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Aliases for TXNRD1 Gene

Aliases for TXNRD1 Gene

  • Thioredoxin Reductase 1 2 3 5
  • Gene Associated With Retinoic And Interferon-Induced Mortality 12 Protein 3 4
  • Gene Associated With Retinoic And IFN-Induced Mortality 12 Protein 3 4
  • KM-102-Derived Reductase-Like Factor 3 4
  • Thioredoxin Reductase TR1 3 4
  • EC 1.8.1.9 4 58
  • GRIM-12 3 4
  • TR 3 4
  • Testis Tissue Sperm-Binding Protein Li 46a 3
  • Thioredoxin Reductase 1, Cytoplasmic 3
  • Thioredoxin Reductase GRIM-12 3
  • Oxidoreductase 3
  • EC 1.8.1 58
  • GRIM12 4
  • TRXR1 3
  • TXNR 3
  • KDRF 4
  • TR1 3

External Ids for TXNRD1 Gene

Previous GeneCards Identifiers for TXNRD1 Gene

  • GC12P103793
  • GC12P104561
  • GC12P104540
  • GC12P103183
  • GC12P103204
  • GC12P103133
  • GC12P101669
  • GC12P104609

Summaries for TXNRD1 Gene

Entrez Gene Summary for TXNRD1 Gene

  • The protein encoded by this gene belongs to the pyridine nucleotide-disulfide oxidoreductase family, and is a member of the thioredoxin (Trx) system. Three thioredoxin reductase (TrxR) isozymes are found in mammals. TrxRs are selenocysteine-containing flavoenzymes, which reduce thioredoxins, as well as other substrates, and play a key role in redox homoeostasis. This gene encodes an ubiquitously expressed, cytosolic form of TrxR, which functions as a homodimer containing FAD, and selenocysteine (Sec) at the active site. Sec is encoded by UGA codon that normally signals translation termination. The 3' UTRs of selenoprotein mRNAs contain a conserved stem-loop structure, the Sec insertion sequence (SECIS) element, which is necessary for the recognition of UGA as a Sec codon rather than as a stop signal. Alternative splicing, primarily at the 5' end, results in transcript variants encoding same or different isoforms, including a glutaredoxin-containing isoform that is predominantly expressed in testis. [provided by RefSeq, May 2017]

GeneCards Summary for TXNRD1 Gene

TXNRD1 (Thioredoxin Reductase 1) is a Protein Coding gene. Diseases associated with TXNRD1 include Exencephaly and Diphtheria. Among its related pathways are Metabolism and Mechanisms of CFTR activation by S-nitrosoglutathione (normal and CF). GO annotations related to this gene include oxidoreductase activity and flavin adenine dinucleotide binding. An important paralog of this gene is TXNRD3.

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for TXNRD1 Gene

  • Isoform 1 may possess glutaredoxin activity as well as thioredoxin reductase activity and induces actin and tubulin polymerization, leading to formation of cell membrane protrusions. Isoform 4 enhances the transcriptional activity of estrogen receptors alpha and beta while isoform 5 enhances the transcriptional activity of the beta receptor only. Isoform 5 also mediates cell death induced by a combination of interferon-beta and retinoic acid.

Gene Wiki entry for TXNRD1 Gene

Additional gene information for TXNRD1 Gene

No data available for CIViC summary , Tocris Summary , PharmGKB "VIP" Summary , fRNAdb sequence ontologies and piRNA Summary for TXNRD1 Gene

