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Aliases for TUBA1C Gene

Aliases for TUBA1C Gene

  • Tubulin Alpha 1c 2 3 5
  • Tubulin Alpha-6 Chain 3 4
  • Tubulin, Alpha 6 2 3
  • Alpha-Tubulin 6 3 4
  • TUBA6 3 4
  • Tubulin Alpha-1C Chain 3
  • Bcm948 3

External Ids for TUBA1C Gene

Previous HGNC Symbols for TUBA1C Gene

  • TUBA6

Previous GeneCards Identifiers for TUBA1C Gene

  • GC12P047908
  • GC12P049658
  • GC12P046689
  • GC12P049582

Summaries for TUBA1C Gene

GeneCards Summary for TUBA1C Gene

TUBA1C (Tubulin Alpha 1c) is a Protein Coding gene. Diseases associated with TUBA1C include Distal Hereditary Motor Neuropathy, Type Ii. Among its related pathways are Cooperation of Prefoldin and TriC/CCT in actin and tubulin folding and Signaling in Gap Junctions. GO annotations related to this gene include GTP binding and structural molecule activity. An important paralog of this gene is TUBA1B.

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for TUBA1C Gene

  • Tubulin is the major constituent of microtubules. It binds two moles of GTP, one at an exchangeable site on the beta chain and one at a non-exchangeable site on the alpha chain.

Tocris Summary for TUBA1C Gene

  • Microtubules are cylindrical tubes of 20-25 nm in diameter. They are composed of protofilaments which are in turn composed of alpha- and beta-tubulin polymers. Each microtubule is polarized; at one end alpha-subunits are exposed (-) and at the other, beta-subunits are exposed (+).

Gene Wiki entry for TUBA1C Gene

No data available for Entrez Gene Summary , CIViC summary , PharmGKB "VIP" Summary , fRNAdb sequence ontologies and piRNA Summary for TUBA1C Gene

Genomics for TUBA1C Gene

Regulatory Elements for TUBA1C Gene

Enhancers for TUBA1C Gene
GeneHancer Identifier Enhancer Score Enhancer Sources Gene-Enhancer Score TSS distance (kb) Number of Genes Away Size (kb) Transcription Factor Binding Sites within enhancer Gene Targets for Enhancer
GH12G049230 2.1 FANTOM5 Ensembl ENCODE dbSUPER 20.1 +44.4 44428 5.5 CREB3L1 FEZF1 DMAP1 YY1 ZNF143 SP3 MEF2D ZNF610 GLIS1 NBN TUBA1C LOC105369760 TUBA1A RHEBL1 TUBA1B LMBR1L ENSG00000258101 ENSG00000274017
GH12G049243 1.3 Ensembl ENCODE dbSUPER 19 +56.5 56541 3.4 BCOR CTCF HDGF LEF1 FOXA2 MXI1 TAL1 ZMYM3 CEBPG ZNF664 TUBA1C TUBA1A PRPH KMT2D C1QL4 LOC105369760 ENSG00000258101 ENSG00000274017
GH12G049661 2 FANTOM5 Ensembl ENCODE dbSUPER 8 +475.0 475032 4.9 HDGF PKNOX1 CREB3L1 ARID4B SIN3A ZNF2 ZBTB7B ZNF766 ZNF302 ZNF143 DDX23 LOC390314 KANSL2 LIMA1 CCNT1 ENSG00000257298 FMNL3 LOC101927267 MCRS1 BCDIN3D-AS1
GH12G049222 1.3 Ensembl ENCODE dbSUPER 12.2 +34.5 34498 2.1 HDAC1 CTCF ESRRA SIN3A ZMYM3 RAD21 FOSL1 ZNF121 GATA3 GATA2 TUBA1A TUBA1C LOC105369760 ENSG00000274017 ENSG00000258101
GH12G049212 1.3 Ensembl ENCODE dbSUPER 12 +25.6 25551 3.0 PKNOX1 MXI1 ZSCAN4 RAD21 ZFHX2 ZNF366 ZSCAN5C ZNF600 PRDM10 FOS LMBR1L TUBA1A TUBA1C C1QL4 DHH LOC105369760 OR5BK1P ENSG00000274017 ENSG00000258101
- Elite enhancer and/or Elite enhancer-gene association Download GeneHancer data dump

