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Aliases for TWSG1 Gene

Aliases for TWSG1 Gene

  • Twisted Gastrulation BMP Signaling Modulator 1 2 3 5
  • TSG 3 4
  • Twisted Gastrulation Homolog 1 (Drosophila) 2
  • Twisted Gastrulation Protein Homolog 1 3
  • Twisted Gastrulation Homolog 1 3

External Ids for TWSG1 Gene

Previous GeneCards Identifiers for TWSG1 Gene

  • GC00U990679
  • GC18P009391

Summaries for TWSG1 Gene

GeneCards Summary for TWSG1 Gene

TWSG1 (Twisted Gastrulation BMP Signaling Modulator 1) is a Protein Coding gene.

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for TWSG1 Gene

  • May be involved in dorsoventral axis formation. Seems to antagonize BMP signaling by forming ternary complexes with CHRD and BMPs, thereby preventing BMPs from binding to their receptors. In addition to the anti-BMP function, also has pro-BMP activity, partly mediated by cleavage and degradation of CHRD, which releases BMPs from ternary complexes. May be an important modulator of BMP-regulated cartilage development and chondrocyte differentiation. May play a role in thymocyte development (By similarity).

Gene Wiki entry for TWSG1 Gene

No data available for Entrez Gene Summary , Tocris Summary , PharmGKB "VIP" Summary , fRNAdb sequence ontologies and piRNA Summary for TWSG1 Gene

Genomics for TWSG1 Gene

Regulatory Elements for TWSG1 Gene

Enhancers for TWSG1 Gene
GeneHancer Identifier Enhancer Score Enhancer Sources Gene-Enhancer Score TSS distance (kb) Number of Genes Away Size (kb) Transcription Factor Binding Sites within enhancer Gene Targets for Enhancer
GH18F009380 0.2 ENCODE 38.9 +45.9 45925 1.2 TWSG1 LOC105371980
GH18F009403 0.9 Ensembl ENCODE 30.9 +69.8 69785 2.2 PKNOX1 ATF1 ARNT CREB3L1 ZNF766 JUNB NCOA1 REST CREB3 MBD2 TWSG1 LOC105371980
GH18F009100 1.2 FANTOM5 ENCODE 27.2 -229.6 -229562 8.4 HDGF PKNOX1 ARNT WRNIP1 ARID4B SIN3A FEZF1 DMAP1 YBX1 ZNF2 ANKRD12 TWSG1 ENSG00000266708 ENSG00000265413 NDUFV2 RAB12 ENSG00000265257 ENSG00000263847
GH18F009333 1.1 ENCODE 25.3 +0.1 116 2.7 HDGF ATF1 CREB3L1 ARID4B SIN3A ZNF48 YY1 GLIS2 KLF7 SP3 TWSG1 LOC105371980
GH18F009323 0.2 ENCODE 22.2 -10.4 -10437 0.9 ATF3 FOS SPI1 TWSG1 LOC102724397 ENSG00000273284
- Elite enhancer/Elite enhancer-gene association Download Table
Download GeneHancer data dump

Enhancers around TWSG1 on UCSC Golden Path with GeneCards custom track

Promoters for TWSG1 Gene
Ensembl Regulatory Elements (ENSRs) TSS Distance (bp) Size (bp) Binding Sites for Transcription Factors within promoters
ENSR00000000332 234 2799 HDGF ATF1 CREB3L1 SIN3A FEZF1 ZNF48 YY1 GLIS2 KLF7 SP3

Genomic Location for TWSG1 Gene

Chromosome:
18
Start:
9,334,767 bp from pter
End:
9,402,420 bp from pter
Size:
67,654 bases
Orientation:
Plus strand

Genomic View for TWSG1 Gene

Genes around TWSG1 on UCSC Golden Path with GeneCards custom track

Cytogenetic band:
TWSG1 Gene in genomic location: bands according to Ensembl, locations according to GeneLoc (and/or Entrez Gene and/or Ensembl if different)
Genomic Location for TWSG1 Gene
GeneLoc Logo Genomic Neighborhood Exon StructureGene Density

RefSeq DNA sequence for TWSG1 Gene

Proteins for TWSG1 Gene

  • Protein details for TWSG1 Gene (UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot)

    Protein Symbol:
    Q9GZX9-TWSG1_HUMAN
    Recommended name:
    Twisted gastrulation protein homolog 1
    Protein Accession:
    Q9GZX9
    Secondary Accessions:
    • B2RE08
    • D3DUH9
    • Q8NBI7
    • Q96K46

