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Category   Symbol Source: HGNC EntrezGene Ensembl GeneCards RNA genes CroW21
GIFtS

TUBAL3 Gene

protein-coding   GIFtS: 53
GCID: GC10M005425

Tubulin, Alpha-Like 3

  Search for TUBAL3
at  

(According to 1HGNC, 2Entrez Gene,
3UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot, 4UniProtKB/TrEMBL, 5OMIM, 6GeneLoc, 7Ensembl, 8DME, 9miRBase, 10fRNAdb, 12H-InvDB, 13NCBI, 14NONCODE, and/or 15RNAdb)
About This Section

Aliases
Tubulin, Alpha-Like 31 2
Tubulin Alpha Chain-Like 32

External Ids:    HGNC: 235341   Entrez Gene: 798612   Ensembl: ENSG000001784627   UniProtKB: A6NHL23   

Export aliases for TUBAL3 gene to outside databases

Previous GC identifer: GC10M005390


(According to Entrez Gene, Tocris Bioscience, Wikipedia's Gene Wiki, PharmGKB,
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot, and/or UniProtKB/TrEMBL)
About This Section

GeneCards Summary for TUBAL3 Gene: 
TUBAL3 (tubulin, alpha-like 3) is a protein-coding gene. Among its related super-pathways are Development Slit-Robo signaling and Proteolysis Role of Parkin in the Ubiquitin-Proteasomal Pathway. GO annotations related to this gene include structural molecule activity and GTP binding. An important paralog of this gene is TUBA3C.

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot: TBAL3_HUMAN, A6NHL2
Function: Tubulin is the major constituent of microtubules. It binds two moles of GTP, one at an exchangeable site
on the beta chain and one at a non-exchangeable site on the alpha chain (By similarity)




(According to GeneLoc and/or HGNC, and/or
Entrez Gene (NCBI build 37),
and/or miRBase,
Genomic Views according to UCSC (hg19) and Ensembl (release 73), Regulatory elements and Epigenetics data according to QIAGEN, SABiosciences, and/or SwitchGear Genomics)
About This Section
RefSeq DNA sequence:
NC_000010.10  NC_018921.2  NT_008705.16  
Regulatory elements:
   SABiosciences Regulatory transcription factor binding sites in the TUBAL3 gene promoter:
         STAT5B   NF-1   NF-1/L   Lmo2   GATA-1   C/EBPalpha   YY1   Gfi-1   E2F-1   E2F   
         Other transcription factors

SwitchGear Promoter luciferase reporter plasmidTUBAL3 promoter sequence
   Search SABiosciences Chromatin IP Primers for TUBAL3

Epigenetics:
QIAGEN PyroMark CpG Assay predesigned Pyrosequencing DNA Methylation assays in human, mouse, rat TUBAL3


Genomic Location:
Genomic View: UCSC Golden Path with GeneCards custom track

Entrez Gene cytogenetic band: 10p15.1   Ensembl cytogenetic band:  10p15.1   HGNC cytogenetic band: 10p15.1

TUBAL3 Gene in genomic location: bands according to Ensembl, locations according to (and/or Entrez Gene and/or Ensembl if different)
TUBAL3 gene location

GeneLoc information about chromosome 10         GeneLoc Exon Structure

GeneLoc location for GC10M005425:  view genomic region     (about GC identifiers)

Start:
5,435,061 bp from pter      End:
5,446,793 bp from pter
Size:
11,733 bases      Orientation:
minus strand

(According to UniProtKB, HORDE, neXtProt, Ensembl, and/or Reactome, Modification sites according to PhosphoSitePlus, Specific Peptides from DME, Protein expression images according to data from SPIRE 1MOPED, 2PaxDb, and 3MAXQB RefSeq according to NCBI, PDB rendering according to OCA and/or Proteopedia, Recombinant Proteins from EMD Millipore, R&D Systems, GenScript, Enzo Life Sciences, OriGene, Novus Biologicals, Sino Biological, ProSpec, and/or Cloud-Clone Corp.,
Biochemical Assays by EMD Millipore, R&D Systems, OriGene, GenScript, Cell Signaling Technology, Enzo Life Sciences, and/or Cloud-Clone Corp., Ontologies according to Gene Ontology Consortium 01 Oct 2013 and Entrez Gene, Antibodies by EMD Millipore, R&D Systems, GenScript, Cell Signaling Technology, OriGene, Novus Biologicals, Thermo Fisher Scientific, LSBio, Abcam, and/or Cloud-Clone Corp.)
About This Section

