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Category   Symbol Source: HGNC EntrezGene Ensembl GeneCards RNA genes CroW21
GIFtS

TUBB8 Gene

protein-coding   GIFtS: 46
GCID: GC10M000093

Tubulin, Beta 8 Class VIII

  Search for TUBB8
at  

(According to 1HGNC, 2Entrez Gene,
3UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot, 4UniProtKB/TrEMBL, 5OMIM, 6GeneLoc, 7Ensembl, 8DME, 9miRBase, 10fRNAdb, 12H-InvDB, 13NCBI, 14NONCODE, and/or 15RNAdb)
About This Section

Aliases
Tubulin, Beta 8 Class VIII1 2
Class VIII Beta-Tubulin1 2
bA631M21.22
HSA10p15 Beta-Tubulin 4Q2
Tubulin Beta-8 Chain2

External Ids:    HGNC: 207731   Entrez Gene: 3476882   Ensembl: ENSG000001738767   UniProtKB: Q3ZCM73   

Export aliases for TUBB8 gene to outside databases

Previous GC identifers: GC10M000082 GC10M000037


(According to Entrez Gene, Tocris Bioscience, Wikipedia's Gene Wiki, PharmGKB,
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot, and/or UniProtKB/TrEMBL)
About This Section

GeneCards Summary for TUBB8 Gene: 
TUBB8 (tubulin, beta 8 class VIII) is a protein-coding gene. Among its related super-pathways are Development Slit-Robo signaling and Proteolysis Role of Parkin in the Ubiquitin-Proteasomal Pathway. GO annotations related to this gene include structural molecule activity and GTP binding. An important paralog of this gene is LOC260334.

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot: TBB8_HUMAN, Q3ZCM7
Function: Tubulin is the major constituent of microtubules. It binds two moles of GTP, one at an exchangeable site
on the beta chain and one at a non-exchangeable site on the alpha chain (By similarity)




(According to GeneLoc and/or HGNC, and/or
Entrez Gene (NCBI build 37),
and/or miRBase,
Genomic Views according to UCSC (hg19) and Ensembl (release 73), Regulatory elements and Epigenetics data according to QIAGEN, SABiosciences, and/or SwitchGear Genomics)
About This Section
RefSeq DNA sequence:
NC_000010.10  NC_018921.2  NT_008705.16  
Regulatory elements:
   SABiosciences Regulatory transcription factor binding sites in the TUBB8 gene promoter:
         HOXA9B   HOXA9   TBP   SRF   Tal-1   p53   SRF (504 AA)   E47   ZID   Meis-1   
         Other transcription factors

Browse SwitchGear Promoter luciferase reporter plasmids
   Search SABiosciences Chromatin IP Primers for TUBB8

Epigenetics:
QIAGEN PyroMark CpG Assay predesigned Pyrosequencing DNA Methylation assays in human, mouse, rat TUBB8


Genomic Location:
Genomic View: UCSC Golden Path with GeneCards custom track

Entrez Gene cytogenetic band: 10p15.3   Ensembl cytogenetic band:  10p15.3   HGNC cytogenetic band: 10p15.3

TUBB8 Gene in genomic location: bands according to Ensembl, locations according to (and/or Entrez Gene and/or Ensembl if different)
TUBB8 gene location

GeneLoc information about chromosome 10         GeneLoc Exon Structure

GeneLoc location for GC10M000093:  view genomic region     (about GC identifiers)

Start:
92,828 bp from pter      End:
120,103 bp from pter
Size:
27,276 bases      Orientation:
minus strand

1 alternative location:
Chr10-,NW_003571043 36,888-39,238     

(According to UniProtKB, HORDE, neXtProt, Ensembl, and/or Reactome, Modification sites according to PhosphoSitePlus, Specific Peptides from DME, Protein expression images according to data from SPIRE 1MOPED, 2PaxDb, and 3MAXQB RefSeq according to NCBI, PDB rendering according to OCA and/or Proteopedia, Recombinant Proteins from EMD Millipore, R&D Systems, GenScript, Enzo Life Sciences, OriGene, Novus Biologicals, Sino Biological, ProSpec, and/or Cloud-Clone Corp.,
Biochemical Assays by EMD Millipore, R&D Systems, OriGene, GenScript, Cell Signaling Technology, Enzo Life Sciences, and/or Cloud-Clone Corp., Ontologies according to Gene Ontology Consortium 01 Oct 2013 and Entrez Gene, Antibodies by EMD Millipore, R&D Systems, GenScript, Cell Signaling Technology, OriGene, Novus Biologicals, Thermo Fisher Scientific, LSBio, Abcam, and/or Cloud-Clone Corp.)
About This Section