    Protein attributes for TWSG1 Gene

    Size:
    223 amino acids
    Molecular mass:
    25017 Da
    Quaternary structure:
    • Interacts with CHRD and BMP4. This interaction enhances CHRD/BMP4 complex formation. Interacts with BMP7 (By similarity).
    SequenceCaution:
    • Sequence=BAB55246.1; Type=Erroneous translation; Note=Wrong choice of CDS.; Evidence={ECO:0000305};

    Alternative splice isoforms for TWSG1 Gene

    UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot:

neXtProt entry for TWSG1 Gene

Post-translational modifications for TWSG1 Gene

  • Ubiquitination at Lys 192
  • Glycosylation at Asn 52 and Asn 81
  • Modification sites at PhosphoSitePlus

Other Protein References for TWSG1 Gene

ENSEMBL proteins:
REFSEQ proteins:

Antibody Products

  • Abcam antibodies for TWSG1
  • Cloud-Clone Corp. Antibodies for TWSG1

No data available for DME Specific Peptides for TWSG1 Gene

Domains & Families for TWSG1 Gene

Protein Domains for TWSG1 Gene

InterPro:
ProtoNet:

Suggested Antigen Peptide Sequences for TWSG1 Gene

GenScript: Design optimal peptide antigens:

Graphical View of Domain Structure for InterPro Entry

Q9GZX9

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot:

TWSG1_HUMAN :
  • The N-terminal domain is sufficient to interact with BMP4.
  • Belongs to the twisted gastrulation protein family.
Domain:
  • The N-terminal domain is sufficient to interact with BMP4.
Family:
  • Belongs to the twisted gastrulation protein family.
genes like me logo Genes that share domains with TWSG1: view

No data available for Gene Families for TWSG1 Gene

Function for TWSG1 Gene

Molecular function for TWSG1 Gene

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot Function:
May be involved in dorsoventral axis formation. Seems to antagonize BMP signaling by forming ternary complexes with CHRD and BMPs, thereby preventing BMPs from binding to their receptors. In addition to the anti-BMP function, also has pro-BMP activity, partly mediated by cleavage and degradation of CHRD, which releases BMPs from ternary complexes. May be an important modulator of BMP-regulated cartilage development and chondrocyte differentiation. May play a role in thymocyte development (By similarity).

Gene Ontology (GO) - Molecular Function for TWSG1 Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0005515 protein binding IPI 25416956
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with TWSG1: view
genes like me logo Genes that share phenotypes with TWSG1: view

Animal Models for TWSG1 Gene

MGI Knock Outs for TWSG1:

Animal Model Products

  • Taconic Biosciences Mouse Models for TWSG1

Inhibitory RNA Products

Clone Products

Flow Cytometry Products

No data available for Enzyme Numbers (IUBMB) , Human Phenotype Ontology , Transcription Factor Targets and HOMER Transcription for TWSG1 Gene

Localization for TWSG1 Gene

Subcellular locations from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for TWSG1 Gene

Secreted.

Subcellular locations from

COMPARTMENTS
Jensen Localization Image for TWSG1 Gene COMPARTMENTS Subcellular localization image for TWSG1 gene
Compartment Confidence
extracellular 5
cytoskeleton 2
cytosol 2
endoplasmic reticulum 1
nucleus 1
plasma membrane 1

Gene Ontology (GO) - Cellular Components for TWSG1 Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0005576 extracellular region IEA --
GO:0005615 extracellular space IEA --
GO:0070062 extracellular exosome IDA 23376485
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with TWSG1: view

Pathways & Interactions for TWSG1 Gene

SuperPathways for TWSG1 Gene

No Data Available

Gene Ontology (GO) - Biological Process for TWSG1 Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0001503 ossification IEA --
GO:0001707 mesoderm formation IEA --
GO:0007275 multicellular organism development IEA --
GO:0007435 salivary gland morphogenesis IEA --
GO:0009888 tissue development IEA --
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with TWSG1: view

No data available for Pathways by source and SIGNOR curated interactions for TWSG1 Gene

Transcripts for TWSG1 Gene

mRNA/cDNA for TWSG1 Gene

Unigene Clusters for TWSG1 Gene

Twisted gastrulation homolog 1 (Drosophila):
Representative Sequences:

Inhibitory RNA Products

Clone Products

Flow Cytometry Products

Alternative Splicing Database (ASD) splice patterns (SP) for TWSG1 Gene

ExUns: 1a · 1b ^ 2a · 2b · 2c ^ 3 ^ 4a · 4b ^ 5 ^ 6 ^ 7 ^ 8a · 8b ^ 9a · 9b
SP1: - - -
SP2: - - - - -
SP3: - - - -
SP4: - - - - - -
SP5:
SP6: -

Relevant External Links for TWSG1 Gene

GeneLoc Exon Structure for
TWSG1
ECgene alternative splicing isoforms for
TWSG1

Expression for TWSG1 Gene

mRNA expression in normal human tissues for TWSG1 Gene

mRNA expression in embryonic tissues and stem cells from LifeMap Discovery

Protein differential expression in normal tissues from HIPED for TWSG1 Gene

This gene is overexpressed in Urine (38.5), Serum (11.5), and Peripheral blood mononuclear cells (6.4).

