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TUBAL3 Gene

protein-coding   GIFtS: 55
GCID: GC10M005425

Tubulin, Alpha-Like 3

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(According to 1HGNC, 2Entrez Gene,
3UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot, 4UniProtKB/TrEMBL, 5OMIM, 6GeneLoc, 7Ensembl, 8DME, 9miRBase, 10fRNAdb, 12H-InvDB, 13NCBI, 14NONCODE, and/or 15RNAdb)
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Aliases
Tubulin, Alpha-Like 31 2
Tubulin Alpha Chain-Like 32

External Ids:    HGNC: 235341   Entrez Gene: 798612   Ensembl: ENSG000001784627   UniProtKB: A6NHL23   

Export aliases for TUBAL3 gene to outside databases

Previous GC identifer: GC10M005390


(According to Entrez Gene, GeneCards, Tocris Bioscience, Wikipedia's Gene Wiki, PharmGKB,
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot, and/or UniProtKB/TrEMBL)
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GeneCards Summary for TUBAL3 Gene:
TUBAL3 (tubulin, alpha-like 3) is a protein-coding gene. GO annotations related to this gene include GTP binding and structural constituent of cytoskeleton.

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot: TBAL3_HUMAN, A6NHL2
Function: Tubulin is the major constituent of microtubules. It binds two moles of GTP, one at an exchangeable site
on the beta chain and one at a non-exchangeable site on the alpha chain (By similarity)




(According to GeneLoc and/or HGNC, and/or
Entrez Gene (NCBI build 37),
and/or miRBase,
Genomic Views according to UCSC (hg19) and Ensembl (release 75), Regulatory elements and Epigenetics data according to QIAGEN, and/or SwitchGear Genomics)
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RefSeq DNA sequence at NCBI GenBank:
NC_000010.10  NC_018921.2  NT_008705.17  
Regulatory elements:
   Regulatory transcription factor binding sites in the TUBAL3 gene promoter:
         STAT5B   NF-1   NF-1/L   Lmo2   GATA-1   C/EBPalpha   YY1   Gfi-1   E2F-1   E2F   
         Other transcription factors

SwitchGear Promoter luciferase reporter plasmidTUBAL3 promoter sequence
   Search Chromatin IP Primers for TUBAL3

Epigenetics:
DNA Methylation CpG Assay Predesigned for Pyrosequencing in human, mouse, rat TUBAL3


Genomic Location:
Genomic View: UCSC Golden Path with GeneCards custom track

Entrez Gene cytogenetic band: 10p15.1   Ensembl cytogenetic band:  10p15.1   HGNC cytogenetic band: 10p15.1

TUBAL3 Gene in genomic location: bands according to Ensembl, locations according to (and/or Entrez Gene and/or Ensembl if different)
TUBAL3 gene location

GeneLoc information about chromosome 10         GeneLoc Exon Structure

GeneLoc location for GC10M005425:  view genomic region     (about GC identifiers)

Start:
5,435,061 bp from pter      End:
5,446,793 bp from pter
Size:
11,733 bases      Orientation:
minus strand

(According to 1UniProtKB, HORDE, 2neXtProt, Ensembl, and/or Reactome, Modification sites according to PhosphoSitePlus, Specific Peptides from DME, RefSeq according to NCBI, PDB rendering according to OCA and/or Proteopedia, Recombinant Proteins from EMD Millipore, R&D Systems, GenScript, Enzo Life Sciences, OriGene, Novus Biologicals, Sino Biological, ProSpec, Cloud-Clone Corp., and/or eBioscience,
Biochemical Assays by EMD Millipore, R&D Systems, OriGene, GenScript, Cell Signaling Technology, Enzo Life Sciences, Cloud-Clone Corp., and/or eBioscience, Antibodies by EMD Millipore, R&D Systems, Cell Signaling Technology, OriGene, Novus Biologicals, Thermo Fisher Scientific, LSBio, Abcam, Cloud-Clone Corp, and/or others.)
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UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot: TBAL3_HUMAN, A6NHL2 (See protein sequence)
Recommended Name: Tubulin alpha chain-like 3  
Size: 446 amino acids; 49909 Da
Subunit: Dimer of alpha and beta chains. A typical microtubule is a hollow water-filled tube with an outer
diameter of 25 nm and an inner diameter of 15 nM. Alpha-beta heterodimers associate head-to-tail to form
protofilaments running lengthwise along the microtubule wall with the beta-tubulin subunit facing the microtubule
plus end conferring a structural polarity. Microtubules usually have 13 protofilaments but different
protofilament numbers can be found in some organisms and specialized cells
Secondary accessions: B4DKL2 Q4QQJ5 Q9H6Z0
Alternative splicing: 2 isoforms:  A6NHL2-1   A6NHL2-2   