Genomics for TXNRD1 Gene

Regulatory Elements for TXNRD1 Gene

Enhancers for TXNRD1 Gene
GeneHancer Identifier Enhancer Score Enhancer Sources Gene-Enhancer Score TSS distance (kb) Number of Genes Away Size (kb) Transcription Factor Binding Sites within enhancer Gene Targets for Enhancer
GH12H104215 1.7 FANTOM5 Ensembl ENCODE 5.1 +3.0 2958 7 PKNOX1 FOXA2 ARID4B SIN3A FEZF1 YY1 ZNF207 ZNF143 FOS SP3 TDG RPL18AP3 WASHC4 EID3 TXNRD1 CHST11
GH12H104279 1.6 FANTOM5 Ensembl ENCODE dbSUPER 4.2 +65.1 65142 3 TBP FOXA2 JUN ZNF384 CEBPG BRCA1 RARA RFX5 FOSL1 ZNF366 EID3 TXNRD1 GLT8D2 ENSG00000257732
GH12H104602 1.9 FANTOM5 Ensembl ENCODE dbSUPER 2.9 +389.1 389097 4 PKNOX1 ATF1 GTF3C2 ZNF121 ZNF766 GLIS2 GATA2 ELK1 KLF7 ZNF548 TDG CHST11 WASHC4 RPL18AP3 TXNRD1 EID3 GC12M104604 MIR3922
GH12H104666 2 FANTOM5 Ensembl ENCODE dbSUPER 2.4 +454.9 454901 7 HDGF FOXA2 PKNOX1 SIN3A FEZF1 YY1 ZNF207 FOS JUNB REST CHST11 WASHC4 TDG RPL18AP3 EID3 HCFC2 TXNRD1 SLC41A2 PIR42556 GC12M104604
GH12H104275 1.6 FANTOM5 Ensembl ENCODE dbSUPER 2.7 +61.3 61322 2 BCOR FOXA2 JUN ZMYM3 SIN3A FEZF1 ZNF384 FOSL1 GATA3 POLR2A EID3 ENSG00000257681 TXNRD1 ENSG00000257732 GC12P104268
- Elite enhancer and/or Elite enhancer-gene association Download GeneHancer data dump

Enhancers around TXNRD1 on UCSC Golden Path with GeneCards custom track

Promoters for TXNRD1 Gene
Ensembl Regulatory Elements (ENSRs) TSS Distance (bp) Size (bp) Binding Sites for Transcription Factors within promoters
ENSR00000056511 222 1200 ATF1 TBL1XR1 RB1 SREBF2 ARID4B SIN3A RAD21 YY1 ZNF207 ZNF143

Genomic Location for TXNRD1 Gene

Chromosome:
12
Start:
104,215,779 bp from pter
End:
104,350,307 bp from pter
Size:
134,529 bases
Orientation:
Plus strand

Genomic View for TXNRD1 Gene

Genes around TXNRD1 on UCSC Golden Path with GeneCards custom track

Cytogenetic band:
TXNRD1 Gene in genomic location: bands according to Ensembl, locations according to GeneLoc (and/or Entrez Gene and/or Ensembl if different)
Genomic Location for TXNRD1 Gene
GeneLoc Logo Genomic Neighborhood Exon StructureGene Density

RefSeq DNA sequence for TXNRD1 Gene

Proteins for TXNRD1 Gene

  • Protein details for TXNRD1 Gene (UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot)

    Protein Symbol:
    Q16881-TRXR1_HUMAN
    Recommended name:
    Thioredoxin reductase 1, cytoplasmic
    Protein Accession:
    Q16881
    Secondary Accessions:
    • B7Z1F4
    • B7Z3Y8
    • B7Z904
    • E9PMY9
    • F5H780
    • Q6FI31
    • Q6VB40
    • Q6VB41
    • Q6VB42
    • Q6VBP2
    • Q6VBP3
    • Q6VBP4
    • Q6VBP5
    • Q6VBP9
    • Q6VBQ0
    • Q6YNQ1
    • Q76P53
    • Q7LA96
    • Q8WVC8
    • Q99475
    • Q9UES8
    • Q9UH79