Enhancers around TUBA1C on UCSC Golden Path with GeneCards custom track

Promoters for TUBA1C Gene
Ensembl Regulatory Elements (ENSRs) TSS Distance (bp) Size (bp) Binding Sites for Transcription Factors within promoters
ENSR00000051582 -336 2801 PKNOX1 ARNT ARID4B SIN3A ZNF2 YY1 ZNF143 FOS KLF13 DEK

Genomic Location for TUBA1C Gene

Chromosome:
12
Start:
49,188,736 bp from pter
End:
49,274,603 bp from pter
Size:
85,868 bases
Orientation:
Plus strand

Genomic View for TUBA1C Gene

Genes around TUBA1C on UCSC Golden Path with GeneCards custom track

Cytogenetic band:
TUBA1C Gene in genomic location: bands according to Ensembl, locations according to GeneLoc (and/or Entrez Gene and/or Ensembl if different)
Genomic Location for TUBA1C Gene
GeneLoc Logo Genomic Neighborhood Exon StructureGene Density

RefSeq DNA sequence for TUBA1C Gene

Proteins for TUBA1C Gene

  • Protein details for TUBA1C Gene (UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot)

    Protein Symbol:
    Q9BQE3-TBA1C_HUMAN
    Recommended name:
    Tubulin alpha-1C chain
    Protein Accession:
    Q9BQE3

    Protein attributes for TUBA1C Gene

    Size:
    449 amino acids
    Molecular mass:
    49895 Da
    Quaternary structure:
    • Dimer of alpha and beta chains. A typical microtubule is a hollow water-filled tube with an outer diameter of 25 nm and an inner diameter of 15 nM. Alpha-beta heterodimers associate head-to-tail to form protofilaments running lengthwise along the microtubule wall with the beta-tubulin subunit facing the microtubule plus end conferring a structural polarity. Microtubules usually have 13 protofilaments but different protofilament numbers can be found in some organisms and specialized cells.

neXtProt entry for TUBA1C Gene

Post-translational modifications for TUBA1C Gene

  • Acetylation of alpha chains at Lys-40 is located inside the microtubule lumen. This modification has been correlated with increased microtubule stability, intracellular transport and ciliary assembly.
  • Detyrosinated tubulin alpha-1C chain: Detyrosination is involved in metaphase plate congression by guiding chromosomes during mitosis: detyrosination promotes interaction with CENPE, promoting pole-proximal transport of chromosomes toward the equator (PubMed:25908662). Detyrosination increases microtubules-dependent mechanotransduction in dystrophic cardiac and skeletal muscle. In cardiomyocytes, detyrosinated microtubules are required to resist to contractile compression during contraction: detyrosination promotes association with desmin (DES) at force-generating sarcomeres, leading to buckled microtubules and mechanical resistance to contraction (By similarity).
  • Methylation of alpha chains at Lys-40 is found in mitotic microtubules and is required for normal mitosis and cytokinesis contributing to genomic stability.
  • Nitration of Tyr-449 is irreversible and interferes with normal dynein intracellular distribution.
  • Some glutamate residues at the C-terminus are monoglycylated but not polyglycylated due to the absence of functional TTLL10 in human. Monoglycylation is mainly limited to tubulin incorporated into axonemes (cilia and flagella). Both polyglutamylation and monoglycylation can coexist on the same protein on adjacent residues, and lowering glycylation levels increases polyglutamylation, and reciprocally. The precise function of monoglycylation is still unclear (Probable).
  • Some glutamate residues at the C-terminus are polyglutamylated, resulting in polyglutamate chains on the gamma-carboxyl group (PubMed:26875866). Polyglutamylation plays a key role in microtubule severing by spastin (SPAST). SPAST preferentially recognizes and acts on microtubules decorated with short polyglutamate tails: severing activity by SPAST increases as the number of glutamates per tubulin rises from one to eight, but decreases beyond this glutamylation threshold (PubMed:26875866).
  • Tubulin alpha-1C chain: Tyrosination promotes microtubule interaction with CAP-Gly domain-containing proteins such as CLIP1, CLIP2 and DCTN1 (By similarity). Tyrosination regulates the initiation of dynein-dynactin motility via interaction with DCTN1, which brings the dynein-dynactin complex into contact with microtubules (PubMed:26972003). In neurons, tyrosinated tubulins mediate the initiation of retrograde vesicle transport (By similarity).
  • Undergoes a tyrosination/detyrosination cycle, the cyclic removal and re-addition of a C-terminal tyrosine residue by the enzymes tubulin tyrosine carboxypeptidase (TTCP) and tubulin tyrosine ligase (TTL), respectively.
  • Ubiquitination at posLast=280280 and isoforms=304
  • Modification sites at PhosphoSitePlus