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot: TBAL3_HUMAN, A6NHL2 (See protein sequence)
Recommended Name: Tubulin alpha chain-like 3  
Size: 446 amino acids; 49909 Da
Subcellular location: Cytoplasm, cytoskeleton (By similarity)
Secondary accessions: B4DKL2 Q4QQJ5 Q9H6Z0
Alternative splicing: 2 isoforms:  A6NHL2-1   A6NHL2-2   

Explore the universe of human proteins at neXtProt for TUBAL3: NX_A6NHL2

Explore proteomics data for TUBAL3 at MOPED 

Post-translational modifications:

  • View modification sites using PhosphoSitePlus
  • View neXtProt modification sites for NX_A6NHL2

  • TUBAL3 Protein expression data from MOPED1, PaxDb2 and MAXQB3 :    About this image 

    TUBAL3 Protein Expression
    REFSEQ proteins (2 alternative transcripts): 
    NP_001165335.1  NP_079079.1  

    ENSEMBL proteins: 
     ENSP00000369784   ENSP00000418799  

    Human Recombinant Protein Products for TUBAL3: 
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    Browse ProSpec Recombinant Proteins
    Browse Proteins at Cloud-Clone Corp. 

    Gene Ontology (GO): 3 cellular component terms (GO ID links to tree view):    About this table

    GO IDQualified GO termEvidencePubMed IDs
    GO:0005737cytoplasm IEA--
    GO:0005874microtubule IEA--
    GO:0043234protein complex ----

    TUBAL3 for ontologies           About GeneDecksing



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    (According to HGNC, IUPHAR, InterPro, ProtoNet, UniProtKB, and/or BLOCKS, Sets of similar genes according to GeneDecks)
    About This Section
    HGNC Gene Families: 
    TUB: Tubulins

    5/7 InterPro protein domains (see all 7):
     IPR002452 Alpha_tubulin
     IPR000217 Tubulin
     IPR003008 Tubulin_FtsZ_GTPase
     IPR023123 Tubulin_C
     IPR008280 Tub_FtsZ_C

    Graphical View of Domain Structure for InterPro Entry A6NHL2

    ProtoNet protein and cluster: A6NHL2

    UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot: TBAL3_HUMAN, A6NHL2
    Similarity: Belongs to the tubulin family


    TUBAL3 for domains           About GeneDecksing


    (According to 1UniProtKB, Genatlas, LifeMap Discovery™, IUBMB, and/or 2DME, Human phenotypes from GenomeRNAi, Animal models from MGI Mar 06 2013, inGenious Targeting Laboratory, genOway,
    bound targets from SABiosciences, miRNA Gene Targets from miRTarBase, shRNA from OriGene, RNAi from EMD Millipore, siRNAs from OriGene, QIAGEN, microRNA from QIAGEN, Gene Editing from DNA2.0, Sirion Biotech, Clones from EMD Millipore, OriGene, SwitchGear Genomics, GenScript, Sino Biological, DNA2.0, Vector BioLabs, and Sirion Biotech, Cell Lines from GenScript, LifeMap BioReagents, In Situ Hybridization Assays from Advanced Cell Diagnostics, Ontologies according to Gene Ontology Consortium 01 Oct 2013 via Entrez Gene.)
    About This Section

    Molecular Function:

         UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot Summary: TBAL3_HUMAN, A6NHL2
    Function: Tubulin is the major constituent of microtubules. It binds two moles of GTP, one at an exchangeable site
    on the beta chain and one at a non-exchangeable site on the alpha chain (By similarity)

         Gene Ontology (GO): 3 molecular function terms (GO ID links to tree view):    About this table

    GO IDQualified GO termEvidencePubMed IDs
    GO:0003924GTPase activity IEA--
    GO:0005200structural constituent of cytoskeleton IEA--
    GO:0005525GTP binding IEA--
         
    TUBAL3 for ontologies           About GeneDecksing


    Phenotypes:
         3 GenomeRNAi human phenotypes for TUBAL3:
     Decreased Tat-dependent transc  Increased gamma-H2AX phosphory  Synthetic lethal with Ras 