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot: TBB8_HUMAN, Q3ZCM7 (See protein sequence)
Recommended Name: Tubulin beta-8 chain  
Size: 444 amino acids; 49776 Da
Subunit: Dimer of alpha and beta chains (By similarity)
Subcellular location: Cytoplasm, cytoskeleton (By similarity)
Sequence caution: Sequence=CAI16221.1; Type=Erroneous gene model prediction;
Secondary accessions: Q5SQX9 Q8WZ78

Explore the universe of human proteins at neXtProt for TUBB8: NX_Q3ZCM7

Explore proteomics data for TUBB8 at MOPED 

Post-translational modifications:

  • UniProtKB: Some glutamate residues at the C-terminus are polyglutamylated. This modification occurs exclusively on glutamate
    residues and results in polyglutamate chains on the gamma-carboxyl group. Also monoglycylated but not
    polyglycylated due to the absence of functional TTLL10 in human. Monoglycylation is mainly limited to tubulin
    incorporated into axonemes (cilia and flagella) whereas glutamylation is prevalent in neuronal cells, centrioles,
    axonemes, and the mitotic spindle. Both modifications can coexist on the same protein on adjacent residues, and
    lowering glycylation levels increases polyglutamylation, and reciprocally. The precise function of such
    modifications is still unclear but they regulate the assembly and dynamics of axonemal microtubules (Probable)
  • View modification sites using PhosphoSitePlus
  • View neXtProt modification sites for NX_Q3ZCM7

  • TUBB8 Protein expression data from MOPED1, PaxDb2 and MAXQB3 :    About this image 

    TUBB8 Protein Expression
    REFSEQ proteins: NP_817124.1  
    ENSEMBL proteins: 
     ENSP00000311042   ENSP00000371071   ENSP00000403895  

    Human Recombinant Protein Products for TUBB8: 
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    Browse Proteins at Cloud-Clone Corp. 

    Gene Ontology (GO): 5 cellular component terms (GO ID links to tree view):    About this table

    GO IDQualified GO termEvidencePubMed IDs
    GO:0005737cytoplasm IDA--
    GO:0005874microtubule IEA--
    GO:0005886plasma membrane IDA--
    GO:0015630microtubule cytoskeleton IDA--
    GO:0043234protein complex ----

    TUBB8 for ontologies           About GeneDecksing



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    (According to HGNC, IUPHAR, InterPro, ProtoNet, UniProtKB, and/or BLOCKS, Sets of similar genes according to GeneDecks)
    About This Section
    HGNC Gene Families: 
    TUB: Tubulins

    5/8 InterPro protein domains (see all 8):
     IPR002453 Beta_tubulin
     IPR000217 Tubulin
     IPR003008 Tubulin_FtsZ_GTPase
     IPR023123 Tubulin_C
     IPR008280 Tub_FtsZ_C

    Graphical View of Domain Structure for InterPro Entry Q3ZCM7

    ProtoNet protein and cluster: Q3ZCM7

    1 Blocks protein domain: IPB002453 Beta tubulin

    UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot: TBB8_HUMAN, Q3ZCM7
    Similarity: Belongs to the tubulin family


    TUBB8 for domains           About GeneDecksing


    (According to 1UniProtKB, Genatlas, LifeMap Discovery™, IUBMB, and/or 2DME, Human phenotypes from GenomeRNAi, Animal models from MGI Mar 06 2013, inGenious Targeting Laboratory, genOway,
    bound targets from SABiosciences, miRNA Gene Targets from miRTarBase, shRNA from OriGene, RNAi from EMD Millipore, siRNAs from OriGene, QIAGEN, microRNA from QIAGEN, Gene Editing from DNA2.0, Sirion Biotech, Clones from EMD Millipore, OriGene, SwitchGear Genomics, GenScript, Sino Biological, DNA2.0, Vector BioLabs, and Sirion Biotech, Cell Lines from GenScript, LifeMap BioReagents, In Situ Hybridization Assays from Advanced Cell Diagnostics, Ontologies according to Gene Ontology Consortium 01 Oct 2013 via Entrez Gene.)
    About This Section

