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Aliases for TUBA1A Gene

Aliases for TUBA1A Gene

  • Tubulin Alpha 1a 2 3 5
  • Tubulin, Alpha, Brain-Specific 2 3
  • Tubulin Alpha-3 Chain 3 4
  • Tubulin B-Alpha-1 3 4
  • TUBA3 3 4
  • Tubulin Alpha-1A Chain 3
  • Alpha-Tubulin 3 4
  • Hum-A-Tub1 3
  • Hum-A-Tub2 3
  • B-ALPHA-1 3
  • LIS3 3

External Ids for TUBA1A Gene

Previous GeneCards Identifiers for TUBA1A Gene

  • GC12M047865
  • GC12M049578
  • GC12M046609

Summaries for TUBA1A Gene

Entrez Gene Summary for TUBA1A Gene

  • Microtubules of the eukaryotic cytoskeleton perform essential and diverse functions and are composed of a heterodimer of alpha and beta tubulins. The genes encoding these microtubule constituents belong to the tubulin superfamily, which is composed of six distinct families. Genes from the alpha, beta and gamma tubulin families are found in all eukaryotes. The alpha and beta tubulins represent the major components of microtubules, while gamma tubulin plays a critical role in the nucleation of microtubule assembly. There are multiple alpha and beta tubulin genes, which are highly conserved among species. This gene encodes alpha tubulin and is highly similar to the mouse and rat Tuba1 genes. Northern blotting studies have shown that the gene expression is predominantly found in morphologically differentiated neurologic cells. This gene is one of three alpha-tubulin genes in a cluster on chromosome 12q. Mutations in this gene cause lissencephaly type 3 (LIS3) - a neurological condition characterized by microcephaly, mental retardation, and early-onset epilepsy and caused by defective neuronal migration. Alternative splicing results in multiple transcript variants encoding distinct isoforms. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2012]

GeneCards Summary for TUBA1A Gene

TUBA1A (Tubulin Alpha 1a) is a Protein Coding gene. Diseases associated with TUBA1A include Lissencephaly 3 and Tubulinopathy-Associated Dysgyria. Among its related pathways are Cooperation of Prefoldin and TriC/CCT in actin and tubulin folding and Signaling in Gap Junctions. GO annotations related to this gene include GTP binding and structural molecule activity. An important paralog of this gene is TUBA1B.

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for TUBA1A Gene

  • Tubulin is the major constituent of microtubules. It binds two moles of GTP, one at an exchangeable site on the beta chain and one at a non-exchangeable site on the alpha chain.

Tocris Summary for TUBA1A Gene

  • Microtubules are cylindrical tubes of 20-25 nm in diameter. They are composed of protofilaments which are in turn composed of alpha- and beta-tubulin polymers. Each microtubule is polarized; at one end alpha-subunits are exposed (-) and at the other, beta-subunits are exposed (+).

Gene Wiki entry for TUBA1A Gene

No data available for CIViC summary , PharmGKB "VIP" Summary , fRNAdb sequence ontologies and piRNA Summary for TUBA1A Gene

Genomics for TUBA1A Gene

Regulatory Elements for TUBA1A Gene

Enhancers for TUBA1A Gene
GeneHancer Identifier Enhancer Score Enhancer Sources Gene-Enhancer Score TSS distance (kb) Number of Genes Away Size (kb) Transcription Factor Binding Sites within enhancer Gene Targets for Enhancer
GH12G049230 2.1 FANTOM5 Ensembl ENCODE dbSUPER 14.1 -43.8 -43840 5.5 CREB3L1 FEZF1 DMAP1 YY1 ZNF143 SP3 MEF2D ZNF610 GLIS1 NBN TUBA1C LOC105369760 TUBA1A RHEBL1 TUBA1B LMBR1L ENSG00000258101 ENSG00000274017
GH12G049055 1.8 FANTOM5 ENCODE dbSUPER 10 +130.8 130822 6.7 CREB3L1 AGO1 FEZF1 DMAP1 YY1 ZNF416 ZNF143 ZNF548 ZNF263 SP3 DDX23 LOC390314 CCNT1 KANSL2 SENP1 PRPF40B DDN LOC100422296 LOC101927267 CCDC184
GH12G049186 1.7 FANTOM5 ENCODE dbSUPER 9.4 +0.8 820 4.3 PKNOX1 ARNT ARID4B SIN3A ZNF2 YY1 ZNF143 FOS KLF13 DEK LOC105369760 TUBA1A C1QL4 CACNB3 PRPF40B TUBA1C ENSG00000200309 GC12M049133
- Elite enhancer and/or Elite enhancer-gene association Download GeneHancer data dump