Integrated Proteomics: protein expression in normal tissues and cell lines from ProteomicsDB, PaxDb, MaxQB, and MOPED for TWSG1 Gene



NURSA nuclear receptor signaling pathways regulating expression of TWSG1 Gene:

TWSG1

SOURCE GeneReport for Unigene cluster for TWSG1 Gene:

Hs.514685
genes like me logo Genes that share expression patterns with TWSG1: view

Primer Products

No data available for mRNA differential expression in normal tissues , Protein tissue co-expression partners and mRNA Expression by UniProt/SwissProt for TWSG1 Gene

Orthologs for TWSG1 Gene

This gene was present in the common ancestor of animals.

Orthologs for TWSG1 Gene

Organism Taxonomy Gene Similarity Type Details
chimpanzee
(Pan troglodytes)
Mammalia TWSG1 34 35
  • 99.85 (n)
oppossum
(Monodelphis domestica)
Mammalia TWSG1 35
  • 94 (a)
OneToOne
platypus
(Ornithorhynchus anatinus)
Mammalia TWSG1 35
  • 93 (a)
OneToOne
dog
(Canis familiaris)
Mammalia TWSG1 34 35
  • 91.03 (n)
cow
(Bos Taurus)
Mammalia TWSG1 34 35
  • 90.13 (n)
rat
(Rattus norvegicus)
Mammalia Twsg1 34
  • 85.14 (n)
mouse
(Mus musculus)
Mammalia Twsg1 34 16 35
  • 84.68 (n)
chicken
(Gallus gallus)
Aves TWSG1 34 35
  • 82.24 (n)
lizard
(Anolis carolinensis)
Reptilia TWSG1 35
  • 76 (a)
OneToOne
tropical clawed frog
(Silurana tropicalis)
Amphibia twsg1 34
  • 70.34 (n)
Str.1743 34
African clawed frog
(Xenopus laevis)
Amphibia Xl.778 34
zebrafish
(Danio rerio)
Actinopterygii twsg1a 34 35
  • 68.55 (n)
twsg1b 35
  • 60 (a)
OneToMany
tsga 34
rainbow trout
(Oncorhynchus mykiss)
Actinopterygii Omy.1024 34
fruit fly
(Drosophila melanogaster)
Insecta tsg 34 35
  • 45.71 (n)
srw 35
  • 35 (a)
OneToMany
cv 35
  • 31 (a)
OneToMany
sea squirt
(Ciona savignyi)
Ascidiacea -- 35
  • 47 (a)
OneToOne
Species where no ortholog for TWSG1 was found in the sources mined by GeneCards:
  • A. gosspyii yeast (Ashbya gossypii)
  • Actinobacteria (Mycobacterium tuberculosis)
  • African malaria mosquito (Anopheles gambiae)
  • Alicante grape (Vitis vinifera)
  • alpha proteobacteria (Wolbachia pipientis)
  • amoeba (Dictyostelium discoideum)
  • Archea (Pyrococcus horikoshii)
  • baker's yeast (Saccharomyces cerevisiae)
  • barley (Hordeum vulgare)
  • beta proteobacteria (Neisseria meningitidis)
  • bread mold (Neurospora crassa)
  • Chromalveolata (Phytophthora infestans)
  • common water flea (Daphnia pulex)
  • corn (Zea mays)
  • E. coli (Escherichia coli)
  • filamentous fungi (Aspergillus nidulans)
  • Firmicute bacteria (Streptococcus pneumoniae)
  • fission yeast (Schizosaccharomyces pombe)
  • green algae (Chlamydomonas reinhardtii)
  • honey bee (Apis mellifera)
  • K. lactis yeast (Kluyveromyces lactis)
  • loblloly pine (Pinus taeda)
  • malaria parasite (Plasmodium falciparum)
  • medicago trunc (Medicago Truncatula)
  • moss (Physcomitrella patens)
  • orangutan (Pongo pygmaeus)
  • pig (Sus scrofa)
  • rice (Oryza sativa)
  • rice blast fungus (Magnaporthe grisea)
  • schistosome parasite (Schistosoma mansoni)
  • sea anemone (Nematostella vectensis)
  • sea urchin (Strongylocentrotus purpuratus)
  • sorghum (Sorghum bicolor)
  • soybean (Glycine max)
  • stem rust fungus (Puccinia graminis)
  • sugarcane (Saccharum officinarum)
  • thale cress (Arabidopsis thaliana)
  • tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum)
  • toxoplasmosis (Toxoplasma gondii)
  • Trichoplax (Trichoplax adhaerens)
  • wheat (Triticum aestivum)
  • worm (Caenorhabditis elegans)

