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Aliases for TXNL1 Gene

Aliases for TXNL1 Gene

  • Thioredoxin Like 1 2 3 5
  • 32 KDa Thioredoxin-Related Protein 3 4
  • TRP32 3 4
  • TXNL 3 4
  • Txl 3 4
  • Epididymis Secretory Protein Li 114 3
  • Thioredoxin-Related 32 KDa Protein 3
  • Thioredoxin-Related Protein 1 3
  • Thioredoxin-Like Protein 1 3
  • Thioredoxin-Like, 32kDa 2
  • Thioredoxin-Like, 32kD 2
  • Thioredoxin-Like 1 2
  • HEL-S-114 3
  • TXL-1 3

External Ids for TXNL1 Gene

Previous HGNC Symbols for TXNL1 Gene

  • TXNL

Previous GeneCards Identifiers for TXNL1 Gene

  • GC18M052420
  • GC18M052421
  • GC18M054264
  • GC18M050981

Summaries for TXNL1 Gene

GeneCards Summary for TXNL1 Gene

TXNL1 (Thioredoxin Like 1) is a Protein Coding gene. Diseases associated with TXNL1 include Thymus Adenocarcinoma. GO annotations related to this gene include protein disulfide oxidoreductase activity and disulfide oxidoreductase activity. An important paralog of this gene is TXN.

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for TXNL1 Gene

  • Active thioredoxin with a redox potential of about -250 mV.

Gene Wiki entry for TXNL1 Gene

No data available for Entrez Gene Summary , Tocris Summary , PharmGKB "VIP" Summary , fRNAdb sequence ontologies and piRNA Summary for TXNL1 Gene

Genomics for TXNL1 Gene

Regulatory Elements for TXNL1 Gene

Enhancers for TXNL1 Gene
GeneHancer Identifier Enhancer Score Enhancer Sources Gene-Enhancer Score TSS distance (kb) Number of Genes Away Size (kb) Transcription Factor Binding Sites within enhancer Gene Targets for Enhancer
GH18F056636 1 ENCODE 6.7 +13.5 13539 3.7 HDGF MLX WRNIP1 ARID4B SIN3A DMAP1 YY1 ZNF207 ZNF143 FOS TXNL1 WDR7 LOC105372135
GH18F056641 0.2 ENCODE 6.6 +9.8 9779 0.6 SOX13 ELF3 ZNF792 SAP130 TAF1 JUN ZSCAN9 RARA HOMEZ MIXL1 TXNL1 WDR7 LOC105372135
GH18F056650 0.2 ENCODE 5.7 -0.2 -150 3.4 HDGF PKNOX1 CREB3L1 ARID4B SIN3A YBX1 FEZF1 DMAP1 ZNF2 YY1 TXNL1 ENSG00000206865 GC18M056754
GH18F056660 0.5 FANTOM5 5.3 -8.8 -8808 0.4 NR2F6 PRDM1 TXNL1 ENSG00000206865 GC18M056754
GH18F056648 1 Ensembl ENCODE 5 +3.2 3180 0.4 IKZF1 HMBOX1 TXNL1 WDR7 LOC105372135
- Elite enhancer/Elite enhancer-gene association Download Table
Download GeneHancer data dump

Enhancers around TXNL1 on UCSC Golden Path with GeneCards custom track

Promoters for TXNL1 Gene
Ensembl Regulatory Elements (ENSRs) TSS Distance (bp) Size (bp) Binding Sites for Transcription Factors within promoters

Genomic Location for TXNL1 Gene

56,597,208 bp from pter
56,651,600 bp from pter
54,393 bases
Minus strand

Genomic View for TXNL1 Gene

Genes around TXNL1 on UCSC Golden Path with GeneCards custom track

Cytogenetic band:
TXNL1 Gene in genomic location: bands according to Ensembl, locations according to GeneLoc (and/or Entrez Gene and/or Ensembl if different)
Genomic Location for TXNL1 Gene
GeneLoc Logo Genomic Neighborhood Exon StructureGene Density

RefSeq DNA sequence for TXNL1 Gene

Proteins for TXNL1 Gene

  • Protein details for TXNL1 Gene (UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot)

    Protein Symbol:
    Recommended name:
    Thioredoxin-like protein 1
    Protein Accession:

    Protein attributes for TXNL1 Gene

    289 amino acids
    Molecular mass:
    32251 Da
    Quaternary structure:
    • Component of the 19S regulatory cap of the 26S proteasome. Interacts with PSMD14/RPN11. Interacts with, and reduces EEF1A1.