    Molecular Function:

         UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot Summary: TBB8_HUMAN, Q3ZCM7
    Function: Tubulin is the major constituent of microtubules. It binds two moles of GTP, one at an exchangeable site
    on the beta chain and one at a non-exchangeable site on the alpha chain (By similarity)

         Gene Ontology (GO): 3 molecular function terms (GO ID links to tree view):    About this table

    GO IDQualified GO termEvidencePubMed IDs
    GO:0003924GTPase activity IEA--
    GO:0005200structural constituent of cytoskeleton IEA--
    GO:0005525GTP binding IEA--
         
    TUBB8 for ontologies           About GeneDecksing


    Animal Models:
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    (Pathways according to EMD Millipore, R&D Systems, Cell Signaling Technology, KEGG, PharmGKB, BioSystems, Sino Biological, Reactome, Tocris Bioscience, GeneGo (Thomson Reuters), QIAGEN, and/or UniProtKB, Sets of similar genes according to GeneDecks, Interaction Networks according to SABiosciences, and/or STRING, Interactions according to 1UniProtKB, 2MINT, 3I2D, and/or 4STRING, with links to IntAct and Ensembl, Ontologies according to Gene Ontology Consortium 01 Oct 2013 via Entrez Gene).
    About This Section

    SuperPaths for TUBB8 About   (see all 11)                                                                                              See pathways by source

    SuperPathContained pathways About
    1Development Slit-Robo signaling
    Development Slit-Robo signaling0.92
    Pathogenic Escherichia coli infection0.41
    Pathogenic Escherichia coli infection0.43
    2Proteolysis Role of Parkin in the Ubiquitin-Proteasomal Pathway
    Proteolysis Role of Parkin in the Ubiquitin-Proteasomal Pathway0.93
    Parkin-Ubiquitin Proteasomal System pathway0.89
    3wtCFTR and deltaF508 traffic / Membrane expression (norm and CF)
    Regulation of CFTR activity (norm and CF)0.38
    wtCFTR and deltaF508 traffic / Membrane expression (norm and CF)0.38
    4Cytoskeleton remodeling Reverse signaling by ephrin B
    Cytoskeleton remodeling Reverse signaling by ephrin B0.94
    5Neurophysiological process Receptor-mediated axon growth repulsion
    Neurophysiological process Receptor-mediated axon growth repulsion0.94

    Pathways by source                                                                                                                                                                 See SuperPaths
    Show all pathways


    5/10 GeneGo (Thomson Reuters) Pathways for TUBB8 (see all 10)
        Proteolysis Role of Parkin in the Ubiquitin-Proteasomal Pathway
    Cell cycle Spindle assembly and chromosome separation
    Regulation of CFTR activity (norm and CF)
    Neurophysiological process Receptor-mediated axon growth repulsion
    Cytoskeleton remodeling Keratin filaments

    2 BioSystems Pathways for TUBB8
        Parkin-Ubiquitin Proteasomal System pathway
    Pathogenic Escherichia coli infection


    3         Kegg Pathways  (Kegg details for TUBB8):
        Phagosome
    Gap junction
    Pathogenic Escherichia coli infection


    TUBB8 for pathways           About GeneDecksing

    Interactions:

        Search SABiosciences Gene Network CentralTM Interacting Genes and Proteins Networks for TUBB8

    3 Interacting proteins for TUBB8 (Q3ZCM72, 3) via UniProtKB, MINT, STRING, and/or I2D
    InteractantInteraction Details
    GeneCardExternal ID(s)
    MAP3K1Q132332, 3MINT-48325 I2D: score=2 
    MMEP084733I2D: score=2 
    UBCP0CG483I2D: score=1 
    About this table

    Gene Ontology (GO): 3 biological process terms (GO ID links to tree view):    About this table

    GO IDQualified GO termEvidencePubMed IDs
    GO:0006184GTP catabolic process ----
    GO:0007017microtubule-based process IEA--
    GO:0051258protein polymerization IEA--