Explore the universe of human proteins at neXtProt for TUBAL3: NX_A6NHL2

Explore proteomics data for TUBAL3 at MOPED

Post-translational modifications: 

  • Ubiquitination2 at Lys401, Lys408
  • Modification sites at PhosphoSitePlus

  • See TUBAL3 Protein Expression from SPIRE MOPED, PaxDB, and MaxQB

    REFSEQ proteins (2 alternative transcripts): 
    NP_001165335.1  NP_079079.1  

    ENSEMBL proteins: 
     ENSP00000369784   ENSP00000418799  

    TUBAL3 Human Recombinant Protein Products:

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    Novus Biologicals TUBAL3 Protein
    Novus Biologicals TUBAL3 Lysates
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    Browse Sino Biological Cell Lysates
    Browse ProSpec Recombinant Proteins
    Browse Proteins at Cloud-Clone Corp.

     
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    (According to HGNC, IUPHAR, InterPro, ProtoNet, UniProtKB, and/or BLOCKS, Sets of similar genes according to GeneDecks)
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    HGNC Gene Families:
    TUB: Tubulins

    Selected InterPro protein domains (see all 7):
     IPR002452 Alpha_tubulin
     IPR000217 Tubulin
     IPR003008 Tubulin_FtsZ_GTPase
     IPR023123 Tubulin_C
     IPR018316 Tubulin/FtsZ_2-layer-sand-dom

    Graphical View of Domain Structure for InterPro Entry A6NHL2

    ProtoNet protein and cluster: A6NHL2

    UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot: TBAL3_HUMAN, A6NHL2
    Similarity: Belongs to the tubulin family


    Find genes that share domains with TUBAL3           About GenesLikeMe


    (According to 1UniProtKB, Genatlas, LifeMap Discovery™, IUBMB, and/or 2DME, Human phenotypes from GenomeRNAi, Animal models from MGI Mar 06 2013, inGenious Targeting Laboratory, genOway,
    transcription factor targeting from QIAGEN and/or HOMER, miRNA Gene Targets from miRTarBase, shRNA from OriGene, siRNAs from OriGene, QIAGEN, microRNA from QIAGEN, SwitchGear Genomics, Gene Editing from DNA2.0, Clones from OriGene, GenScript, Sino Biological, DNA2.0, Vector BioLabs and/or Addgene, Cell Lines from GenScript, ESI BIO, In Situ Hybridization Assays from Advanced Cell Diagnostics, Flow cytometry from eBioscience, Ontologies according to Gene Ontology Consortium 01 Apr 2014 via Entrez Gene.)
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    Molecular Function:

         UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot Summary: TBAL3_HUMAN, A6NHL2
    Function: Tubulin is the major constituent of microtubules. It binds two moles of GTP, one at an exchangeable site
    on the beta chain and one at a non-exchangeable site on the alpha chain (By similarity)

         Gene Ontology (GO): 3 molecular function terms:    About this table

    GO IDQualified GO termEvidencePubMed IDs
    GO:0003924GTPase activity IEA--
    GO:0005200structural constituent of cytoskeleton IEA--
    GO:0005525GTP binding IEA--
         