    Three dimensional structures from OCA and Proteopedia for TXNL1 Gene

neXtProt entry for TXNL1 Gene

Post-translational modifications for TXNL1 Gene

  • Ubiquitination at Lys 5, Lys 28, Lys 102, Lys 104, Lys 181, and Lys 279
  • Modification sites at PhosphoSitePlus

No data available for DME Specific Peptides for TXNL1 Gene

Domains & Families for TXNL1 Gene

Suggested Antigen Peptide Sequences for TXNL1 Gene

GenScript: Design optimal peptide antigens:

Graphical View of Domain Structure for InterPro Entry



  • Contains 1 PITH domain.
  • Contains 1 PITH domain.
  • Contains 1 thioredoxin domain.
genes like me logo Genes that share domains with TXNL1: view

No data available for Gene Families for TXNL1 Gene

Function for TXNL1 Gene

Molecular function for TXNL1 Gene

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot Function:
Active thioredoxin with a redox potential of about -250 mV.

Gene Ontology (GO) - Molecular Function for TXNL1 Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0004791 thioredoxin-disulfide reductase activity IBA --
GO:0015035 protein disulfide oxidoreductase activity IEA,IBA --
GO:0015036 disulfide oxidoreductase activity IDA 9668102
GO:0016671 oxidoreductase activity, acting on a sulfur group of donors, disulfide as acceptor IBA --
GO:0047134 protein-disulfide reductase activity IBA --
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with TXNL1: view
genes like me logo Genes that share phenotypes with TXNL1: view

Animal Model Products

  • Taconic Biosciences Mouse Models for TXNL1

miRNA for TXNL1 Gene

miRTarBase miRNAs that target TXNL1

Inhibitory RNA Products

Clone Products

Flow Cytometry Products

No data available for Enzyme Numbers (IUBMB) , Human Phenotype Ontology , Animal Models , Transcription Factor Targets and HOMER Transcription for TXNL1 Gene

Localization for TXNL1 Gene

Subcellular locations from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for TXNL1 Gene

Cytoplasm. Nucleus. Note=At least 85% of the cellular TXNL1 is proteasome-associated.

Subcellular locations from

Jensen Localization Image for TXNL1 Gene COMPARTMENTS Subcellular localization image for TXNL1 gene
Compartment Confidence
extracellular 5
cytosol 4
mitochondrion 4
nucleus 4
cytoskeleton 1

Gene Ontology (GO) - Cellular Components for TXNL1 Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0000502 proteasome complex IEA --
GO:0005623 cell IEA --
GO:0005634 nucleus IEA --
GO:0005737 cytoplasm IEA,IDA 9668102
GO:0005739 mitochondrion IBA --
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with TXNL1: view

Pathways & Interactions for TXNL1 Gene

SuperPathways for TXNL1 Gene

No Data Available

Gene Ontology (GO) - Biological Process for TXNL1 Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0006457 protein folding IBA --
GO:0006662 glycerol ether metabolic process IEA --
GO:0034599 cellular response to oxidative stress IBA --
GO:0045454 cell redox homeostasis IEA,IBA --
GO:0055114 oxidation-reduction process IEA --
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with TXNL1: view

No data available for Pathways by source and SIGNOR curated interactions for TXNL1 Gene

Drugs & Compounds for TXNL1 Gene

(1) Drugs for TXNL1 Gene - From: Novoseek

Name Status Disease Links Group Role Mechanism of Action Clinical Trials
genes like me logo Genes that share compounds with TXNL1: view

Transcripts for TXNL1 Gene

Unigene Clusters for TXNL1 Gene

Thioredoxin-like 1:
Representative Sequences:

Inhibitory RNA Products

Clone Products

Flow Cytometry Products

Alternative Splicing Database (ASD) splice patterns (SP) for TXNL1 Gene

ExUns: 1a · 1b ^ 2 ^ 3 ^ 4a · 4b ^ 5a · 5b · 5c ^ 6 ^ 7 ^ 8a · 8b ^ 9 ^ 10 ^ 11 ^ 12a · 12b ^ 13
SP1: - -
SP2: -
SP5: -
SP6: -