No data available for DME Specific Peptides for TUBA1C Gene

Domains & Families for TUBA1C Gene

Gene Families for TUBA1C Gene

Suggested Antigen Peptide Sequences for TUBA1C Gene

GenScript: Design optimal peptide antigens:

Graphical View of Domain Structure for InterPro Entry

Q9BQE3

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot:

TBA1C_HUMAN :
  • Belongs to the tubulin family.
Family:
  • Belongs to the tubulin family.
genes like me logo Genes that share domains with TUBA1C: view

Function for TUBA1C Gene

Molecular function for TUBA1C Gene

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot Function:
Tubulin is the major constituent of microtubules. It binds two moles of GTP, one at an exchangeable site on the beta chain and one at a non-exchangeable site on the alpha chain.

Gene Ontology (GO) - Molecular Function for TUBA1C Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0003924 GTPase activity IEA --
GO:0005198 structural molecule activity TAS 12090300
GO:0005200 structural constituent of cytoskeleton IEA --
GO:0005515 protein binding IPI 22720776
GO:0005525 GTP binding IEA --
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with TUBA1C: view
genes like me logo Genes that share phenotypes with TUBA1C: view

Animal Model Products

Inhibitory RNA Products

Flow Cytometry Products

No data available for Enzyme Numbers (IUBMB) , Human Phenotype Ontology , Animal Models , Transcription Factor Targets and HOMER Transcription for TUBA1C Gene

Localization for TUBA1C Gene

Subcellular locations from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for TUBA1C Gene

Cytoplasm, cytoskeleton.

Subcellular locations from

COMPARTMENTS
Extracellular space Cytosol Plasma membrane Cytoskeleton Lysosome Endosome Peroxisome ER Golgi Apparatus Nucleus Mitochondrion 0 1 2 3 4 5 Confidence
COMPARTMENTS Subcellular localization image for TUBA1C gene
Compartment Confidence
cytoskeleton 5
nucleus 5
cytosol 3

Gene Ontology (GO) - Cellular Components for TUBA1C Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0005634 nucleus IDA 21630459
GO:0005737 cytoplasm IEA --
GO:0005856 cytoskeleton IEA --
GO:0005874 microtubule IEA,TAS 12090300
GO:0005881 cytoplasmic microtubule IEA --
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with TUBA1C: view

Pathways & Interactions for TUBA1C Gene

genes like me logo Genes that share pathways with TUBA1C: view

SIGNOR curated interactions for TUBA1C Gene

Is activated by:
Is inactivated by:

Gene Ontology (GO) - Biological Process for TUBA1C Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0007010 cytoskeleton organization IEA --
GO:0007017 microtubule-based process IEA,TAS 12090300
GO:0030705 cytoskeleton-dependent intracellular transport TAS 12090300
GO:0051301 cell division TAS 12090300
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with TUBA1C: view