    Animal Models:
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    (Pathways according to EMD Millipore, R&D Systems, Cell Signaling Technology, KEGG, PharmGKB, BioSystems, Sino Biological, Reactome, Tocris Bioscience, GeneGo (Thomson Reuters), QIAGEN, and/or UniProtKB, Sets of similar genes according to GeneDecks, Interaction Networks according to SABiosciences, and/or STRING, Interactions according to 1UniProtKB, 2MINT, 3I2D, and/or 4STRING, with links to IntAct and Ensembl, Ontologies according to Gene Ontology Consortium 01 Oct 2013 via Entrez Gene).
    About This Section

    SuperPaths for TUBAL3 About   (see all 11)                                                                                              See pathways by source

    SuperPathContained pathways About
    1Development Slit-Robo signaling
    Development Slit-Robo signaling0.92
    Pathogenic Escherichia coli infection0.41
    Pathogenic Escherichia coli infection0.43
    2Proteolysis Role of Parkin in the Ubiquitin-Proteasomal Pathway
    Proteolysis Role of Parkin in the Ubiquitin-Proteasomal Pathway0.93
    Parkin-Ubiquitin Proteasomal System pathway0.89
    3wtCFTR and deltaF508 traffic / Membrane expression (norm and CF)
    Regulation of CFTR activity (norm and CF)0.38
    wtCFTR and deltaF508 traffic / Membrane expression (norm and CF)0.38
    4Cytoskeleton remodeling Reverse signaling by ephrin B
    Cytoskeleton remodeling Reverse signaling by ephrin B0.94
    5Neurophysiological process Receptor-mediated axon growth repulsion
    Neurophysiological process Receptor-mediated axon growth repulsion0.94

    Pathways by source                                                                                                                                                                 See SuperPaths
    Show all pathways


    5/10 GeneGo (Thomson Reuters) Pathways for TUBAL3 (see all 10)
        Proteolysis Role of Parkin in the Ubiquitin-Proteasomal Pathway
    Cell cycle Spindle assembly and chromosome separation
    Regulation of CFTR activity (norm and CF)
    Neurophysiological process Receptor-mediated axon growth repulsion
    Cytoskeleton remodeling Keratin filaments

    2 BioSystems Pathways for TUBAL3
        Parkin-Ubiquitin Proteasomal System pathway
    Pathogenic Escherichia coli infection



    3         Kegg Pathways  (Kegg details for TUBAL3):
        Phagosome
    Gap junction
    Pathogenic Escherichia coli infection


    TUBAL3 for pathways           About GeneDecksing

    Interactions:

        Search SABiosciences Gene Network CentralTM Interacting Genes and Proteins Networks for TUBAL3

    STRING Interaction Network Preview (showing 5 interactants - click image to see 20)

    5/21 Interacting proteins for TUBAL3 (A6NHL23 ENSP000003697844) via UniProtKB, MINT, STRING, and/or I2D (see all 21)
    InteractantInteraction Details
    GeneCardExternal ID(s)
    UVRAGQ9P2Y53, ENSP000003484554I2D: score=1 STRING: ENSP00000348455
    ATG16L1Q676U53I2D: score=1 
    ARHGEF2ENSP000003153254STRING: ENSP00000315325
    DYNC1H1ENSP000003489654STRING: ENSP00000348965
    DYNC1I1ENSP000003201304STRING: ENSP00000320130
    About this table

    Gene Ontology (GO): 3 biological process terms (GO ID links to tree view):    About this table

    GO IDQualified GO termEvidencePubMed IDs
    GO:0006184GTP catabolic process ----
    GO:0007017microtubule-based process IEA--
    GO:0051258protein polymerization IEA--

    TUBAL3 for ontologies           About GeneDecksing



    (Chemical Compounds according to UniProtKB, Enzo Life Sciences, EMD Millipore, Tocris Bioscience HMDB, BitterDB, and/or Novoseek, Ligands according to IUPHAR, and Drugs according to DrugBank, Enzo Life Sciences, and/or PharmGKB, with drugs/clinical trials/news search links to CenterWatch)
    About This Section
    Browse Small Molecules at EMD Millipore
    Browse drugs & compounds from Enzo Life Sciences