    Protein attributes for TXNRD1 Gene

    Size:
    649 amino acids
    Molecular mass:
    70906 Da
    Cofactor:
    Name=FAD; Xref=ChEBI:CHEBI:57692;
    Quaternary structure:
    • Homodimer. Isoform 4 interacts with ESR1 and ESR2. Interacts with HERC5.
    Miscellaneous:
    • The thioredoxin reductase active site is a redox-active disulfide bond. The selenocysteine residue is also essential for catalytic activity.
    SequenceCaution:
    • Sequence=AAB35418.1; Type=Erroneous termination; Positions=648; Note=Translated as Sec.; Evidence={ECO:0000305}; Sequence=AAC69621.1; Type=Erroneous termination; Positions=648; Note=Translated as Sec.; Evidence={ECO:0000305}; Sequence=AAF15900.1; Type=Erroneous termination; Positions=648; Note=Translated as Sec.; Evidence={ECO:0000305}; Sequence=AAV38446.1; Type=Erroneous termination; Positions=648; Note=Translated as Sec.; Evidence={ECO:0000305}; Sequence=AAZ67916.1; Type=Erroneous termination; Positions=648; Note=Translated as Sec.; Evidence={ECO:0000305}; Sequence=BAA13674.1; Type=Erroneous termination; Positions=648; Note=Translated as Sec.; Evidence={ECO:0000305}; Sequence=BAH11490.1; Type=Erroneous termination; Positions=648; Note=Translated as Sec.; Evidence={ECO:0000305}; Sequence=BAH12374.1; Type=Erroneous termination; Positions=648; Note=Translated as Sec.; Evidence={ECO:0000305}; Sequence=BAH14140.1; Type=Erroneous termination; Positions=648; Note=Translated as Sec.; Evidence={ECO:0000305}; Sequence=CAA04503.1; Type=Erroneous termination; Positions=648; Note=Translated as Sec.; Evidence={ECO:0000305}; Sequence=CAA62629.1; Type=Erroneous termination; Positions=648; Note=Translated as Sec.; Evidence={ECO:0000305}; Sequence=CAG38744.1; Type=Erroneous termination; Positions=648; Note=Translated as Sec.; Evidence={ECO:0000305}; Sequence=EAW97745.1; Type=Erroneous termination; Positions=648; Note=Translated as Sec.; Evidence={ECO:0000305};

    Three dimensional structures from OCA and Proteopedia for TXNRD1 Gene

    Alternative splice isoforms for TXNRD1 Gene

neXtProt entry for TXNRD1 Gene

Selected DME Specific Peptides for TXNRD1 Gene

Q16881:
  • NVPTTVFTPLEYG
  • IATGERPRYLGI
  • DSRNYGW
  • VGVKINEKTGKIPVT
  • IGGGSGGLAAAKEA
  • LGPNAGE
  • PSRDNNKCYAK
  • GSTVKCDY
  • IGGGSGG
  • QGFAAALK
  • PGKTLVVGA
  • ATNNKGKEK
  • GGGSGGLA
  • SDDLFSLPYCPG
  • EQIEAGTPGRL
  • CGLSEEKAVEKFGEEN
  • TLVVGASYV
  • DVTVMVRSILLRGFDQDMA
  • CIPKKLMHQAALLG
  • QLDSTIGIHPVCAE
  • CTRKIGLE
  • AGRLLAQRL
  • TTVFTPLE
  • HIGSLNWGYRVALREKKVVYENAYG
  • GDKEYCI
  • FWPLEWT

Post-translational modifications for TXNRD1 Gene

  • ISGylated.
  • The N-terminus of isoform 5 is blocked.
  • Ubiquitination at Lys179, Lys218, Lys274, posLast=405405, posLast=449449, posLast=574574, posLast=580580, posLast=607607, and posLast=613613
  • Modification sites at PhosphoSitePlus

Antibody Products

  • R&D Systems Antibodies for TXNRD1 (Thioredoxin Reductase 1/TRXR1)
  • Cell Signaling Technology (CST) Antibodies for TXNRD1 (TRXR1)

Domains & Families for TXNRD1 Gene

Gene Families for TXNRD1 Gene

HGNC:
Human Protein Atlas (HPA):
  • Cancer-related genes
  • Enzymes
  • FDA approved drug targets
  • Plasma proteins
  • Predicted intracellular proteins

Graphical View of Domain Structure for InterPro Entry

Q16881

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot:

TRXR1_HUMAN :
  • The N-terminal glutaredoxin domain found in isoform 1 does not contain the C-P-Y-C redox-active motif normally found in glutaredoxins and has been found to be inactive in classical glutaredoxin assays.
  • Belongs to the class-I pyridine nucleotide-disulfide oxidoreductase family.
Domain:
  • The N-terminal glutaredoxin domain found in isoform 1 does not contain the C-P-Y-C redox-active motif normally found in glutaredoxins and has been found to be inactive in classical glutaredoxin assays.
Family:
  • Belongs to the class-I pyridine nucleotide-disulfide oxidoreductase family.
genes like me logo Genes that share domains with TXNRD1: view

Function for TXNRD1 Gene

Molecular function for TXNRD1 Gene

GENATLAS Biochemistry:
thioredoxin reductase,pyridine nucleotide disulfide oxidoreductase family,ubiquitously expressed
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot CatalyticActivity:
Thioredoxin + NADP(+) = thioredoxin disulfide + NADPH.
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot Function:
Isoform 1 may possess glutaredoxin activity as well as thioredoxin reductase activity and induces actin and tubulin polymerization, leading to formation of cell membrane protrusions. Isoform 4 enhances the transcriptional activity of estrogen receptors alpha and beta while isoform 5 enhances the transcriptional activity of the beta receptor only. Isoform 5 also mediates cell death induced by a combination of interferon-beta and retinoic acid.
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot Induction:
Isoform 5 is induced by a combination of interferon-beta and retinoic acid (at protein level). Isoform 1 is induced by estradiol or testosterone in HeLa cells.