Drugs & Compounds for TUBA1C Gene

(8) Drugs for TUBA1C Gene - From: DrugBank, HMDB, and Tocris

Name Status Disease Links Group Role Mechanism of Action Clinical Trials
Colchicine Approved Pharma Antagonist Tubulin Inhibitor, Inhibitor of tubulin 115
Docetaxel Approved May 1996, Investigational Pharma Microtubulin disassembly inhibitor, Tubulin and VEGF inhibitor, Taxanes, Microtubule stabilizer 1967
2-MERCAPTO-N-[1,2,3,10-TETRAMETHOXY-9-OXO-5,6,7,9-TETRAHYDRO-BENZO[A]HEPTALEN-7-YL]ACETAMIDE Experimental Pharma Target 0
Epothilone B Experimental, Investigational Pharma Target 67
Epothilone D Experimental, Investigational Pharma Target 0

(2) Additional Compounds for TUBA1C Gene - From: Tocris

Name Synonyms Role CAS Number PubChem IDs PubMed IDs
Dolastatin 10 trifluoroacetate
MMAE
474645-27-7

(5) Tocris Compounds for TUBA1C Gene

Compound Action Cas Number
Colchicine Inhibitor of tubulin 64-86-8
Docetaxel Microtubule stabilizer 114977-28-5
Dolastatin 10 trifluoroacetate Tubulin polymerization inhibitor
MMAE Potent dolastatin 10 analog; antitumor 474645-27-7
Vinblastine sulfate Disrupts microtubules 143-67-9
genes like me logo Genes that share compounds with TUBA1C: view

Transcripts for TUBA1C Gene

Unigene Clusters for TUBA1C Gene

Tubulin, alpha 1c:
Representative Sequences:

Alternative Splicing Database (ASD) splice patterns (SP) for TUBA1C Gene

No ASD Table

Relevant External Links for TUBA1C Gene

GeneLoc Exon Structure for
TUBA1C
ECgene alternative splicing isoforms for
TUBA1C

Expression for TUBA1C Gene

mRNA expression in normal human tissues from GTEx, Illumina, BioGPS, and CGAP SAGE for TUBA1C Gene

mRNA expression in embryonic tissues and stem cells from LifeMap Discovery

mRNA differential expression in normal tissues according to GTEx for TUBA1C Gene

This gene is overexpressed in Esophagus - Mucosa (x6.4).

Protein differential expression in normal tissues from HIPED for TUBA1C Gene

This gene is overexpressed in Brain (23.3), Bone (11.3), Fetal Brain (7.7), and Bone marrow stromal cell (6.7).

Integrated Proteomics: protein expression in normal tissues and cell lines from ProteomicsDB, PaxDb, MaxQB, and MOPED for TUBA1C Gene



NURSA nuclear receptor signaling pathways regulating expression of TUBA1C Gene:

TUBA1C

SOURCE GeneReport for Unigene cluster for TUBA1C Gene:

Hs.652390

Evidence on tissue expression from TISSUES for TUBA1C Gene

  • Intestine(4.9)
  • Skin(4.9)
  • Nervous system(4.9)
  • Liver(4.7)
  • Lung(4.7)
  • Bone marrow(4.4)
  • Kidney(4.3)
  • Stomach(4.2)
  • Pancreas(4)
  • Bone(3.1)
  • Eye(2.9)
  • Thyroid gland(2.7)
  • Muscle(2.2)
  • Lymph node(2)
genes like me logo Genes that share expression patterns with TUBA1C: view

Primer Products

No data available for Protein tissue co-expression partners , mRNA Expression by UniProt/SwissProt and Phenotype-based relationships between genes and organs from Gene ORGANizer for TUBA1C Gene

Orthologs for TUBA1C Gene

This gene was present in the common ancestor of eukaryotes.