    Find genes that share ontologies with TUBAL3           About GenesLikeMe


    Phenotypes:
         3 GenomeRNAi human phenotypes for TUBAL3:
     Decreased Tat-dependent transc  Increased gamma-H2AX phosphory  Synthetic lethal with Ras 

    Animal Models:
       inGenious Targeting Laboratory: Let us create your new Knockout/Knockin mouse model for TUBAL3
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    miRNA
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    miRTarBase miRNAs that target TUBAL3:
    hsa-mir-148b-3p (MIRT019280), hsa-mir-142-3p (MIRT021591)

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    2 qRT-PCR Assays for microRNAs that regulate TUBAL3:
    hsa-miR-29a* hsa-miR-431
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    Inhib. RNA
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    (According to UniProtKB, COMPARTMENTS Subcellular localization database, Ontologies according to Gene Ontology Consortium 01 Apr 2014 via Entrez Gene.)
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    Subcellular locations from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot
    TBAL3_HUMAN, A6NHL2: Cytoplasm, cytoskeleton (By similarity)
    Subcellular locations from COMPARTMENTS: 

    CompartmentConfidence
    cytoskeleton3
    cytosol3
    nucleus1

    Gene Ontology (GO): 3 cellular component terms:    About this table

    GO IDQualified GO termEvidencePubMed IDs
    GO:0005737cytoplasm IEA--
    GO:0005874microtubule IEA--
    GO:0043234protein complex ----

    Find genes that share ontologies with TUBAL3           About GenesLikeMe


    (SuperPaths according to PathCards, Pathways according to R&D Systems, Cell Signaling Technology, KEGG, PharmGKB, BioSystems, Sino Biological, Reactome, Tocris Bioscience, GeneGo (Thomson Reuters), QIAGEN, and/or UniProtKB, Sets of similar genes according to GeneDecks, Interaction Networks according to QIAGEN, and/or STRING, Interactions according to 1UniProtKB, 2MINT, 3I2D, and/or 4STRING, with links to IntAct and Ensembl, Ontologies according to Gene Ontology Consortium 01 Apr 2014 via Entrez Gene).
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    SuperPaths for TUBAL3 About    
    See pathways by source

    SuperPathContained pathways About
    1Development Slit Robo signaling
    Development Slit Robo signaling0.92
    Pathogenic Escherichia coli infection0.41
    Pathogenic Escherichia coli infection0.43
    2Regulation of CFTR activity norm and CF
    Regulation of CFTR activity norm and CF 0.38
    wtCFTR and deltaF508 traffic Membrane expression norm and CF 0.38
    3Parkin-Ubiquitin Proteasomal System pathway
    Parkin-Ubiquitin Proteasomal System pathway0.89
    4Signaling in Gap Junctions
    Gap junction0.31
    5Phagosome
    Phagosome


    Find genes that share SuperPaths with TUBAL3           About GenesLikeMe

    Pathways by source                                                                                                                                                                 See SuperPaths
    Show all pathways


    Selected GeneGo (Thomson Reuters) Pathways for TUBAL3 (see all 10)
        Proteolysis Role of Parkin in the Ubiquitin-Proteasomal Pathway
    Cell cycle Spindle assembly and chromosome separation
    Regulation of CFTR activity (norm and CF)
    Neurophysiological process Receptor-mediated axon growth repulsion
    Cytoskeleton remodeling Keratin filaments

    2 BioSystems Pathways for TUBAL3
        Parkin-Ubiquitin Proteasomal System pathway
    Pathogenic Escherichia coli infection



    3 Kegg Pathways  (Kegg details for TUBAL3):
        Phagosome
    Gap junction
    Pathogenic Escherichia coli infection

        Pathway & Disease-focused RT2 Profiler PCR Array including TUBAL3: 
              Gap Junctions in human mouse rat

    Interactions:

        Search GeneGlobe Interaction Network for TUBAL3

    STRING Interaction Network Preview (showing 5 interactants - click image to see 25)

    Selected Interacting proteins for TUBAL3 (A6NHL23 ENSP000003697844) via UniProtKB, MINT, STRING, and/or I2D (see all 49)
    InteractantInteraction Details
    GeneCardExternal ID(s)
    UVRAGQ9P2Y53, ENSP000003484554I2D: score=1 STRING: ENSP00000348455
    ATG16L1Q676U53I2D: score=1 
    ARHGEF2ENSP000003153254STRING: ENSP00000315325
    DYNC1I1ENSP000003201304STRING: ENSP00000320130
    DYNC1I2ENSP000003803084STRING: ENSP00000380308
    About this table

    Gene Ontology (GO): 3 biological process terms:    About this table

    GO IDQualified GO termEvidencePubMed IDs
    GO:0006184GTP catabolic process ----
    GO:0007017microtubule-based process IEA--
    GO:0051258protein polymerization IEA--

    Find genes that share ontologies with TUBAL3           About GenesLikeMe



    (Chemical Compounds according to UniProtKB, Enzo Life Sciences, EMD Millipore, Tocris Bioscience, ApexBio, HMDB, BitterDB, and/or Novoseek, Ligands according to IUPHAR, and Drugs according to DrugBank, Enzo Life Sciences, and/or PharmGKB)
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    Browse Small Molecules at EMD Millipore
       Browse drugs & compounds from Enzo Life Sciences
      Browse compounds at ApexBio 

    Browse Tocris compounds for TUBAL3 (TBAL3)

    1 HMDB Compound for TUBAL3    About this table
    CompoundSynonyms CAS #PubMed Ids
    Guanosine triphosphate5'-GTP (see all 10)86-01-1--



    (Secondary structures according to fRNAdb,
    GenBank/EMBL/DDBJ Accessions according to
    Unigene (Build 236 Homo sapiens; Apr 25 2013) or GenBank,
    RefSeq according to Entrez Gene,
    DOTS (version 10), and/or AceView, transcript ids from Ensembl with links to UCSC,
    exon structure from GeneLoc, alternative splicing isoforms according to ASD and/or ECgene,
    siRNAs from OriGene, QIAGEN, shRNA from OriGene, microRNA from QIAGEN, SwitchGear Genomics,
    Tagged/untagged cDNA clones from OriGene, GenScript, DNA2.0, Vector BioLabs, and/or Addgene, Primers from OriGene, and/or QIAGEN, Flow cytometry from eBioscience )
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    REFSEQ mRNAs for TUBAL3 gene (2 alternative transcripts): 
    NM_001171864.1  NM_024803.2  

    Unigene Cluster for TUBAL3:

    Tubulin, alpha-like 3
    Hs.163079  [show with all ESTs]
    Unigene Representative Sequence: AK025318
    2 Ensembl transcripts including schematic representations, and UCSC links where relevant:
    ENST00000380419(uc001ihz.3 uc001ihy.3) ENST00000479328
    miRNA
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    2 qRT-PCR Assays for microRNAs that regulate TUBAL3:
    hsa-miR-29a* hsa-miR-431
    SwitchGear 3'UTR luciferase reporter plasmidTUBAL3 3' UTR sequence
    Inhib. RNA
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    Primer
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      QuantiFast Probe-based Assays in human, mouse, rat TUBAL3

    Additional mRNA sequence: 

    AK025318.1 AK296616.1 BC098247.1 BC099716.1 BC105634.1 

    2 DOTS entries:

    DT.75168907  DT.121221378 

    6 AceView cDNA sequences:

    BG434122 BX097071 CB109674 NM_024803 AK025318 AW004763 

    GeneLoc Exon Structure

    2 Alternative Splicing Database (ASD) splice patterns (SP) for TUBAL3    About this scheme

    ExUns: 1 ^ 2a · 2b ^ 3 ^ 4a · 4b
    SP1:                                    
    SP2:        -                           