    TUBB8 for ontologies           About GeneDecksing



    (Chemical Compounds according to UniProtKB, Enzo Life Sciences, EMD Millipore, Tocris Bioscience HMDB, BitterDB, and/or Novoseek, Ligands according to IUPHAR, and Drugs according to DrugBank, Enzo Life Sciences, and/or PharmGKB, with drugs/clinical trials/news search links to CenterWatch)
    About This Section
    Browse Small Molecules at EMD Millipore
    Browse drugs & compounds from Enzo Life Sciences

    Browse Tocris compounds for TUBB8 (TBB8)

    1 HMDB Compound for TUBB8    About this table
    CompoundSynonyms CAS #PubMed Ids
    Guanosine triphosphate5'-GTP (see all 10)86-01-1--

    Search CenterWatch for drugs/clinical trials and news about TUBB8 / TBB8

    (Secondary structures according to fRNAdb,
    GenBank/EMBL/DDBJ Accessions according to
    Unigene (Build 236 Homo sapiens; Apr 25 2013) or GenBank,
    RefSeq according to Entrez Gene,
    DOTS (version 10), and/or AceView, transcript ids from Ensembl with links to UCSC,
    Conferences by KenesGroup, exon structure from GeneLoc, alternative splicing isoforms according to ASD and/or ECgene,
    RNAi Products from EMD Millipore,
    siRNAs from OriGene, QIAGEN, shRNA from OriGene, microRNA from QIAGEN,
    Tagged/untagged cDNA clones from OriGene, SwitchGear Genomics, GenScript, DNA2.0, Vector BioLabs, Sirion Biotech, Primers from OriGene, SABiosciences, and/or QIAGEN )
    About This Section

    REFSEQ mRNAs for TUBB8 gene (2 alternative transcripts): 
    NM_001164154.1  NM_177987.2  

    Unigene Cluster for TUBB8:

    Tubulin, beta 8 class VIII
    Hs.532659  [show with all ESTs]
    Unigene Representative Sequence: NM_177987
    5 Ensembl transcripts including schematic representations, and UCSC links where relevant:
    ENST00000309812 ENST00000332708 ENST00000413237 ENST00000482075 ENST00000447903(uc001ifi.2)

    miRNA
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    Additional mRNA sequence: 

    BC101270.2 BC101271.1 

    1 DOTS entry:

    DT.102840564 

    17 AceView cDNA sequences:

    CR592383 CR612709 CR603378 CR592639 CR603249 CR600137 CR590375 CR601851 
    CR626121 CR605516 CR592105 CR621858 CR599052 CR614889 CR591556 CR606225 
    NM_177987 

    GeneLoc Exon Structure


    (RNA expression data according to H-InvDB, NONCODE, miRBase, and RNAdb, Expression images according to data from BioGPS, Illumina Human BodyMap, and CGAP SAGE, Sets of similar genes according to GeneDecks, in vivo and in vitro expression data from LifeMap Discovery™, plus additional links to Genevestigator, and/or SOURCE, and/or BioGPS, and/or UniProtKB,
    PCR Arrays from SABiosciences, Primers from OriGene, SABiosciences, and/or QIAGEN, In Situ Hybridization Assays from Advanced Cell Diagnostics)
    About This Section

    TUBB8 expression in normal human tissues (normalized intensities)
    See probesets specificity/sensitivity at GeneAnnot
    About this imageBioGPS <intensity>2/3
    CGAP TAG: --
    TUBB8 Expression
    About this image


    See TUBB8 Protein Expression from SPIRE MOPED and PaxDB
    SOURCE GeneReport for Unigene cluster: Hs.532659
        SABiosciences Expression via Pathway-Focused PCR Array including TUBB8: 
              Gap Junctions in human mouse rat

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    In Situ
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    (Orthologs according to 1,2HomoloGene (2older version, for species not in 1newer version), 3euGenes, 4SGD , 5MGI Mar 06 2013, with possible further links to Flybase and/or WormBase, and/or 6Ensembl pan taxonomic compara , Gene Trees according to Ensembl and TreeFam)
    About This Section

    This gene was present in the common ancestor of animals and fungi.