Evolution for TWSG1 Gene

ENSEMBL:
Gene Tree for TWSG1 (if available)
TreeFam:
Gene Tree for TWSG1 (if available)

Paralogs for TWSG1 Gene

No data available for Paralogs for TWSG1 Gene

Variants for TWSG1 Gene

Sequence variations from dbSNP and Humsavar for TWSG1 Gene

SNP ID Clin Chr 18 pos Sequence Context AA Info Type
rs1045268 -- 9,399,807(+) AAGAT(A/C)TGAGG utr-variant-3-prime
rs10616614 -- 9,387,786(+) AAAAA(-/AA)GCAAA intron-variant
rs1062359 -- 9,402,176(+) GGACC(A/G)TTATT utr-variant-3-prime
rs1074159 -- 9,391,409(+) gaatg(C/T)tccta intron-variant
rs10853376 -- 9,347,125(+) TTTTT(G/T)GGTGA intron-variant

Structural Variations from Database of Genomic Variants (DGV) for TWSG1 Gene

Variant ID Type Subtype PubMed ID
dgv1546n106 CNV deletion 24896259
dgv55n6 CNV deletion 16902084
esv2716769 CNV deletion 23290073
esv3304810 CNV mobile element insertion 20981092
esv3310271 CNV mobile element insertion 20981092
esv3332314 CNV insertion 20981092
esv3555034 CNV deletion 23714750
esv7261 CNV loss 19470904
nsv1056407 CNV gain 25217958
nsv1069735 CNV deletion 25765185
nsv1133243 CNV tandem duplication 24896259
nsv1151888 CNV deletion 26484159
nsv1160506 CNV duplication 26073780
nsv507859 OTHER sequence alteration 20534489
nsv576447 CNV gain 21841781
nsv833585 CNV gain+loss 17160897
nsv954080 CNV deletion 24416366

Variation tolerance for TWSG1 Gene

Residual Variation Intolerance Score: 36.1% of all genes are more intolerant (likely to be disease-causing)
Gene Damage Index Score: 1.26; 25.24% of all genes are more intolerant (likely to be disease-causing)

Relevant External Links for TWSG1 Gene

Human Gene Mutation Database (HGMD)
TWSG1
SNPedia medical, phenotypic, and genealogical associations of SNPs for
TWSG1

No data available for Polymorphic Variants from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for TWSG1 Gene

Disorders for TWSG1 Gene

Relevant External Links for TWSG1

Human Genome Epidemiology (HuGE) Navigator
TWSG1
Atlas of Genetics and Cytogenetics in Oncology and Haematology:
TWSG1

No disorders were found for TWSG1 Gene.

No data available for MalaCards , UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot and Genatlas for TWSG1 Gene

Publications for TWSG1 Gene

  1. Homologues of Twisted gastrulation are extracellular cofactors in antagonism of BMP signalling. (PMID: 11260715) Scott I.C. … Greenspan D.S. (Nature 2001) 2 3 4 64
  2. Evolutionary conservation, developmental expression, and genomic mapping of mammalian Twisted gastrulation. (PMID: 11420619) Graf D. … Merkenschlager M. (Mamm. Genome 2001) 3 4 22 64
  3. Signal sequence and keyword trap in silico for selection of full- length human cDNAs encoding secretion or membrane proteins from oligo- capped cDNA libraries. (PMID: 16303743) Otsuki T. … Isogai T. (DNA Res. 2005) 3 4 64
  4. Complete sequencing and characterization of 21,243 full-length human cDNAs. (PMID: 14702039) Ota T. … Sugano S. (Nat. Genet. 2004) 3 4 64
  5. Phospho-tyrosine dependent protein-protein interaction network. (PMID: 25814554) Grossmann A. … Stelzl U. (Mol. Syst. Biol. 2015) 3 64

Products for TWSG1 Gene

Sources for TWSG1 Gene

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