Enhancers around TUBA1A on UCSC Golden Path with GeneCards custom track

Promoters for TUBA1A Gene
Ensembl Regulatory Elements (ENSRs) TSS Distance (bp) Size (bp) Binding Sites for Transcription Factors within promoters
ENSR00000051582 924 2801 PKNOX1 ARNT ARID4B SIN3A ZNF2 YY1 ZNF143 FOS KLF13 DEK

Genomic Location for TUBA1A Gene

49,184,795 bp from pter
49,189,324 bp from pter
4,530 bases
Minus strand

Genomic View for TUBA1A Gene

Genes around TUBA1A on UCSC Golden Path with GeneCards custom track

Cytogenetic band:
TUBA1A Gene in genomic location: bands according to Ensembl, locations according to GeneLoc (and/or Entrez Gene and/or Ensembl if different)
Genomic Location for TUBA1A Gene
GeneLoc Logo Genomic Neighborhood Exon StructureGene Density

RefSeq DNA sequence for TUBA1A Gene

Proteins for TUBA1A Gene

  • Protein details for TUBA1A Gene (UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot)

    Protein Symbol:
    Recommended name:
    Tubulin alpha-1A chain
    Protein Accession:
    Secondary Accessions:
    • A8K0B8
    • G3V1U9
    • P04687
    • P05209

    Protein attributes for TUBA1A Gene

    451 amino acids
    Molecular mass:
    50136 Da
    Quaternary structure:
    • Dimer of alpha and beta chains. A typical microtubule is a hollow water-filled tube with an outer diameter of 25 nm and an inner diameter of 15 nM. Alpha-beta heterodimers associate head-to-tail to form protofilaments running lengthwise along the microtubule wall with the beta-tubulin subunit facing the microtubule plus end conferring a structural polarity. Microtubules usually have 13 protofilaments but different protofilament numbers can be found in some organisms and specialized cells. Interacts with SETD2; the interaction is independent on alpha-tubulin acetylation on Lys-40.

    Three dimensional structures from OCA and Proteopedia for TUBA1A Gene

    Alternative splice isoforms for TUBA1A Gene


neXtProt entry for TUBA1A Gene

Post-translational modifications for TUBA1A Gene

  • Acetylation of alpha chains at Lys-40 is located inside the microtubule lumen. This modification has been correlated with increased microtubule stability, intracellular transport and ciliary assembly.
  • Detyrosinated tubulin alpha-1A chain: Detyrosination is involved in metaphase plate congression by guiding chromosomes during mitosis: detyrosination promotes interaction with CENPE, promoting pole-proximal transport of chromosomes toward the equator (PubMed:25908662). Detyrosination increases microtubules-dependent mechanotransduction in dystrophic cardiac and skeletal muscle. In cardiomyocytes, detyrosinated microtubules are required to resist to contractile compression during contraction: detyrosination promotes association with desmin (DES) at force-generating sarcomeres, leading to buckled microtubules and mechanical resistance to contraction (By similarity).
  • Methylation of alpha chains at Lys-40 is found in mitotic microtubules and is required for normal mitosis and cytokinesis contributing to genomic stability.
  • Nitration of Tyr-451 is irreversible and interferes with normal dynein intracellular distribution.
  • Some glutamate residues at the C-terminus are monoglycylated but not polyglycylated due to the absence of functional TTLL10 in human. Monoglycylation is mainly limited to tubulin incorporated into axonemes (cilia and flagella). Both polyglutamylation and monoglycylation can coexist on the same protein on adjacent residues, and lowering glycylation levels increases polyglutamylation, and reciprocally. The precise function of monoglycylation is still unclear (Probable).
  • Some glutamate residues at the C-terminus are polyglutamylated, resulting in polyglutamate chains on the gamma-carboxyl group (PubMed:26875866). Polyglutamylation plays a key role in microtubule severing by spastin (SPAST). SPAST preferentially recognizes and acts on microtubules decorated with short polyglutamate tails: severing activity by SPAST increases as the number of glutamates per tubulin rises from one to eight, but decreases beyond this glutamylation threshold (PubMed:26875866).
  • Tubulin alpha-1A chain: Tyrosination promotes microtubule interaction with CAP-Gly domain-containing proteins such as CLIP1, CLIP2 and DCTN1. Tyrosination regulates the initiation of dynein-dynactin motility via interaction with DCTN1, which brings the dynein-dynactin complex into contact with microtubules (PubMed:26972003, PubMed:26968983). In neurons, tyrosinated tubulins mediate the initiation of retrograde vesicle transport (PubMed:26968983).
  • Undergoes a tyrosination/detyrosination cycle, the cyclic removal and re-addition of a C-terminal tyrosine residue by the enzymes tubulin tyrosine carboxypeptidase (TTCP) and tubulin tyrosine ligase (TTL), respectively.
  • Modification sites at PhosphoSitePlus
  • Modification sites at neXtProt