    Orthologs for TUBB8 gene from 4/9 species (see all 9)    About this table
    Organism Taxonomic
    classification
    Gene Description Human
    Similarity
    Orthology
    Type
    Details
    chicken
    (Gallus gallus)
    Aves TUBB2B6
    TUBB2B6
    Uncharacterized protein
    88(a)
    88(a)
    possible ortholog
    possible ortholog
    2(66367678-66370171)
    2(66383182-66388095)
    lizard
    (Anolis carolinensis)
    Reptilia TUBB2B6
    TUBB2A6
    Uncharacterized protein
    88(a)
    87(a)
    possible ortholog
    possible ortholog
    GL343247.1(1065224-1078450)
    GL343247.1(1045759-1055254)
    zebrafish
    (Danio rerio)
    Actinopterygii TUBB2B6
    tubulin, beta 2B class IIb
    86(a)
    possible ortholog
    2(1812389-1822105)
    baker's yeast
    (Saccharomyces cerevisiae)
    Saccharomycetes TUB26
    Beta-tubulin; associates with alpha-tubulin (Tub1p...
    70(a)
    1 → many
    VI(56336-57709)
            Species with no ortholog for TUBB8

    ENSEMBL Gene Tree for TUBB8 (if available)
    TreeFam Gene Tree for TUBB8 (if available)

    (Paralogs according to 1HomoloGene,
    2Ensembl, and 3SIMAP, Pseudogenes according to 4Pseudogene.org Build 68)
    About This Section
    Paralogs for TUBB8 gene
    LOC2603342  TUBB2  TUBB4B2  TUBB4A2  TUBB2B2  TUBB32  TUBE12  TUBB62  
    TUBB2A2  ENSG000002589472  TUBB12  
    18/30 SIMAP similar genes for TUBB8 using alignment to 4 protein entries:     TBB8_HUMAN (see all proteins) (see all similar genes):
    DKFZp566F223    XTP3TPATP1    TUBB2C    TUBB2B    TUBB4B    TUBB4Q
    TUBB2A    TUBB    TUBB6    TUBB1    TUBB3    TUBB4A
    LOC402300    TUBA1    TUBA1A    MGC16703    TUBA8    TUBA4A

    TUBB8 for paralogs           About GeneDecksing


    5/9 Pseudogenes.org Pseudogenes for TUBB8 (see all 9)
    PGOHUM00000251097 PGOHUM00000256869 PGOHUM00000244573 PGOHUM00000245232 PGOHUM00000256887


    (SNPs/Variants according to the 1NCBI SNP Database, 2Ensembl, 3PupaSUITE, 4UniProtKB, and DNA2.0, Linkage Disequilibrium by HapMap, Structural Variations(CNVs/InDels/Inversions) from the Database of Genomic Variants, Mutations from the Human Gene Mutation Database (HGMD) and the Locus Specific Mutation Databases (LSDB), Blood group antigen gene mutations by BGMUT, Resequencing Primers from QIAGEN, Cancer Mutation PCR Arrays and Assays and Copy Number PCR Arrays from SABiosciences)
    About This Section

    10/242 SNPs in TUBB8 are shown (see all 242)    About this table     
    Genomic DataTranscription Related DataAllele Frequencies
    SNP IDValidClinical
    significance
    Chr 10 posSequence#AA
    Chg
    TypeMore#Allele
    freq
    PopTotal
    sample
    More
    ----------
    rs1999367421,2
    C--92350(+) CCAGAC/TATCCC 1 -- ds50010--------
    rs1995290011,2
    C,F--92981(+) TTTACC/TTAGAA 1 -- ut311Minor allele frequency- T:0.02EU 479
    rs2007809241,2
    --92990(+) AAAAG-/GAGAGTT 1 -- ut310--------
    rs3751162221,2
    C--93135(+) TCGCCC/TGTGTA 2 T syn10--------
    rs1478800411,2
    C--93257(+) CCCCCG/AGGGTG 2 /R /W mis11Minor allele frequency- A:0.00EU 1151
    rs48806081,2,4
    H--93299(+) GGGGAG/ACCAGT 2 /L /F mis1 ese35Minor allele frequency- A:0.00NS EA NA 408
    rs97941001,2
    A--93315(+) AAGTAA/GCTGCT 2 S syn1 ese30--------
    rs1418260091,2
    F--93387(+) AAAATG/AGCAGC 2 /A syn11Minor allele frequency- A:0.00NA 2752
    rs1998260481,2
    F--93394(+) CAGCCG/ACCGTT 2 /A /V mis11Minor allele frequency- A:0.00EU 879
    rs413045771,2
    C,F--93425(+) GTCACA/GGGCAG 2 R C mis11Minor allele frequency- G:0.00EU 1017

