI:57692; Note=Binds 1 FAD per subunit.;
    Quaternary structure:
    • Homodimer.
    Miscellaneous:
    • The thioredoxin reductase active site is a redox-active disulfide bond. The selenocysteine residue is also essential for catalytic activity (By similarity).
    SequenceCaution:
    • Sequence=AAH30028.1; Type=Erroneous termination; Positions=642; Note=Translated as Sec.; Evidence={ECO:0000305}; Sequence=AAH30028.1; Type=Miscellaneous discrepancy; Note=Unusual initiator. The initiator methionine is coded by a non-canonical CTG leucine codon.; Evidence={ECO:0000305}; Sequence=AAH50032.1; Type=Erroneous termination; Positions=642; Note=Translated as Sec.; Evidence={ECO:0000305}; Sequence=AAH50032.1; Type=Miscellaneous discrepancy; Note=Unusual initiator. The initiator methionine is coded by a non-canonical CTG leucine codon.; Evidence={ECO:0000305};

    Three dimensional structures from OCA and Proteopedia for TXNRD3 Gene

neXtProt entry for TXNRD3 Gene

Proteomics data for TXNRD3 Gene at MOPED

Post-translational modifications for TXNRD3 Gene

  • Ubiquitination at Lys601
  • Modification sites at PhosphoSitePlus

Other Protein References for TXNRD3 Gene

Domains for TXNRD3 Gene

Suggested Antigen Peptide Sequences for TXNRD3 Gene

GenScript: Design optimal peptide antigens:

Graphical View of Domain Structure for InterPro Entry

Q86VQ6

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot:

TRXR3_HUMAN :
  • Q86VQ6
Domain:
  • The N-terminal glutaredoxin domain does not contain the C-X-X-C redox-active motif normally found in glutaredoxins but activity may be mediated through a single cysteine. The C-terminal Cys-Sec motif of one subunit of the homodimer may transfer electrons from the thiol-disulfide center to the glutaredoxin domain of the other subunit (By similarity).
  • Contains 1 glutaredoxin domain.
Family:
  • Belongs to the class-I pyridine nucleotide-disulfide oxidoreductase family.
genes like me logo Genes that share domains with TXNRD3: view

No data available for Gene Families for TXNRD3 Gene

Function for TXNRD3 Gene

Molecular function for TXNRD3 Gene

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot CatalyticActivity: Thioredoxin + NADP(+) = thioredoxin disulfide + NADPH.
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot Function: Displays thioredoxin reductase, glutaredoxin and glutathione reductase activities. Catalyzes disulfide bond isomerization. Promotes disulfide bond formation between GPX4 and various sperm proteins and may play a role in sperm maturation by promoting formation of sperm structural components (By similarity).

Enzyme Numbers (IUBMB) for TXNRD3 Gene

Gene Ontology (GO) - Molecular Function for TXNRD3 Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0004791 thioredoxin-disulfide reductase activity NAS 10455115
GO:0009055 electron carrier activity IEA --
GO:0015035 protein disulfide oxidoreductase activity IEA --
GO:0016491 oxidoreductase activity --
GO:0050660 flavin adenine dinucleotide binding IEA --
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with TXNRD3: view

Animal Model Products

CRISPR Products

No data available for Phenotypes , Animal Models , miRNA , Transcription Factor Targeting and HOMER Transcription for TXNRD3 Gene

Localization for TXNRD3 Gene

Subcellular locations from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for TXNRD3 Gene

Cytoplasm. Nucleus. Microsome. Endoplasmic reticulum. Note=Detected in cytoplasm and nucleus in late spermatids. {ECO:0000250 UniProtKB:Q99MD6}.

Subcellular locations from

COMPARTMENTS
Jensen Localization Image for TXNRD3 Gene COMPARTMENTS Subcellular localization image for TXNRD3 gene
Compartment Confidence
endoplasmic reticulum 2
mitochondrion 2
nucleus 2
cytosol 1

Gene Ontology (GO) - Cellular Components for TXNRD3 Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0005634 nucleus IEA --
GO:0005783 endoplasmic reticulum IEA --
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with TXNRD3: view

Pathways for TXNRD3 Gene

genes like me logo Genes that share pathways with TXNRD3: view

Pathways by source for TXNRD3 Gene

1 Qiagen pathway for TXNRD3 Gene
2 KEGG pathways for TXNRD3 Gene
1 GeneGo (Thomson Reuters) pathway for TXNRD3 Gene

Interacting Proteins for TXNRD3 Gene

Gene Ontology (GO) - Biological Process for TXNRD3 Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0007275 multicellular organismal development IEA --
GO:0007283 spermatogenesis IEA --
GO:0030154 cell differentiation IEA --
GO:0045454 cell redox homeostasis NAS 10455115
GO:0055114 oxidation-reduction process IEA --
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with TXNRD3: view

