Aliases for TUBA3D Gene
External Ids for TUBA3D Gene
Previous GeneCards Identifiers for TUBA3D Gene
This gene encodes a member of the alpha tubulin family. Tubulin is a major component of microtubules, which are composed of alpha- and beta-tubulin heterodimers and microtubule-associated proteins in the cytoskeleton. Microtubules maintain cellular structure, function in intracellular transport, and play a role in spindle formation during mitosis. [provided by RefSeq, Oct 2011]
GeneCards Summary for TUBA3D Gene
TUBA3D (Tubulin, Alpha 3d) is a Protein Coding gene. Among its related pathways are ERK Signaling and GPCR Pathway. GO annotations related to this gene include GTP binding and structural constituent of cytoskeleton. An important paralog of this gene is TUBA3C.
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for TUBA3D Gene
Tubulin is the major constituent of microtubules. It binds two moles of GTP, one at an exchangeable site on the beta chain and one at a non-exchangeable site on the alpha chain
Microtubules are cylindrical tubes of 20-25 nm in diameter. They are composed of protofilaments which are in turn composed of alpha- and beta-tubulin polymers. Each microtubule is polarized, at one end alpha-subunits are exposed (-) and at the other beta-subunits are exposed (+). Microtubules act as a scaffold to determine cell shape, and provide a backbone for cell organelles and vesicles to move on, a process that requires motor proteins. The major microtubule motor proteins are kinesin, which generally moves towards the (+) end of the microtubule, and dynein, which generally moves towards the (-) end. Microtubules also form the spindle fibers for separating chromosomes during mitosis.