Enzyme Numbers (IUBMB) for TXNRD1 Gene

Phenotypes From GWAS Catalog for TXNRD1 Gene

Gene Ontology (GO) - Molecular Function for TXNRD1 Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0004791 thioredoxin-disulfide reductase activity IBA,IEA --
GO:0005515 protein binding IPI 15199063
GO:0009055 electron carrier activity IEA --
GO:0015035 protein disulfide oxidoreductase activity IEA --
GO:0016491 oxidoreductase activity IEA --
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with TXNRD1: view
genes like me logo Genes that share phenotypes with TXNRD1: view

Animal Models for TXNRD1 Gene

MGI Knock Outs for TXNRD1:

Animal Model Products

  • Taconic Biosciences Mouse Models for TXNRD1

CRISPR Products

Inhibitory RNA Products

No data available for Human Phenotype Ontology , Transcription Factor Targets and HOMER Transcription for TXNRD1 Gene

Localization for TXNRD1 Gene

Subcellular locations from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for TXNRD1 Gene

Cytoplasm.
Isoform 4: Cytoplasm. Nucleus.
Isoform 5: Cytoplasm.

Subcellular locations from

COMPARTMENTS
Extracellular space Cytosol Plasma membrane Cytoskeleton Lysosome Endosome Peroxisome ER Golgi Apparatus Nucleus Mitochondrion 0 1 2 3 4 5 Confidence
COMPARTMENTS Subcellular localization image for TXNRD1 gene
Compartment Confidence
extracellular 5
nucleus 5
cytosol 5
mitochondrion 4
plasma membrane 1
endoplasmic reticulum 1

Subcellular locations from the

Human Protein Atlas (HPA)

Gene Ontology (GO) - Cellular Components for TXNRD1 Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0001650 fibrillar center IDA --
GO:0005623 cell IEA --
GO:0005634 nucleus IEA --
GO:0005654 nucleoplasm IDA --
GO:0005737 cytoplasm IEA --
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with TXNRD1: view

Pathways & Interactions for TXNRD1 Gene

genes like me logo Genes that share pathways with TXNRD1: view

Pathways by source for TXNRD1 Gene

Gene Ontology (GO) - Biological Process for TXNRD1 Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0000305 response to oxygen radical IBA --
GO:0001707 mesoderm formation IEA --
GO:0001887 selenium compound metabolic process TAS --
GO:0007165 signal transduction NAS 8921404
GO:0007369 gastrulation IEA --
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with TXNRD1: view

No data available for SIGNOR curated interactions for TXNRD1 Gene

Drugs & Compounds for TXNRD1 Gene

(22) Drugs for TXNRD1 Gene - From: DrugBank, DGIdb, FDA Approved Drugs, HMDB, and Novoseek

Name Status Disease Links Group Role Mechanism of Action Clinical Trials
Arsenic trioxide Approved, Investigational Pharma inhibitor, Target 124
Selenium Approved, Vet_approved Pharma Enzyme, substrate 185
FAD Approved Pharma Target 0
Trisenox Approved September 2000 Pharma 0
Water Approved Pharma 0