    Browse Tocris compounds for TUBAL3 (TBAL3)

    1 HMDB Compound for TUBAL3    About this table
    CompoundSynonyms CAS #PubMed Ids
    Guanosine triphosphate5'-GTP (see all 10)86-01-1--

    Search CenterWatch for drugs/clinical trials and news about TUBAL3 / TBAL3

    (Secondary structures according to fRNAdb,
    GenBank/EMBL/DDBJ Accessions according to
    Unigene (Build 236 Homo sapiens; Apr 25 2013) or GenBank,
    RefSeq according to Entrez Gene,
    DOTS (version 10), and/or AceView, transcript ids from Ensembl with links to UCSC,
    Conferences by KenesGroup, exon structure from GeneLoc, alternative splicing isoforms according to ASD and/or ECgene,
    RNAi Products from EMD Millipore,
    siRNAs from OriGene, QIAGEN, shRNA from OriGene, microRNA from QIAGEN,
    Tagged/untagged cDNA clones from OriGene, SwitchGear Genomics, GenScript, DNA2.0, Vector BioLabs, Sirion Biotech, Primers from OriGene, SABiosciences, and/or QIAGEN )
    About This Section

    REFSEQ mRNAs for TUBAL3 gene (2 alternative transcripts): 
    NM_001171864.1  NM_024803.2  

    Unigene Cluster for TUBAL3:

    Tubulin, alpha-like 3
    Hs.163079  [show with all ESTs]
    Unigene Representative Sequence: AK025318
    2 Ensembl transcripts including schematic representations, and UCSC links where relevant:
    ENST00000380419(uc001ihz.3 uc001ihy.3) ENST00000479328
    miRNA
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    hsa-miR-29a* hsa-miR-431
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    Additional mRNA sequence: 

    AK025318.1 AK296616.1 BC098247.1 BC099716.1 BC105634.1 

    2 DOTS entries:

    DT.75168907  DT.121221378 

    6 AceView cDNA sequences:

    AK025318 NM_024803 BX097071 BG434122 CB109674 AW004763 

    GeneLoc Exon Structure

    2 Alternative Splicing Database (ASD) splice patterns (SP) for TUBAL3    About this scheme

    ExUns: 1 ^ 2a · 2b ^ 3 ^ 4a · 4b
    SP1:                                    
    SP2:        -                           


    ECgene alternative splicing isoforms for TUBAL3

    (RNA expression data according to H-InvDB, NONCODE, miRBase, and RNAdb, Expression images according to data from BioGPS, Illumina Human BodyMap, and CGAP SAGE, Sets of similar genes according to GeneDecks, in vivo and in vitro expression data from LifeMap Discovery™, plus additional links to Genevestigator, and/or SOURCE, and/or BioGPS, and/or UniProtKB,
    PCR Arrays from SABiosciences, Primers from OriGene, SABiosciences, and/or QIAGEN, In Situ Hybridization Assays from Advanced Cell Diagnostics)
    About This Section

    TUBAL3 expression in normal human tissues (normalized intensities)
    See probesets specificity/sensitivity at GeneAnnot
    About this imageBioGPS <intensity>2/3
    CGAP TAG: TCTACATTTT
    TUBAL3 Expression
    About this image


    See TUBAL3 Protein Expression from SPIRE MOPED and PaxDB
    Genevestigator expression for TUBAL3

    SOURCE GeneReport for Unigene cluster: Hs.163079
        SABiosciences Expression via Pathway-Focused PCR Array including TUBAL3: 
              Gap Junctions in human mouse rat

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    In Situ
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    (Orthologs according to 1,2HomoloGene (2older version, for species not in 1newer version), 3euGenes, 4SGD , 5MGI Mar 06 2013, with possible further links to Flybase and/or WormBase, and/or 6Ensembl pan taxonomic compara , Gene Trees according to Ensembl and TreeFam)
    About This Section

    This gene was present in the common ancestor of animals and fungi.