    HapMap Linkage Disequilibrium report for TUBB8 (92828 - 120103 bp)

    Structural Variations
         Database of Genomic Variants (DGV) 4 variations for TUBB8:    About this table     
    Variant IDTypeSubtypePubMed ID
    nsv8592CNV Gain18304495
    nsv894693CNV Gain21882294
    esv24948CNV Gain19812545
    dgv209e1CNV Complex17122850

    SABiosciences Cancer Mutation PCR Assays
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    (in which this Gene is Involved, According to MalaCards, OMIM, UniProtKB, the University of Copenhagen DISEASES database, Conferences by KenesGroup, Genatlas, GeneTests, GAD, HuGE Navigator, and/or TGDB.)
    About This Section
      --

    (in PubMed. Associations of this gene to articles via 1Entrez Gene, 2UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot, 3HGNC, 4GAD, 5PharmGKB, 6HMDB, 7DrugBank, 8UniProtKB/TrEMBL, 9 Novoseek, and/or 10fRNAdb)
    About This Section

    PubMed articles for TUBB8 gene, integrated from 9 sources (see all 28):
    (articles sorted by number of sources associating them with TUBB8)
        Utopia: connect your pdf to the dynamic
    world of online information

    1. A cascade of complex subtelomeric duplications during the evolution of the hominoid and Old World monkey genomes. (PubMed id 11731935)1, 2 van Geel M.... de Jong P.J. (2002)
    2. The SOX2-interactome in brain cancer cells identifies the requirement of MSI2 and USP9X for the growth of brain tumor cells. (PubMed id 23667531)1 Cox J.L....Rizzino A. (2013)
    3. A newly uncovered group of distantly related lysine methyltransferases preferentially interact with molecular chaperones to regulate their activity. (PubMed id 23349634)1 Cloutier P.... Coulombe B. (2013)
    4. SGTA recognizes a noncanonical ubiquitin-like domain i n the Bag6-Ubl4A-Trc35 complex to promote endoplasmic reticulum-associated degra dation. (PubMed id 23246001)1 Xu Y....Ye Y. (2012)
    5. Systems-wide analysis of ubiquitylation dynamics reveals a key role for PAF15 ubiquitylation in DNA-damage bypass. (PubMed id 23000965)1 Povlsen L.K....Choudhary C. (2012)
    6. Methods for quantification of in vivo changes in prote in ubiquitination following proteasome and deubiquitinase inhibition. (PubMed id 22505724)1 Udeshi N.D....Carr S.A. (2012)
    7. A high-throughput approach for measuring temporal chan ges in the interactome. (PubMed id 22863883)1 Kristensen A.R....Foster L.J. (2012)
    8. Initial characterization of the human central proteome. (PubMed id 21269460)2 Burkard T.R.... Colinge J. (2011)
    9. PEX14 is required for microtubule-based peroxisome mo tility in human cells. (PubMed id 21525035)1 Bharti P....Erdmann R. (2011)
    10. A proteome-wide, quantitative survey of in vivo ubiqui tylation sites reveals widespread regulatory roles. (PubMed id 21890473)1 Wagner S.A....Choudhary C. (2011)

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    (According to Entrez Gene, HGNC, AceView, euGenes, Ensembl, miRBase, ECgene, Kegg, and/or H-InvDB)
    About This Section
    Entrez Gene: 347688 HGNC: 20773 AceView: TUBB8-pending Ensembl:ENSG00000173876 euGenes: HUgn347688
    ECgene: TUBB8 Kegg: 347688 H-InvDB: TUBB8

    (According to HUGE)
    About This Section
      --

    (According to PharmGKB, ATLAS, HORDE, IMGT, LEIDEN, UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot, and/or UniProtKB/TrEMBL,
    Wikipedia and/or GeneReviews via UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot)
    About This Section
    NameDescription
    PharmGKB entry for TUBB8 Pharmacogenomics, SNPs, Pathways

    (Patent information from GeneIP,
    Licensable technologies from WIS Yeda, Salk, Tufts,
    IP news from LifeMap Sciences, Inc.)
    About This Section
    Patent Information for TUBB8 gene:
    Search GeneIP for patents involving TUBB8

    GeneCards and IP:
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    GeneCards Homepage - Last full update: 23 Oct 2013 - Incrementals: 4 Nov 2013 , 7 Nov 2013 , 23 Jan 2014

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