(22) Additional Compounds for TXNRD1 Gene - From: HMDB and Novoseek

Name Synonyms Role CAS Number PubChem IDs PubMed IDs
nadph
  • 2'-(Dihydrogen phosphate) 5'-(trihydrogen pyrophosphate) Adenosine 5'-ester with 1,4-dihydro-1-b-D-ribofuranosylnicotinamide
  • 2'-(Dihydrogen phosphate) 5'-(trihydrogen pyrophosphate) Adenosine 5'-ester with 1,4-dihydro-1-beta-delta-ribofuranosylnicotinamide
  • Adenosine 5'-(trihydrogen diphosphate) 2'-(dihydrogen phosphate) P'-5'-ester with 1,4-dihydro-1-beta-D-ribofuranosyl-3-pyridinecarboxamide
  • Adenosine 5'-(trihydrogen diphosphate) 2'-(dihydrogen phosphate) P'-5'-ester with 1,4-dihydro-1-beta-delta-ribofuranosyl-3-pyridinecarboxamide
  • b-NADPH
53-57-6
selenite
  • Selenite (SeO32-)
  • Selenite ion (SeO32-)
  • Selenite ion(2-)
  • Selenite(2-)
14124-67-5
Hydrogen Ion
  • Hydrogen cation
  • Hydron
  • Proton
Hydrogen selenide
  • Dihydrogen monoselenide
  • Dihydrogen selenide
  • Hydrogen selenide
  • Selane
  • Selenium dihydride
Methaneselenol
genes like me logo Genes that share compounds with TXNRD1: view

Transcripts for TXNRD1 Gene

Unigene Clusters for TXNRD1 Gene

Thioredoxin reductase 1:
Representative Sequences:

CRISPR Products

Inhibitory RNA Products

Alternative Splicing Database (ASD) splice patterns (SP) for TXNRD1 Gene

ExUns: 1a · 1b · 1c · 1d · 1e · 1f ^ 2a · 2b · 2c ^ 3a · 3b · 3c ^ 4 ^ 5a · 5b · 5c ^ 6a · 6b ^ 7 ^ 8 ^ 9a · 9b ^ 10 ^ 11 ^ 12 ^ 13 ^
SP1: - - - - - - -
SP2: - - - - - - - - -
SP3: - - - - -
SP4: - - - - - - - - - -
SP5: - - - - - - - -
SP6: - - - -
SP7:
SP8: - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
SP9: - - - - - -
SP10: - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
SP11: - - - - - -
SP12:
SP13:
SP14: - - - -

ExUns: 14a · 14b ^ 15a · 15b ^ 16a · 16b ^ 17 ^ 18a · 18b ^ 19a · 19b · 19c · 19d
SP1: - - -
SP2: - - -
SP3: -
SP4:
SP5:
SP6:
SP7: - -
SP8:
SP9:
SP10: - - - - - - - - -
SP11:
SP12: - -
SP13:
SP14:

Relevant External Links for TXNRD1 Gene

GeneLoc Exon Structure for
TXNRD1
ECgene alternative splicing isoforms for
TXNRD1

Expression for TXNRD1 Gene

mRNA expression in normal human tissues from GTEx, Illumina, BioGPS, and CGAP SAGE for TXNRD1 Gene

mRNA differential expression in normal tissues according to GTEx for TXNRD1 Gene

This gene is overexpressed in Adrenal Gland (x4.0).

Protein differential expression in normal tissues from HIPED for TXNRD1 Gene

This gene is overexpressed in Bone marrow stromal cell (9.5), Urinary Bladder (8.3), and Lymph node (6.3).

Integrated Proteomics: protein expression in normal tissues and cell lines from ProteomicsDB, PaxDb, MaxQB, and MOPED for TXNRD1 Gene



Protein tissue co-expression partners for TXNRD1 Gene

- Elite partner

NURSA nuclear receptor signaling pathways regulating expression of TXNRD1 Gene:

TXNRD1

SOURCE GeneReport for Unigene cluster for TXNRD1 Gene:

Hs.654922

mRNA Expression by UniProt/SwissProt for TXNRD1 Gene:

Q16881-TRXR1_HUMAN
Tissue specificity: Isoform 1 is expressed predominantly in Leydig cells (at protein level). Also expressed in ovary, spleen, heart, liver, kidney and pancreas and in a number of cancer cell lines. Isoform 4 is widely expressed with highest levels in kidney, testis, uterus, ovary, prostate, placenta and fetal liver.

Evidence on tissue expression from TISSUES for TXNRD1 Gene

  • Nervous system(5)
  • Lung(4.9)
  • Liver(4.2)
  • Kidney(3.9)
  • Skin(3.8)
  • Intestine(2.7)
  • Heart(2.6)
  • Eye(2.3)
  • Blood(2.2)
  • Muscle(2.1)
genes like me logo Genes that share expression patterns with TXNRD1: view

No data available for mRNA expression in embryonic tissues and stem cells from LifeMap Discovery and Phenotype-based relationships between genes and organs from Gene ORGANizer for TXNRD1 Gene

Orthologs for TXNRD1 Gene

This gene was present in the common ancestor of eukaryotes.