    Orthologs for TUBAL3 gene from 4/9 species (see all 9)    About this table
    Organism Taxonomic
    classification
    Gene Description Human
    Similarity
    Orthology
    Type
    Details
    mouse
    (Mus musculus)
    Mammalia Tubal31 , 5 tubulin, alpha-like 31, 5 81.76(n)1
    82.74(a)1
      13 (2.19 cM)5
    2384631  NM_001033879.31  NP_001029051.21 
     39246955 
    fruit fly
    (Drosophila melanogaster)
    Insecta alphaTub67C6
    CG77946
    --
    63(a)
    47(a)
    many → 1
    many → 1
    3L(9674368-9676470)
    3R(13849429-13851100)
    worm
    (Caenorhabditis elegans)
    Secernentea tba-86
    Tubulin alpha-8 chain
    66(a)
    1 ↔ 1
    X(9455489-9458326)
    baker's yeast
    (Saccharomyces cerevisiae)
    Saccharomycetes TUB16
    TUB36
    Alpha-tubulin; associates with beta-tubulin (Tub2p...
    Alpha-tubulin; associates with beta-tubulin (Tub2p...
    65(a)
    65(a)
    many ↔ many
    many ↔ many
    XIII(97941-99400)
    XIII(22048-23683)


    ENSEMBL Gene Tree for TUBAL3 (if available)
    TreeFam Gene Tree for TUBAL3 (if available)

    (Paralogs according to 1HomoloGene,
    2Ensembl, and 3SIMAP, Pseudogenes according to 4Pseudogene.org Build 68)
    About This Section
    Paralogs for TUBAL3 gene
    TUBA3C2  TUBA4A2  TUBA1B2  TUBA1A2  TUBA3E2  TUBA1C2  TUBA82  TUBA3D2  
    18/28 SIMAP similar genes for TUBAL3 using alignment to 1 protein entry:     TBAL3_HUMAN(see all similar genes):
    DKFZp686L04275    TUBA1A    TUBA8    TUBA2    TUBA3C    TUBA3D
    TUBA3E    TUBA4A    TUBA4B    TUBA1C    MGC16703    TUBA1B
    TUBB4Q    XTP3TPATP1    TUBB2A    TUBB3    DKFZp566F223    TUBB4A

    TUBAL3 for paralogs           About GeneDecksing



    (SNPs/Variants according to the 1NCBI SNP Database, 2Ensembl, 3PupaSUITE, 4UniProtKB, and DNA2.0, Linkage Disequilibrium by HapMap, Structural Variations(CNVs/InDels/Inversions) from the Database of Genomic Variants, Mutations from the Human Gene Mutation Database (HGMD) and the Locus Specific Mutation Databases (LSDB), Blood group antigen gene mutations by BGMUT, Resequencing Primers from QIAGEN, Cancer Mutation PCR Arrays and Assays and Copy Number PCR Arrays from SABiosciences)
    About This Section

    10/407 SNPs in TUBAL3 are shown (see all 407)    About this table     
    Genomic DataTranscription Related DataAllele Frequencies
    SNP IDValidClinical
    significance
    Chr 10 posSequence#AA
    Chg
    TypeMore#Allele
    freq
    PopTotal
    sample
    More
    ----------
    rs1924254881,2
    --5434623(+) GTTGCC/TTTAAT 2 -- int10--------
    rs1845843961,2
    --5434624(+) TTGCCA/TTAATT 2 -- int10--------
    rs70809041,2
    C,F,A,H--5434669(+) TAAAAC/TCTCAC 2 -- int113Minor allele frequency- T:0.24NA WA CSA EA 379
    rs66019561,2
    C,A,H--5434738(+) TATTCA/GGTGGC 2 -- int112Minor allele frequency- G:0.02NA WA CSA EA 377
    rs1495842801,2
    --5434741(+) TCGGTA/GGCAAA 2 -- int10--------
    rs70928421,2
    C,A,H--5434742(+) CGGTGC/GCAAAA 2 -- int111Minor allele frequency- G:0.19NA WA EA 376
    rs1443000691,2
    --5434847(+) TCAACA/GATCTG 2 -- int10--------
    rs107952711,2
    C,F,A,H--5434876(+) GAAGTG/CACTCT 2 -- int127Minor allele frequency- C:0.44NS EA NA WA CSA 2772
    rs1407109171,2
    --5434961(+) TCTGAC/TGTGCA 2 -- int10--------
    rs1172413271,2
    --5435040(+) GCACAC/TATTTC 2 -- int11Minor allele frequency- T:0.01EA 120

    HapMap Linkage Disequilibrium report for TUBAL3 (5435061 - 5446793 bp)