Orthologs for TUBA1C Gene

Organism Taxonomy Gene Similarity Type Details
chimpanzee
(Pan troglodytes)
Mammalia TUBA1C 34 35
  • 99.4 (n)
cow
(Bos Taurus)
Mammalia -- 35
  • 98 (a)
ManyToMany
TUBA1C 34
  • 94.88 (n)
platypus
(Ornithorhynchus anatinus)
Mammalia -- 35
  • 98 (a)
ManyToMany
dog
(Canis familiaris)
Mammalia TUBA1C 34 35
  • 95.1 (n)
mouse
(Mus musculus)
Mammalia Tuba1c 34 16 35
  • 93.76 (n)
rat
(Rattus norvegicus)
Mammalia LOC100909441 34
  • 93.76 (n)
chicken
(Gallus gallus)
Aves LOC100857247 34
  • 84.3 (n)
-- 35
  • 56 (a)
OneToMany
lizard
(Anolis carolinensis)
Reptilia TUBA1C 35
  • 99 (a)
OneToOne
tropical clawed frog
(Silurana tropicalis)
Amphibia tuba1c 34
  • 86.56 (n)
MGC75684 34
zebrafish
(Danio rerio)
Actinopterygii tuba1b 34 35
  • 85.23 (n)
fruit fly
(Drosophila melanogaster)
Insecta alphaTub84B 34
  • 82.33 (n)
CG7794 35
  • 52 (a)
ManyToMany
African malaria mosquito
(Anopheles gambiae)
Insecta AgaP_AGAP010971 34
  • 79.99 (n)
worm
(Caenorhabditis elegans)
Secernentea Y19D2B.1 35
  • 80 (a)
OneToMany
tba-2 34
  • 75.76 (n)
A. gosspyii yeast
(Ashbya gossypii)
Saccharomycetes AGOS_AFR441C 34
  • 66.89 (n)
baker's yeast
(Saccharomyces cerevisiae)
Saccharomycetes TUB1 34
  • 64.87 (n)
K. lactis yeast
(Kluyveromyces lactis)
Saccharomycetes KLLA0C16874g 34
  • 64.71 (n)
thale cress
(Arabidopsis thaliana)
eudicotyledons TUA2 34
  • 75.28 (n)
rice
(Oryza sativa)
Liliopsida Os11g0247300 34
  • 76.91 (n)
Os.9504 34
wheat
(Triticum aestivum)
Liliopsida Ta.812 34
bread mold
(Neurospora crassa)
Ascomycetes NCU09468 34
  • 72.75 (n)
fission yeast
(Schizosaccharomyces pombe)
Schizosaccharomycetes nda2 34
  • 67.19 (n)
sea squirt
(Ciona savignyi)
Ascidiacea -- 35
  • 53 (a)
ManyToMany
-- 35
  • 49 (a)
ManyToMany
Species where no ortholog for TUBA1C was found in the sources mined by GeneCards:
  • Actinobacteria (Mycobacterium tuberculosis)
  • African clawed frog (Xenopus laevis)
  • Alicante grape (Vitis vinifera)
  • alpha proteobacteria (Wolbachia pipientis)
  • amoeba (Dictyostelium discoideum)
  • Archea (Pyrococcus horikoshii)
  • barley (Hordeum vulgare)
  • beta proteobacteria (Neisseria meningitidis)
  • Chromalveolata (Phytophthora infestans)
  • common water flea (Daphnia pulex)
  • corn (Zea mays)
  • E. coli (Escherichia coli)
  • filamentous fungi (Aspergillus nidulans)
  • Firmicute bacteria (Streptococcus pneumoniae)
  • green algae (Chlamydomonas reinhardtii)
  • honey bee (Apis mellifera)
  • loblloly pine (Pinus taeda)
  • malaria parasite (Plasmodium falciparum)
  • medicago trunc (Medicago Truncatula)
  • moss (Physcomitrella patens)
  • oppossum (Monodelphis domestica)
  • orangutan (Pongo pygmaeus)
  • pig (Sus scrofa)
  • rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss)
  • rice blast fungus (Magnaporthe grisea)
  • schistosome parasite (Schistosoma mansoni)
  • sea anemone (Nematostella vectensis)
  • sea urchin (Strongylocentrotus purpuratus)
  • sorghum (Sorghum bicolor)
  • soybean (Glycine max)
  • stem rust fungus (Puccinia graminis)
  • sugarcane (Saccharum officinarum)
  • tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum)
  • toxoplasmosis (Toxoplasma gondii)
  • Trichoplax (Trichoplax adhaerens)