Orthologs for TXNRD1 Gene

Organism Taxonomy Gene Similarity Type Details
chimpanzee
(Pan troglodytes)
Mammalia TXNRD1 33 34
  • 99.73 (n)
oppossum
(Monodelphis domestica)
Mammalia TXNRD1 34
  • 89 (a)
OneToOne
cow
(Bos Taurus)
Mammalia TXNRD1 33 34
  • 88.78 (n)
dog
(Canis familiaris)
Mammalia TXNRD1 33 34
  • 87.4 (n)
rat
(Rattus norvegicus)
Mammalia Txnrd1 33
  • 85.44 (n)
mouse
(Mus musculus)
Mammalia Txnrd1 33 16 34
  • 85.27 (n)
platypus
(Ornithorhynchus anatinus)
Mammalia TXNRD1 34
  • 73 (a)
OneToOne
chicken
(Gallus gallus)
Aves TXNRD1 33 34
  • 79.09 (n)
lizard
(Anolis carolinensis)
Reptilia TXNRD1 34
  • 78 (a)
OneToOne
tropical clawed frog
(Silurana tropicalis)
Amphibia txnrd1 33
  • 71.83 (n)
zebrafish
(Danio rerio)
Actinopterygii -- 33
fruit fly
(Drosophila melanogaster)
Insecta Trxr-2 35
  • 51 (a)
Trxr-1 35
  • 50 (a)
worm
(Caenorhabditis elegans)
Secernentea C06G3.7 35
  • 58 (a)
trxr-1 34
  • 48 (a)
OneToMany
ZK637.10 35
  • 44 (a)
baker's yeast
(Saccharomyces cerevisiae)
Saccharomycetes GLR1 34
  • 34 (a)
OneToMany
thale cress
(Arabidopsis thaliana)
eudicotyledons GR1 33
  • 49.28 (n)
rice
(Oryza sativa)
Liliopsida Os02g0813500 33
  • 46.57 (n)
sea squirt
(Ciona savignyi)
Ascidiacea -- 34
  • 66 (a)
ManyToMany
CSA.8034 34
  • 59 (a)
ManyToMany
Species where no ortholog for TXNRD1 was found in the sources mined by GeneCards:
  • A. gosspyii yeast (Ashbya gossypii)
  • Actinobacteria (Mycobacterium tuberculosis)
  • African clawed frog (Xenopus laevis)
  • African malaria mosquito (Anopheles gambiae)
  • Alicante grape (Vitis vinifera)
  • alpha proteobacteria (Wolbachia pipientis)
  • amoeba (Dictyostelium discoideum)
  • Archea (Pyrococcus horikoshii)
  • barley (Hordeum vulgare)
  • beta proteobacteria (Neisseria meningitidis)
  • bread mold (Neurospora crassa)
  • Chromalveolata (Phytophthora infestans)
  • common water flea (Daphnia pulex)
  • corn (Zea mays)
  • E. coli (Escherichia coli)
  • filamentous fungi (Aspergillus nidulans)
  • Firmicute bacteria (Streptococcus pneumoniae)
  • fission yeast (Schizosaccharomyces pombe)
  • green algae (Chlamydomonas reinhardtii)
  • honey bee (Apis mellifera)
  • K. lactis yeast (Kluyveromyces lactis)
  • loblloly pine (Pinus taeda)
  • malaria parasite (Plasmodium falciparum)
  • medicago trunc (Medicago Truncatula)
  • moss (Physcomitrella patens)
  • orangutan (Pongo pygmaeus)
  • pig (Sus scrofa)
  • rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss)
  • rice blast fungus (Magnaporthe grisea)
  • schistosome parasite (Schistosoma mansoni)
  • sea anemone (Nematostella vectensis)
  • sea urchin (Strongylocentrotus purpuratus)
  • sorghum (Sorghum bicolor)
  • soybean (Glycine max)
  • stem rust fungus (Puccinia graminis)
  • sugarcane (Saccharum officinarum)
  • tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum)
  • toxoplasmosis (Toxoplasma gondii)
  • Trichoplax (Trichoplax adhaerens)
  • wheat (Triticum aestivum)

Evolution for TXNRD1 Gene

ENSEMBL:
Gene Tree for TXNRD1 (if available)
TreeFam:
Gene Tree for TXNRD1 (if available)