Relevant External Links for TXNL1 Gene

GeneLoc Exon Structure for
ECgene alternative splicing isoforms for

Expression for TXNL1 Gene

mRNA expression in normal human tissues for TXNL1 Gene

mRNA expression in embryonic tissues and stem cells from LifeMap Discovery

Integrated Proteomics: protein expression in normal tissues and cell lines from ProteomicsDB, PaxDb, and MOPED for TXNL1 Gene

Protein tissue co-expression partners for TXNL1 Gene

- Elite partner

NURSA nuclear receptor signaling pathways regulating expression of TXNL1 Gene:


SOURCE GeneReport for Unigene cluster for TXNL1 Gene:


mRNA Expression by UniProt/SwissProt for TXNL1 Gene:

Tissue specificity: Ubiquitous.
genes like me logo Genes that share expression patterns with TXNL1: view

Primer Products

No data available for mRNA differential expression in normal tissues and Protein differential expression in normal tissues for TXNL1 Gene

Orthologs for TXNL1 Gene

This gene was present in the common ancestor of eukaryotes.

Orthologs for TXNL1 Gene

Organism Taxonomy Gene Similarity Type Details
(Pan troglodytes)
Mammalia TXNL1 34 35
  • 99.88 (n)
(Canis familiaris)
Mammalia TXNL1 34 35
  • 95.85 (n)
(Monodelphis domestica)
Mammalia TXNL1 35
  • 95 (a)
(Bos Taurus)
Mammalia TXNL1 34 35
  • 94.35 (n)
(Mus musculus)
Mammalia Txnl1 34 16 35
  • 92.73 (n)
(Rattus norvegicus)
Mammalia Txnl1 34
  • 92.39 (n)
(Ornithorhynchus anatinus)
Mammalia TXNL1 35
  • 91 (a)
(Gallus gallus)
Aves TXNL1 34 35
  • 85.01 (n)
(Anolis carolinensis)
Reptilia TXNL1 35
  • 92 (a)
tropical clawed frog
(Silurana tropicalis)
Amphibia txnl1 34
  • 78.43 (n)
Str.5938 34
(Danio rerio)
Actinopterygii txnl1 34 35
  • 74.74 (n)
zgc55368 34
rainbow trout
(Oncorhynchus mykiss)
Actinopterygii Omy.10705 34
fruit fly
(Drosophila melanogaster)
Insecta Txl 34 35
  • 53.77 (n)
African malaria mosquito
(Anopheles gambiae)
Insecta AgaP_AGAP005462 34
  • 51.52 (n)
(Caenorhabditis elegans)
Secernentea Y54E10A.3 34 35
  • 53.02 (n)
Y55F3AR.2 35
  • 27 (a)
baker's yeast
(Saccharomyces cerevisiae)
Saccharomycetes TRX1 35
  • 32 (a)
TRX2 35
  • 27 (a)
TRX3 35
  • 22 (a)
thale cress
(Arabidopsis thaliana)
eudicotyledons AT3G04780 34
  • 53.09 (n)
(Oryza sativa)
Liliopsida Os03g0795500 34
  • 51.28 (n)
fission yeast
(Schizosaccharomyces pombe)
Schizosaccharomycetes txl1 34
  • 50.61 (n)
bread mold
(Neurospora crassa)
Ascomycetes NCU02520 34
  • 46.67 (n)
sea squirt
(Ciona savignyi)
Ascidiacea CSA.2149 35
  • 44 (a)
Species where no ortholog for TXNL1 was found in the sources mined by GeneCards:
  • A. gosspyii yeast (Ashbya gossypii)
  • Actinobacteria (Mycobacterium tuberculosis)
  • African clawed frog (Xenopus laevis)
  • Alicante grape (Vitis vinifera)
  • alpha proteobacteria (Wolbachia pipientis)
  • amoeba (Dictyostelium discoideum)
  • Archea (Pyrococcus horikoshii)
  • barley (Hordeum vulgare)
  • beta proteobacteria (Neisseria meningitidis)
  • Chromalveolata (Phytophthora infestans)
  • common water flea (Daphnia pulex)
  • corn (Zea mays)
  • E. coli (Escherichia coli)
  • filamentous fungi (Aspergillus nidulans)
  • Firmicute bacteria (Streptococcus pneumoniae)
  • green algae (Chlamydomonas reinhardtii)
  • honey bee (Apis mellifera)
  • K. lactis yeast (Kluyveromyces lactis)
  • loblloly pine (Pinus taeda)
  • malaria parasite (Plasmodium falciparum)
  • medicago trunc (Medicago Truncatula)
  • moss (Physcomitrella patens)
  • orangutan (Pongo pygmaeus)
  • pig (Sus scrofa)
  • rice blast fungus (Magnaporthe grisea)
  • schistosome parasite (Schistosoma mansoni)
  • sea anemone (Nematostella vectensis)
  • sea urchin (Strongylocentrotus purpuratus)
  • sorghum (Sorghum bicolor)
  • soybean (Glycine max)
  • stem rust fungus (Puccinia graminis)
  • sugarcane (Saccharum officinarum)
  • tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum)
  • toxoplasmosis (Toxoplasma gondii)
  • Trichoplax (Trichoplax adhaerens)
  • wheat (Triticum aestivum)