Compounds for TXNRD3 Gene

(5) HMDB Compounds for TXNRD3 Gene

Compound Synonyms Cas Number PubMed IDs
FAD
  • 1H-Purin-6-amine flavin dinucleotide
146-14-5
NADP
  • Adenine-nicotinamide dinucleotide phosphate
53-59-8
NADPH
  • 2'-(dihydrogen phosphate) 5'-(trihydrogen pyrophosphate) Adenosine 5'-ester with 1,4-dihydro-1-b-D-ribofuranosylnicotinamide
53-57-6
Selenium
  • selenium
7782-49-2
Selenocysteine
  • (2R)-2-amino-3-selanylpropanoate
3614-08-2

(1) Novoseek inferred chemical compound relationships for TXNRD3 Gene

Compound -log(P) Hits PubMed IDs
oxygen 0 1
genes like me logo Genes that share compounds with TXNRD3: view

Transcripts for TXNRD3 Gene

Unigene Clusters for TXNRD3 Gene

Thioredoxin reductase 3:
Representative Sequences:

CRISPR Products

Inhibitory RNA Products

  • Predesigned siRNA for gene silencing in human,mouse,rat for TXNRD3

Primer Products

Flow Cytometry Products

Alternative Splicing Database (ASD) splice patterns (SP) for TXNRD3 Gene

No ASD Table

Relevant External Links for TXNRD3 Gene

GeneLoc Exon Structure for
TXNRD3
ECgene alternative splicing isoforms for
TXNRD3

Expression for TXNRD3 Gene

mRNA expression in normal human tissues for TXNRD3 Gene

mRNA differential expression in normal tissues according to GTEx for TXNRD3 Gene

This gene is overexpressed in Testis (6.4).

Integrated Proteomics: protein expression from ProteomicsDB, PaxDb, and MOPED for TXNRD3 Gene

SOURCE GeneReport for Unigene cluster for TXNRD3 Gene Hs.477475

genes like me logo Genes that share expressions with TXNRD3: view

In Situ Assay Products

No data available for mRNA expression in embryonic tissues and stem cells from LifeMap Discovery and mRNA Expression by UniProt/SwissProt for TXNRD3 Gene

Orthologs for TXNRD3 Gene

This gene was present in the common ancestor of animals and fungi.

Orthologs for TXNRD3 Gene

Organism Taxonomy Gene Similarity Type Details
chimpanzee
(Pan troglodytes)
Mammalia TXNRD3 35
  • 99.48 (n)
  • 99.22 (a)
TXNRD3 36
  • 99 (a)
OneToOne
cow
(Bos Taurus)
Mammalia TRXR3 36
  • 82 (a)
OneToOne
TXNRD3 35
  • 76.91 (n)
  • 84.97 (a)
dog
(Canis familiaris)
Mammalia TXNRD3 35
  • 89.26 (n)
  • 91.81 (a)
TXNRD3 36
  • 89 (a)
OneToOne
mouse
(Mus musculus)
Mammalia Txnrd3 35
  • 82.68 (n)
  • 86.7 (a)
Txnrd3 16
Txnrd3 36
  • 87 (a)
OneToOne
oppossum
(Monodelphis domestica)
Mammalia TXNRD3 36
  • 78 (a)
OneToOne
platypus
(Ornithorhynchus anatinus)
Mammalia TXNRD3 36
  • 81 (a)
OneToOne
rat
(Rattus norvegicus)
Mammalia Txnrd3 35
  • 82.52 (n)
  • 85.76 (a)
chicken
(Gallus gallus)
Aves TXNRD3 35
  • 75.38 (n)
  • 76.91 (a)
TXNRD3 36
  • 75 (a)
OneToOne
lizard
(Anolis carolinensis)
Reptilia TXNRD3 36
  • 73 (a)
OneToOne
tropical clawed frog
(Silurana tropicalis)
Amphibia Str.618 35
zebrafish
(Danio rerio)
Actinopterygii txnrd1 35
  • 67.17 (n)
  • 72.12 (a)
txnrd1 36
  • 72 (a)
OneToOne
worm
(Caenorhabditis elegans)
Secernentea trxr-1 35
  • 56.55 (n)
  • 52.63 (a)
trxr-1 36
  • 46 (a)
OneToMany
baker's yeast
(Saccharomyces cerevisiae)
Saccharomycetes GLR1 36
  • 32 (a)
OneToMany
sea squirt
(Ciona intestinalis)
Ascidiacea Cin.7635 35
sea squirt
(Ciona savignyi)
Ascidiacea -- 36
  • 61 (a)
ManyToMany
CSA.8034 36
  • 60 (a)
ManyToMany
Species with no ortholog for TXNRD3:
  • A. gosspyii yeast (Ashbya gossypii)
  • Actinobacteria (Mycobacterium tuberculosis)
  • African clawed frog (Xenopus laevis)
  • African malaria mosquito (Anopheles gambiae)
  • Alicante grape (Vitis vinifera)
  • alpha proteobacteria (Wolbachia pipientis)
  • amoeba (Dictyostelium discoideum)
  • Archea (Pyrococcus horikoshii)
  • barley (Hordeum vulgare)
  • beta proteobacteria (Neisseria meningitidis)
  • bread mold (Neurospora crassa)
  • Chromalveolata (Phytophthora infestans)
  • common water flea (Daphnia pulex)
  • corn (Zea mays)
  • E. coli (Escherichia coli)
  • filamentous fungi (Aspergillus nidulans)
  • Firmicute bacteria (Streptococcus pneumoniae)
  • fission yeast (Schizosaccharomyces pombe)
  • fruit fly (Drosophila melanogaster)
  • green algae (Chlamydomonas reinhardtii)
  • honey bee (Apis mellifera)
  • K. lactis yeast (Kluyveromyces lactis)
  • loblloly pine (Pinus taeda)
  • malaria parasite (Plasmodium falciparum)
  • medicago trunc (Medicago Truncatula)
  • moss (Physcomitrella patens)
  • orangutan (Pongo pygmaeus)
  • pig (Sus scrofa)
  • rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss)
  • rice (Oryza sativa)
  • rice blast fungus (Magnaporthe grisea)
  • schistosome parasite (Schistosoma mansoni)
  • sea anemone (Nematostella vectensis)
  • sea urchin (Strongylocentrotus purpuratus)
  • sorghum (Sorghum bicolor)
  • soybean (Glycine max)
  • stem rust fungus (Puccinia graminis)
  • sugarcane (Saccharum officinarum)
  • thale cress (Arabidopsis thaliana)
  • tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum)
  • toxoplasmosis (Toxoplasma gondii)
  • Trichoplax (Trichoplax adhaerens)
  • wheat (Triticum aestivum)