Paralogs for TXNRD1 Gene

Paralogs for TXNRD1 Gene

genes like me logo Genes that share paralogs with TXNRD1: view

Variants for TXNRD1 Gene

Sequence variations from dbSNP and Humsavar for TXNRD1 Gene

SNP ID Clin Chr 12 pos Sequence Context AA Info Type
rs1000012528 -- 104,333,046(+) TTCCT(C/G)TCTTT intron-variant
rs1000020450 -- 104,290,029(+) AACTT(A/C)CCGTA intron-variant
rs1000054687 -- 104,216,273(+) GAAAG(A/G)TTACG intron-variant
rs1000078235 -- 104,299,776(+) AAAAA(A/C)AAAAA intron-variant
rs1000087019 -- 104,216,469(+) TTGTT(A/C/T)TTCCA intron-variant

Structural Variations from Database of Genomic Variants (DGV) for TXNRD1 Gene

Variant ID Type Subtype PubMed ID
dgv301e214 CNV loss 21293372
esv1648435 CNV deletion 17803354
esv23043 CNV loss 19812545
esv2658616 CNV deletion 23128226
esv2659315 CNV deletion 23128226
esv3549721 CNV deletion 23714750
esv3580447 CNV loss 25503493
esv3580448 CNV loss 25503493
esv3630630 CNV loss 21293372
esv3630631 CNV loss 21293372
esv3630632 CNV gain 21293372
esv3630633 CNV loss 21293372
esv3630634 CNV gain 21293372
esv3630636 CNV loss 21293372
nsv1138165 CNV deletion 24896259
nsv1144645 CNV deletion 24896259
nsv1145619 CNV deletion 24896259
nsv52994 CNV deletion 16902084
nsv819204 CNV gain 19587683
nsv930479 CNV deletion 23359205
nsv983360 CNV duplication 23825009

Variation tolerance for TXNRD1 Gene

Residual Variation Intolerance Score: 39.6% of all genes are more intolerant (likely to be disease-causing)
Gene Damage Index Score: 1.10; 22.31% of all genes are more intolerant (likely to be disease-causing)

Relevant External Links for TXNRD1 Gene

Human Gene Mutation Database (HGMD)
TXNRD1
SNPedia medical, phenotypic, and genealogical associations of SNPs for
TXNRD1

No data available for Polymorphic Variants from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for TXNRD1 Gene

Disorders for TXNRD1 Gene

MalaCards: The human disease database

(2) MalaCards diseases for TXNRD1 Gene - From: HGMD and GeneCards

Disorder Aliases PubMed IDs
exencephaly
diphtheria
  • corynebacterium infection
- elite association - COSMIC cancer census association via MalaCards

Relevant External Links for TXNRD1

Genetic Association Database (GAD)
TXNRD1
Human Genome Epidemiology (HuGE) Navigator
TXNRD1
Atlas of Genetics and Cytogenetics in Oncology and Haematology:
TXNRD1
genes like me logo Genes that share disorders with TXNRD1: view

No data available for UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot and Genatlas for TXNRD1 Gene

Publications for TXNRD1 Gene

  1. Thioredoxin reductase 1 haplotypes modify familial amyotrophic lateral sclerosis onset. (PMID: 18996185) Mitchell J … de Belleroche J (Free radical biology & medicine 2009) 3 22 45 60
  2. Induction of cell membrane protrusions by the N-terminal glutaredoxin domain of a rare splice variant of human thioredoxin reductase 1. (PMID: 18042542) Dammeyer P … Arnér ES (The Journal of biological chemistry 2008) 3 4 22 60
  3. Variation in the selenoenzyme genes and risk of advanced distal colorectal adenoma. (PMID: 18483336) Peters U … Foster CB (Cancer epidemiology, biomarkers & prevention : a publication of the American Association for Cancer Research, cosponsored by the American Society of Preventive Oncology 2008) 3 22 45 60
  4. The structure of human thioredoxin reductase 1 provides insights into C-terminal rearrangements during catalysis. (PMID: 17512005) Fritz-Wolf K … Becker K (Journal of molecular biology 2007) 3 4 22 60
  5. Evidence for intriguingly complex transcription of human thioredoxin reductase 1. (PMID: 14980707) Rundlöf AK … Arnér ES (Free radical biology & medicine 2004) 3 4 22 60

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Sources for TXNRD1 Gene

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