Antibody Products

  • R&D Systems Antibodies for TUBA1A (alpha Tubulin)
  • Cell Signaling Technology (CST) Antibodies for TUBA1A (TUBA1A)

No data available for DME Specific Peptides for TUBA1A Gene

Domains & Families for TUBA1A Gene

Gene Families for TUBA1A Gene

Suggested Antigen Peptide Sequences for TUBA1A Gene

GenScript: Design optimal peptide antigens:

Graphical View of Domain Structure for InterPro Entry



  • Belongs to the tubulin family.
  • Belongs to the tubulin family.
genes like me logo Genes that share domains with TUBA1A: view

Function for TUBA1A Gene

Molecular function for TUBA1A Gene

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot Function:
Tubulin is the major constituent of microtubules. It binds two moles of GTP, one at an exchangeable site on the beta chain and one at a non-exchangeable site on the alpha chain.

Gene Ontology (GO) - Molecular Function for TUBA1A Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0000166 nucleotide binding IEA --
GO:0003924 GTPase activity IEA --
GO:0005198 structural molecule activity TAS 12090300
GO:0005200 structural constituent of cytoskeleton IEA --
GO:0005515 protein binding IPI 15657067
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with TUBA1A: view
genes like me logo Genes that share phenotypes with TUBA1A: view

Human Phenotype Ontology for TUBA1A Gene

HPO Id HPO Name Alternative Ids Definition Synonyms

Animal Model Products

Inhibitory RNA Products

Clone Products

No data available for Enzyme Numbers (IUBMB) , Animal Models , Transcription Factor Targets and HOMER Transcription for TUBA1A Gene

Localization for TUBA1A Gene

Subcellular locations from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for TUBA1A Gene

Cytoplasm, cytoskeleton.

Subcellular locations from

Extracellular space Cytosol Plasma membrane Cytoskeleton Lysosome Endosome Peroxisome ER Golgi Apparatus Nucleus Mitochondrion 0 1 2 3 4 5 Confidence
COMPARTMENTS Subcellular localization image for TUBA1A gene
Compartment Confidence
extracellular 5
cytoskeleton 5
nucleus 5
cytosol 5
endosome 5

Gene Ontology (GO) - Cellular Components for TUBA1A Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0005634 nucleus IDA 21630459
GO:0005737 cytoplasm IEA --
GO:0005829 cytosol TAS --
GO:0005856 cytoskeleton IEA --
GO:0005874 microtubule IEA,TAS 12090300
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with TUBA1A: view

Pathways & Interactions for TUBA1A Gene

genes like me logo Genes that share pathways with TUBA1A: view

SIGNOR curated interactions for TUBA1A Gene

Is activated by:
Is inactivated by:

Gene Ontology (GO) - Biological Process for TUBA1A Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0000086 G2/M transition of mitotic cell cycle TAS --
GO:0007010 cytoskeleton organization IEA --
GO:0007017 microtubule-based process TAS,IEA 12090300
GO:0030705 cytoskeleton-dependent intracellular transport TAS 12090300
GO:0051301 cell division TAS 12090300
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with TUBA1A: view