Evolution for TXNL1 Gene

Gene Tree for TXNL1 (if available)
Gene Tree for TXNL1 (if available)

Paralogs for TXNL1 Gene

Paralogs for TXNL1 Gene

(2) SIMAP similar genes for TXNL1 Gene using alignment to 7 proteins: Pseudogenes for TXNL1 Gene

genes like me logo Genes that share paralogs with TXNL1: view

Variants for TXNL1 Gene

Sequence variations from dbSNP and Humsavar for TXNL1 Gene

SNP ID Clin Chr 18 pos Sequence Context AA Info Type
rs1005419 -- 56,641,765(+) ATTAT(C/T)CTCTT intron-variant
rs1029987 -- 56,638,034(+) ACTCC(C/G)ACAGG intron-variant
rs10513897 -- 56,616,707(+) CACAT(C/T)ACTTG intron-variant
rs10513898 -- 56,617,251(+) GACCC(A/T)TAATA intron-variant
rs10591062 -- 56,605,525(+) AATTT(-/TC)TCATT intron-variant

Structural Variations from Database of Genomic Variants (DGV) for TXNL1 Gene

Variant ID Type Subtype PubMed ID
dgv3359n100 CNV gain 25217958
nsv1062964 CNV gain 25217958
nsv577020 CNV gain 21841781

Variation tolerance for TXNL1 Gene

Residual Variation Intolerance Score: 37.2% of all genes are more intolerant (likely to be disease-causing)
Gene Damage Index Score: 0.58; 12.45% of all genes are more intolerant (likely to be disease-causing)

Relevant External Links for TXNL1 Gene

SNPedia medical, phenotypic, and genealogical associations of SNPs for

No data available for Polymorphic Variants from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for TXNL1 Gene

Disorders for TXNL1 Gene

MalaCards: The human disease database

(1) MalaCards diseases for TXNL1 Gene - From: DISEASES

Disorder Aliases PubMed IDs
thymus adenocarcinoma
  • adenocarcinoma of the thymus
- elite association - COSMIC cancer census association via MalaCards
Search TXNL1 in MalaCards View complete list of genes associated with diseases

Relevant External Links for TXNL1

Genetic Association Database (GAD)
Human Genome Epidemiology (HuGE) Navigator
Atlas of Genetics and Cytogenetics in Oncology and Haematology:
genes like me logo Genes that share disorders with TXNL1: view

No data available for UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot and Genatlas for TXNL1 Gene

Publications for TXNL1 Gene

  1. Molecular cloning and expression of a cDNA encoding a human thioredoxin-like protein. (PMID: 9473519) Miranda-Vizuete A. … Spyrou G. (Biochem. Biophys. Res. Commun. 1998) 2 3 4 22 64
  2. Purification, molecular cloning, and characterization of TRP32, a novel thioredoxin-related mammalian protein of 32 kDa. (PMID: 9668102) Lee K.-K. … Yonehara S. (J. Biol. Chem. 1998) 2 3 4 22 64
  3. Solution structure of the C-terminal DUF1000 domain of the human thioredoxin-like 1 protein. (PMID: 20455272) Goroncy A.K. … Yokoyama S. (Proteins 2010) 3 4 22 64
  4. Thioredoxin Txnl1/TRP32 is a redox-active cofactor of the 26 S proteasome. (PMID: 19349277) Andersen K.M. … Hartmann-Petersen R. (J. Biol. Chem. 2009) 3 4 22 64
  5. Genomic structure and chromosomal localization of human thioredoxin- like protein gene (txl). (PMID: 10826702) Miranda-Vizuete A. … Spyrou G. (DNA Seq. 2000) 3 4 22 64

Products for TXNL1 Gene

Sources for TXNL1 Gene

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