    ECgene alternative splicing isoforms for TUBAL3

    (RNA expression data according to H-InvDB, NONCODE, miRBase, and RNAdb, Expression images according to data from BioGPS, Illumina Human BodyMap, and CGAP SAGE, Sets of similar genes according to GeneDecks, in vivo and in vitro expression data from LifeMap Discovery™, Protein expression images according to data from SPIRE 1MOPED, 2PaxDb, and 3MaxQB, plus additional links to SOURCE, and/or BioGPS, and/or UniProtKB,
    PCR Arrays from QIAGEN, Primers from OriGene, and/or QIAGEN, In Situ Hybridization Assays from Advanced Cell Diagnostics)
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    TUBAL3 expression in normal human tissues (normalized intensities)
    See probesets specificity/sensitivity at GeneAnnot
    About this imageBioGPS <intensity>2/3
    CGAP TAG: TCTACATTTT
    TUBAL3 Expression
    About this image

    TUBAL3 Protein expression data from MOPED1, PaxDb2 and MaxQB3    About this image

    TUBAL3 Protein Expression

    SOURCE GeneReport for Unigene cluster: Hs.163079
        Pathway & Disease-focused RT2 Profiler PCR Array including TUBAL3: 
              Gap Junctions in human mouse rat

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    In Situ
    Assay Products:
     

     
    Advanced Cell Diagnostics RNAscope RNA in situ hybridization assays for TUBAL3

    (Orthologs according to 1,2HomoloGene (2older version, for species not in 1newer version), 3euGenes, 4SGD , 5MGI Mar 06 2013, with possible further links to Flybase and/or WormBase, and/or 6Ensembl pan taxonomic compara , Gene Trees according to Ensembl and TreeFam)
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    This gene was present in the common ancestor of animals and fungi.

    Orthologs for TUBAL3 gene from Selected species (see all 10)    About this table
    Organism Taxonomic
    classification
    Gene Description Human
    Similarity
    Orthology
    Type
    Details
    mouse
    (Mus musculus)
    Mammalia Tubal31 , 5 tubulin, alpha-like 31, 5 81.76(n)1
    82.74(a)1
      13 (2.19 cM)5
    2384631  NM_001033879.31  NP_001029051.21 
     39246955 
    fruit fly
    (Drosophila melanogaster)
    Insecta alphaTub67C6
    alpha-Tubulin at 67C
    63(a)
    1 ↔ 1
    3L(9674368-9676470)
    worm
    (Caenorhabditis elegans)
    Secernentea tba-76
    tba-66
    (see all 3)
    Protein TBA-6 (tba-6) mRNA, complete cds
    (see all 3)
    69(a)
    67(a)
    (see all 3)
    1 ↔ many
    1 ↔ many
    (see all 3)
    III(11368415-11371775) WBGene00006533
    I(8994002-8998760) WBGene00006532
    baker's yeast
    (Saccharomyces cerevisiae)
    Saccharomycetes TUB36
    Alpha-tubulin; associates with beta-tubulin (Tub2p...
    65(a)
    1 ↔ 1
    XIII(22048-23683) YML124C


    ENSEMBL Gene Tree for TUBAL3 (if available)
    TreeFam Gene Tree for TUBAL3 (if available)

    (Paralogs according to 1HomoloGene,
    2Ensembl, and 3SIMAP, Pseudogenes according to 4Pseudogene.org Build 68)
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    Paralogs for TUBAL3 gene
    Selected SIMAP similar genes for TUBAL3 using alignment to 1 protein entry:     TBAL3_HUMAN(see all similar genes):
    DKFZp686L04275    TUBA1A    TUBA8    TUBA2    TUBA3C    TUBA3D
    TUBA3E    TUBA4A    TUBA4B    TUBA1C    MGC16703    TUBA1B
    TUBB4Q    XTP3TPATP1    TUBB2A    TUBB3    DKFZp566F223    TUBB4A