    Structural Variations
         Database of Genomic Variants (DGV) 2 variations for TUBAL3:    About this table     
    Variant IDTypeSubtypePubMed ID
    nsv894783CNV Loss21882294
    nsv894792CNV Gain21882294


    Human Gene Mutation Database (HGMD): TUBAL3
    SABiosciences Cancer Mutation PCR Assays
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    (in which this Gene is Involved, According to MalaCards, OMIM, UniProtKB, the University of Copenhagen DISEASES database, Conferences by KenesGroup, Genatlas, GeneTests, GAD, HuGE Navigator, and/or TGDB.)
    About This Section

    TUBAL3 for disorders           About MalaCards

    TUBAL3 for disorders           About GeneDecksing

    Genetic Association Database (GAD): TUBAL3
    Human Genome Epidemiology (HuGE) Navigator: TUBAL3 (2 documents)

    Export disorders for TUBAL3 gene to outside databases

    (in PubMed. Associations of this gene to articles via 1Entrez Gene, 2UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot, 3HGNC, 4GAD, 5PharmGKB, 6HMDB, 7DrugBank, 8UniProtKB/TrEMBL, 9 Novoseek, and/or 10fRNAdb)
    About This Section

    PubMed articles for TUBAL3 gene, integrated from 9 sources (see all 15):
    (articles sorted by number of sources associating them with TUBAL3)
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    1. Coeliac disease associated risk variants in TNFAIP3 and REL implicate altered NF-{kappa}B signalling. (PubMed id 19240061)1, 4 Trynka G....Wijmenga C. (2009)
    2. Interlaboratory reproducibility of large-scale human p rotein-complex analysis by standardized AP-MS. (PubMed id 23455922)1 Varjosalo M....Superti-Furga G. (2013)
    3. Methods for quantification of in vivo changes in prote in ubiquitination following proteasome and deubiquitinase inhibition. (PubMed id 22505724)1 Udeshi N.D....Carr S.A. (2012)
    4. Systematic and quantitative assessment of the ubiquiti n-modified proteome. (PubMed id 21906983)1 Kim W....Gygi S.P. (2011)
    5. Label-free quantitative proteomics and SAINT analysis enable interactome mapping for the human Ser/Thr protein phosphatase 5. (PubMed id 21360678)1 Skarra D.V....Honkanen R.E. (2011)
    6. Ubiquitin ligase substrate identification through qua ntitative proteomics at both the protein and peptide levels. (PubMed id 21987572)1 Lee K.A....Doedens J.R. (2011)
    7. A proteome-wide, quantitative survey of in vivo ubiqui tylation sites reveals widespread regulatory roles. (PubMed id 21890473)1 Wagner S.A....Choudhary C. (2011)
    8. Global identification of modular cullin-RING ligase su bstrates. (PubMed id 21963094)1 Emanuele M.J....Elledge S.J. (2011)
    9. Genetic associations of variants in genes encoding HI V-dependency factors required for HIV-1 infection. (PubMed id 21083371)4 Chinn L.W....O'Brien S.J. (2010)
    10. Charting the molecular network of the drug target Bcr-Abl. (PubMed id 19380743)1 Brehme M....Superti-Furga G. (2009)

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    (According to Entrez Gene, HGNC, AceView, euGenes, Ensembl, miRBase, ECgene, Kegg, and/or H-InvDB)
    About This Section
    Entrez Gene: 79861 HGNC: 23534 AceView: TUBAL3 Ensembl:ENSG00000178462 euGenes: HUgn79861
    ECgene: TUBAL3 Kegg: 79861 H-InvDB: TUBAL3

    (According to HUGE)
    About This Section
      --

    (According to PharmGKB, ATLAS, HORDE, IMGT, LEIDEN, UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot, and/or UniProtKB/TrEMBL,
    Wikipedia and/or GeneReviews via UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot)
    About This Section
    NameDescription
    PharmGKB entry for TUBAL3 Pharmacogenomics, SNPs, Pathways

    (Patent information from GeneIP,
    Licensable technologies from WIS Yeda, Salk, Tufts,
    IP news from LifeMap Sciences, Inc.)
    About This Section
    Patent Information for TUBAL3 gene:
    Search GeneIP for patents involving TUBAL3

    GeneCards and IP:
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