Evolution for TXNRD3 Gene

ENSEMBL:
Gene Tree for TXNRD3 (if available)
TreeFam:
Gene Tree for TXNRD3 (if available)

Paralogs for TXNRD3 Gene

Paralogs for TXNRD3 Gene

Selected SIMAP similar genes for TXNRD3 Gene using alignment to 5 proteins:

genes like me logo Genes that share paralogs with TXNRD3: view

Variants for TXNRD3 Gene

Sequence variations from dbSNP and Humsavar for TXNRD3 Gene

SNP ID Clin Chr 03 pos Sequence Context AA Info Type MAF
rs777223 -- 126,629,948(+) ctgag(A/G)atcat intron-variant
rs777224 -- 126,630,614(+) TTAAC(A/G)TTATT intron-variant
rs777225 -- 126,631,509(+) AGAAC(A/G)AAACT intron-variant
rs777226 -- 126,631,688(-) TTCCT(A/G)TCTTA intron-variant
rs777227 -- 126,633,199(+) TATAC(G/T)CCCAA intron-variant

Structural Variations from Database of Genomic Variants (DGV) for TXNRD3 Gene

Variant ID Type Subtype PubMed ID
nsv525296 CNV Loss 19592680
nsv460842 CNV Gain 19166990
nsv829718 CNV Gain 17160897
esv2585777 CNV Deletion 19546169
esv2005941 CNV Deletion 18987734
esv987942 CNV Deletion 20482838
esv2759 CNV Deletion 18987735
esv2725874 CNV Deletion 23290073
esv987935 CNV Deletion 20482838
dgv126n6 CNV Loss 16902084
esv1465418 CNV Deletion 17803354
esv7947 CNV Loss 19470904

Relevant External Links for TXNRD3 Gene

HapMap Linkage Disequilibrium report
TXNRD3

No data available for Polymorphic Variants from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for TXNRD3 Gene

Disorders for TXNRD3 Gene

Relevant External Links for TXNRD3

Genetic Association Database (GAD)
TXNRD3
Human Genome Epidemiology (HuGE) Navigator
TXNRD3
genes like me logo Genes that share disorders with TXNRD3: view

No data available for UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for TXNRD3 Gene

Publications for TXNRD3 Gene

  1. Redox regulation of cell signaling by selenocysteine in mammalian thioredoxin reductases. (PMID: 10455115) Sun Q.-A. … Gladyshev V.N. (J. Biol. Chem. 1999) 2 3 4 23
  2. A genetic association analysis of cognitive ability and cognitive ageing using 325 markers for 109 genes associated with oxidative stress or cognition. (PMID: 17601350) Harris S.E. … Deary I.J. (BMC Genet. 2007) 3 48
  3. Oxidative stress, telomere length and biomarkers of physical aging in a cohort aged 79 years from the 1932 Scottish Mental Survey. (PMID: 18977241) Starr J.M. … Deary I.J. (Mech. Ageing Dev. 2008) 3 48
  4. CUG start codon generates thioredoxin/glutathione reductase isoforms in mouse testes. (PMID: 20018845) Gerashchenko M.V. … Gladyshev V.N. (J. Biol. Chem. 2010) 3 4
  5. Systematic and quantitative assessment of the ubiquitin-modified proteome. (PMID: 21906983) Kim W. … Gygi S.P. (Mol. Cell 2011) 3

Products for TXNRD3 Gene

Sources for TXNRD3 Gene

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