Drugs & Compounds for TUBA1A Gene

(21) Drugs for TUBA1A Gene - From: DrugBank, ApexBio, DGIdb, HMDB, and Tocris

Name Status Disease Links Group Role Mechanism of Action Clinical Trials
Mebendazole Approved, Vet_approved Pharma binder, Target, inhibitor 24
Albendazole Approved, Vet_approved Pharma Target, inhibitor 85
Vinblastine Approved Pharma Target, adduct 420
Colchicine Approved Pharma Antagonist Tubulin Inhibitor, Inhibitor of tubulin 115
Docetaxel Approved May 1996, Investigational Pharma Microtubulin disassembly inhibitor, Tubulin and VEGF inhibitor, Taxanes, Microtubule stabilizer 1967

(2) Additional Compounds for TUBA1A Gene - From: Tocris

Name Synonyms Role CAS Number PubChem IDs PubMed IDs
Dolastatin 10 trifluoroacetate

(5) Tocris Compounds for TUBA1A Gene

Compound Action Cas Number
Colchicine Inhibitor of tubulin 64-86-8
Docetaxel Microtubule stabilizer 114977-28-5
Dolastatin 10 trifluoroacetate Tubulin polymerization inhibitor
MMAE Potent dolastatin 10 analog; antitumor 474645-27-7
Vinblastine sulfate Disrupts microtubules 143-67-9

(12) ApexBio Compounds for TUBA1A Gene

Compound Action Cas Number
Cabazitaxel 183133-96-2
CK-636 Arp2/3 complex inhibitor 442632-72-6
Colchicine Tubulin Inhibitor 64-86-8
CYT997 (Lexibulin) 917111-44-5
Docetaxel Microtubulin disassembly inhibitor 114977-28-5
Epothilone A Microtubule stabilizing macrolide 152044-53-6
Fosbretabulin (Combretastatin A4 Phosphate (CA4P)) Disodium 168555-66-6
Griseofulvin 126-07-8
INH6 1001753-24-7
MPC 6827 hydrochloride Potent microtubule inhibitor 917369-31-4
Plinabulin (NPI-2358) Tumor cell lines inhibitor 714272-27-2
Vinflunine Tartrate 1201898-17-0
genes like me logo Genes that share compounds with TUBA1A: view

Drug Products

Transcripts for TUBA1A Gene

Unigene Clusters for TUBA1A Gene

Tubulin, alpha 1a:
Representative Sequences:

Inhibitory RNA Products

Clone Products

Alternative Splicing Database (ASD) splice patterns (SP) for TUBA1A Gene

No ASD Table

Relevant External Links for TUBA1A Gene

GeneLoc Exon Structure for
ECgene alternative splicing isoforms for

Expression for TUBA1A Gene

mRNA expression in normal human tissues from GTEx, Illumina, BioGPS, and CGAP SAGE for TUBA1A Gene

mRNA differential expression in normal tissues according to GTEx for TUBA1A Gene

This gene is overexpressed in Brain - Spinal cord (cervical c-1) (x6.0).

Protein differential expression in normal tissues from HIPED for TUBA1A Gene

This gene is overexpressed in Brain (14.9), Adipocyte (12.9), and Breast (7.8).

Integrated Proteomics: protein expression in normal tissues and cell lines from ProteomicsDB, PaxDb, MaxQB, and MOPED for TUBA1A Gene

Protein tissue co-expression partners for TUBA1A Gene

- Elite partner

NURSA nuclear receptor signaling pathways regulating expression of TUBA1A Gene:


SOURCE GeneReport for Unigene cluster for TUBA1A Gene:


mRNA Expression by UniProt/SwissProt for TUBA1A Gene:

Tissue specificity: Expressed at a high level in fetal brain.

Evidence on tissue expression from TISSUES for TUBA1A Gene

  • Nervous system(5)
  • Eye(4.9)
  • Skin(4.7)
  • Lung(4.6)
  • Muscle(4.4)
  • Kidney(3.9)
  • Pancreas(3.8)
  • Intestine(2.8)
  • Blood(2.4)
  • Gall bladder(2.2)
  • Bone marrow(2.1)
  • Adrenal gland(2)
  • Heart(2)
  • Lymph node(2)

Phenotype-based relationships between genes and organs from Gene ORGANizer for TUBA1A Gene

Germ Layers:
  • ectoderm
  • mesoderm
  • nervous
  • skeletal muscle
  • skeleton
Head and neck:
  • brain
  • cerebellum
  • cranial nerve
  • eye
  • head
  • skull
  • lower limb
  • upper limb
  • peripheral nervous system
  • spinal cord
genes like me logo Genes that share expression patterns with TUBA1A: view

Primer Products

No data available for mRNA expression in embryonic tissues and stem cells from LifeMap Discovery for TUBA1A Gene

Orthologs for TUBA1A Gene

This gene was present in the common ancestor of eukaryotes.