    Find genes that share paralogs with TUBAL3           About GenesLikeMe



    (SNPs/Variants according to the 1NCBI SNP Database, 2Ensembl, 3PupaSUITE, 4UniProtKB, and DNA2.0, Linkage Disequilibrium by HapMap, Structural Variations(CNVs/InDels/Inversions) from the Database of Genomic Variants, Mutations from the Human Gene Mutation Database (HGMD), the Human Cytochrome P450 Allele Nomenclature Database, and the Locus Specific Mutation Databases (LSDB), Blood group antigen gene mutations by BGMUT, Resequencing Primers, Cancer Mutation PCR Arrays and Assays, and Copy Number PCR Arrays from QIAGEN)
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    Selected SNPs for TUBAL3 (see all 407)    About this table                                 

    Genomic DataTranscription Related DataAllele Frequencies
    SNP IDValidClinical
    significance
    Chr 10 posSequence#AA
    Chg
    TypeMore#Allele
    freq
    PopTotal
    sample
    More
    ----------
    rs1924254881,2
    --5434623(+) GTTGCC/TTTAAT 2 -- int10--------
    rs1845843961,2
    --5434624(+) TTGCCA/TTAATT 2 -- int10--------
    rs70809041,2
    C,F,A,H--5434669(+) TAAAAC/TCTCAC 2 -- int113Minor allele frequency- T:0.24NA WA CSA EA 379
    rs66019561,2
    C,A,H--5434738(+) TATTCA/GGTGGC 2 -- int112Minor allele frequency- G:0.02NA WA CSA EA 377
    rs1495842801,2
    --5434741(+) TCGGTA/GGCAAA 2 -- int10--------
    rs70928421,2
    C,A,H--5434742(+) CGGTGC/GCAAAA 2 -- int111Minor allele frequency- G:0.19NA WA EA 376
    rs1443000691,2
    --5434847(+) TCAACA/GATCTG 2 -- int10--------
    rs107952711,2
    C,F,A,H--5434876(+) GAAGTG/CACTCT 2 -- int127Minor allele frequency- C:0.44NS EA NA WA CSA 2772
    rs1407109171,2
    --5434961(+) TCTGAC/TGTGCA 2 -- int10--------
    rs1172413271,2
    --5435040(+) GCACAC/TATTTC 2 -- int11Minor allele frequency- T:0.01EA 120

    HapMap Linkage Disequilibrium report for TUBAL3 (5435061 - 5446793 bp)

    Structural Variations
         Database of Genomic Variants (DGV) 2 variations for TUBAL3:    About this table    
    Variant IDTypeSubtypePubMed ID
    nsv894783CNV Loss21882294
    nsv894792CNV Gain21882294

    Human Gene Mutation Database (HGMD): TUBAL3
    Site Specific Mutation Identification with PCR Assays
    SeqTarget long-range PCR primers for resequencing TUBAL3
    DNA2.0 Custom Variant and Variant Library Synthesis for TUBAL3

    (in which this Gene is Involved, According to MalaCards, OMIM, UniProtKB, the University of Copenhagen DISEASES database, Genatlas, GeneTests, GAD, HuGE Navigator, and/or TGDB.)
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    Find genes that share disorders with TUBAL3           About GenesLikeMe

    Genetic Association Database (GAD): TUBAL3
    Human Genome Epidemiology (HuGE) Navigator: TUBAL3 (2 documents)