Evolution for TUBA1C Gene

ENSEMBL:
Gene Tree for TUBA1C (if available)
TreeFam:
Gene Tree for TUBA1C (if available)

Paralogs for TUBA1C Gene

Paralogs for TUBA1C Gene

Pseudogenes.org Pseudogenes for TUBA1C Gene

genes like me logo Genes that share paralogs with TUBA1C: view

Variants for TUBA1C Gene

Sequence variations from dbSNP and Humsavar for TUBA1C Gene

SNP ID Clin Chr 12 pos Sequence Context AA Info Type
rs1000141112 -- 49,251,774(+) TATTT(-/AA)AAAAA intron-variant
rs1000224719 -- 49,265,204(+) CTCGG(G/T)GCTGG intron-variant
rs1000225763 -- 49,252,635(+) GGCTG(A/C/G)GCACG intron-variant
rs1000253064 -- 49,258,826(+) CTCTC(A/G)GCTCA intron-variant
rs1000306720 -- 49,258,155(+) GCACC(C/T)GGCCT intron-variant

Structural Variations from Database of Genomic Variants (DGV) for TUBA1C Gene

Variant ID Type Subtype PubMed ID
nsv507642 OTHER sequence alteration 20534489
nsv509466 CNV insertion 20534489
nsv976611 CNV duplication 23825009
nsv976612 CNV duplication 23825009

Variation tolerance for TUBA1C Gene

Residual Variation Intolerance Score: 25.7% of all genes are more intolerant (likely to be disease-causing)
Gene Damage Index Score: 1.38; 27.27% of all genes are more intolerant (likely to be disease-causing)

Relevant External Links for TUBA1C Gene

SNPedia medical, phenotypic, and genealogical associations of SNPs for
TUBA1C

No data available for Polymorphic Variants from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for TUBA1C Gene

Disorders for TUBA1C Gene

MalaCards: The human disease database

(1) MalaCards diseases for TUBA1C Gene - From: GeneCards

Disorder Aliases PubMed IDs
distal hereditary motor neuropathy, type ii
  • dsma2
- elite association - COSMIC cancer census association via MalaCards

Relevant External Links for TUBA1C

Genetic Association Database (GAD)
TUBA1C
Atlas of Genetics and Cytogenetics in Oncology and Haematology:
TUBA1C
genes like me logo Genes that share disorders with TUBA1C: view

No data available for UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot and Genatlas for TUBA1C Gene

Publications for TUBA1C Gene

  1. Global, in vivo, and site-specific phosphorylation dynamics in signaling networks. (PMID: 17081983) Olsen J.V. … Mann M. (Cell 2006) 3 4 64
  2. The status, quality, and expansion of the NIH full-length cDNA project: the Mammalian Gene Collection (MGC). (PMID: 15489334) Gerhard D.S. … Malek J. (Genome Res. 2004) 3 4 64
  3. Construction of a human full-length cDNA bank. (PMID: 7821789) Kato S. … Aoki T. (Gene 1994) 2 3 64
  4. The scaffold protein KSR1, a novel therapeutic target for the treatment of Merlin-deficient tumors. (PMID: 26549023) Zhou L. … Hanemann C.O. (Oncogene 2016) 3 64
  5. Pooled-matrix protein interaction screens using Barcode Fusion Genetics. (PMID: 27107012) Yachie N. … Roth F.P. (Mol. Syst. Biol. 2016) 3 64

Products for TUBA1C Gene

Sources for TUBA1C Gene

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