Orthologs for TUBA1A Gene

Organism Taxonomy Gene Similarity Type Details
(Pan troglodytes)
Mammalia TUBA1A 34 35
  • 99.19 (n)
(Bos Taurus)
Mammalia TUBA1A 34 35
  • 95.71 (n)
(Canis familiaris)
Mammalia TUBA1A 34 35
  • 95.34 (n)
(Rattus norvegicus)
Mammalia Tuba1a 34
  • 94.01 (n)
(Mus musculus)
Mammalia Tuba1a 34 16 35
  • 93.64 (n)
(Ornithorhynchus anatinus)
Mammalia TUBA1A 35
  • 68 (a)
(Gallus gallus)
Aves TUBA3E 34
  • 80.66 (n)
-- 35
  • 57 (a)
(Anolis carolinensis)
Reptilia TUBA1A 35
  • 100 (a)
tropical clawed frog
(Silurana tropicalis)
Amphibia tuba1b 34
  • 87.8 (n)
(Danio rerio)
Actinopterygii tuba1a 35
  • 100 (a)
tuba1c 35
  • 100 (a)
tuba1l2 34
  • 85.66 (n)
(Caenorhabditis elegans)
Secernentea Y19D2B.1 35
  • 82 (a)
tba-5 34
  • 69.48 (n)
baker's yeast
(Saccharomyces cerevisiae)
Saccharomycetes TUB3 37
(Hordeum vulgare)
Liliopsida Hv.4030 34
sea squirt
(Ciona savignyi)
Ascidiacea -- 35
  • 53 (a)
-- 35
  • 49 (a)
sea squirt
(Ciona intestinalis)
Ascidiacea Cin.2516 34
Species where no ortholog for TUBA1A was found in the sources mined by GeneCards:
  • A. gosspyii yeast (Ashbya gossypii)
  • Actinobacteria (Mycobacterium tuberculosis)
  • African clawed frog (Xenopus laevis)
  • African malaria mosquito (Anopheles gambiae)
  • Alicante grape (Vitis vinifera)
  • alpha proteobacteria (Wolbachia pipientis)
  • amoeba (Dictyostelium discoideum)
  • Archea (Pyrococcus horikoshii)
  • beta proteobacteria (Neisseria meningitidis)
  • bread mold (Neurospora crassa)
  • Chromalveolata (Phytophthora infestans)
  • common water flea (Daphnia pulex)
  • corn (Zea mays)
  • E. coli (Escherichia coli)
  • filamentous fungi (Aspergillus nidulans)
  • Firmicute bacteria (Streptococcus pneumoniae)
  • fission yeast (Schizosaccharomyces pombe)
  • fruit fly (Drosophila melanogaster)
  • green algae (Chlamydomonas reinhardtii)
  • honey bee (Apis mellifera)
  • K. lactis yeast (Kluyveromyces lactis)
  • loblloly pine (Pinus taeda)
  • malaria parasite (Plasmodium falciparum)
  • medicago trunc (Medicago Truncatula)
  • moss (Physcomitrella patens)
  • oppossum (Monodelphis domestica)
  • orangutan (Pongo pygmaeus)
  • pig (Sus scrofa)
  • rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss)
  • rice (Oryza sativa)
  • rice blast fungus (Magnaporthe grisea)
  • schistosome parasite (Schistosoma mansoni)
  • sea anemone (Nematostella vectensis)
  • sea urchin (Strongylocentrotus purpuratus)
  • sorghum (Sorghum bicolor)
  • soybean (Glycine max)
  • stem rust fungus (Puccinia graminis)
  • sugarcane (Saccharum officinarum)
  • thale cress (Arabidopsis thaliana)
  • tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum)
  • toxoplasmosis (Toxoplasma gondii)
  • Trichoplax (Trichoplax adhaerens)
  • wheat (Triticum aestivum)

Evolution for TUBA1A Gene

Gene Tree for TUBA1A (if available)
Gene Tree for TUBA1A (if available)