    Export disorders for TUBAL3 gene to outside databases

    (in PubMed. Associations of this gene to articles via 1Entrez Gene, 2UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot, 3HGNC, 4GAD, 5PharmGKB, 6HMDB, 7DrugBank, 8UniProtKB/TrEMBL, 9 Novoseek, and/or 10fRNAdb)
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    PubMed articles for TUBAL3 gene, integrated from 10 sources (see all 16):
    (articles sorted by number of sources associating them with TUBAL3)
        Utopia: connect your pdf to the dynamic
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    1. Coeliac disease-associated risk variants in TNFAIP3 and REL implicate altered NF-kappaB signalling. (PubMed id 19240061)1, 4 Trynka G....Wijmenga C. (Gut 2009)
    2. Interlaboratory reproducibility of large-scale human protein-complex analysis by standardized AP-MS. (PubMed id 23455922)1 Varjosalo M....Superti-Furga G. (Nat. Methods 2013)
    3. Methods for quantification of in vivo changes in protein ubiquitination following proteasome and deubiquitinase inhibition. (PubMed id 22505724)1 Udeshi N.D....Carr S.A. (amp 2012)
    4. Label-free quantitative proteomics and SAINT analysis enable interactome mapping for the human Ser/Thr protein phosphatase 5. (PubMed id 21360678)1 Skarra D.V....Honkanen R.E. (Proteomics 2011)
    5. A proteome-wide, quantitative survey of in vivo ubiquitylation sites reveals widespread regulatory roles. (PubMed id 21890473)1 Wagner S.A....Choudhary C. (amp 2011)
    6. Systematic and quantitative assessment of the ubiquitin-modified proteome. (PubMed id 21906983)1 Kim W....Gygi S.P. (Mol. Cell 2011)
    7. Ubiquitin ligase substrate identification through quantitative proteomics at both the protein and peptide levels. (PubMed id 21987572)1 Lee K.A....Doedens J.R. (J. Biol. Chem. 2011)
    8. Global identification of modular cullin-RING ligase substrates. (PubMed id 21963094)1 Emanuele M.J....Elledge S.J. (Cell 2011)
    9. Genetic associations of variants in genes encoding HIV-dependency factors required for HIV-1 infection. (PubMed id 21083371)4 Chinn L.W....O'Brien S.J. (J. Infect. Dis. 2010)
    10. Charting the molecular network of the drug target Bcr-Abl. (PubMed id 19380743)1 Brehme M....Superti-Furga G. (Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 2009)

    (in PubMed, OMIM, and NCBI Bookshelf)
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    (According to Entrez Gene, HGNC, AceView, euGenes, Ensembl, miRBase, ECgene, Kegg, and/or H-InvDB)
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    Entrez Gene: 79861 HGNC: 23534 AceView: TUBAL3 Ensembl:ENSG00000178462 euGenes: HUgn79861
    ECgene: TUBAL3 Kegg: 79861 H-InvDB: TUBAL3

    (According to HUGE)
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    (According to PharmGKB, ATLAS, HORDE, IMGT, LEIDEN, UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot, UniProtKB/TrEMBL, and/or others, e.g. Wikipedia and GeneReviews, via UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot)
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    NameDescription
    PharmGKB entry for TUBAL3 Pharmacogenomics, SNPs, Pathways

    (Patent information from GeneIP,
    Licensable technologies from WIS Yeda, Salk, Tufts,
    IP news from LifeMap Sciences, Inc.)
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    Patent Information for TUBAL3 gene:
    Search GeneIP for patents involving TUBAL3

    GeneCards and IP:
    Japan Patent Office Licenses GeneCards     European Patent Office Licenses GeneCards     Improving the IP Search



    (Antibodies, recombinant proteins, and assays from EMD Millipore, R&D Systems, OriGene, QIAGEN, GenScript, Cell Signaling Technology, Novus Biologicals, Sino Biological, Enzo Life Sciences, Abcam, ProSpec, Cloud-Clone Corp., Thermo Fisher Scientific, LSBio, eBioscience, and/or others, Gene Editing from DNA2.0. Clones from OriGene, GenScript, Sino Biological, DNA2.0, SwitchGear Genomics, Vector BioLabs, Addgene, Cell lines from GenScript, and ESI BIO, Flow cytometery from eBioscience, PCR Arrays from QIAGEN, Drugs and/or compounds from EMD Millipore, Tocris Bioscience, Enzo Life Sciences, and/or ApexBio, In Situ Hybridization Assays from
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