Paralogs for TUBA1A Gene

Variants for TUBA1A Gene

Sequence variations from dbSNP and Humsavar for TUBA1A Gene

SNP ID Clin Chr 12 pos Sequence Context AA Info Type
rs137853043 Pathogenic, Lissencephaly 3 (LIS3) [MIM:611603] 49,185,576(-) ATCCC(C/G/T)GCATC reference, missense
rs137853044 Pathogenic, Lissencephaly 3 (LIS3) [MIM:611603] 49,185,161(-) CAAAC(A/G/T)TGCCT reference, missense
rs137853045 Pathogenic, Lissencephaly 3 (LIS3) [MIM:611603] 49,185,804(-) ACTCC(A/C)TCCTC reference, missense
rs137853046 Pathogenic, Lissencephaly 3 (LIS3) [MIM:611603] 49,185,579(-) CCTAT(A/C)CCCGC reference, missense
rs137853047 Pathogenic, Lissencephaly 3 (LIS3) [MIM:611603] 49,185,110(-) GTTTT(C/T)AGAGG reference, missense

Structural Variations from Database of Genomic Variants (DGV) for TUBA1A Gene

Variant ID Type Subtype PubMed ID
nsv976610 CNV duplication 23825009

Variation tolerance for TUBA1A Gene

Residual Variation Intolerance Score: 77.5% of all genes are more intolerant (likely to be disease-causing)

Relevant External Links for TUBA1A Gene

Human Gene Mutation Database (HGMD)
SNPedia medical, phenotypic, and genealogical associations of SNPs for

No data available for Polymorphic Variants from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for TUBA1A Gene

Disorders for TUBA1A Gene

MalaCards: The human disease database

(16) MalaCards diseases for TUBA1A Gene - From: OMIM, ClinVar, GeneTests, Orphanet, Swiss-Prot, DISEASES, and GeneCards

Disorder Aliases PubMed IDs
lissencephaly 3
  • lis3
tubulinopathy-associated dysgyria
  • brain stem asymmetry-superior cerebellar and basal ganglia dysplasia syndrome
  • hydroanencephaly
  • tubulin-related cortical dysgenesis
- elite association - COSMIC cancer census association via MalaCards


  • Lissencephaly 3 (LIS3) [MIM:611603]: A classic type lissencephaly associated with psychomotor retardation and seizures. Features include agyria or pachygyria or laminar heterotopia, severe mental retardation, motor delay, variable presence of seizures, and abnormalities of corpus callosum, hippocampus, cerebellar vermis and brainstem. {ECO:0000269 PubMed:17584854}. Note=The disease is caused by mutations affecting the gene represented in this entry.

Relevant External Links for TUBA1A

Genetic Association Database (GAD)
Human Genome Epidemiology (HuGE) Navigator
Atlas of Genetics and Cytogenetics in Oncology and Haematology:
genes like me logo Genes that share disorders with TUBA1A: view

No data available for Genatlas for TUBA1A Gene

Publications for TUBA1A Gene

  1. Tubulins in the primate retina: evidence that xanthophylls may be endogenous ligands for the paclitaxel-binding site. (PMID: 11504633) Crabtree D.V. … Adler A.J. (Bioorg. Med. Chem. 2001) 2 3 4 64
  2. Structural features and restricted expression of a human alpha- tubulin gene. (PMID: 3839072) Hall J.L. … Cowan N.J. (Nucleic Acids Res. 1985) 2 3 4 64
  3. Association between genes of Disrupted in schizophrenia 1 (DISC1) interactors and schizophrenia supports the role of the DISC1 pathway in the etiology of major mental illnesses. (PMID: 19251251) Tomppo L. … Peltonen L. (Biol. Psychiatry 2009) 3 46 64
  4. Refining the phenotype of alpha-1a Tubulin (TUBA1A) mutation in patients with classical lissencephaly. (PMID: 18954413) Morris-Rosendahl D.J. … Uyanik G. (Clin. Genet. 2008) 3 46 64
  5. Large spectrum of lissencephaly and pachygyria phenotypes resulting from de novo missense mutations in tubulin alpha 1A (TUBA1A). (PMID: 17584854) Poirier K. … Chelly J. (Hum. Mutat. 2007) 3 4 64

Products for TUBA1A Gene

Sources for TUBA1A Gene

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